Palembang is the capital city of the South Sumatra province in Indonesia. Located on the Musi River banks on the east coast of southern Sumatra island, it has an area of 374.03 square kilometres and a population of 1,742,186 people
Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II International Airport (PLM). Recently rebuilt in another location into a modern airport. It just opened at the end of 2005. International flight operated by SilkAir  and Jetstar  from Singapore and AirAsia to Kuala Lumpur. Some domestic flights include Jakarta (frequent), Pangkal Pinang, Batam, Medan, Padang, Surabaya, Yogyakarta, Bandung, Lubuk Linggau. Garuda Indonesia serve daily flights to neighbouring cities of Bandar Lampung, Pangkal Pinang, Bengkulu, Jambi, Tanjung Pandan using ATR72-600. Recently, the infamous departure tax are included as you purchase the ticket and no longer paid at the counter.
Liberal looking foreigners should expect to have thier bags searched for contraband items.
Taxis in the airport are overpriced due to lack of competition, prices should be around IDR70,000-IDR90,000 (January 2014) to Palembang Indah Mall, Palembang Square mall or near to the bridge, depending on the mood of the driver. Bluebird use a meter and are safest, but you can get a TransMusi, a local transit bus to the town instead, which is cheaper. However, the last bus departs the airport on 5 PM, otherwise you have to take taxi instead.
Rail transport to Palembang are limited, the only passenger trains running is a six times daily service from Bandar Lampung near the southeastern tip of Sumatra. Note that the train services only run in the morning (6-9 AM) and night (7-9 PM). This connection can be quite useful if traveling from Jakarta overland. You can check the schedule and do online booking through KAI website 
Other destination Kertapati-Lubuk Linggau (Sindang Marga-Serelo), it takes about 8 hours with economic and business class. Useful for traveler to Lahat, Muara Enim, Bengkulu also Kerinci.
The main station is Palembang-Kertapati, often shortened to just Kertapati, is located two kilometres south of city centre.
It is quite easy to get around in Palembang since there are a lot of public busses, modified vans (Angkots or Angkutan Kota) and for short distances there is always becak. Don't be surprised if they keep packing the buses and angkots with people even though they are full. Short trips should be no more than 5000 rp. Taxis are nowadays pretty prevalent, but dont count on flagging one down. Most taxi companies operate by haggling prices. The most reliable and safe taxis in Palembang are by the Blue Bird group (0711 36 1111), minimum charges are at 30k rp which is around 5-7km depending on traffic. On land, motorcycle taxis, ojeks, are cheap, quick, and everywhere. Boats can be hired at jetties, such as at one under Ampera Bridge or Sriwijaya Convention Centre (the bright red building right west of the bridge).
Recently the TransMusi bus rapid transit system was operated to connect most of city parts. TransMusi is similar to TransYogya in Yogyakarta, both operated smaller bus compared to larger TransJakarta bus.
Currently the transit bus serves 6 routes: Sako Perumnas - Sriwijaya University - Palembang Indah Mall (circle line), Alang Alang Lebar Bus Terminal - Ampera, Alang Alang Lebar - Jakabaring, Palembang Square Mall - PUSRI, Palembang Square Mall - Plaju, and Ampera - Kertapati. There are also plans to extend the network to other suburbs and reactivation of the airport route.
The Musi Bridge is one of the largest bridge in Indonesia and also Palembang landmark.
Masjid Agung Palembang. This grand mosque has been renovated a few times already. Now it is a very large and beautiful mosque. In some sections of the mosque you can see old Sriwijayan style architecture. It is located in front of the main roundabout in Palembang which you will pass coming from the Musi Bridge.
Benteng Kuto Besak the old fort located on Musi riverbank.
Museum Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II, located near Benteng Kuto Besak. The museum building is in Palembang Limasan traditional architecture, displaying the history of Palembang city, from the era of Buddhist Srivijaya empire to Palembang Sultanate and colonial era.
Late afternoon on Benteng Kuto Besak. The river front plaza on front of Kuto Besak fort overlooking Musi river and Ampera bridge is a popular spot for local family, youngsters and visitors to enjoy late afternoon breeze in Palembang. It is a nice place for hang around and people seeing. The "warung terapung" (floating warung) are boat eating establishment offering nice and cheap snacks and Palembang famous dishes such as pempek. On east side of Ampera bridge, numbers of traditional eating establishments offering various local delicacies.
Cruising Musi river. The small "perahu ketek" (ketek boat) offer a short cruise on Musi river, overing view of Ampera bridge and Palembang city from Musi river. It can be rented personally or shared with locals.
Cinema. Movie theater is an affordable entertainment in Palembang when you don't have any idea where to go and what to do. The fare per movie is around Rp. 25,000 per ticket. Beware the heavy hand of the Indonesian censor though. The cinemas would be full of students and teenagers especially on Monday where there is a promotion (Nomat - Nonton Hemat) that only cost around Rp. 15,000 per ticket.
There are only 4 theaters opened in daily basis so there are no much options of movie selection. Cinemas: INTERNASIONAL 21, PIM 21, STUDIO 21 (Cineplex) Website: www.palembangcenter.com
Sunday morning exercise in Jakabaring. Jakabaring Sport City with its grand Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium was the host of 2011 Southeast Asian Games. In sunday morning it is a popular spot for locals to converge and do jogging and exercise.
Songket. Among Indonesians, Palembang is famous for its songket handycraft. It is a traditional handwoven cloth with metalic golden or silver threads. Songkets are available in most Palembang marketplaces and even available in Palembang airport, however for richer variety and choices, several songket handycraft centres, production houses, boutique or showroom are avaliable in the city.
Pempek. Although pempek can be found in most of Indonesian cities, the original Palembang pempek is said to have distinct taste and beyon compare. Unfried, packed, precooked boxed pempek is popular as food souvenir among Indonesians visiting the city. Fish based Palembang krupuk is also popular choice.
Palembang Square is a mixed use complex that opened in August 2004, with site-area about 54,000 square meters and features:
3rd storey strata title Shopping Mall (41,536.5m2 gross area), have re-sellable area about 28.481,78 m2, and have the biggest shopping mall atrium at South Sumatra (777m2.
120 unit Shop-Offices (Kantor Toko=Kanto).
The Arayduta Hotel is a 5-star hotel with 18 stories, together with Convention Hall for 3.000 people’s capacity.
The shopping mall is the modern and the complete mall which is built as the recreation center and the 'shopping heaven' for families in Palembang and operational with three big anchor tenants (Carrefour hypermarket, Grand JM department store, and Gramedia bookstore); some Family game stations (Amazon, Fun city); four billiard center (with total table about 55 billiard table); some Café, local and national fast food restaurants (KFC, CFC Texas, Popeye’s, Mc Donald, etc); Hairdresser (Jonny Andrean, Yoppie Salon, etc); Shops; Local TV station (PAL TV); National FM Radio station (Oz Radio); etc. Palembang Square nowadays becomes as one of the favorites place at South Sumatra (about 750.000 regular visitor/month).
Pasar 16 Ilir. A very busy multi storied bazaar situated near Masjid Agung. When coming into Palembang on the Musi Bridge you will be able to see the bazaar on your right. Women's clothing is widely sold. A lot of clothing sold here are in beautiful colours and embroidery with Indian/Pakistani styles. Bargaining here is a must. Some people refer to this bazaar as the Tanah Abang of Palembang. Pasar 16 is also good to buy traditional palembang textile called Songket. You can get songket as a textile to make clothes, songket shoes, purses, cushion covers, calligraphy, art, hand fans, etc. Songket is a must buy if you come to Palembang. Don't buy it at the airport as it would be more expensive.
Palembang Indah Mall (PIM), Jalan Letkol Iskandar no.18, ☎ +62 711-350999. operational hour 10.00 - 22.00. PIM is the 30,000 square meter mall with many national and international brands such as Giordano, Crocodile, POLO and Ralph Lauren, LEVI's, ANDREW, Point Break, Planet Surf, NIKE, ADIDAS, FISIK, Hammer, Leonne Uomo, Bruno Piatelli, Osella, Contempo, GOSH, ETUDE HOUSE, The FaceShop, C n F Perfumery, Sport Station and Kids Station, Swatch, Samsonite, SHARP, the BodyShop, Breadtalk and GOLF HOUSE. The mall has also many anchor tenants such as ACE Hardware, INFORMA home furnishing, HYPERMART, Cinema 21 (6 cinema), and Electronic Solution. If you want to relax and chat with friends you can try to hang out at JCo doughnut and coffee, EXCELSO and the upcoming Roppan. To have meals you can dine in Pizza Hut, A&W, Brasserie, Es Teler 77, CFC, DON Cafe, Mr. Pancake or Solaria, or you can also have a great time at the Le Garden Food court which offer you many kinds of Palembang cuisines. When your kids need more games, you can go straight to TIMEZONE. There are a lot more stores of Optics (Optic Seis and Optic Melawai), Accessories Stores and Cellular and Gadget Stores (PAZIA, Erafone, Global Teleshop, WellComm and also hairdressers (Johny Andrean, My Salon and Christopher Salon). The people in South Sumatra and Palembang consider PIM as an exclusive mall for middle upper class. Around the mall currently there are Standard Chartered Bank, Bank Central Asia, Bakso Lapangan Tembak, Ma Maison (Italian and French Cuisine), Istana Mama Susi Resto, Fugu Sushi Bar, billiard, karaoke center and Hotel. The mall has a parking lot building which can contain up to 1200 cars. PIM is considered as a one stop entertainment and shopping for the people of South Sumatra.edit
When you're in Palembang you must eat the traditional food called Pempek. Pempek is fish cakes which is fried and eaten with a spicy dips called Cuka. There are different varieties of Pempek.
In Palembang most fast food and outlets are available. There is a McDonalds in International Plaza. Other fast foods available are KFC, CFC (Californian), Texas Chicken, etc.
In Palembang one famous eating joint is Martabak Har. Martabak Har sells Murtabak or Prata filled with minced meat and egg and eaten with curry. Most of the owners are Indian descent. There are many Martabak Hars but the original one is near the big roundabout (Alun Alun) near Masjid Agung.
The Aryaduta Hotel & Convention Center Palembang a 5 star hotel in centre. +62 21 385 8770 
Hotel Horison Palembang a 4 star platinum hotel on a service level that equals any 5 star hotel. . +62 711 355000 Fax: +62 711 377 966 
Penginapan Lebar Daun Where backpackers are most welcome. +62 812 712 9405 
Hotel Aryaduta Palembang, Jl. POM IX, Palembang Square, Palembang 30137, South Sumatra, Indonesia, ☎ +62 711 383 838, . Hotel Aryaduta Palembang is located in South Sumatra, Indonesia. The Aryaduta Hotel & Convention Center is an 18-storey atrium hotel offering 174 rooms. One of the facilities they offer to guests is their the largest banquet and meeting space in South Sumatra, accommodating up to 2,500 guests reception-style. Guests could also enjoy their experience in their Pool Café that offers healthy food, snacks, and light refreshments.Best rates on official website start at USD 64.46. edit
You can go to Singapore with Garuda Airlines or Silk Air. AirAsia also flies to Kuala Lumpur. Some domestic flights also available include Jakarta (frequent), Medan, Batam, Padang, Jambi, Bandar Lampung, Bengkulu, Bangka-Belitung, and Lubuk Linggau. Domestic departure tax is now inclusive and no longer paid at the airport. Or maybe you can try jetfoil to another beautiful part of South Sumatra, Bangka Island.