Known in German as Hermannstadt and in Hungarian as Nagyszeben, Sibiu has always been the centre of Romania's German minority since medieval times. Even today, it contains Romania's largest German community, and due to initiatives by the local government, the Germanic feel of the area has been maintained. Sibiu also has a significant Hungarian minority, remnants of Transylvania's past as part of the Hungarian Empire and, later, Austria-Hungary. Despite this, Sibiu is also distinctly Romanian (95% of the population are ethnic Romanians) and manages to fuse these three cultures, as well as smaller minorities of Roma, Slovaks and Ukrainians into a city that is as wonderful as it is vibrant.
Today, Sibiu is one of Romania's cultural and tourism capitals, attracting tourists due to its wonderful medieval charm, excellent views of the surrounding landscapes, great food, and stunning parkland. Sibiu today is also doing excellently economically, having an income per capita higher than the Romanian average.
Much of the city has been reconstructed due to it being the European Capital of Culture in 2007 and has benefited greatly from the funds made available. The people in Sibiu are much more relaxed and friendly than in Bucharest, and much of the city is pedestrian-friendly. There are even bicycling facilities (a rarity in car obsessed Romania)!
Sibiu is well connected to Bucharest and Cluj Napoca. From Cluj Napoca there are buses almost every hour, provided by Dacos, Fany and Transmixt, taking around 3.5 h. The buses are smooth-running, very comfortable and cheap.
Despite Sibiu's location in the centre of the Romania, it is quite a lot harder to get here than to other cities like Brasov and Cluj-Napoca, mainly due to Sibiu's location outside the main railway line which joins Bucharest to Hungary and beyond. However, train remains the easiest, cheapest and most comfortable way to get here. Remember, though, that from Bucharest, there are just two trains daily to Sibiu (one in the morning, one in the night). Also, Sibiu is one of the few cities of Romania not served by the modern and snazzy InterCity network from Bucharest, even though there are InterCity trains from Cluj Napoca.
From Bucharest, the train most tourists take is the day train A 1621 which leaves Bucharest North at 10:30AM and arrives at Sibiu at 17:31, nearly 7 hours later and stopping at most towns along the way. The train is pretty uncomfortable and crowded- hopefully, however, CFR Romanian Railways will soon introduce InterCity trains on this route.
Coming from Cluj Napoca, the main city of Transylvania, is a much better opportunity to get to Sibiu. In fact, many tourists do just that, as part of their Transylvanian tour. From Cluj Napoca, there are two fairly-convenient trains a day, one at 5:41AM and one at 2:57PM, taking around 3.5 h. The trains are smooth-running and very comfortable.
The train schedule changes every summer and winter so it is better to check it online. 
If you're not coming to Sibiu from another Romanian town, plane is an excellent option, as there are direct connections to Sibiu International Airport  from many European cities, especially those in Germany and Italy.
TAROM , Romania's national carrier, as well as LUFTHANSA  flies five times a week from Sibiu to Munich and also five times a week to Vienna. For those with money to splurge, there are also flights three times a week to Bucharest, even though you're better off taking the train if you're coming from inside Romania. There are frequent specials, though, so look at the TAROM website before deciding one way or the other.
Blue Air , direct low cost flights to Cologne, Stuttgart and Madrid.
Sibiu, a city of 170,000 people, seems quite large for its population, even though most tourists won't have to venture outside the conveniently-walkable city central area. In fact, try to walk as much as you can, as only in this way can you sample Sibiu's more remote gems, hidden behind lanes in the middle of the city and crooked, cobbled alleys taking you a step back in history.
If you need a guide to take you on a private and personalized tour of the city and the surroundings ask at Casa Luxembourg and they will recommend reliable people. Bike rentals are available also from the info centre at Casa Luxembourg.
If you do need to venture outside the medieval city limits, the local public transport operator TurSib  offers reliable services. These services may be useful if you're staying in hotels, pensions or homestays outside the city centre or would like to visit some of the wonderful villages surrounding Sibiu, for a taste of Romanian country life and stunning Transylvanian scenery.
During both visits to Sibiu I always enquired beforehand the price of the journey from the taxi driver. In this way rather than renting a car I could agree on a price and have the driver run me to the place I desired, some distance out of town, wait for me for about half an hour, with the mete off and start the meter again on the return journey. In this win-win situation I had the taxi at my beck and call, and the taxi firm saved on petrol from having the taxi get back empty to the city and being called again to the outlaying village. At times I was lucky in having the hotel reception finding me a taxi driver who could speak English. In particular I found one of German descent who was very courteous, knowledgeable and found him agreeable. He was a fast but safe driver, unlike another one who even had the cheek to bring along his girlfriend at one time! So be warned, they come in all sorts.
The old town The old medieval town is perhaps Sibiu's main attraction, and it is indeed very beautiful. Most of the buildings in the old town were built by German settlers and merchants who came to Sibiu in the late Middle Ages. Today, the buildings remain in very good conditions, and the streets are peppered with small, secluded lanes, corner cafes and wonderful churches. The old town is divided into two parts: the Upper Town, which contains most of the city's historic sights, and the Lower Town, which is home to many charming buildings and cobbled squares.
The Citadel of Sibiu The Citadel of Sibiu was, in the Middle Ages, one of the best fortified in Europe and today remains very well preserved. The towers and bastions of the area are well worth a visit, but most of all, make sure you visit the wonderfully charming Stairs Passage, which connects the lower part of the citadel with the upper part. If you want to splurge, dine at the Golden Barrel (Butoiul de Aur), the oldest restaurant in Romania, which sits at the end of the Stairs Passage.
Huet Square The Huet Square ( Piaţa Huet) is home to a jumble of Gothic buildings and is dominated by the Evangelical Cathedral, one of the most beautiful in Sibiu. Here, you can also find the city's only fully-German school, the Samuel von Brukenthal Gymnasium, which shows the city's proud German heritage. In fact, Huet Square stands to be the most German of all places in this city which is as much German as Romanian, and, all the same, 100% Transylvanian.
The Brukenthal Museum Said by many to be the second best museum in Romania (after the National Art Museum in the capital Bucharest), the Brukenthal is a must see in Sibiu, containing 1090 paintings. The museum is named after Samuel Brukenthal, the governor of Transylvania. There are paintings from Dutch and Flemish schools, Italian schools and, of course, German, Austrian and Romanian collections. The museum also displays Governor Brukenthal's own collection dating from the 15th-18th centuries.
"ASTRA" Museum of Traditional Folk Civilization is part of ASTRA National Museum Complex  and with over 300 buildings in an area of about one square kilometer the biggest open air museum in Europe. Not only does it have interesting and very picturesque exhibits but it also lies in a very beautiful area with a nice view of the mountains. The museum is located about 3 kilometers south of Sibiu, reachable by bus or tram. 2013: The tram is sadly not running anymore. The museum and the surronding park is still fine and they have a collection of about 20 different watermills or more, one more creative than the next in taking advantage of water power.
Outlying attractions In addition to Sibiu's wonderful historical and cultural attractions, the city is also very picturesque in the natural dimension. Paying a visit to some more outlying attractions enables you to sample the amazing Transylvanian environment. Sibiu is a good base to explore the medieval fortified churches of Transylvania. Medias is accessible by train from Sibiu, but to see many in one day you will need your own transport or try and seek out a guide from the local travel agencies. UNESCO World Heritage sites are the villages Biertan and Valea Viilor.
Balea lake, a wonderfull glacier lake about 50 kilometers south east from Sibiu right off from the road to Brasov.
T-shirts and other souvenirs from Casa Luxemburg located in the Piata Mica.
In addition, there are tons of great souvenir shops around the old town if you wander around. There is a House of the Arts in the Piata Mica. It is a huge building right beside the Liar's Bridge and it has all of the traditional Romanian crafts you could want.
In the old town there are many restaurants, fast foods and cafes where tourists and locals can enjoy not only good food from the local and international cuisine but also good music and cosy atmosphere.
The Small Square (Piata Mica) became in the last few years the best place to go out in Sibiu because of the big range of restaurants, cafes and pubs which also have terraces during the summer. The quality of restaurants and the service delivered is also generally higher in the Small Square as it is more for the locals.
When staying in Sibiu you should try the local dish "Ciorbă", a sour soup which has different variants with meatballs and/or vegetables.
The food and drink available in Sibiu is of a higher standard generally than the equivalent restaurant in Bucharest and is cheap by Western European standards, though prices are comparable to Bucharest. You could expect to have a good meal for two people with drinks and 2 courses for around €25 total.
Crama Sibiana, Str. Avram Iancu 1-3, Tel. +40-369-405371. . Celler/basement restaurant offering traditional Romanian cuisine at reasonable prices.
Crama Sibiul Vechi (The Old Sibiu Restaurant), A.Papiu Ilarian nr.3, Tel. +40-269-210461. . Celler/basement restaurant offering traditional Romanian cuisine at reasonable prices.
La Dobrun, Str. Dobrun nr. 1, Tel. +40-269-240040. . Celler/basement restaurant offering traditional Romanian cuisine at reasonable prices.
Grand Central Apartments, Selarilor 5 (Next to St. Francis Church), ☎ +40-722-256938, . checkin: 15:00; checkout: 12:00. The apartments and Studios are centrally located, 1 to 5 Minutes walking distance to Sibiu Main Square (Piata Mare) and 3-10 minutes walking distance to Sibiu Bus- and Train station. Can accommodate up to 6 guests each, at rates starting with €35/night (studios accommodate 2 to 4 guests each at €25-30/night). All apartments have private bathrooms with tub and/or shower and fully equipped kitchen; also parking, free wireless Internet.€30-50. edit
Hostel Centrum (formerly The Flying Time Hostel), Str. Gheorghe Lazar nr.6, ☎ (004)0369801667 & (004)0 747534998, . Situated right around the corner from the Big Square (Piata Mare), Hostel Centrum offers all common services including a bar area, kitchen, laundry, wifi, internet, beautiful decorations, friendly and competent owner and staff. Under new ownership... Beds for 35 Lei/€10. edit
Joly Hostel, filozofilor 12, ☎ +40 369426079, . Located very near the centre of Sibiu. Breakfast is not included, but you may use the kitchen as much as you want. Laundry is available for €2. Door rooms average about 7 beds per roomRooms from 40 Lei. edit
Old Town Hostel, Piata Mica 26, ☎ +40 269 216 445, . Located in the heart of Sibiu in a 450 year old building looking over one of the 3 main squares. Breakfast is not included but you can use the kitchen all you want. Laundry is available for €2. Door rooms average about 10 beds per roomRooms from 50 Lei. edit
Sibiu Travelers Hostel/Villa Teilor, Str. Teilor nr.4, ☎ (004)07 66242874 | (004)0269 238161, . Situated in a quiet area of Sibiu close to the train and bus station (5 min walk) and another 9 minutes walk from the ancient centre. Breakfast, coffee, tea and mineral water included. 2 PCs and fast wireless Internet everywhere, personal lockers & towels for free, spacious, cozy garden with wooden benches & tables and a patio curled around by wine ranks. Two bathrooms & toilets, a fully equipped kitchen and free laundry.€10.80 per night, including breakfast and tea, coffee and cooled mineral water day & night and free laundry. (45.8039475427885,24.1587236523628)edit
Felinarul Hostel, Strada Felinarului Nr. 8, ☎ (004) 269 235 260, . On a quiet street just a few minutes walk from the centre of Sibiu, this is a great little place with lots of personal care and attention poured into it. It's very welcoming and beautifully decorated in a traditional style, with a courtyard and an adjoining restaurant/cafe which serves up quite a range of international cuisine. 2 dorms and a private double available. Best to book in advance in the high season!55 lei per person (includes breakfast). edit
Guesthouse Zanzi, str. Constitutiei nr. 1, ☎ 0733979931, . checkin: 14:00; checkout: 12:00. Zanzi Guesthouse opened in 2008 in the historic center of Sibiu.€22. edit
Hotel Apollo, Nicolae Teclu 14, ☎ (+40(0)269 212 485, . Comfortable and modern hotel not far from the city centre. Internet is available in rooms. Rooms start at €56. edit
Hotel Continental, Calea Dumbravii 2-4, ☎ (+40) 0269 218 100, . This 13 floor, 182 room hotel is plain but well maintained. Its rooms often have nice views. It is located a two minutes from Old Town.Rooms start at 256 RON. edit
Pension Santa Maria, Str. Livezii nr. 43, ☎ (+40) 0269 224 451, . A ten minute drive from the centre of Sibiu. Rooms are well equipped and well kept. Breakfast is included. Free wireless Internet available. English-speaking owners. Rooms start at 132 RON. edit
Club Liquid is a night club which plays mainstream music and was renovated in 2009. The audience is about 50 % tourists/locals. Dobrun str. 1
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