Region of Waterloo (Ontario)
The Region of Waterloo is a regional municipality in Southwestern Ontario. It was created in 1973 in a reorganization of the local governments of the area. It consists of seven municipalities: three cities, Cambridge, Kitchener, and Waterloo, and four townships, North Dumfries Township, Wilmot Township, Woolwich Township, and Wellesley Township.
Ontario's main east-west expressway, the 401, runs through Waterloo Region, separating the cities of Kitchener and Cambridge. Highway 8 runs from the 401 into Kitchener, highway 7 runs from Guelph to Stratford, straight through Kitchener, also serving the towns to the east and west of Kitchener, the Conestoga Parkway runs from highway 8, through Kitchener and Waterloo to the towns to the north. Hespeler Road (also known as highway 24) runs from the 401 through Cambridge.
Via Rail  runs trains from Kitchener to Toronto in the east and London and Sarnia in the west. Trains run three times a day in each direction to a small station on the north-east corner of downtown Kitchener.
Greyhound  runs regular buses from Kitchener to Toronto, stopping at the site of the former Sportsworld amusement park at the border of Kitchener and Cambridge. The main bus terminal in Kitchener is located in the centre of downtown, one block from city hall. Buses also run to the University of Waterloo and Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo.
Waterloo Region is generally a car-centric community, and it's usually straightforward to drive from one point to another. Parking is usually free and abundant, except around the University of Waterloo and at some special events.
Grand River Transit is the public transit authority in the region. It operates over 50 routes that serve many different areas of Cambridge, Kitchener, and Waterloo. Major destinations such as Downtown Kitchener and Galt (where bus terminals are located), major malls, and the two universities are well-served by bus, and traveling between these locations by bus is often reasonably fast and convenient. However, travelling by bus between other locations is generally much slower than driving. Due to the extra time public transit takes and the general car-friendliness of the region, if you brought your car you probably won't be taking the bus (unless you're going Oktoberfesting or the like).
Buses usually operate on 30-minute schedules, but service may be more frequent during rush hour, or less frequent during off-peak hours or weekends (many routes have no Sunday service). So, schedules are useful; online copies can be found at  and print copies of all schedules can be obtained at the bus terminals and at the universities, or acquired piecemeal on buses. Each bus stop sign also lists a phone number that can be called to get an automated message giving the next arrival times.
Cash fares are $3.00. Discount tickets (5 for $11.50) are a good value if you're going to be taking the bus at least a few times. They can be purchased at many locations around the region. If you plan on riding the bus a lot, you may want to consider purchasing a monthly pass. When paying your fare, you may request a transfer which allows you to transfer to any bus route within 90 minutes of paying your fare. You can use a transfer to enable you to pay only a single fare while making long-distance one-way trips or shorter round trips.
For long-distance travel around the region, consider taking the iXpress, a limited-stop express bus that travels between Conestoga Mall in Waterloo and the Ainslie Street terminal in Cambridge (Galt).
Safety is a problem in Waterloo region in certain areas. You may come into a problem with gangs. Drug dealing is a problem in Waterloo, Crack and Heroine is being sold on the street.
Some options for further travel include: