San Blas Islands
The San Blas Islands is a group of islands which are located just off the Caribbean coast of Eastern Panama. The indigenous Kuna Yala tribe have self governing authority over the islands and a part of the mainland.
The local people, the Kuna, are a wonderful example of an how an indigenous people continue to flourish and practice their age old customs surrounded by the modern world. They are friendly and welcoming of tourists. Although the San Blas Islands is their ancestral home, you will also find them selling their wares in Panama City.
The best way to get around in the San Blas area is by boat, you can visit different islands within the hour and enjoy the calm clear sea. The food the locals sell isn't that fantastic but you can get a cheap lobster or redsnapper meal. The islands are mostly visited by backpackers that travel by sailboat from Panama to Colombia or visa versa. Tourism is growing and if you want to taste the unspoiled culture you should visit San Blas within a few years.
Electric power is limited, so it is not uncommon for the hotels and homes to operate generators for only a few hours per day. After dark, the moon and stars provide the only light.
There is no ATM anywhere on the islands. It is vital that you bring enough cash to cover your stay.
Tulekaya remains the first language of the indigenous people of San Blas. However, this is becoming less prevalent with the younger generations, who are for the most part being schooled in Spanish in Panamanian-run public schools in the region. Tule, what the Kuna call themselves and their language, is a spoken language. It is written only phonetically; they do not have their own alphabet or written language. Spanish is widely spoken in Kuna Yala, with only older generation Kuna, and a lesser percentage of women speaking only the Kuna language.
A minority of Kuna speak any English so it really helps to have basic Spanish here. However, if you are really stuck, there are plenty of other English speaking guests who can translate for you.
There are currently daily flights from Panama City to El Porvenir via Air Panama. Air Panama also services Achutupu, Corazon de Jesus (Rio Diablo/Nargana), and Playon Chico. As of Sept. 2009, Aeroperlas provides service to Corazon de Jesus and Playon Chico. Currently both airlines fly from Panama City daily at approximately 6:30 AM.
There are regular flights with all included and sustainable eco-tours to resorts on the islands with www.panamaflightadventures.com , a local operator. They include daily activities and adventures and have a high level of quality and safety popular with vacationers and culture/nature tourists.
Note: As of October 5, 2011, flight to Porvenir, Rio Sidra and Carti are not available due to runway closures. The AAC closed them all for repairs rather than leaving one open for flights. Repairs at Porvenir are scheduled for completion in January 2014.
Charter operators fly from Marcos Gelabert (Albrook) Airport in Panama City. Travel times range from thirty minutes to over one hour depending on the destination. San Blas is a large area so when contacting a charter broker to book a flight, be sure to have an idea about various locations in order to get a quotation on cost. Typical costs (tax not included) are:
Up to 3 passengers:
Up to 5 passengers:
Up to 6 passengers:
There are a number of different boating options if you want to get here to or from Colombia:
'Charters' will host you (price from $150 per night) and show you the islands while you learn their history and enjoy their beaches. A Panama tourism board licensed company is recommended as many individuals offer charters without specific boat charter insurance nor personal accident insurance (which is obligation in Panama)
'Sailing boats' to/from Colombia/Cartagena (price from $299-$550 dollars for usually 5 days all incl).There are now over 30 vessels operating this route. They vary widely in safety, comfort, and price. A person would be ill advised to book an 180nm ocean passage through an agency or concierge with no maritime experience. The waters between San Blas and Colombia can be challenging at times. Don’t depend on second hand information.
Vessels depart regularly from Portobelo, Puerto Lindo and Carti Islands(Puerto carti) and Porvenir. For sailboat charter throughout the archipelago, consult the list of company settled in Panama City to be sure to avoid fraud.
1. Experienced Licensed Captain and Legal Panamanian company with tourism board license.
2. Life vests in good repair for all passengers and crew
3. Life raft, if sailing to cartagena
4. Dingy with a motor large enough to push the boat in an emergency
5. EPIRB – Emergency Positioning Indicator Radio Beacon if sailing to cartagena
6. Fire extinguishers – up to date
8. VHF Radio
9. HF radio or Sat phone if sailing to cartagena
10.GPS – more than one
11.Charts – electronic and paper
12.Autopilot – with back up, a must if the Captain doesn’t have crew , if sailing to cartagena
13.Crew – more than one experienced person on board -prefer local kuna indian crew (available with local companies) for a substenable tourism.
14.Number of passengers vs. size of boat. (many overcrowded)
15.Adequate water supply
16.Man Overboard device and procedure if sailing to cartagena
1. Number of passengers vs. size of boat – do the math
2. Cleanliness – a spotless boat is usually well maintained as well
3. Toilet facilities
4. Refrigeration – cold drinks
5. Number of comfortable berths
6. Chef – quality of food
7. Entertainment – Music, TV, Movies, Books
8. Fishing gear
9. Snorkeling gear
10. Friendly atmosphere
Go San Blas, Relevant to all things in San Blas, they manage your accommodations, transportation, and create flexible packages for island hopping adventures like none other! They service all kinds of clients internationally, and bilingually. Based in Panama City.
San Blas Sailing, since 1997 in the San Blas: tourism license up to date,1 M$ insurance carried for travelers, multilingual staff in Panama City, major credit cards accepted. A large fleet of deluxe to economical sailboats and catamarans. Cabin charter or exclusive. 24/7 hot line. A serious reference. If crew or boat unavailable for last minute reason: upgrade to other boat guaranteed. +507 314 1800 (they call you back if needed)
Captain Jack's sailcolombiapanama.com:  Offers automated online reservations 24/7. Choose from the finest sailboats inspected personally by Captain Jack, order, and pay using debit/credit card or Payapal. Just visit  and reserve your sailboat and motorcycle shipping charter to the San Blas Islands, Cartagena, Colombia, and Panama today.
Ocean to Ocean sailing trip through the Panama Canal: a fabulous trip starting in san blas and finishing in the Pacific Pearl Islands through the Panama Canal! Minimum 14 days (better 17-21) aboard monohull or catamaran, Better make a group (6-8 pers.) as canal fees and charter cost is quite expensive if only 2-4 passengers. A UNIQUE TRIP in one's life !
Captain Jack's Hostel Portobelo:  in Portobelo is a wealth of information and hub for backpackers and sailboat cruisers alike. Because sailboat captains frequent the hostel/restaurant/bar, it is one of the best places in Panama to meet the captain of your perspective charter, inspect the boats, use internet, eat, sleep, as well as book day tours, kayaking, scuba, hiking, and snorkeling. Enjoy a burger and cold beer while taking in breathtaking vistas overlooking Portobelo and the Iglesia San Felipe home to the World Famous "Cristo Negro" (Black Christ). Captain Jack's also offers laundry & transportation services. Learn more by visiting ().
The Darien Gapster:  also makes runs between Porvenir/Carti, San Blas and Sapzurro, Colombia which includes three full days in the islands from $350.
"'Catamaran Aloha"': offers Daytrips and Island hopping. contact them over email@example.com or Facebook Catamaran Aloha.
" Nativa Tours" ^ a Panamanian tour operator (multilingual) offers sailing trips but also beach huts (and combos boats-huts). They also offer receptive services as pick up, transfer int'l airport / hotel / san blas but also other excursions in the country and city and canal tours. +507 3141288
There are also cargo boats leave to/from Carti Island and Porvenir Island (San Blas Island/Kuna Yala) to Puerto Obaldia on the frontier for crossing into Colombia. taking anywhere from 6 to 8 days! They buy coconuts and sell . Some of them are much quicker and when we were there most seemed to know about other faster cargo boats. (50 dollars a day per person including food is a good price, but you might have to bargain).
The same can be done with small (but very fast: 400hp) motorized boats taking only 5 to 6 hours, often but not necessarily on fridays (price about 40-80 dollar). For public (motor) boats no regular time schedules exist and may result in waiting around for a number of days. This is especially true, we waited in Corazon for 4 days. The best bet is to wait at the port very early morning (ie sunrise) and ask every single boat that comes in where they are heading. There are a lot of boats.
The road into San Blas Kuna Yala is vastly improving and is accessible all year round. A 4x4 vehicle is still recommended. . Currently there are a number of Kuna run tour operators that will pick you up from your hotel or hostel in Panama City and drive you to Carti, which is part of the San Blas Islands (one way $25 per person, round trip $ 50 dollares per person for transportation(jeep) to San Blas Islands). Additionally a "road tax" of $ 20 US as of Jan 2014 is charged in the jungle (a gate) one way. There can be an additional 2 US "tax" upon arrival on the old air strip of Carti (both ways), and there is always a 2 US per passenger charge for those leaving from Carti port.
Please check with your hostel, hotel or tour operator for the current condition of the road and transport to San Blas Islands or Carti Islands The road is poorly built and washes away occasionally.
. The Kuna Congresso can sometimes limit road access so try to ensure beforehand that one can enter, because it is 70+ kilometers from Panama City to the turnoff and then another hard 20 kilometers to the gate with no parking. If not confirmed, it may be difficult to enter without prior permission.
The San Blas offers a large array of sights. Starting with the fascinating people, incredible seascapes, colorful reefs and islands, to the abundant sea life in its waters and wildlife on the mainland. There are continuous festivals and gatherings occurring at villages that visitors can witness to get a glimpse of the culture. Numerous Kuna villages offer visitors multiple opportunities for various glimpses at the daily lives of the Kuna.
If you snorkel, (Dog Islands) you will find a great variety of tropical fish in the shallow warm waters. This is not the case for the main villages that have their latrines where land and water. such that boat transport often is required.
Many of the tiny islands with beautiful beaches have one member of the Kuna tribe on the island who collects $1 per person for use of the island for sunbathing or swimming. Be sure to bring small change with you and be prepared to be in the middle of nothing.
The native people wear very colorful traditional clothing and make and sell beaded jewelry and molas, which are creatively stitched squares and articles of multilayered cloth that can be very elaborate and take weeks to make. They also incorporate the mola craft into clothing, shirts and other various articles which can be purchased.
The larger villages in San Blas have small restaurants with limited menus. Villages also have small grocery stores that sell basic food items and beverages. Ice is very hard to come by in San Blas.
Kuna hotels and lodges typically include meals as part of the stay. Meals usually include locally caught fish, crab and lobster. Available vegetables are typically the basics, tomatoes, carrots, yucca, onions and potatoes. Do not expect a wide variety of foods as the kuna diet is very basic and exposure to western-style foods is highly limited.
Some of the islands have one small bar that caters to the locals and tourists alike. Ice is in short supply. Drinks, including beer and sodas, can be purchased at small stores on some islands.
Water in most villiages is piped directly (unfiltered) from streams on the mainland, and is therefore unsafe as drinking water for tourists. As a non-native, beware of any locally-prepared beverages including: hot chocolate, chicha (fruit or vegitable-flavored drinks), chicha fuerte (alcoholic chicha), water, and ice. Follow sanitary practices with all eating utensils and plates/bowls, as they are likely washed using non-potable water.
Tourists are advised to bring their own drinking water and drinking recepticles.
There are small and very rustic hotels on some of the islands, and due to the lack of restaurants, they offer all-inclusive meal packages. Also most hotels will include day trips to some of the smaller islands, where they will leave you alone for several hours to snorkel, sunbathe or swim. These Islands offer pristine white sand and crystal clear water, and coconut trees that offer natural shade from the heat. A good way to see these islands is via a yacht charter so that you can cruise from island to island in the day and dine and sleep in the luxurious comfort of your yacht.
The Kuna are usually timid, though friendly and welcoming of tourists. There is drug trafficking in this region, but it occurs without incident in almost all cases, using small fast boats that deliver drugs to the mainland from Colombia mainly late at night. There are almost NEVER any incidents involving these drug runners locally. There are rumors that they "camp out" on vacant islands. This is patently false. The drug runners are typically interested in getting in and out as quickly as possible to dodge surveillance.
The San Blas Islands is also a heaven for cruising yachts and sportfishing boats. Most of these yachts keep to themselves and rarely venture onto the village islands. For the most part, the San Blas Archipielago is extremely safe and tourist-friendly.
Same boating options as for getting in. If going to Colombia will need to go to at least one of the following. Click for details.