Sidon (Arabic: Saida صَيْدا) is in a city in Lebanon. The people (population: 100,000) are largely Sunni Muslims.
There are buses from and to Beirut, Tyre, Nabatiyeh and more destinations. The bus station in Saida is just north of the city center.
Buses from Beirut depart at Cola and shouldn't cost more than LL 4000 (June 2015). The journey takes about one hour or little more depending on traffic.
Sidon is a very compact city and you can easily visit the major sites by walking.
Cabs provide two services 1. A Taxi ride with a fare charge of 5000 L.L. around 3.25 $ and 2. "Service" is the word you use to permit other passengers to board and then the charge is 2000 L.L. around 1.25 $
The Sheikh Restaurant (Mat'am esh-Sheikh) in the old city is a beautiful, small and cosy traditional restaurant that serves the local dishes hummus, foul and mshawshe. The owner speaks Arabic only but is extremely sweet so it should be possible to communicate even if you don't speak the language. The best place to taste delicious traditional food and to get a feel for the area beyond the tourist infrastructure. The restaurant is vegan by coincidence.
In July 2013, Sidon was the scene of a two day battle between Sunni militants and the Lebanese Army which left over 50 people dead (only two were civilians however). The militants were defeated by the Army and the city has seen no further incidents since then. Although for now calm and safe to visit, it is a good idea to keep up with the news if you decide to visit (like in all Lebanon in general).