Primorsky Krai (Russian: Примо́рский край, pree-MOHR-skee krigh) is a region in the Russian Far East, which borders China to the west, Khabarovsk Krai to the north, and North Korea to the extreme southwest.
Primorsky Krai was ruled by the Jurchen people until the 14th century when their kingdom "Bohai" was destroyed by Mongol invasion. There were several Chinese and Korean villages and hunters' "fanza"s when Russians explorers and Cossacks established their posts. Primorsky Krai (a.k.a. Primorye) is Russia's main outlet to the Pacific Ocean. 95 settlements were founded by the Russians in the latter half of the 19th century. During the February Revolution the Krai became a part of Far-Eastern Republic. The Civil War brought American, Japanese, and Czechoslovak intervention and caused emigration to China and other countries. It was the landing site of the USS Hornet in 1942 before it raided on Japan. Josef Stalin deported 174,000 Koreans from the border areas across the Far East to Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan between 1937 and 1939. Today, Vladivostok is newly open to foreigners and is the principal attraction and destination in the region.
Primorsky Krai is influenced by cold, dry continental air in the winter. Temperatures at this time of year are well below freezing even on the coast. Summers are mild and wet, with warm monsoon rains frequently arriving from the south. August is the warmest month.
The mixing of arctic and subtropical influences is made evident in the great diversity of the region's flora and fauna, including the rare Amur Tiger and Amur Leopard.
Expect to hear Russian and not much else except in hotels catering to foreigners. A lot of students learn English so finding somebody to give you directions is not a huge problem.
International flights arrive at Vladivostok from Tokyo, Beijing, Seoul, Niigata, Pusan, and Harbin. Domestic flights are available to Vladivostok as well from major Russian airports across the country.
The most popular way of arriving to Primorye, however, is via the Trans-Siberian Railway, which travels through Ussuriysk and terminates at Vladivostok.
All major sorts of local beer are produced by OOO "SUBMiller RUS" and include: Рыцарь Приморья, Студеное, Владпиво, Жигулевское,Velkopopovicky Kozel in dark and lager modifications.
Coca-Cola is unusually fresh here, because of the factory's proximity.