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Pallas-Yllästunturi National Park

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Pallas fells in March

Pallas-Yllästunturi National Park [1] is in Finnish Lapland of Finland. The park is lies in municipalities of Enontekiö , Kittilä, Kolari, and Muonio . The park (area 1020 sq.km) was established in 2005.

Understand[edit]

The scenery in Pallas-Yllästunturi National Park is dominated by fells surrounded by forests and mires in their natural state. Because the area’s nature is clean and beautiful and the terrain varying, the park is a wonderful place to hike, ski and enjoy the outdoors. The silhouette of the fells can be seen practically at all times and the marked trails lead visitors to the National Park’s most beautiful look-out spots. The picturesque beauty of the Pallastunturi Fells has made the area one of the Finnish national landscapes.

History[edit]

The park was established in 2005 when Pallas-Ounastunturi National Park and Ylläs-Aakenus Nature Reserve was combined to create Pallas-Yllästunturi.

Landscape[edit]

Fells, forests and mires. The highest fell in this chain is Taivaskero, which is 807 metres high.

Flora and fauna[edit]

From LaplandFinland.com The large expanses of wilderness forests are characteristic of Lapland. Lapland has a wide variety of different habitats abundant with species from the shores of the Bothnian Bay right up to the northernmost Lappish subarctic bare fell highlands. Landscapes typical for Lapland other than the grand fell sceneries are the flark-like aapa bogs rich with birdlife, various hilly regions and varying highlands.

The most common plants of the fells are the alpine birch and dwarf birch. On dry forest heaths you can spot Lapland’s most beautiful flower, the [en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dryas_octopetala mountain avens]. The most distant districts of Finland’s arm differ from the rest of Lapland by flora due to the rich abundance of mountain plants. For instance, the moss campion can only be seen in the northernmost regions.

Lapland’s swamps are mainly aapa bogs with the wettest part being the centre with vegetation mainly comprising sedge. The northern Fell Lapland region also has permafrost palsa bogs that typically have giant frozen tussocks called palsas. The bog terrain and bogs have a very large number of different species of bog flora. For instance, sphagnum mosses thrive on the bogs.

Lapland’s nightless night and pure nature are growing areas for an abundance of vitamin-rich berries. It is worth searching the cloudberry from the bogs in late July and early August, the blueberry can be found from the drier land of the bogs in August, and September is the time for picking lingonberries. Mountain cranberries can also be found in the autumn, but they are at their tastiest in the spring after being bitten by the freezing temperatures of winter.

The abundance of Lapland’s species of fauna is not very large, but all the more impressive nevertheless. The most common and best known animal is the reindeer that is an essential part of Lappish nature. In the same way as its original form, the caribou, the reindeer has perfectly adapted itself to the harsh conditions of Lapland and Lapland is home to around 200,000 reindeer. Lapland’s predatory animals, such as the wolverine, bear and wolf, are the reindeer’s natural enemies.

Reindeer are semi-tame yet timid animals, so they usually avoid people. There is, however, one exception during September – November which is the mating season for reindeer, a time when the male reindeer or bulls may attack an approaching person. The female reindeer or doe gives birth to its calves in the spring around mid-May. This is a time when the worst of the mosquito swarms have yet to come, so the doe can nurse its calf without worrying about the annoying bloodsuckers. In the summertime, the most important nutrition for the reindeer is birch leaves, hay, grasses and lichen. In the autumn and winter reindeer dig nutrition, such as lichen, twigs and grass from beneath the snow.

The most common of Lapland’s birds of prey is the rough-legged buzzard that is related to the buzzard, and its numbers depend on the numbers of rodents. The rough-legged buzzard thrives in the same areas as the Norway lemming, which is the most common rodent in Lapland fell highlands. The size of the lemming population fluctuates each year according to changing climate and numbers of predators. Finland’s largest eagle population lives in Lapland and the most common birds are the bog lark, northern wheatear and willow warbler found from birch groves.

Climate[edit]

Continental climatic zone characterised by snowy winters, and due to the Gulf Stream, relatively warm summers.

Get in[edit]

Nearests airports: Kittilä, Enontekiö. Nearest train station: Kolari.

Fees/Permits[edit]

The National Park is free for everyone. We do advise you to purchase a map before any longer treks. You must acquire a permit if you wish to go fishing or hunting.

Get around[edit]

See[edit][add listing]

Main sights and trekking paths from Excursion Map. Additional information from Outdoors.fi

Do[edit][add listing]

Hike, go kayaking, birdwatching etc.

Buy[edit][add listing]

The visitor centres Kellokas, Tunturi-Lappi and Pallastunturi sell maps of surrounding areas, books, local handicrafts and other products.

Eat[edit][add listing]

Reindeer, local fish, mushrooms, berries.

Drink[edit][add listing]

Lapin Kulta, coffee made on open fire.

Sleep[edit][add listing]

In addition to wilderness huts and reservable wilderness huts there are numerous hotels, and lodging possibilities. More information from the visitor centres Kellokas, Tunturi-Lappi and Pallastunturi.

Backcountry[edit]

There are marked paths and wilderness huts to bring shelter but each hiker is responsible of themselves. One must have proper wilderness skills and equipment before heading to the backcountry.

Stay safe[edit]

You musn't rely on your cellphone working in the wilderness. Be prepared for sudden change in the weather and always pack enough food, extra set of clothes and a box of matches.




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