Pleven (Bulgarian: Плевен, also romanized as Pleven [ˈplɛvɛn]), a.k.a Plevna in Romanian, Plevne in Turkish, is a city in Central Northern Bulgaria.
Pleven is the seventh most populous city in Bulgaria with a bit over 110,000 inhabitants. It is the biggest transportation and industrial centre in Central Northern Bulgaria.
Pleven lies on the Sofia-Varna railway. Trains between Sofia and Rousse, as well as international trains towards Bucharest also stop in the city. Buses between Sofia and Rousse, Bucharest, Svishtov and Silistra also usually make a stop at the bus station in Pleven.
Buses from Sofia depart roughly every hour until 18.00 from the central bus station in Sofia (www.centralnaavtogara.bg) (10-13 BGN one way). Advance purchase of tickets is usually not necessary, except during major holidays. There are a few trains from Sofia every day (www.bdz.bg). These are usually slightly slower than the buses but pass through the beautiful Iskar gorge.
To Lovech [] there are frequent buses from the bus station in Pleven (tel: +359.64.800.122). It is also possible to take the train there (with a change in Levski), but that takes much longer. The trains continue past Lovech [] to Troyan.
Getting around the city on foot is quite straightforward. The city is split by a long pedestrian street with many shops and service facilities.
There is also an extensive network of buses and trolley-buses. A single ticket costs 0.70 BGN (feb 2012) and you pay to a person on the bus. Main trolley bus lines are numbers 3 and 7 (running between Storgozia and Kaylaka, passing close to the train and bus stations) and numbers 9 and 5, which run between the train/bus station and Druzhba.
Taxis are generally cheap. You would normally not pay more than 4 BGN within the city (feb 2012). Make sure the driver puts the meter on. There are numerous taxi stands in the centre and around many bus stops. You can also call a taxi (some numbers: 064 / 88-89, 064 / 88-00, 064 / 81-55-55), but do not expect them to speak much English.
The Historical Museum in downtown Pleven hosts many exhibitions, including one on the famous Bulgarian soprano Ghena Dimitrova.
By far the most popular sight of Pleven is the Pleven Panorama, which depicts the events of the Russian-Turkish War of 1877–78, specifically the five-month Siege of Plevna (Pleven Epopee) which made the city internationally famous and which contributed to the Liberation of Bulgaria after five centuries of Ottoman rule.
During the summer the many fountains and a water cascade on the central pedestrian street are a favourite place for relaxation among locals.
Pleven is famous for its Kaylaka (where the ruins of the Storgosia fortification can be found) and Skobelev parks. The latter is home to the Pleven Panorama and was where most of the battles took place. The Kaylaka park is very popular among locals. There is a zoo, a pond where you can rent a boat and row, tennis courts, bicycle lanes, perfect places for picnics or playing games. There are a few hiking trails around, up to some cliffs and caves. If you want to spend a couple of days relaxing in the park, also consider staying at the nearby hostel. From the city you can either walk or take trolley buses 3 or 7 to their last stop.
A very interesting and somewhat underestimated sight is the 'Svetlin Rusev Donative Exhibition' (Bulgarian: Изложба-дарение „Светлин Русев“, Izlozhba-darenie „Svetlin Rusev“), which includes the personal collection of the famous Bulgarian artist. It includes works by Pablo Picasso, Francisco Goya, Honoré Daumier, Marc Chagall, Maurice Denis, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Salvador Dalí and Renato Guttuso, among others. Admission is free!
Outside the village of Gigen, close to Pleven, lie the ruins of the Roman town of Oescus.
There are a few hotels in the city and not many budget options such as hostels. The cheapest option is a hostel (tourist house) in the Kayluka park, outside of the city.
The two best known hotels in the city, catering mostly to the business crowd are Rostov (http://www.rostov.bg/) and Balkan (http://hotel-balkan.com/index.php?lang=en, has prices from €15 per person). Both are 3-star hotels.
Internet cafés are hard to come by these days but there is free wifi virtually everywhere around the main street. Most cafés will have an open wifi network and there are open public wifi networks, which are free for one or two hours of use.
The main post office is in the southeast corner of the main square, next to the municipal building with the clock.