Samara (Russian: Сама́ра suh-MAH-ruh), the sixth largest city in Russia and capital of an eponymous region, lies on the Volga River in European Russia. It is a major economic, industrial and cultural centre and has a population of over 1,164,000.
Samara was officially founded in 1586 with the construction of a Russian fortress on the Volga. However, settlement there had been mentioned since at least the 14th century. During World War II, Samara, then named Kuibyshev, was the second capital of USSR. The city's growth was stimulated during the war due to its proximity to Moscow but distance from the war zone; several government offices were evacuated to Kuibyshev when Moscow was under threat. The post-war development of the Volga-Urals oilfield also helped. Kuibyshev reverted to being Samara in 1991.
As a cultural centre, Samara has attracted several famous creative Russians. The likes of writers Tolstoy and Gorky, painters Ilya Repin, Vasily Surikov and Ivan Aivazovsky, and revolutionaries Michael Frunze and Vladimir Lenin have all lived in the city. Even Alexandre Dumas visited in 1858, he describes his whole journey, including his impressions of Samara, in "From Paris to Astrakhan".
The city is served by Kurumoch International Airport (IATA: KUF)  which has international connections from Dubai, Frankfurt, Helsinki and Prague. Domestic, there are up to ten depatures daily from Moscow as well as direct flights to Samara from many other Russian cities including Saint Petersburg, Krasnoyarsk, Perm, Rostov-on-Don and Vladivostok.
Aeroexpress trains  operated by Samara PPK  run between Kurumoch Airport and Samara railway station. There is a free shuttle bus linking the airport terminal building and the Kurumoch Airport Aeroexpress station (the bus leaves from the airport terminal building to the Kurumoch Airport Aeroexpress station around 30 mins before the train is scheduled to depart). As of Sep 2016, there are four trains daily in each direction: the Aeroexpress train leaves from Kurumoch Airport at 02:28, 09:03, 13:54 and 20:43 (local time) and from Samara railway station at 06:23, 09:56, 16;41 and 21:47 (local time). The journey time is around 1hr 15 min. A one-way ticket costs 150₽ for adults and 75₽ for children (tickets available onboard the train and payment by cash only).
Wikitravel has a guide to Trans-Siberian Railway.
Samara is a major railway junction and almost all trains connecting with Siberia and Russian Far East calls here. There are atleast five departures every day from Moscow, including the Zhiguli branded deluxe train. Journey times varies between 14-20 hours depending on which train. Another branded train, Samara, is avalible from Saint Petersburg every second day taking just over 23 hours to Samara and going further to Ufa. Most other major cities in central Russia also have overnight trains to Samara. The once-weekly Sibirjak train originating in Berlin calls here, a neat journey of four nights. It's also possible to get on this train in Warsaw and Minsk.
A cheaper alternative is to travel by over-night buses which are avalible from nearby cities such Nizhny Novgorod, Perm and Moscow.
If traveling by own car, Samara is along the M5 Highway, also known as Ural Highway. Distance from Moscow is just over 1000 km.
During the summer season, cruise ships operate along the Volga river to Kazan, Saratov, Volgograd etc. A list of cruise companies and routes is available on the website of the Samara Tourist Information Centre   (in Russian).
The city public transport includes buses, marshrutkas, trolleybuses, trams, and one relatively small metro line. As of 2016, the fare is RUB 23 (approx. $0.3) everywhere.
Samara has an extensive tram network which is the most well-developed and widely used public transportation system in the city and allows to move between many places of interest rather quickly, especially during traffic jams. However, the lines closest to the Volga embankment are located relatively far (~1 km) from it, but it is not so difficult to get there on foot, for example, from Samarskaya Square tram stop.
The Samara Metro is a convenient way of zipping across the city. However, it remains underdeveloped and comprises one line that runs east to west and not yet even linked with the train station.
The beach by Volga in the city center. Visit the space museum. Visit the shopping street Leningradskaya.
The Samara Tourist Information Centre (TIC) runs a 3-hour guided tour  (in Russian) every Saturday afternoon, departing at 1pm from Samara railway station (500₽ for adults, 450₽ for children up to 12 years old). The tour includes a visit to Stalin's Bunker (which is not open to individual visitors).
Night life in Samara is quite joyful. The main dance clubs are: Beerja (Stock Exchange), KINUP, Zvezda (Star), Aura (The Aura), Postel (The Bed), Long Bar. There are many restaurants and bars in Samara. The pricing for clubbing are the same or even higher than in Europe and Americas, though not so high as in Moscow.
Tourist Information Centres (TIC)