Puno is a port city at an altitude of over 3,800 metres, on the shores of Lake Titicaca on the Altiplano of Peru. Puno is a picturesque hillside city overlooking Lake Titicaca and one of it's largest attractions, the Uros Floating Islands. This, and its proximity to the Bolivian border, means that it´s a regular stop on the South American tourist trail
The city of Puno is the melting pot of the Aymara and Quechua culture. Most of its inhabitants are of Andean origin and it has a unique mixture of modernity and Andean traditions. Women in traditional clothing live and work next to their modern versions.
Puno's elevation is about 3,822m (12,565 feet), which means it is fairly cold, especially at night. The sun is blistering hot during the day though and you should wear a hat, sunglasses and sunscreen. During high season (July, August) almost every day one tourist is hospitalized with sunburns, especially after falling asleep on top of one of the sometimes agonizingly slow boats to the islands of Taquile or Amantani. If you arrive from a lower elevation, you might want to spend a day or two taking it easy in order to acclimatize.
Trains to and from Cuzco travel 3 times per week, Monday, Wednesday and Saturday, and if there are enough passengers, on Thursday as well. The train to Arequipa is only used for goods and no longer for passangers. The rail trip from Puno to Cuzco, which is run jointly by Peru Rail and Orient Express is spectacular, one of the world's great train journeys. It is not cheap - about US$220 (US$245 as per September 2011). The other way (from Puno to Cuzco) is 'only' US$150 (May 2012). one way. Don't look for the backpacker class for less money, it is not running anymore.
The trip takes in Andean mountains and valleys of the Huatanay River, before reaching the Andean Plains, La Raya (the highest point of the route) and finally Cuzco.The train stops at La Raya for about 10 mins to allow passengers to get off. There are stalls selling local handicrafts e.g. alpaca sweaters, rugs, chess sets. Ensure that you bargain hard. Without a doubt, the best way of travelling to Cuzco and Macchu Picchu.
Daily buses depart to and from Cuzco and Arequipa. The ride from Cusco to Puno takes between 5 and 8 hours, depending on the bus company. TourPeru has a nice bus leaving at 8.30 a.m and p.m and arrives at 13.15 H and 1.15 a.m. respectively.
Other companies often stop on the way, picking up passangers and salesmen, which delay the trip and often turn the bus into a driving,smelly restaurant.
There are 3 companies leaving at 10.00 pm and arriving around 6.00 am in Puno; by no means take San Luis which have very bad buses!
Inka express has a special touristbus starts at 7:30am in Puno with several stops to take photos on the interesting points. It takes 8 hours to Cusco.
Buses depart to Copacabana twice daily. There are 4 buses that depart at 7:30am (15 soles) but only Titicaca has an afternoon service that leaves at 2pm (20 soles).
Daily buses depart to and from La Paz, Bolivia on two slightly different routes.
Direct route via Desaguadero (the fastest route, about 5 hours taking shared taxis).
To do this, take a bus from the terminal or a shared taxi to Desaguadero (2-3 hours, most buses leave before 10am) and after getting your passport stamped on both sides of the bridge, you can take a bus/minivan/shared taxi to La Paz (10/15/25 Bolivianos, 2-3 hours, much faster and more comfortable by shared taxi). If you want more space in the back you can pay for an extra seat. Border formalities are quite quick, but you might want to take a bicycle taxi to avoid walking a long way from the bridge to the transport on either side. You can change money here at one of the stalls outside Peruvian immigration - it's best if you know the exchange rate in advance.
You should change some money at the border in order to be able to pay the ferry in Bolivianos. Be prepared to change buses in Copacabana. This will mean you will lose your good seats.
When the overnight bus to Cusco stops at the state line for the police to inspect cargo underneath the bus, get out and watch your luggage to avoid theft.
Ormeños has buses leaving Puno between 8am and 9am every day. The departure time depends on how long the bus takes to arrive from Lima, so it is necessary to call Ormeños in Puno or Arequipa at about 7am to find out what time the bus will be passing through. The price is 100 Soles per person and the journey should take about 6 hours.
Most Puno sights are actually not in the city itself. Check the "Get out"-section below.
Floating Islands (described in detail in "Get Out" section. Tour boats leave every 40 mins from the dock (5 Soles by taxi). These cost 10 Soles for the return boat trip plus a 10 Soles entry fee to the islands. The last boat leaves around 4:30pm. The boat takes you to a couple of different islands (there are more than 50) where the island's "president" explains how the islands are built. Everything is made of reeds, including the islands themselves, the people's houses and their boats.
The Islands of Taquile and Amantani where you can sleep over with a local family.
The peninsulas of Chucuito and Capachica that form the right and left arm of the Puno Bay. In Chucuito you can stay in Luquina Chico or Karina, in Capachica the community of Llachón is becoming famous, but you can also stay on the other side of the peninsula in Ccotos or the small island of Tikonata.
In the city itself you can visit the panoramic viewpoints of the Puma and the Condor statues. The two miradors are rumored to be dangerous to foreigners, but both are staffed with police and feel very safe. The Condor especially has a great view on the bay and city. Take a taxi (8-20 soles) to the top and go down the hundred plus stairs, in 10 min you are on the main square.
Also worth visiting: the Dreyer Museum close to the main square, and the Yavari boat museum. 7 soles by taxi (Hotel Posada del Inca).
In and around the Mercado Central are several budget places to lunch for less then 3 Soles.
Lunch or dinner can easily be acquired for less than three soles if you're willing to walk a 3-5 blocks down from Jr. Lima or the Plaza de Armas.
Loving Hut Titikaka, Jr. Jose Domingo Choquehuanca 188, has excellent set four-course vegan lunches for S/7 in a quiet, very clean atmosphere. Really worth the short walk if you're tired of chimcharron and salchipapas. The owner speaks speaks English, and the daily lunch menu is posted on Facebook.
Most touristspots are in and around Calle Lima, with main courses around 20 Soles. Some have reported success with haggling, however that does not seem any more appropriate here than it would be in the United States or another developed country. At any rate, $8USD for dinner at an upscale restaurant is not a bad price.
Restaurant and Pizzeria Mojsa on the Plaza de Armas is surprisingly affordable, with good pastas, pizzas, coffee and an excellent atmosphere.
Cafe restaurant Monterrey, Pasaje Grau 158, has reasonably cheap and good breakfasts.
Restaurant pizzeria Ollantay, Pasaje Grau 160, has pizzas, trout and alpaca. Ask for el menú.
Restaurant Colors, Calle Lima, has creative nouveau andean and international dishes and free wifi. Really good food and the desserts are fab!
Cafe restaurant Sal y Azucar, Pasaje Grau, relatively cheap but delicious desserts and some savory meals.
Restaurant Don Giorgio, Calle Lima, serves Italian food at very high prices.
Restaurant and cafe Incabar, Jr. Lima near Parque Pina, has a nice atmosphere and free, fast wifi. However, their food is expensive, and the coffee comes from down an alley next door.
Sweets Cafe on Jr. Lima has mediocre coffee and food, but also has free wifi and a balcony overlooking the walking street.
Eccos Cafe/Resteraunt, incredibly tastey menu del dia, (15 Soles), just off the main pedestrianized street.
Restaurant Vida Natural, Jr. Lambayeque 141. Perfect if you like natural, fresh and tasty vegetarian food. Breakfast, lunch and dinner. Cheap complete menus. Custom dishes on request. Friendly owners. (Closed on Saturdays)
Fruitjuices at one of the many juguerias on the second floor of the market.
Many gringo spots at or near the pedestrian mall.
Pacha cafe-bar, calle independencia (main pedestrian blvd). Bar on main street offers average coffee and cocktails. Any food ordered is brought in from outside, so best not to eat there. Staff have game to see how much they can short-change gringos. Free wifi, password 11030489.2 for S12 happy hr. edit
Qalapaxta Bar on top of the tallest building in town, the Hotel Qalaqatani, up a side street from Jr. Lima. Excellent view and atmosphere. They have trouble finding a good bartender, so the bar isn't always officially 'open', or you might have to be content with one or two ingredient drinks and pointing out what bottles.
Hostal Terminal, In the terminal, on 2nd floor. Clean, sunny and warm rooms with hot water. single 20/25, double 30/35 withhout/with tv and towels (4 dec 2012). Located literally in the terminal so a bit noisy but practical if you would like to stay 1-2 nights. Owner is a bit paranoiac while giving towels (says people took the towels with them, this's the reason). edit
The Point Hostels, AV. Circunvalación Norte 278 - Huajsapata (3 blocks from the Main Square), ☎ +51 (051) 351 427, . The Point Hostel Puno has been created to be a passage destination for backpackers heading to, or coming from, Bolivia. The Hostel is located on a safe & quiet street, just three blocks from the Main Square. The spacious building has modern dorms with shared facilities. Trips can be booked there for Uros Floating Reed Islands, trips on Lake Titicaca, border crossing assistance (buses to Bolivia) & much more.edit
The WalkOn Inn, Jirón Libertad 115 (corner Jr. Tacna), ☎ +51 (0)51 352 631, . * The WalkOn Inn (email:)opened a hostel in downtown Puno. Rooms with ample space and private bathroom cost 60 soles for a double/twin with hot water 24/7. Breakfasts cost 8 soles for a buffet. The hotel can also connect you with tours.60. edit
Hostal Los Uros, Theodóro Valcárcel N8 135, 051-352141. Clean and decent hotel close to the center. Popular with foreigners. A single with shared bathroom cost 20 soles. Ask for a discount in low-season.
Sleeping at one of the Uros Islands A new option available is hospedaje made of reed located on the Uro Islands The prices are well worth the atmosphere and getting away from most of the tourists on the daytrips (about 15 soles a night, 30 including dinner and breakfast).
Pirwa Hostels Peru, Av. La Torre #492 (only 2 blocks from the main square), ☎ +51 084 244315 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . checkin: 10.30 am; checkout: 10.00 am. Services: Free continental breakfast, free pick up, free internet access, 24 hours reception, in house bar and more.from $ 8.50 /person. (-15.832822,-70.028293)edit
Quechuas Backpackers (a.k.a. Miski Wasi Inn), Calle Santiago Giraldo No 177. A new place with super comfortable beds and good and friendly service (they will greet you by name etc). Free wifi. USD 20 for a double or twin incl breakfast (May 2012).
Titilaka, ☎ +51-1-700-5100, . A modern luxury refuge located on the shores of the Peruvian side of Lake Titicaca, featuring 18 lake-view Suites and providing guests with a richly authentic experience in the region.edit
There are loads of agencies offering trips from here, and most hotels and inns will be more than happy to reserve for you. Note that the latter often charge an extra 5 S/. for this service.
Walking up in the hills gives nice views over the city and the lakes, but it is dangerous! Tourists are often the victims of armed robberies in the hills.
Chucuito (19km, 1 Sol by colectivo) can be done as a daytrip from Puno, -or en route to Bolivia.
Cutimbo is a nice daytrip, -for pre-Inca ruins and views.
Sillustani has the best examples of pre-Inca tombs in the area, -and also has some nice lakeside views.
Isla Taquile, famed for its traditional Titicacan way of living, can be done either as a daytrip, or staying a night or two.
Uro Islands, the floating reed islands, are mostly visited on daytrips. Recently has been opened a hospedaje on one of the islands.
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!