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Shahmukhi

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Western Punjabi is based on the Shahmukhi script. Shahmukhi uses the alphabets of the Perso-Arabic Urdu script with some extra characters added. Here are the 36 letters of Shahmukhi. Each has a name that is given below the alphabet with the equivalent English sound of the alphabet in (parenthesis).

For pronunciation and use of an individual alphabet, click on the specific alphabet in the table below. Remember that Punjabi in Pakistan is a right-to-left language so you have to start reading from right, right!

Table 1: Shahmukhi alphabets with their name below and English equivalent in (parenthesis).
ا آ ب پ ت ٹ ث ج چ ح
Alif (a) Bay (b) Pay (p) tey (t) Tey (T) sey (s) Jiim (j) chey (ch) Hey (H)
خ د ڈ ذ ر ڑ ز ژ س
Khey (Kh) daal (d) Daal (D) zaal (z) rey (r) Rey (R) zey (z) zhey (zh) siin (s)
ش ص ض ط ظ ع غ ف ق
shiin (sh) Suad (S) Zuad (Z) toy (t) zoy (z) ain (a) Ghain (Gh) fey (f) qaaf (q)
ک گ ل م ن و ہ ی ے
kaaf (k) gaaf (g) laam (l) miim (m) noon (n) wao (w,v) hey (h) yei (y) Yei (Y)
Numerals
Latin script 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Gurmukhi (Indian) Punjabi script
Shahmukhi script ۰ ۱ ۲ ۳ ۴ ۵ ۶ ۷ ۸ ۹

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