Plymouth , largest city on England's south coast and the most extensive naval base in western Europe.
Fishing Boats at Plymouth Barbican
Evening Sunset over Plymouth Sound, one of the worlds most impressive natural harbors
The city is located between the mouths of the rivers Tamar and Plym in what is widely regarded as one of the world's most impressive natural harbours. Plymouth is a unitary authority responsible for its own decision-making within the historic county of Devon. The area was first recorded in the Domesday book as "Sudtone" (1086; later Sutton) and together with the towns of Devonport and Stonehouse amalgamated in 1914 to form the modern Plymouth which was granted city status in 1928.
In 1588, the English Navy, which was led in part by Sir Francis Drake, set sail from Plymouth to defeat the Spanish Armada. With its dramatic coastal setting, the surrounding landscape is quite striking. Plymouth is by turns rugged and hilly, or green and rolling. Famous Dartmoor was designated a National Park in 1951. Popular sites include Smeatons Tower a lighthouse resited on the Hoe, Mount Batten Peninsula, the National Marine Aquarium, and Buckland Abbey, which was Drake's former home.
The Royal Dockyard was built in the area, on the banks of the River Tamar, in 1690. Plymouth has a long and historic seafaring tradition.. It was in 1620 that the Pilgrim Fathers finally left Plymouth after repairs on their escape from religious persecution to the New World, eventually setting up Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts.
Tourism is an important aspect of Plymouth's economy. Nearly 12 million people visit Plymouth every year. As well as all the attractions of a modern city, Plymouth is a popular launchpad to other notable areas including the beaches and footpaths of the Devon and Cornwall coastline and the brooding landscape of nearby Dartmoor.
The city of Plymouth covers multiple rock types, the Hoe, in the south of the city is composed of Devonian Limestone, which was also used for building a fairly high proportion of the city (most of the older houses and buildings are at least fronted with the stone). the area around the Station is formed of mudstone, which too is Devonian. The outer areas of the city are increasingly higher grades of metamorphosed mudstone, with the occasional pillow lava on hills. Dartmoor is a massive batholith (big lump) of granite, while Cawsand and Kingsand (reachable by ferry from the Barbican) contain various igneous structures.
Plymouth is currently undergoing massive regeneration, which has been described as on a par with the post war reconstruction, thus many of the 'eyesores' which litter Plymouth will be (hopefully) demolished in the near future, the city is looking to undergo a 'rebirth' in which tourism will be a core aspect of. there may be traffic problems or construction works during your visit.
Plymouth Airport  closed in 2011. Exeter Airport is a one hour drive to the north east and is a hub for UK and European flights operated by FlyBe.
Plymouth's principal access route is the A38 dual carriageway (The Devon Expressway)which connects to the M5 at Exeter, and into the heart of Cornwall to the west. The A386 connects Plymouth to Tavistock, Okehampton, the A30, and North Devon.
Plymouth is on a main line rail route connecting to London (from 3hrs), Bristol (around 2hrs), the Midlands (Birmingham 3hrs 40) and the North of England (ages). The railway also goes here from Cornwall. If visiting from outside the West Country by rail, the train will take you along one of the most scenic railways in Britain (between Exeter and Newton Abbot). Plymouth is also served by the 'Night Rivera ' sleeper service to Penzance, which leaves London at around midnight every weeknight and Sunday, arrives in Plymouth at 5.30 and departs at 6.30; wake up calls are available. To get from the main Plymouth Station into the town; follow the road to the right, turn left and head into the city down the central avenue Armada Way which leads directly through the retail area up to the landmark naval war memorial on the Hoe.
Brittany Ferries  operate a service to Plymouth, from Santander (22 hours) and Roscoff (6 during the day, 8 during the night). Other Routes are present within the UK. The Ferry Terminal is to the west of the City Centre, about 1/2 a mile walk from the Hoe and Central shopping precinct. The very cheap out of season 'Booze cruises' are very popular and convenient.
There is also 3 main Park and Ride sites servicing the city,
Please note that the old bus station at Bretonside has now closed, and so all long distance coach services depart from the newly opened coach station at 165 Armada Way (Telephone 0871 781 8181).
National Express operate regular scheduled coach services to many parts of the UK. There are frequent services to Heathrow Airport, London, Bristol and Birmingham. Very cheap if booked in advance.
Megabus offer low cost scheduled coach services to London and many other UK destinations.
South West Falcon is a daily, 24 hour coach service linking Plymouth with Exeter, Taunton, Bristol Airport and Bristol City Centre. It is possible to pay for travel on the coach or, alternatively, booking is available through Megabus
Local bus services depart from Royal Parade. Plymouth Citybus offer services to many parts of Plymouth and, additionally to other destinations such as Cawsand, Mount Edgecombe, Liskeard, Looe, Polperro and Bude.
Stagecoach South West offer services to Saltash, Mount Batten, Tavistock, Exeter, Kingsbridge and Dartmouth.
- A regular bus service covers most of Plymouth, but the centre quite compact, and the waterfront (the Barbican and the Hoe) is within easy walking range from the centre. To get around some of the waterside, there are some water taxis and boats, operating normally thought the summer only.
There seems to ba an abundance of taxis in Plymouth. 'black taxis' can be hailed on the street, if the orange taxi light is on above the cab. There are also taxi ranks at various locations throughout the city centre. Minicabs (standard cars used as taxis) cannot be hired and must be booked in advance. Some of these ranks are very busy on Friday and Saturday nights. Alternatively, taxis can be booked from the following local firms:
Plymouth Taxis 01752 606060.
Need a Cab 01752 666222
Tower Cabs 01752 252525
Taxi First 01752 222222
Plym Cabs 01752 777777
Smeaton's Tower on Plymouth Hoe
- The National Marine Aquarium is Britain's foremost aquarium and the deepest in Europe. You'll find it located near the historical Barbican area, which includes Britain's oldest bakery (Jacka's), and the Mayflower Steps from where the Pilgrim Fathers left for the New World in 1621.
- Plymouth Hoe, the scene of Sir Francis Drake's apocryphal game of bowls prior to his taking on the Spanish Armada in 1588. Today The Promenade, a large expanse of land with spectacular views out to sea, is the setting for a number of high profile music and cultural events.
- Saltram House and Gardens as seen in the beginning of 'Sense and Sensibility'; (Ang Lee, 1999)the artist Sir Joshua Reynolds's Patrons the Parker Family lived here, and the house has design elements by Robert Adams.
- The Barbican is the oldest part of Plymouth.'The main street is called New Street but used to be called Rag Street. This is the historic heart of Plymouth with lots of art galleries, restaurants, shops and holiday homes. Some more of Sense and Sensibility was filmed here. If you are a fan of art, the Barbican has several specialty shops, craft work shops and art galleries. Many local artists have won global reputations, including Beryl Cook , Lee Woods , Pollard , David Folley and the late Robert Lenkiewicz. 
- Royal William Yard once the place from which the British Navy was provisioned. It has now been tastefully redeveloped as a mix of apartments, art galleries and a selection of restaurants and bars serving a variety of world cusine, whilst still keeping the character of the original buildings. Holiday lets are also available.
- The Theatre Royal on Royal Parade, is the largest provincial producing theatre in the UK and one of the best attended. They have produced and co-produced West End plays in London and on Broadway, New York, as well as in Plymouth itself. It also plays host to the occasional Royal Shakespeare Company production and has seen Shakespeare productions from acclaimed Japanese director Yukio Ninagawa.
- Barbican Theatre Castle Street, Theatre charity aimed at developing young people's creative skills through theatre and dance. Hosts regular performances. It has an associated bar in the same building B Bar which hosts regular live music.
- Plymouth Arts Centre Looe Street, Is a centre for contemporary, art, independent cinema and creative learning. It has a regular programme of events.
- Plymouth City Museum and Art Gallery  Has recently re-openned with a special exhibit on Darwin's Voyage of Discovery (the Great Scientist Left from Plymouth) plus Natural History Galleries and collections of China and Pottery. The museum is opposite the university on Drake Circus. Opening Hours: Tu-F - 10AM to 5.30PM, Saturday and Bank Holiday Mondays - 10AM to 5PM.
- The Royal Citadel Built following the English Civil War, this was England's principal fortress featuring outstanding examples of 17th-century baroque architecture. To keep guard over Plymouth Sound and harbour this fort is open only on Tuesdays for guided tours at 2.30. The citadel is up on the Hoe.
- Plymouth Dome Perched up on the Hoe this information centre provided interactive and hands-on displays, where visitors could sail aboard the Mayflower, explore an Elizabethan Street and stand at the edge of Plymouth Sound. It is now a restaurant (Rhodes @ The Dome).
- Plymouth Synagogue Plymouth's synagogue is the oldest remaining Ashkenazi house of worship in an English-speaking country.
- Smeaton’s Tower  high on the Hoe, this landmark of Plymouth was constructed on Eddystone reef in 1759 at a cost of £40,000, but was taken down and moved to its current position in the early 1880s after the discovery that the sea was undermining the rock it was standing on. This striking red and white tower is open yearly and the entrance fee is £2 for adults and £1 for concessions.
- Elizabethan House on the the Barbican for more information 
- Merchant's House  A historic building tucked away down one of the city's oldest streets - the Merchant's House is Plymouth’s finest surviving example of a 16th/17th century residence. During the 17th century it was home to three Plymouth mayors including privateer William Parker, a friend of Sir Francis Drake.
- The Mayflower Steps is a twentieth century commemorative feature built close to the site where the Pilgrim Fathers left aboard the repaired Mayflower, before crossing the Atlantic Ocean to live in North America. Today boat trips leave from there for tours of Plymouth Sound, although the original site is believed to be where the Admiral McBride public house now stands. (Although the Mayflower Steps still are where tourists stand and look)
- Plymouth Gin Distillery on the Barbican. The distillery is open every day, the distillery is thought to be the last place where the Pilgrim Fathers stayed before leaving for America. It is known for having good displays - it can be enjoyed by people who don't drink alcohol; you of course get to taste the gin produced there too. Surprisingly popular with families.
- Plym valley cycle path, accessible from the North East of the city this path follows the Plym valley firstly alongside an old railway line and then on it through beautiful countryside all the way to Tavistock; there is little infastructure along the path, so any food or drink should be picked up before leaving Plymouth (there is a large supermarket nearby).  on the first large viaduct out of Plymouth peregrine falcons can often be seen in summer in the nearby quarry, this makes the path popular with bird watchers.
- Plymouth Pavilionsknown simply as the Pavilions this earmarked to be demolished entertainment centre hosts big bands time to time, ten pin bowling, laser games, ice skating and the Pavillions funpool containing flume rides, jacuzzi, wave machine and even an indoor beach. The centre is to the west of the city centre on Union Street.
- Take a boat tour Plymouth boasts one of the best natural harbours in Europe and maybe even the world, taking to the water can give you a new view on the city. most boats leave from the Barbican, often on the 'Mayflower Steps' a variety of boat trips are available, lasting between 1-3 hours, taking in the Navy dockyard, Brunel's Bridge and the Hoe foreshore but various different destinations are available. Sound Cruising  run most trips
- Sport Plymouth has three professional sports teams - Plymouth Argyle football club (Home Park stadium), Plymouth Albion rugby union club (Brickfields) and Marjons Plymouth Raiders Basketball team (Plymouth Pavillions). All are (relatively speaking) cheap to get into and are good family days out, although you may wish to exercise caution if Argyle's local rivals Exeter, Bristol City or Cardiff are in town. Trouble is unlikely due to a high police prescence and if you use your common sense you are likely to be safe. Be sure to check the fixture lists before setting out.
- Plymouth Life Centre located at Milehouse, the Plymouth Life Centre contains three swimming pools, flume rides, bowls centre, a climbing zone, retail areas and a cafe.
- Plym Valley Railway Marsh Mills, Part of the old Plymouth to Tavistock branch line, closed in 1962 and currently in the process of being restored. Trains run over a section of the line.
Plymouth is home to 16 state secondary schools, including three selective grammar schools (one for girls and two for boys) and a small independent school. For those of university age, Plymouth University is well known for its marine biology, computer science and surfing courses, and is consistently ranked as one of the top 3 amongst the ex-polytechnics. There is also the University of St Mark & St John (Marjon) which focuses on sport and education courses and Plymouth college of art in the city centre. City college Plymouth also offers some HE courses alongside its FE offering.
Plymouth's city centre shopping area includes two department stores in close proximity to each other (Debenhams, House of Fraser) as well as a new 1980's style covered shopping centre, which opened in October 2006. It is called Drake's Circus, includes Marks and Spencer and Boots, fashion chain Zara, shoe shop Sole Trader, youth fashion brand Bershka and Retro Sweets from Hosking's Sweets - a stand alone stall in the centre of Drake's Circus. There is a vast Primark and the west country's largest branch of Spud U Like. There is no branch of John Lewis Waitrose or Ikea in the city. However, there is a Waitrose just oveer the Tamar bridge, in Cornwall.
Plymouth is the home of Plymouth Gin, and if you like English Gin you may want to pick some up from the city it was distilled in even if the business is now owned by Pernod.
The 'Independent Quarter', to the West, contains smaller shops including a French-family owned bakery opposite a specialist beer shop (More and Moor Beer) which sells beers from around the world and has a huge range of beers, ciders and perrys from Devon and Cornwall.
There is a large pannier market in the west of the city centre (In Market Street). It is an indoor market with a fascinating variety of stalls.
For a city of its size, Plymouth does not have many fine restaurants, it used to be home to the Tanners Restaurant run by brothers James and Chris Tanner. James is a well-known chef on British television. It is now owned and run by the former head chef. There are many good restaurants in the wider area. Among them: The Horn of Plenty at Gulworthy (20 miles), near Tavistock; the New Carved Angel at Dartmouth (35 miles) which was recently voted the top restaurant in Britain; and the Gidleigh Park Hotel at Chagford. Anton Piotrowski (former winner of Masterchef: The professionals) runs The Treby Arms at Sparkwell (9 miles) which has recently received it's first Michelin star.
The Barbican has a number of restaurants and bars lined up along the quayside. As with any major city, there are plenty of takeaway and fast food retailers within easy distance of most parts of Plymouth. Buying a takeaway in Plymouth can prove a cost effective alternative to a restaurant, with as many different food choices. Naturally, any visitor to the Westcountry should try a traditional pasty, a meat and potato mix wrapped in pastry. Try Ivor Dewdney's pasties to eat like the locals have done for over seventy years, or try the wonderfully entitled Oggy Oggy Pasty Company.
- Tanners Restaurant, Prysten House, Finewell Street, Tel 01752 252001, . Probably the most expensive restaurant in Plymouth. The Tanner Brothers also own a secondary (more reasonable) restaurant, The Barbican Kitchen  is open 7 days a week for both Lunch and Dinner, it is in the historic Gin distillery on the Barbican (as the name suggests!)
- Veggie Perrins, 97 Mayflower Street (Just opposite the lower end of Armada Centre), ☎ +441752252888, . 6PM-10PM. A very pleasant, family-run Indian Restaurant, which makes fresh vegetarian food while you wait. The samosas and dal are exceptionally tasty. Highly recommended. £20. edit
- Lantern Restaurant on Cornwall Street (city centre) Cypriot and Greek Fare
- Cafe India in Stoke Village is a highly regarded Indian restaurant in Plymouth.
- Platters on the Barbican Very reliable seafood dishes, try the scallops as a starter, and if you have room the large fish and chips.
- Capt' Jaspers, . 'World Famous for Fine Food' a great value eating place on the Barbican.
- The Waterdragon in Plymouth City Centre is an all you can eat chinese buffet restaurant, priced around £12, with a chocolate fountain as part of its dessert options.
- The Pasta Bar on the Barbican, is mainly Italian food - pizza and pasta. It is moderately priced with pasta dishes around £8-10.
- Unions Room is a wetherspoons in the City Centre that has budget food such as beer and burger meals at £4.
- Restauracja Rycerska (Polish Restaurant), 111 Mayflower Street, ☎ 07912149583. 10AM - 6PM. A cafe restaurant serving delicious Polish traditional food and English Breakfasts £20 for 3 courses. edit
- Plymouth of course has all the usual fast food fare you could want (or not want); overall don't expect many great surprises.
- Asian Restaurants (Chinese) Go for Imperial Garden and Noodle Lounge (Also owns Goto and Hakka) Prices are reasonable, varied and fresh. True Asian cooking
Plymouth City Council has some information on food establishments here 
The Hoe and The Barbican
The Barbican is easily Plymouth's most active drinking area. There are many pubs which offer outside seating overlooking the harbour. The Barbican can get very busy on summer weekends, and lively at night. Cash machines (ATMs) are noticable by their absence, there are only about 2, so it is worth withdrawing any cash needed before arriving.
- The Dolphin public house on Plymouth Barbican, perfectly kept Bass drawn straight from the barrel and the last traditional drinkers' pub.
- The Navy Inn Regular live music and\or discos, big screen sports and a terrace overlooking the water.
- The Cider Press Open until late, from Wednesday to Sunday. Regular live acts and DJ.
- The Ship Inn Waterfront pub, with an upstairs restaurant, and also al fresco dining overlooking the water.
- The Maritime Inn Southside Street, Local pub serving real ales and with regular drinks deals.
- The Gog and Magog J.D Weatherspoon chain pub located on Southside Street, serving reasonably priced food and drink.
- The Queens Arms Traditional pub, located on Southside Street.
- The Blues Bar and Grill Combination bar, cafe, restaurant and live music venue with regular acts.
- The Three Crowns Pub with seating area overlooking the water. Serves food from 11:30 until 1900 7 days a week. Open late on Friday and Saturday.
- The Minerva Inn Looe Street, Plymouth's oldest public house, very atmospheric with a selection of real ales and regular live entertainment.
- The Notte Inn located at the entrance to The Barbican, food served all day with an excellent Sunday roast.
- The Admiral Macbride Traditional English pub, overlooking the Mayflower Steps, also offering accommodation.
- The Fishermans Arms Located on Lambhay Street, close to the main Barbican area but in a much quieter area. Cosily furnished with real ales and good food.
Mutley Plain is popular with the many students, and can be a night out itself with a variety of pubs and bars.
- The Junction Pub with wide choice of real ales but is most well known for its regular live music. Also free pool and darts.
- Boomerangs Sports Bar.
- Caffe Sol Mexican themed cafe and cocktail bar, also serving food.
- The Fortescue Traditional pub, it is the winner of numerous CAMRA (Campaign for real ale) awards for the quality and variety of its cask beers. Usually 9 different beers available and up to 6 traditional ciders. Also offers food at lunchtimes, and has a heated beer garden.
- Goodbodys Cafe and bar, with a separate Jazz and cabaret bar. The cafe is open 24 hours a day.
- The Mannamead J.D Weatherspoon chain pub, offering reasonably priced food and drink.
- The Hyde Park Pub with it's own microbrewery. Saved from conversion into an estate agents, it is now a community interest pub. Retro themed inside with advertising and signs from the 70s and 80s. Serves food
Millbridge and Stoke
- The Millbridge Inn in Millbridge, Plymouth,a Ferkin pub this usually has live music on a Friday and Saturday night.
- The Stoke Inn located in Stoke Village, Traditional, local pub serving a variety of cask ales and also food. Large beer garden.
- Stoke Bar and Grill Bar showing big screen sport regularly, also serves food. Located in Stoke Village.
- The Indian Inn Pub with a regular quiz night, curry night and lunchtime menu.
Coxside and Cattedown
- The China House at Coxside, this has great views over the harbour to the Barbican.
- The Thistle Park Tavern Pub with associated brewery, regular live music and also an in house Thai restaurant above the pub, offering eat in or takeaway.
- Pryzm Nightclub 5 bars, spread across 2 nightclubs at this venue playing commercial music.
- The Lord Louis in Plympton is a suburban family friendly steak house and carvery. Located at Glen Road, Plympton.
- OMG Club Lively nightclub, located on The Barbican.
- The Swallow LGBT friendly pub, located at Bretonside, regular karaoke and live music\DJs
- There is suddenly a surplus of medium to low price hotel or travelodge style accommodation in the very centre of the city, with Travelodge opening a large hotel in the City Centre. Premier Inn have two hotels in Cattedown, a short walk from The Barbican and City Centre. Deals are always to be had and which provide better value and convenience than traditional bed and breakfast hotels although dozens of these are working hard to up their game.
- For comfortable, city centre accommodation during the high season, consider Plymouth University Summer Accommodation. A choice of single standard or single and double en-suite rooms are available, with a choice of Self Catering or Room Only. The accommodation is within walking distance of the main shopping area, the waterfront and both the train and bus stations. Visit the website to find out more and to see the current special offers (or call the Summer Accommodation Team directly on 01752 588644).
- There is an Ibis  and Novotel  in Marsh Mills (to the north west of the city - directly off the Devon Expressway)
- Copthorn Hotel  have a hotel right in the centre of Plymouth
- The Holiday Inn  is known for having the best view of the Sound in Plymouth from its bar
- There are a camp-sites also in Marsh Mills (Riverside Camp-site) it is well signposted from both the city center and the road to and from Exeter, Plymouth Sound Caravan Club , Brixton Caravan & Camping Park  and many more
 in the surrounding area.
- As with any decent sized city there are plenty of accommodation options, the Plymouth Tourist Information Centre (01752 306330) will be able to provide more assistance
- Plymouth Backpackers Hotel in the city center, on the Hoe, about 10 minutes from the barbican and true center for more information visit 
- Avalon Guest House, 167 Citadel Road The Hoe Plymouth PL1 2HU, ☎ 01752 668127, . checkin: 1PM; checkout: 10AM. Friendly relaxed and comfortable family run guest house bed and breakfast situated on Plymouth Hoe in the heart of Plymouth. edit
- Seymour Guest House, 211 Citadel Road East (The Hoe Plymouth), ☎ 01752 667002, . checkin: 14.00; checkout: 10.00. bed & breakfast 4 star guest house situated in a pretty victorian terrace. In a central position right on Plymouth Hoe. From £25pppn. edit
Although certainly not the most dangerous of British cities, Plymouth has several areas best avoided at night. There is are many drug users in the city and there are drunken brawls in the Union Street area after dark, so there is generally a police presence there at night. The city has a high index of social deprivation, and the inhabitants are noticeably less affluent than in Devon's other city, Exeter. The main police station is at Charles Cross.
View into Devon
, the two Tamar Bridges viewed from the train
Plymouth is an ideal base from which to explore Devon and Cornwall:
- For somewhere really scenic try Noss Mayo (30 min drive from Plymouth), a plutocratic ex-fishing village with a couple of well-sited up-market foody pubs by the river.
- Try taking a boat from the Barbican in Plymouth to Cawsand, a small village in Cornwall (30 minutes). Cawsand has a small stony beach and nice pubs and cafes. From there you can walk through the beautiful Mount Edgcombe country park (about 3-4 miles) and take the Cremyl ferry back to Plymouth. A fantastic day out on a nice day.
- Take a bus to Wembury and walk back into Plymouth along the South West Coastal Path.
- Try the beautiful coastal walk from Polperro to Looe (or vice versa).
- The cathedral cities of Truro, in Cornwall (1hr 30 drive, from 1hr train - from £8.00 adult return), and Exeter (40 min drive/ 1hr train - £7.00 adult return or 'fast' bus from Plymouth taking around 1hr 20) are worth a visit.
- About a 20 minute drive North will take you into Dartmoor National Park, where some fantastic views and walks are to be had. A good first stop would be in Princetown where the tourist information office will give you details on some recommended walks close by.
- Tavistock is a nearby quiet town and is a good place to set as a hub for visiting Dartmoor. It can be reached by taking the 1 or X1 bus. It also has an amazingly good cheese shop, .
- Dartmouth a scenic town. Accessible by car but also served by Stagecoach service 3. The journey is long but very scenic.
|This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!
If you're wanting to use your mobile phone whilst in Plymouth, consider buying a pay-as-you-go SIM card for your phone, you can pick one up from most local stores for about £0.99. This will be very useful if you're staying for more than 1-2 weeks and especially if you need mobile internet. Mobile signal is generally very good throughout England, apart from some countryside areas. Expect your signal to drop very frequently if travelling by train or car.
The main mobile networks are EE, Vodafone, Three and O2. However there are a host of MVNOs that use the infrastructure of these networks, these often offer plans tailored towards expat communities and tourist who wish to call abroad, the main players are LycaMobile, Lebara and giffgaff. Most of these sim cards can be picked up in local shops however giffgaff do not have shops and only post out sims to the UK - therefore if you'd like a giffgaff sim abroad you can order one for free here. If staying connected is a priority you may want to compare the data speeds of the networks, OpenSignal provide London coverage maps.