Naypyidaw is a unique city in the region. It is a fully constructed large city but with very few inhabitants compared to its size, so you can experience the amazing and unprecedented (for Asia) experience of never ever being stuck in traffic. It is between two mountain ranges so has little to offer in the way of day trips or activities. The city was constructed to be the capital by the military and lacks the dissarray and wonder found throughout the rest of Myanmar.
Naypyidaw was constructed in secret by the Myanmar Junta in the early 2000s. In November 2005 it was officially announced as the country's new capital. Government workers were given two months notice that they would have to move from Yangon, as all government offices and ministries were relocated. Embassies and international organisations like the UN have not yet relocated but are expected to at some point. The international retail chains found throughout all other capital cities are not present in Naypyidaw.
The city has wide boulevards/highways (still almost empty) and extravagant roundabouts. It has housing for government workers, but many still maintain residences for their families in Yangon as education and health infrastructure is not yet in place.
There is a newly built motorway (toll road) linking Yangon to NPT. It is 200 miles long, with a restaurant stop at 115 miles. The journey takes about 4 hours by car.
From Yangon, a train leaves at 12:00 AM and arrives in Naypyidaw at 9:00 PM (9 hours).
To handle increased traffic to the capital, the existing airport at Ela was upgraded to handle the larger planes. It lies 10 miles (16 km) southeast of Kyatpyae. This airport is now listed as a destination for all domestic airlines in Myanmar (Myanma Airways, Yangon Airways, Air Mandalay and Air Bagan). For passengers coming from abroad, the airport does have full immigration facilities and supports Visa on Arrival.
In reality, only army generals and foreign visitors go to Naypyidaw via plane while all others travel by bus or car. The main reason for this is that the taxi from NPT airport to the centre ($80) costs more than the flight itself ($65).
From Yangon, a bus is available. It travels along a 8-lane highway for about 4 hours from Yangon to the capital (which just springs out of nowhere at a nondescript intersection - very unusual).
arriving at three different bus stations in the city
By motorbike taxi
This is the typical transportation in Naypyidaw.
By tuk tuk
Similar to those in Bangkok although called a "Thaw Lar Gyi" in Myanmar.
Ngalaik Lake Gardens is a small water park situated along the Ngalaik Dam, near Kyweshin Village on Ngalaik Lake (approximately seven miles from Naypyidaw). Opened in 2008, facilities at the Ngalaik Lake Gardens include water slides, natural resorts, lodging and a beach.
Naypyidaw also has two golf courses (Nay Pyi Taw City Golf Course and Yaypyar Golf Course)
Behind the city hall, there is a park with a playground and water fountain complex, which hosts a musical light show every night.
ATMs are now available at several locations in Naypyitaw, including the airport and many hotels.
Naypyitaw Myoma Market is currently the commercial centre of Naypyidaw. Other shopping areas include Thapye Chaung Market and Junction Centre Naypyidaw.
There are two medium-sized shopping malls in the hotel zone: Junction and Capital, which each have a supermarket and restaurants. Junction also has a cinema.
The Hotel zone has a handful of villa-style hotels that dot the hills on the outskirts of the city. There are currently twelve hotels located in or near Naypyidaw. Eight of these are located within the Naypyidaw Hotel Zone.