Shimada (島田市 Shimada-shi) is a city in Shizuoka prefecture.
Shimada is located in the middle part of Shizuoka Prefecture between Shizuoka and Kakegawa. The city area is divided by Oi River originating from the Minami Alps the mountain range with 14 peaks over 3000 meters in elevation. Although Shimada shares only a quarter of Oi River watershed, the town is often associated with the river mainly because Shimada had served as fording town during Edo Period(1603-1868) because Edo Government forbid to cross the bridges for the river. Being a part of Old Tokaido Highway and being the crucial point during the trip between Edo(current Tokyo) and Kyoto, the city boasts a number of art crafts such as Shitoroyaki pottery one of the seven kilns favored by Kobori Enshu, well known Tea master during late 16th to early 17th century.
Shimada is mainly divided by three areas: Former City Area, Kanaya Area, and Kawane Area.
Former City Area is the town area before the recent amalgamation. It includes the central Shimada Town area developed from the former lodging station of Old Tokaido Road. Mountainous Regions include some mountain peaks set aside for training grounds for Shugendo practitioners such as Mount Chiba. While most of the former city area is at the north of the Oi river Hatsukura area is exceptionally at the south of the river. Hatsukura is renowned for the good green tea, originally developed by former Samurai warriors who lost jobs after the end of Edo government.
Kanaya area is formerly a municipality recently amalgamated into Shimada City. Like Shimada it developed from the former lodging station of Old Tokaido. The area is also known as the start of Oigawa Main Line well known for locomotive train service. Kanaya also has a part of Makinohara Tea Plantation which is one of the representative views of Japan.
Kawane area, also a former municipality is much less recognized and much more out-of-the way than Kanaya and former Shimada area. The most notable town area is Iyeyama once prospered as the lodging station for Akiha Shrine pilgrims. This area, however, recently came to attention because of Kawane Onsen. The area also has a place where Oi river has the most remarkable winding which is named Uyama-no-Nanamagari.