Shushi is a historic city in Nagorno-Karabakh. This fortified city has long been a cultural center in Karabakh, and has had a history of conflict. The town was mostly destroyed as a result of the Karabakh war, but more and more buildings are being rehabilitated, and comfortable western hotels have opened.
Every half an hour there's a microbus from Stepanakert and back. It crosses Shushi's main sights and the end is in the upper town, near the shops. Taxis are also available to take you to and from Stepanakert. The bus to Stepanakert stops at the square at the bottom of the main town park - the far end from the Avan Shushi Plaza Hotel. Private cars heading to Stepanakert will often stop at the bus stop and pick up passengers for the same price the bus would charge.
It is easy enough to walk around Shushi, but taxis and other transport are available. Taxis are usually available in the area near and east of Ghazanchetsots Cathedral.