Palangkaraya is the capital of Central Kalimantan (Central Borneo), a province lies in the heart of Indonesia. This city is situated between Sebangau River and Kahayan River. The city had a population of 220,962 inhabitants at the 2010 Census, with an average population density of 92.1 per km² (Indonesian Population Census 2010 results). Prior to decentralization in 2001, Palangkaraya had two administrative districts, namely: Pahandut and Bukit Batu. Now, Palangkaraya consists of five administrative districts: Pahandut, Jekan Raya, Bukit Batu, Sebangau, and Rakumpit.
The city was built in 1957 on wilderness that opened through the Pahandut village alongside Kahayan river banks. By the size of land area, Palangkaraya is the largest city in Indonesia. Most of the area is still forested, including protected forests, nature conservation areas, and some lakes.
Palangkaraya consists of a combination of two words which are from Dayak Ngaju Language and a word of Sanskrit. Palangka (Ngaju) means a sacred site and raya (Sanskrit) means vast, so Palangkaraya means a vast sacred site. This city is established in 1957 and The First Indonesian President, Sukarno, initiated construction of the city of Palangkaraya, the capital of the new province. Initially, Palangkaraya was prepared as the new capital of Indonesia to replace Jakarta; a proposal that was discussed until recently.
To support this process, many iconic buildings were built to reflect the idea of Greater Indonesia. For example, the Bundaran Besar (Big Roundabout) in downtown Palangkaraya consists of a meeting of eight roads that symbolizes the eight great islands of Indonesia (Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi, Kalimantan, Bali, Nusa Tenggara Islands, and Papua). Palangkaraya is also considered as one of the most well-planned cities in Indonesia.
The first pillar of Palangkaraya City development was done by the President of the Republic of Indonesia at the time, Soekarno on July 17, 1957 marked the inauguration of the monument to the provincial capital of Central Kalimantan in Pahandut. Then, Pahandut was renamed to Palangkaraya.