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Punjabi phrasebook

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Punjabi (India: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ) is the native language of the Punjab regions in the Indian Subcontinent. In India, it is written predominantly in the native Gurmukhi alphabet. In Pakistan, it is written in a modified Arabic version (Pakistan: پنجابی) of the Urdu alphabet called Shahmukhi.

Pronunciation guide[edit]

Vowels[edit]

Vowels in Gurmukhi (Punjabi) There are 10 vowels

Vowel Sign (broken circle represents a alphabet pronunciation Name of vowel example

invisible is with every consonant a ਮੁਕਤਾ muktā ਸ sa

ਾ ā ਕੰਨਾ kannā ਸਾ sā

ਿ i ਸਿਹਾਰੀ sihārī ਸਿ si

ੀ ī ਬਿਹਾਰੀ bihārī ਸੀ sī

ੁ u ਔਂਕੜ auṅkaṛ ਸੁ su

ੂ ū ਦੁਲੈਂਕੜ dulaiṅkaṛ ਸੂ sū

ੇ ē ਲਾਂਵਾਂ lāṃvāṃ ਸੇ sē

ੈ ai ਦੁਲਾਂਵਾਂ dulāṃvāṃ ਸੈ sai

ੋ ō ਹੋੜਾ hōṛā ਸੋ sō

ੌ au ਕਨੌੜਾ kanauṛā ਸੌ sau

Consonants[edit]

ਓ ਓੂੜਾ Oo'rhaa o' as in room

ਅ ਐੜਾ Ai'rhaa a' as in hat

ੲ ਈੜੀ Ee'rhee e' as in energy

ਸ ਸੱਸਾ sas'saa s' as in same

ਹ ਹਾਹਾ haa'haa h' as in home

ਕ ਕੱਕਾ Kak'kaa k' as in Kate, kite

ਖ ਖੱਖਾ khakh'khaa 'kh' as in khan, khaki

ਗ ਗੱਗਾ gag'gaa g' as in God

ਘ ਘੱਘਾ ghag'ghaa 'gh' as in aghast, ghost

ਙ ਙੰਙਾ Ngan'ngaa 'ng' as in England

ਚ ਚੱਚਾ chach'chaa ch' as in change

ਛ ਛੱਛਾ chhachh'chhaa ch' as in cheddar more like ch/sh robustly aspirated

ਜ ਜੱਜਾ jaj'jaa j' as in Japan

ਝ ਝੱਝਾ jhaj'jhaa pronounced as harder stressed 'j' as in jolt more robustly aspirated

ਞ ਞੰਞਾ Njan'njaa There is no English equivalent of this sound

ਟ ਟੈਂਕਾ tain'kaa t' as in Tom

ਠ ਠੱਠਾ thath'thaa 'th' harder th as in river Thames

ਡ ਡੱਡਾ ddad'daa d' as in daddy

ਢ ਢੱਢਾ dhad'daa dd' as in daddy

ਣ ਣਾਣਾ nhaa'nhaa Pronounced like English 'n' with tip of tongue upwards touching palette of mouth

ਤ ਤੱਤਾ tat'taa t' softer unaspirated t as inTim

ਥ ਥੱਥਾ thath'thaa 'th' as in Thailand

ਦ ਦੱਦਾ dad'daa th' softer th as in 'then'

ਧ ਧੱਧਾ dhad'daa 'th' stressed th seventh

ਨ ਨੱਨਾ nan'naa n' as in name

ਪ ਪੱਪਾ pap'paa p' as in papa

ਫ ਫੱਫਾ phaph'phaa 'ph' as in philosopher

ਬ ਬੱਬਾ bab'baa b' as in baby

ਭ ਭੱਭਾ bhab'baa there is no English equivalent of this sound more like bha combined together

ਮ ਮੱਮਾ mam'maa m' as in mother

ਯ ਯੱਯਾ yay'yaa y' as in yellow

ਰ ਰਾਰਾ ra'raa r' as in run

ਲ ਲੱਲਾ lal'laa l' as in lake

ਵ ਵੱਵਾ vav'vaa v' as in Victor

ੜ ੜਾੜਾ rhar'rhaa 'rr' hard double r

ਸ਼ ਸ਼ੱਸ਼ਾ shash'shaa sh' as in shade

ਖ਼ ਖ਼ੱਖ਼ਾ kha'khaa 'kh' as in khan or as 'ch' As in the Scottish Loch

ਗ਼ ਗ਼ੱਗ਼ਾ gag'gaa g' as in good

ਜ਼ ਜ਼ੱਜ਼ਾ Zaz'zaa z' as in zebra

ਫ਼ ਫ਼ੱਫ਼ਾ faf'faa 'ph' as in philosopher

ਲ਼ ਲ਼ੱਲ਼ਾ lal'laa l' as in land

Nasal Signs[edit]

ਬਿੰਦੀ bindī It's sound is same as 'n' in land, sand

ਟਿੱਪੀ ṭippī Its sound is same as 'n' in punch, lunch

ਅਧਕ adhak double sound to the particular consonant that it is assigned to

Phrase list[edit]

  • There are many dialects of Punjabi throughout India and Pakistan, and these phrases may differ from area to area, but here are the phrases in standard Punjabi:

Common signs

OPEN 
(ਖੁੱਲ੍ਹਾ khulha)
CLOSED 
(ਬੰਦ band)
ENTRANCE 
(ਦਾਖ਼ਲਾ daakhla)
EXIT 
(ਬਾਹਰ bahar)
PUSH 
(ਧੱਕੋ dhakko)
PULL 
(ਖਿੱਚੋ khicho)
BATHROOM 
(ਗੁਸਲਖਾਨਾ gusalkhana)
MEN 
(ਮਰਦ mard)
WOMEN 
(ਤੀਵੀਂ teevin)
FORBIDDEN 
(ਵਰਜਤ/ਮਨ੍ਹਾਂ varjat/manhan)


Basics[edit]

Note: Typically, religious salutations are used as there are no specific greetings that are shared among Muslim, Hindu and Sikh Punjabi-speakers

Hello. 
Muslim Greeting: (Asalamwalaykum), Sikh Greeting: (Sat Sri Akaal Ji)
Hello. (informal
Muslim: (Salaam/Hoi), Sikh: (Sat Sri Akal, or Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh)
How are you? 
Kidah (informal) (ki hal hai?)
Fine, thank you. 
Theek (changa haan)
What is your name? 
"Tera naam ki?" or (Thouda nam ki hai-gi?)
My name is ______ . 
______ . (merra nam _____ hai.)
Nice to meet you. 
. (tua-day naal mil ke khushi hoi gai.)
Please. 
. (kirpa karke)
Thank you. 
. (meherbani.)
You're welcome. 
. (koi gal nahi.)
Doesn't matter/No Matter/(No worries)
. (koi gal nahi.)
Yes. 
. (hanjee.)
No. 
. (nahee.)
Excuse me. (getting attention
. (gaal saun)
Excuse me. (begging pardon
. (paase ho ja)
I'm sorry. 
. (maaf karna)
Goodbye 
('_') Sikh: (Sat Sri Akal)
Goodbye (informal)Sikh
(Sat Sri Akal)
I can't speak name of language [well]. 
[ ]. (mennu eeni [changi] _____ bolni nahi aandi.)
Do you speak English? 
 ? (thonu angrayzi bolni aandi hai ?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
 ? ( ethay koi hegahe jeenu angrayzi bolni aandi hai?)
Help! 
 ! (meri madat karo !)
Look ahead! 
 ! (ugay vaykho !)
Good morning. 
Muslim:(Rab Raakha), Sikh:(Sat Sri Akal)
Good evening. 
Muslim:(Rab Raakha), Sikh:(Sat Sri Akal)
Good night. 
Muslim:(Rab Raakha), Sikh: (Sat Sri Akal)
Good night (to sleep
Muslim: (Allahafiz or Asslamwaolakum), Sikh:(Sat Sri Akal)
I don't understand. 
. (mennu samaj nahi aandai payee.)
Where is the toilet? 
 ? ( bathroom/toilet kithay way?)
What is the problem?
(KEE GAL HAI?)

Numbers ਅੰਕ[edit]

0 ੦ 
Sifar ਸਿਫ਼ਰ
1 ੧ 
Ikk ਇੱਕ
2 ੨ 
Do ਦੋ
3 ੩ 
Tinn ਤਿੰਨ
4 ੪ 
Chaar ਚਾਰ
5 ੫ 
Punj ਪੰਜ
6 ੬ 
Shay ਛੇ
7 ੭ 
Satt ਸੱਤ
8 ੮ 
Atth ਅੱਠ
9 ੯ 
Naun ਨੌਂ
10 ੧੦ 
Dus ਦਸ

Time[edit]

Clock time[edit]

What time is it? 
(ki sama(waqt) hoya?)
one o'clock (when AM/PM is obvious) 
( ik vaje)
two o'clock (when AM/PM is obvious) 
( do waje)
one o'clock AM 
(saver de ik vje han)
two o'clock AM 
(saver de do vje han...)
noon 
(dopehar)
one o'clock PM 
(sham de ik vje han ...)
two o'clock PM 
(sham de do vje han ...)
midnight 
(adhi-raat)

Duration[edit]

_____ minute(s) 
(minute... ਮਿੰਟ)
_____ hour(s) 
(ghunta... ਘੰਟੇ)
_____ day(s) 
(din ... ਦਿਨ)
_____ week(s) 
(hafta...ਹਫਤਾ)
_____ month(s) 
(maheena...ਮਹਿਨਾ)
_____ year(s) 
(.saal..ਸਾਲ)

Days ਦਿਨ[edit]

These phrases are mutually understandable between Punjabi people in India and Pakistan.

Monday ਸੋਮਵਾਰ 
(somwar)
Tuesday ਮੰਗਲਵਾਰ 
(mangalwar)
Wednesday ਬੁੱਧਵਾਰ 
(budhwar)
Thursday ਵੀਰਵਾਰ 
(veerwar)
Friday ਸ਼ੁੱਕਰਵਾਰ 
(shukarwar)
Saturday ਸਨਿੱਚਰਵਾਰ 
(sanicherwar)
Sunday ਐਤਵਾਰ 
(aitwar)

Months ਮਹੀਨੇ[edit]

January ਜਨਵਰੀ 
Janvari
February ਫਰਵਰੀ 
Farvari
March ਮਾਰਚ 
March
April ਅਪ੍ਰੈਲ
Aprail
May ਮਈ
Mai
June ਜੂਨ
June
July ਜੁਲਾਈ
Julaaee
August ਅਗਸਤ
Agast
September ਸਤੰਬਰ
Satembar
October ਅਕਤੂਬਰ
Actoobar
November ਨਵੰਬਰ 
Navamber
December ਦਿਸੰਬਰ 
December

Writing time and date[edit]

Day 
(..din .)
Week 
(hafta...)
Month 
(maheena...)
Year 
(.saal..)
Century 
(desh...)
Leap year 
(...)
1:00 PM 
(dopehar da ik vajeya)
2:00 PM 
(dopehar de do vajeya...)
3:00 PM 
(dopehar de tin vajeya...)
...
12:00 PM 
(raat de barah vajeya)

Colors[edit]

Red 
(laal)
Orange 
(sangtri)
Yellow 
(peela)
Green 
(hara)
Blue 
(neela)
Purple 
(jamni)
Brown 
(bhura)
Black 
(kala)
White 
(chitta)
Pink 
(gulabi)

Transportation[edit]

Bus and train[edit]

How much is a ticket to _____? 
(_____ vaste ticket kinne dee hai?)
One ticket to _____, please. 
(_____ vaste ikk ticket de deo please)
Where does this train/bus go? 
(Eh bus/train kithe jandi hai?)
Where is the train/bus to _____? 
(_____ vaste train/bus kithe khardi hai?)
Does this train/bus stop in _____? 
(Kee eh train/bus_____ khardi hai?)
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? 
(_____ vaste train/bus kinne vaje nikaldi hai?)
When will this train/buss arrive in _____? 
(Eh train/bus_____kadon pohnche gee?)

Directions[edit]

How do I get to _____? 
(_____pohnchan da kee tareeka hai?)
...the train station? 
(...railway staition)
...the bus station? 
(...bus adde)
...the airport? 
(...airport)
...downtown? 
(...main shehr)
...the youth hostel? 
(...youth hostel)
...the _____ hotel? 
(_____hotel)
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? 
(...amreeki/kanedian/aastrelian,aastreliayi/bartaanvi dootghar?)
Where are there a lot of... 
(dher saare...kithe ne?)
...hotels? 
(...hotel?)
...restaurants? 
(...restaurant?)
...bars? 
(...bar?)
...sites to see? 
(...selaaniyan laee vekhan valiyan thaanvaan?)
Can you show me on the map? 
(Tusi menoo nakshe te vikhaa deo)
street 
(gali..)
Turn left. 
(...khabbe jaao)
Turn right. 
(...sajje jaao)
left 
(...khabbe)
right 
(...sajje)
straight ahead 
(...sidha)
towards the _____ 
(_____waale paasse)
past the _____ 
(_____langh ke)
before the _____ 
(_____ton pehle)
Watch for the _____. 
(_____vaste dhiaan dena)
intersection 
(chaunk)
north 
(uttar vaale paasse)
south 
(dakhan vaale paasse)
east 
(poorab/charhde paasse)
west 
(pachham/lehnde paasse)
Go uphill. 
(utte jaao/charhayi charho)
Go downhill. 
(thalle jao/)
It is uphill. 
(oh utte vall noon hai)
It is downhill. 
(oh thalle vall noon hai)

Taxi[edit]

Taxi! 
(Taxi!)
Take me to _____, please. 
(menoo lai jaao)
How much does it cost to get to _____? 
(_____jaan de kinne paise laggan gay?)
Take me there, please. 
(menoo othe lai jaao)

Lodging[edit]

Do you have any rooms available? 
(Tuhaade kol koi kamra khaali hai?)
How much is a room for one person/two people? 
(ikk bande/do bandeyan de vaste kamre laee kinne paise laggan gay)
Does the room come with ... 
(Kee kamre vich...hai)
bed sheets? 
(bed diyaan chaadran?)
a bathroom? 
(gusal-khaana?)
a telephone? 
(telephone)
a TV? 
(TV)
May I see the room first? 
(Main pehle kamra vekhna chaunna (male speech)/chaunni (female speech) haan)
Do you have anything... 
(Kee tuhaade kol es ton...)
quieter? 
(ghatt shor vaala)
bigger? 
(vadda)
cleaner? 
(saaf)
cheaper? 
(sasta)
OK, I'll take it. 
(Theek hai main eh lai lainna (male speech)/lainni (female speech) haan
I will stay for _____ night(s). 
(Main_____raatan laee rahaan ga(male)/gee(female))
Can you suggest another hotel? 
(Tusi kise hor hotel baare dass sakde o?)
Do you have (a) ...? ; (Kee tuhaade kol.......)
safe? 
(paise rakhan vaala dabba?)
lockers? 
(laaker)
Is breakfast/supper included? 
(Kee naashta/raat da khana ehde vich shaamal hai?)
Please clean my room. 
(Please mera kamra saaf kar deo)
Can you wake me at _____? 
(Tusi menoo_____vaje jaga dena)
I want to check out. 
(Main paise dena chaunna(male)/chaunni(female) haan)

Money[edit]

Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? 
(Kee tusi Amreekan/Australian/Canadain daaler lai lainde o?)
Do you accept British pounds? 
(Kee tusi bartaanvi pound lai lainde o?)
Do you accept credit cards? 
(Kee tusi credit card lai lainde o?)
Can you change money for me? 
(Tusi please mere paise badal deo)
Where can I get money changed? 
(Main kithon paise badalvaa sakda(male)/sakdi(female) haan?
Can you change a traveler's cheque for me? 
(Tusi mere vaaste traveler cheque badal deo)
Where can I a traveler's cheque changed? 
(Main traveler cheque kithon badalvaa sakda(male)/sakdi(female) haan?)
What is the exchange rate? 
(Currency rate kee hai?)
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? 
(ATM kithe hai?)

Eating[edit]

A table for one person/two people, please. 
(ek mej ek bande/do bandeyan, layi)
Can I look at the menu, please? 
(khaane ch ki ki hai?)
Can I look in the kitchen? 
(ki main rasoi dekh sakna?)
Is there a house specialty? 
(ki ethon di koi chij mashhoor ha?)
Is there a local specialty? 
(ki ethon di koi chij mashhoor ha)
I'm a vegetarian. 
(main shakahari han...)
I don't eat pork. 
(Mai soor nehi khanda)
I only eat kosher food. 
(main vaisho bhojan hi khavanga)
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard) 
(tusi ehnu jara halka rakheyo, thoda tel/makhhan/ghee )
fixed-price meal 
(rate paka hai na)
à la carte 
(chhoti plate)
breakfast 
(nashta, swer da khana)
lunch 
(dupehr da khana)
tea (meal) 
(chah)
supper 
(raat da khana)
I want _____. 
(Mainu cheyda...)
I want a dish containing _____. 
(ek koi ajehi chij deyo ji vich..........)
chicken 
(murge da meat)
beef 
(gaa da maas)
fish 
(machhi)
ham 
(soor/bakre da meet)
sausage 
(massale vala maas)
cheese 
(paneer)
eggs 
(ande)
salad 
(salad)
(fresh) vegetables 
(tajian sabjian)
(fresh) fruit 
(taje phal)
bread 
(roti)
toast 
(garam bread)
noodles 
(noodle/ seviyan)
rice 
(choal)
beans 
(matar)
May I have a glass of _____? 
(ki mainu ik glass.............milega)
coffee 
(cofee)
tea (drink) 
(chah)
juice 
(juice)
(bubbly) water 
(pani)
water 
(pani)
beer 
(beer)
red/white wine 
(sharab/lal rang di)
May I have some _____? 
(ki menu thoda..........milega?)
salt 
(namak)
black pepper 
(kali mirch)
butter 
(makhan)
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server) 
(waiter gal suno/hello chhotu)
I'm finished. 
( mera bas ho gaya)
It was delicious. 
(bohte swaat si)
Please clear the plates. 
(kirpa karke pleta saaf kar deo)
The check, please. 
(check chalega/paise lao)

Bars[edit]

Do you serve alcohol? 
(thusee sharab dindeh ho)
Is there table service? 
( baithan nu mej mil sakda)
A beer/two beers, please. 
( ek beer/do beeran, jaldi)
A glass of red/white wine, please. 
(ek glass lal/ chitti sharab jaldi)
A pint, please. 
(..)
A bottle, please. 
(ek bottle, kirpa karke)
_____ (hard liquor) and _____ (mixer), please. 
(...)
whiskey 
(whiskey)
vodka 
(vodka sharab)
rum 
(rum)
water 
(pani)
club soda 
(soda)
tonic water 
(pani)
orange juice 
(santre da joos)
Coke (soda) 
(soda/coke)
Do you have any bar snacks? 
(koi bhujia ja tali chij milegi?)
One more, please. 
(ek hor, kirpa karke)
Another round, please. 
(agla)
When is closing time? 
(bandh kado hunda?)

Shopping[edit]

Do you have this in my size? 
(...)kee tuhade kol mere naap daa hai?
How much is this? 
ਇਹ ਕਿੱਨੇ ਦਾ/ਦੀ ਹੈ? (ih kinnē dā he?)
That's too expensive. 
(eh tan bahut mehngi hai)
Would you take _____? 
(...)kee tusi lavoge?
expensive 
(kimti,mehngi)
cheap 
(sasta)
I can't afford it. 
(...)main nahin lai sakdaa.
I don't want it. 
(mainu eh nhi chahida)
You're cheating me. 
(tusin mere nal hera-feri kar rhe ho)
I'm not interested. 
(...)menu koi dilchaspinahin hai
OK, I'll take it. 
(theek hai eh chahida)
Can I have a bag? 
(ki mainu ik bag mil sakda)
Do you ship (overseas)? 
(...)kee tusin bahr bhejde o
I need... 
(...)menu jaroorat hai
...toothpaste. 
(manjan)
...a toothbrush. 
(...)bursh
...tampons. 
(...)
...soap. 
(saban)
...shampoo. 
(shampoo)
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen) 
(dard nivark)
...cold medicine. 
(...)jukam de dwaai
...stomach medicine. 
(...)pet dard di dwaai
...a razor. 
(...)
...an umbrella. 
(chhatri)
...sunblock lotion. 
(...)dhupp ton bchaun wala lotion
...a postcard. 
(...)
...postage stamps. 
(...)ticketan
...batteries. 
(...)
...writing paper. 
(...)likhan wala kagz
...a pen. 
(...)
...English-language books. 
(angregi dian kitaba)
...an English-language newspaper. 
(angregi akhbaar)
...a Punjabi-English dictionary. 
(...)

Driving[edit]

I want to rent a car. 
(...Mainu ek car kiraye te chahidi hai?)
Can I get insurance? 
(...)kee manu insurenc milegee?
stop (on a street sign) 
(...)ruko
one way 
(...ek taraf)ik tarfaa
yield 
( kache raah)
no parking 
(tussi eathe apphni car kahadi nehi kar sakde)
speed limit 
(teji di hadh/ speed di hadh)
gas (petrol) station 
(gas station/petrol pump)

Authority[edit]

I haven't done anything wrong. 
(meh galth kum nehi kitha)
It was a misunderstanding. 
(eh koi galatfaimi si)
Where are you taking me? 
(tusi mainu kithe lai ke ja rahe ho?)
Am I under arrest? 
(ki mainu grifftar kita ja riha hai?)
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. 
(main ek american/australian/angrez/canadean/naagrik ha )
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consultate. 
(main americi/australiai/british/canadian dutawas naal gal karni hai )
I want to speak to a lawyer. 
(meh vakeel deh nal gal karna choundah ha)
Can I just pay a fine (Jurmana) now? 
(ki Meh fine (Jurmana) de sakda es time/eh paise jeb ch rakho te eh rafa dafa karo)
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