Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary is in the Western Ghats close to the border of Tamil Nadu and Kerala states.
Parambikulam Tiger Reserve is situated at a distance of 89 kilometers from Palakkad and 44 km from Pollachi, adjacent to Anamalai Tiger Reserve in Tamil Nadu. Although Parambikulam belongs to the state of Kerala, it is accessible only via Pollachi in Tamilnadu. The Western Ghats mountain range along with Anamalai Hills and Parambikulam is currently under consideration for selection as an UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The park was started in 1973 and it has an area of 285 km².
The park is thickly forested with bamboo and other such tropical wet and evergreen trees. The terain is hilly owing to it being a part of the western ghats.
Flora and fauna
The sanctuary includes 39 species of mammals, 16 species of amphibians, 268 species of birds, 61 species of reptiles, 47 species of fish, 124 species of butterflies and more than a thousand species of insects. The animals consist of lion-tailed Macaque, Nilgiri Tahr, elephant, tiger, panther, Wild boar, Sambar, Bonnet Macaque, Nilgiri Langur, Sloth Bear as well as Nilgiri Marten Small Travancore Flying Squirrel and Gaur which is the mascot mammal of Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary. Teak, Neem, sandalwood and other such trees contribute to the flora of he landscape.
The area falls under intense monsoon showers. The temperature varies from 20 degree Celsius to 27 degree Celsius.
Pollachi, Palakkad and Coimbatore are the nearest towns. From Palakkad and Coimbatore, you must go via Pollachi and Topslip to enter Parambikulam Tiger Reserve.
Coimbatore airport is the nearest international airport to Parambikulam - approximately 100 km (via Pollachi and Topslip). International flights to Singapore, Sharjah are available by Silk Air (A subsidary of Singapore Airlines), Air Arabia and Srilankan Airlines. Domestic airlines fly to Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, New Delhi, Mumbai, Ahmedabad and other Indian cities.
There are only two buses from Pollachi to Parambikulam everyday.
Coimbatore Junction (85 km) and Palakkad Junction (100 km) are the nearest railway stations. At present, all train services in Pollachi-Coimbatore; Pollachi - Palani, Dindigul; Pollachi - Palakkad sections are stopped due the Meter Gauge to Broad Gauge conversions. Hope the Broad Gauge work will be over by 2011. After that, visitors will have direct train services until Pollachi.
As there are only 2 buses per day, hiring taxis will be the viable option, if you want to cover both Topslip and Parambikulam on the same day. Though there are lot of tourist taxis from Pollachi, it may not be easy to get one during peak seasons or when film shootings happen around the town. It is therefore advisable to book your cab in advance and ask your tour guide or cab driver to pick you from Coimbatore Railway station, Airport, Bus terminus or Pollachi Bus Terminus.
Malayalam and Tamil are spoken but basic English is understood.
The visiting time is from morning 7:00 A.M to evening 6:00 P.M. Entry fee for light vehicles is Rs.50 and for heavy vehicles is Rs.150. A 3 hour van Safari will cost Rs. 150 per head. Private vehicles are not allowed inside the park unless you have booked your accommodation in Parambikulam in-advance. Van Safari is possible only when there are 20 people. If not you must buy the tickets for 20 people (Rs. 3000) and share it.
Tree Top houses that must be booked well in-advance.
Do not tease wild animals and stay away from them. Beware of lone elephants and never attempt to tease them or take pictures as they may turn violent in no time.
Do not try to do any activity after the 6 PM here
BSNL is the only network that works here and rest simply do not work. Please be aware that none of your datacards like Tataphoton/Reliance netconnect,etc will work. There is some payphones available in the tea shops and your accomodation.