Rudrapur is a city and a municipal board in Udham Singh Nagar district in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. Rudrapur is located in the fertile Terai region. It is the 7th most populous city of Uttarakhand. Since the establishment of SIDCUL, the city had enjoyed rapid development, along with literacy growth and much more employment.
Whereas on the one hand, Udham Singh Nagar is basically an industrial district and many industry related professions are prevalent here, it is perfect example of 'Unity in Diversity' for which India is so widely known, on the other hand different cultures, religions and life styles are blended in absolute harmony. The fertile land lends itself to different forms of agriculture giving rise to agriculture related activities and industry making this land a green place which has resulted into prosperity all around. Pantnagar university is a leading temple of learning in the fields of agriculture and technology with one of the finest built university all around the world. This place has rare sight seeing as it is surrounded by Kumaon Himalayas on one side and Nepal on the other (Tanakpur touches the Khatima border which is in Champawat district).
NanakMatta dam, Dronasagar and many other places are worth visiting. Atariya mandir mela and Chaiti mandir mela is famous where one can find local folk activities and mingle with local culture and traditions.
NanakMatta Sahib Gurudwara (also, Gurdwara Sri Nanak Matta Sahib) is an important sikh pilgrimage centre, located at Nanakmatta, where is also present the NanakMatta dam. It is situated about 17km from Khatima and is on the Rudrapur - Tanakpur route. The gurudwara and the place get their name from Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the first sikh guru, who visited there in 1514 AD.
In the past this land which is full of forest land was neglected till 1948 due to difficult climate. Marshy lands, extreme heat, rains which lasted months, a place full of wild animals, diseases and no means of transportation prevented the human race to form a colony here.
According to Historians, hundreds of years ago village Rudrapur was established by a devotee of lord Rudra or by Hindu tribal chief called Rudra, which has passed through phases of development to take the shape of city Rudrapur. The importance of Rudrapur has increased as it is the head quarter of district Udham Singh Nagar. During the reigns of mughal emperor Akbar this land was handed over to king Rudra Chandra in 1588. The king established a permanent military camp to free tarai from day today invasions. Totally neglected village Rudrapur was filled with new colours and human activities. There is a saying that Rudrapur was named after king Rudra Chandra.
During the reigns of Britishers, Nainital was made a district and in 1864-65 the whole Tarai and Bhawar was put under "Tarai and Bhawar Government Act" which was governed directly by the British crown.
The history of development started with 1948, when the problem of partition brought refugee problem with it. Immigrant from north west and eastern areas were re-established in 164.2 square km land area under "up nivesh yojana". Personal dwellers were not allotted land in accordance with crown grant act. The first batch of immigrants came in December 1948.
People from Kashmir, Punjab, Kerala, Eastern UP, Garhwal, Kumaon, Bengal, Hariyana, Rajasthan, Nepal, and Naidu live in groups in this districts. This country is an example of unity in diversity with people from many religions and professions and so is this Tarai, which has its heart at Rudrapur. Due to this Tarai was named MINI HINDUSTAN.
As of 2011 India, Rudrapur had a population of 1,50,000. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Rudrapur has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 67%. In Rudrapur, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
In the vicinity of the spectacular Kumaon lies the district of Udham Singh Nagar which was a part of district Nainital before it gained the identity of a separate district in 30 September 1995.The district comprises five main sub divisions Rudrapur, Kashipur, Bazpur, Sitarganj and Khatima and is surrounded by the exotic Himalayan ranges. The Tehsils in the district are Jaspur, Kashipur, Bajpur, Gadarpur, Kichha, Khatima, Sitarganj etc.
Rudrapur is located in the state of Uttarakhand sharing borders with Uttar Pradesh. The nearest Airport is at Pantnagar. Rudrapur is well connected to Kashipur, Kathgodam, Nainital, Moradabad, Bareilly, Dehradun, Lucknow and Delhi by rail network. Rudrapur is well connected by road with all the major cities of the state and region. Delhi is at a distance of 234 km whereas Nainital is just 72 km away. The place is a junction of roads heading in four directions. One towards Kashipur and beyond to Haridwar, the other to Nainital, the third towards Kichha leading to Bareilly & Lucknow and the last one heading towards the national capital, New Delhi.
The nearest railway station is Rudrapur City, 1 km away. Taxis charge Rs 50-100 to Rudrapur, you can also board taxis on sharing basis which would cost 45 per person. Most hotels will arrange for a pick up on prior request, Rs 200-300. You can also walk out of Rudrapur City station, the bus station is only 1 kilometer away.
Also see Rail travel in India