Santa Cruz (Galapagos)
European and American interest in the Galapagos was stimulated by the publication of William Beebe's book Galapagos: World's End in 1924. This book inspired the beginnings of the eco-tourism that today dominates the Galapagos economy. Tourism began, however, as only a trickle (one of those early tourists was U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who visited the islands in 1938). There was also a trickle of Europeans immigration to the Galapagos around this time. The largest group was 60 Norwegians, persuaded to settle on Floreana in 1927 by several young journalists and a whaler who had written about the Galapagos. Floreana turned out to be anything but the paradise the promoters promised, as the colonists came to realize after the promoters left. Most managed to survive for a difficult year or two there. Some of the survivors eventually returned to Norway, others moved to the settlement on San Cristobal, and others settled on Academy Bay on Santa Cruz, joining another group of Norwegians that had set up a cannery there the year before. Within a few years, most of the colonists left as well, but a few remained. A few years later, other Norwegians came to Santa Cruz, as well as a sprinkling of others from Europe, America, and Ecuador, all seeking a simpler life. Among them were the four Angermeyer brothers from Germany, who settled on Santa Cruz in 1935. Their descendants still live there and operate touring yachts and a hotel in Puerto Ayora.
The Galapagos' main airport on Baltra island is a short (free) bus and ($1) ferry ride from Santa Cruz. From where the ferry drops you off you need to take a bus ($2) or taxi ($20) to Puerto Ayora.
If you fly into San Cristobal instead you can take a ferry - 2per day, one early morning, one afternoon, ($30) - to Puerto Ayora.
The only paved road on the island is between the Itabaca channel and Puerto Ayora. Buses will transport airport passengers from the ferry to Puerto Ayora and back for $2. There are also white pick-up trucks functioning as collectivo, just wait at one of the paradas but they usually won't go further than Santa Rosa. They also double as taxis. There are also buses between Puerto Ayora and Bellavista. Hitch-hiking is also possible. A taxi anywhere in town costs $1.
There are taxi boats which will take you the short distance from the pier in Puerto Ayora to the path for Playa de los Alemanes and Las Grietas for $0.80.
A half-day Tour of the Bay will take in several beaches and snorkelling spots - about $30-35.
La Mirada del Solitario George ($20-25/ night) in Puerto Ayora offers rooms with air conditioners or fans, private bathrooms, cable TV, Wifi, and will have a pool and Cafe area in the future. Rooms are spotlessly clean and the owners are helpful with organizing tours and transportation. Located at Petrel y Española. Telephone 052527144, email/ Facebook email@example.com
There are two daily ferries each to Puerto Vilamil on Isabela and Puerto Baquerizo Moreno on San Cristobal ($30 one way or $55 return). There is a ferry to Floreana only on Sundays and Tuesdays, leaving in the morning and returning in the afternoon ($35 one way).
It is possible to visit the following islands/islets as day tours from Santa Cruz
Santa Cruz, Galapagos (Chelonoidis nigra)
Santa Cruz, Galapagos (Tortuga Bay)