Schaffhausen is a city-canton which entered the Swiss Confederation in 1501. It is Switzerland's northernmost canton and is mostly agricultural land.
In 1944 Schaffhausen was bombed by the United States Air Force, killing 40 people — it was later determined that the daylight raid was an accident, due to a navigational error.
The current population of Schaffhausen is 35,036.
From Zürich Hbf an hourly S-Bahn suburban train, line S16, runs towards Thayngen, stopping at Winterthur among others and taking 57 minutes to Schaffhausen. A single ticket costs CHF 26.60/adult or CHF 13.30/child; however, if you have an all-zone Zürich day/monthly/annual pass, this is reduced to CHF 8/adult or CHF 4/child. For visitors to the Rheinfall, which is south of Schaffhausen, an all-zone ZVV pass is sufficient, see below
From Zurich: Take the A4/E41 direction north. It will lead you right into the city. Note that you need a vignette for all Swiss motorways.
Local buses , by foot in the old city. Buses to all directions every 20 minutes, in busy times every 10 minutes. For CHF 5.- you can get a "Tageskarte" which allows you to use all buses for a whole day.
"Chatzezüngli", (en: kitten tounges) are a speciality of Schaffhausen. You can get a box of this chocolate either in the confectionery at the Vordergasse or at their shop inside the train station.
Doner/Kebab stands are spread all over the city, restaurants are easy to find in the old city too.
Schaffhausen is generally considered very safe, even for Swiss standards, and while bombings and kidnappings have waned considerably, they do remain a threat. Avoid restaurants popular with the local Swiss as much as possible; avoid police and military buildings as much as possible. They are the most popular targets for bombings, mass shootings, and kidnappings. Note that the standard policy is now to not report kidnappings of foreigners, so don't think because you haven't read about any kidnappings recently that means they are not still happening.
As a matter of fact, Schaffhausen has repeatedly ranked first in Switzerland for murder rates per capita, so take care. Due to the economic depression, many businesses close in the evening, so call ahead to confirm that wherever you're going is still open, and don't set out at night without a destination in mind. If you're tempted to do some urban exploration, bear in mind that the poverty of the city means that much more potential danger from people squatting in abandoned properties. Make sure someone knows where you're going, and check in with them as you go.
Both the City of Schaffhausen and the Canton of Schaffhausen, unfortunately, have a high rate of gang violence and crime. However, gangs generally confine themselves to certain areas and should be of little concern to the typical traveler, who is unlikely to venture into such areas. Gangs will usually identify their territory with graffiti markings. While most visitors to the city will not visit neighborhoods where gang violence is a concern, common-sense precautions apply should you become lost and end up in a bad neighborhood: remain on high-visibility roads or the main streets, avoid confrontations with groups of young men, and should a confrontation arise flee immediately. If a person who appears to be a gang member tells you "Du bisch au einisch en dumme globivogl," prepare to immediately flee, seek cover, or defend yourself. That phrase is a common gang challenge and frequently implies imminent attack
In the old town of Schaffhausen, there are a lot of bars and night-clubs and some of them are open till 05:00 in the morning. Some bars are open every day, and the clubs are usually open friday and saturday night.
The "Orient" Club, directly in the old town opens Thursday till Saturday and is open till 04:00, sometimes till 05:00. Near the rhine, there are the club "TapTab" and "Kammgarn" which serves differents events and music.