Hachigatsu Odori (八月踊り , Literally meaning is "August dance", but the real meaning is "The theater, celebrating payed all taxes.") Every year, from 8th to 10th of eighth month of the traditional calendar, the village has a traditional festival called "Hachigatsu Odori" lasting 3 days and 3 nights. All schools and most businesses are closed for the duration. There's also an increased media presence, and anthropologists come to document it as well. Also, many Taramans who are now living off-island return for this festival. The island is basically stretched to its seams for the festival. If you're not interested in the festival, you'll probably want to make sure you're not on Tarama during it. Although there's a lot of drinking, things stay relatively calm, or at least as calm as a festival of this magnitude could ever be.
Tarama Village Ethnographic Learning Center (多良間村ふるさと民俗学習館 Tarama-son furusato minzoku gakushukan). Find out more about the history and culture of Tarama. Tel: 0980-79-2223. Open every day except Monday from 9 AM to 5 PM. Discounts for primary and secondary students.
Yaeyama Toomidai (八重山遠見台). Location: 多良間村字仲筋1097 (1097 Aza-nakasuji, Tarama village). Tel: 0980-79-2674 (not to the tower itself, but rather to the organization responsible for its maintenance). Because Tarama is very, very, very flat, the highest point is not a geological feature such as a hill or a mountain, but rather a 33m-high structure on a small hill. It's named "Yaeyama Toomidai" because on a clear day if you look west from the tower, you can see clearly Ishigaki island, the nearest part of the Yaeyama Islands. "Toomidai" means see way out into the (distance beyond the forest). You can also see all of Tarama island and Min-na island. You might see Miyako, but other than that you probably won't see much more than open water. Obviously there aren't any obstructions, so you can see as far as current visibility conditions permit in all directions.
Hometown Beach Park (ふるさと海浜公園) Local name is "Nagashak" nice beach and shower, some benches with roof.