Rostov-on-Don Airport has domestic flights, as well as flights to and from Europe, Africa and Asia. The airport is tiny and crowded, and it's easy for visitors to miss the baggage claim room; as you enter the arrivals area, the baggage claim is up a few steps on your right. The airport is a ten-minute taxi ride to downtown.
Rostov-on-Don is also home to a few train stations, the two most important being Rostov-Glavniy (servicing long-distance trains) and Rostov-Prigorodniy (servicing mostly commuter routes). Both of these stations are centrally located and are only a three-minute taxi ride to downtown. Occasionally, long-distance trains may be routed toward Rostov-Pervomayskiy, a smaller station in the far west of Rostov. This station is a twenty-minute taxi ride to downtown.
If you are traveling from Moscow to Rostov, and looking to save money, take the plane, as the flight costs about the same as taking the train, and is less than two hours (as opposed to sixteen hours on the train).
There is no metro system in Rostov, and the tram (light rail) system is limited. The bus system can be hard to understand, but is VERY efficient and reliable. However, any public transport can be used to some degree if you have a GPS-capable phone, or an application such as YandexMaps to find routes. Alternatively, route maps are posted on many bus stops; just show up to the bus stop, determine the bus number, and wait. Buses come very often in Rostov, so you won't have to wait long. If you are unsure of what bus you need, most buses have their entire route listed on the side (in Russian only).
Buses in Rostov are often very crowded, but are inexpensive (13 - 15 rubles per trip, as of July 2014). If you are issued a small ticket on either the bus or the tram, keep it, as the conductor may ask to see it.
SkyExpress taxi  offers service in English, and Leader taxi  can be booked online, probably with Google translate. A word of warning: Rostov is home to several unlicensed taxi "companies" which may attempt to scam foreigners. ALWAYS determine the fare to your destination before sitting in the taxi.
Note: Many statues and monuments not listed here can be found in almost every public park and major street of Rostov.
The best shopping can be done at the Central Rinok (Bazaar/ Farmer's Market) in downtown Rostov. (See "Do" Section, above). This Rinok, located on Stanoslavskovo Street sells everything. This is an interesting place but be careful, criminal's activity possible.
For a more Western-type mall experience, check out the new Megamag Shopping-Entertainment Complex (Megamag TrK) on the south bank of the Don River, or another on East exit from Rostov (Sholohova st, road to Moscow). Take a #75 or #73 bus from the Central Rinok across the bridge to 1 Poymennaya Street, on the stop "Megamag".
If you are uncomfortable speaking Russian, but need to buy groceries downtown in a familiar supermarket-type environment, try either Zelenyy Perekrestok (49 Buddyonovskiy Prospect, bottom floor of the department store "Astor"), or Magnit (146 Bolshaya Sadovaya Street, next to the State Ballet and Opera Theatre).
It is not recommended to shop in the upscale department stores (such as TsUM, on the corner of Bolshaya Sadovaya and Buddyonovskiy), where prices are inflated and store clerks are intimidating.
Many souvenirs sellers, graphists, painters with his pictures, may be founded in undergrounds at "Voroshilovskiy prosp / Sadovaya st" and "Buddyonovskiy prosp / Sadovaya st", in Gorky's Park in Saturday and Sunday, at Beregovaya st.
If you interesting for "swap meet", visit "Radio Rynok" (radio market) on Guseva str (on hill), it works at Saturday and Sunday from 09.00 to approx. 13.00. You may look old "one-floor" Rostov near that market, cobblestones roads, and look for different electronic used stuff and trash near (outside) that market, many from soviet era: radio receivers, headphones, old vynil, electronic parts and other. Inside market, under roof, you may find used and new electronic stuff, TVs, cell phones, notebooks, CDs and other. This is an interesting place for nerds and retro-electronics collectors.
If an English-speaking visitor wishes to eat in a sit-down restaurant, be warned that in southern Russia most restaurants do not carry a copy of their menu in English. Also, service at these restaurants is slow compared to North American sit-down restaurants. It is not uncommon to spend an hour waiting for your meal, even when the restaurant is not busy. For travelers on a budget, be warned that a meal for two in these restaurants often costs more than 1500 rubles ($40), and the portions are comically small.
Perhaps preferable is the cafeteria-style restaurant that is ubiquitous in Russia, where non-Russian speakers can point at items on display, or load up a tray. Most cafeterias carry good quality, authentically Russian food at reasonable prices. In Rostov, two centrally located cafeterias are: 1) Zolotoy Kolos (43 Bolshaya Sadovaya Street), and, 2) The cafeteria with the green-and-yellow sign (34 Bolshaya Sadovaya Street)
For those of you still reading who still want to go to a sit-down restaurant, the best ones are on the River Embankment (See section "See", above), on the north bank of the Don. These include: Frau Mueller (German Cuisine, 29 Beregovaya Street), Osaka (Japanese Cuisine, 30 Beregovaya Street), and any of the ship restaurants docked at the bank.
Westerners will appreciate the Don Plaza Hotel (sometimes called the "Intourist"). This four-star hotel is a three-star on the North American rating, and features a fantastic free breakfast buffet. I'm not kidding. This breakfast is freaking amazing. The Don Plaza has quite small rooms and spotty Wi-Fi, but makes up for those shortcomings with a really, really, really, really good breakfast menu.
Other options for hotels with less-illustrious breakfasts include the Hotel Rostov (corner of Krasnoarmeskaya Street and Buddyonovskiy Prospect) and the Hermitage Hotel (54 Ulyanovskaya Street).