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Pipe Spring National Monument

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Pipe Spring National Monument [1] is a small National Monument in Northern Arizona.

Understand[edit]

Pipe Spring National Monument offers something for everyone: a shady oasis on an Arizona highway, a wealth of history including that of Mormon pioneers and Kaibab Paiute Indians, and live historical demonstrations in the summer. Pipe Spring is an ideal place to stop for for an hour or two when traveling in Northern Arizona. It is also one of a handful of Mormon historical sites not managed by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints.

History[edit]

Pipe Spring is a water source in the desert that has been used by humans for thousands of years, and the site of an historic cattle ranch established in 1870. Several stone buildings from the pioneer era remain, including a fortified ranch house called Winsor Castle. A new cultural museum displays Native American and pioneer exhibits. An orchard, garden, farm animals, ponds, Kaibab Paiute Indian camp and 1/2 mile trail are also on the site. It is a great place to travel in the Summer.

Winsor Castle, named after Anson P. Winsor (the first superintendent of the ranch), was built by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints to be a tithing cattle ranch.

The reservation of the Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians surrounds the national monument. Their story is told in the cultural museum.

A tour of Winsor Castle takes about a half hour. Allow a half hour to an hour to browse the cultural museum. A hike on the beautiful Rim Trail will add another 30 minutes to your visit.

Landscape[edit]

This is a desert landscape and that is what makes Pipe Spring such an important location. American Indians, Mormon pioneers, plants, animals, and others have depended on the life-giving water found at Pipe Spring.

Flora and fauna[edit]

You will see the normal desert flowers in the area. Enjoy pioneer and American Indian crops from the garden during the summer. The orchard contains mostly historic varieties of peach, apple, apricot, plum, and crab-apple trees, as well as grapes.

Climate[edit]

Summer Daytime highs in the mid to upper 90's F (38 C) and night time lows near 70 F (16 C). Late summer afternoons often bring sudden thunderstorms, so an umbrella or rain gear could be helpful.

Winter Daytime highs around 40 F (4 C), and night time lows in the teens (- 10 C). Occasional snow.

Get in[edit]

NPS Map of Pipe Spring NM

Pipe Spring National Monument
HC 65, Box 5
Fredonia, AZ 86022
(928) 643-7105 Visitor Info
(928) 643-7583 Fax

By plane[edit]

The closest city with commercial air service is St. George, Utah [2].

McCarran International Airport [3] in Las Vegas is 3.5 hours west. Take Interstate 15 to St. George and follow State Route 9 to Hurricane.

Salt Lake City International Airport [4] is 5 hours north. Take Interstate 15 to Anderson Junction and follow State Route 17 to Hurricane.

Flagstaff Pulliam Airport [5] is 4 hours south. Take US Route 89 straight to Fredonia.

By car[edit]

From Interstate 15, turn onto Utah State Route 9 in Hurricane, Utah. Take Utah State Route 59 east out of Hurricane. This road turns into Arizona State Route 389 at the state line. Pipe Spring is 45 miles east of Hurricane. From Utah Highway 89 and 89A, turn onto Arizona State Route 389 in Fredonia, Arizona. Pipe Spring is 15 miles west of Fredonia.

Public transportation[edit]

Bus and shuttle transportation are available from Las Vegas to St. George, Utah. From St. George follow the By Car directions from Interstate 15.

Fees/Permits[edit]

$5.00 per person for 7 days. (Includes a $1.50 per person tribal use fee.) Children 15 years old and under are admitted free. Holders of National Park Passes or Golden Age/Golden Access Passports and their immediate family (spouse, children and parents only) are admitted free.

Commercial tour group fees are $5.00 per person. (National Park Passes, Golden Age/Golden Access passes do not apply to commercial tour groups.)

Groups (commercial and non) should call for reservations, 928-643-7105.

Operating Hours[edit]

NOTE: Arizona does not observe Daylight Saving Time, with the exception of the Navajo Reservation on the state's northeast corner. Pipe Spring National Monument is on Mountain Standard Time all year.

Summer (June through August): Monument grounds and Visitor Center/Museum are open 7:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Tours of Winsor Castle are offered on the hour and half hour from 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Demonstrations, talks or walks are offered during the morning hours.

Winter (September through May): Monument grounds and Visitor Center/Museum are open 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Tours of Winsor Castle are offered on the hour and half hour from 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.

Closed Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's Days.

Get around[edit]

Grounds Map

Pipe Spring National Monument is a "walk-in" park. Visitors first enter the Pipe Spring National Monument-Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians Visitor Center and Museum. The historic buildings, garden, orchard and trailhead are located 150 yards beyond the Visitor Center and Museum.

See[edit][add listing]

Pipe Spring National Monument-Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians Visitor Center and Museum Pipe Spring National Monument and the Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians recently teamed up and developed a new museum. Through twelve new exhibits visitors learn about the history of the Kaibab Paiutes, their interactions with other tribes and cultures, the movement of Mormon settlers into the area, as well as modern day Paiute culture. The museum is open daily and includes a 5-minute introductory video.

Do[edit][add listing]

Guided Tours Winsor Castle (the Fort) is accessible by ranger guided tours. These tours are offered every thirty minutes, on the hour and half hour, all year long.

On Your Own The grounds of the monument can be visited on your own. The East and West Cabins contain exhibits on cowboying and historic preservation. Enjoy pioneer and American Indian crops from the garden during the summer. The orchard contains mostly historic varieties of peach, apple, apricot, plum, and crab-appple trees, as well as grapes. Stop by the corrals and visit the horses and longhorn cattle.

Talks and Demonstrations During the summer months ranger guided walks, talks, and demonstrations of pioneer and Indian crafts and lifeways are offered daily in the cooler morning hours.

Hike on the 1/2 mile long Ridge Trail offers great views of the Arizona Strip.

Buy[edit][add listing]

There is a gift shop on site ran by Zion Natural History Association. All proceeds go back to local national parks. A great selection of local Tribal arts and crafts is available as well as books on local history.

Eat[edit][add listing]

The Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians operates a gas and convenience store 1/4 mile south of Pipe Spring. There is a small picnic area on the monument. Restaurants and groceries can be found in Fredonia, Arizona (15 miles east of Pipe Spring) and Kanab, Utah (25 miles northeast of Pipe Spring).

Drink[edit][add listing]

It is what Pipe Spring is all about. An oasis in the desert.

Sleep[edit][add listing]

Lodging[edit]

Motels can be found in Fredonia, Arizona (15 miles east of Pipe Spring), and Kanab, Utah (25 miles northeast of Pipe Spring).

Camping[edit]

The Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians operate a campground located 1/4 mile north of the monument. Other campgrounds can be found in Fredonia, Arizona (15 miles east of Pipe Spring) and Kanab, Utah (25 miles northeast of Pipe Spring).

Backcountry[edit]

Campgrounds and at-large camping are also available on surrounding Bureau of Land Management (Arizona Strip District) and Forest Service lands (North Kaibab Ranger District).

Stay safe[edit]

The National Monument is out of the way, so plan on having plenty of gas in your car and it would be a good idea to take along snacks and water.

Get out[edit]

Grand Canyon North rim. This view is not as crowded as the South rim and is only open during the Summer. Zion National Park Just north in Utah.

This is a usable article. It has information about the park, for getting in, about a few attractions, and about accommodations in the park. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!






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