Besides having some of the most beautiful beaches in Brazil, Pernambuco also has a rich history (including Olinda, one of the oldest cities in Brazil, plus Portuguese, Dutch and Jewish heritage in Recife, etc.) and a strong popular culture found in its folklore, food and handicrafts. The official tourism site of Pernambuco has some detailed information (in Portuguese only) on the state.
BR 101 is a main Brazilian Federal road who connects Recife with Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Salvador on the south leg; and Natal, Joao Pessoa on the north leg. The state also has BR232 and BR 408 which connects with another state cities and Campina Grande (BR408).
Recife has a large international airport with daily non-stop flights to Lisbon, Madrid, Miami, almost all Brazilian state capitals; and also has seasonal charters from Frankfurt, Milan, Paris and Buenos Aires. Caruaru, Petrolina and Fernando de Noronha have regional airports.
You can arrive in cruise ships at the Port of Recife  or at the Fernando de Noronha Archipelago. The cruises come from Europe (usually Lisbon and Malaga) or from the Americas (usually Miami, Buenos Aires and Santos).
Pernambuco has the highest murder rate of any Brazilian state, a whopping 50.7 per 100,000. Be cautious in many areas of the state.
In November 2015, Brazil declared a health emergency in Pernambuco due to 646 cases of microcephaly in newborn babies. It is a possibility that microcephaly is caused by infection with the Zika virus in pregnant women. If pregnant or planning to become pregnant, take precautions to avoid mosquito bites.