Pudukkottai is in Tamil Nadu. Pudukkottai is also known as Archaeologist's Paradise. It is one of the oldest human settlements in south India.
The history of Pudukkottai is an epitome of the history of South India. In and around Pudukkottai, there are many vestiges of the oldest habitations of man and some of the lithic records known in the south. The Pandyas, Cholas, Pallavas, Haysalas, Vijaynagar and Madurai Nayaks ruled over this part of the country and fostered it's communual organisations, trade and industries and embellished it with temples and monuments of outstanding merit.
The nearest airport is Trichi's Tiruchirapally Civil (IATA: TRZ). Pudukkotai is about 50 km from Trichi. Regular bus services are there from Trichi to Pudukkottai. Since 2008, Tiruchirappalli became a convenient low-cost entry point to India from South-East Asia (or vice versa), as AirAsia  started to fly here from Kuala Lumpur. Tickets booked in advance cost around Rs 3,000 (US$60, for a 4 hr flight), but can be well below Rs 2,000 during frequent sales. This is quite a good option even if you fly from Thailand to South India. Singapore based LCC (Low Cost Carrier) Tiger Airways provides a service from Singapore 4 times weekly. Air India Express LCC subsidiary of Indian Airlines flies to and from Dubai, Kuala Lumbur, Singapore daily and Abu Dhabi weekly twice. Air India Express also operates a daily domestic service to Chennai and weekly service to Mumbai. Sri Lankan airlines gives connection to rest of the world through Coloumbo as transit point. Kingfisher airlines operate daily twice service to chennai.
Regular buses are there from Chennai and other important places in Tamil Nadu. Buses are run by Tamil Nadu State Transport corporation (TNSTC). Bus tickets can be booked at TNSTC Ticket booking. Also private buses can be booked at www.redbus.in
One can enjoy the archeological sites around Pudukkottai. Prior knowledge of the history of the place will give good insights about the place.
Pudukkottai has a special dish called 'Muttai Mass' (a dish made with egg). It is exclusive in Pudukkottai. Do not forget to check it out.