Oruro is a city in the Oruro Department of Bolivia, famous for its carnival. It's been a major mining centre and railway hub, but with the closing of the mine and with more and more rail connections ceasing the town is about to lose its importance. But only three hours and fifteen Bolivianos by bus from La Paz, this is a nice getaway from the prices and stress of the capital.
 Get in
By bus There frequent daily busses from La Paz to Oruro (3~4 hours). The ticket is Bs. 15. Another way to come in, is from Cochabamba. Buses departs every 30 minutes. The trip takes 4~5 hours, and will cost around 25 Bs.
Buses to Challapata take about 2½ hours and cost Bs. 8. Faster and slightly more comfortable minivans do the distance in 90 minutes and at Bs. 12.
Night bus to Uyuni with semi cama costs Bs. 50 and takes about 6-7 hours. The company in the last booth in the terminal has a bus that leaves late at night. Reservations can be a good idea as the bus connects from La Paz. Beware that the road is quite bumpy at parts and it can get freezing cold, especially in June, July and August. Bring warm clothing!
The Expreso Sur takes 6,5 hours and costs Bs. 112 for Ejecutivo and Bs. 56 for Salon. The Wara Wara takes 7 hours and costs B2. 95 for Ejecutivo, Bs. 44 for Salon and Bs. 32 for Popular.
 Get around
The streets are well planned and orientation is simple. The easily recognized Av. 6 de Agosto, featuring a railway track in the middle runs from north to south with the bus terminal in the north and the town center in the south. The center is small enough to get around by foot and micros heading to the main bus terminal cruise Av. 6 de Agosto, otherwise it's a ten minute walk.
The main square garden (Plaza 10 de Febrero) is the reference for all the locals and visitors.
The Virgen del Socavon temple, is where the carnival ends. It's situated in the west part of the city, and there you can also visit a little mining museum.
In the south part of the city, you can find the zoo, where you can see some of the very exotic Andean wildlife.
Oruro is a city fulfilled of legends and traditions. One of them tells the story about the origin of the carnival.
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A walk up on the hills surrounding the town is an easy and nice excursion offering decent views. Bring ice cream and water.
One of the best sight views is the Faro del Conchupata.
You can also visit el Cerrato, also know as El Corazón de Jesús.
Near the zoo, in the south part of the city, there is a museum of ethnography and folklore. There you can see, how the ancient locals, the Chipayas, used to live. Also you can see an invaluable collection of carnival outfits, including masks.
At 45 minutes from the center ville, there is a little town called Cala-Cala. There you can visit the Señor de Lagunas temple, some stone based prehistoric art.
You can also visit some of the traces of our legends:
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The Carnival occurs before Ash Wednesday which can be anywhere between February 4th and March 10th.
Hot Springs. there are two hot springs nearby, Termas de Obrajes and Capachos, 25km and 10km northeast of town. Termas de Obrajes is more upscale (10 Bs.) and with hotels and restaurant, and Capachos are more or less like municipal pool (3 Bs). Both have private baths with much hotter water (10 Bs. and 3 Bs. for 1/2 hour), which is actually a good value in Capachos as you can use the pool after. To get there, catch a shared van from the corner of Caro and Av 6 de Agosto, where is midway between downtown and bus terminal (10 min walk from both). Bs.3 to Capacho and Bs.5 to Obrajes.
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Fastfood places serving cheap burgers, chicken and papas fritas is found just about everywhere. They are especially common around the bus station. One fancier restaurant in the International Park Hotel connected to the bus station, all others in the same bracket is in the center.
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 Get out
Several bus companies run buses to Iquique and Arica in Chile from the main bus terminal. Trans Salvador is very comfortable and charge Bs. 90 for the trip, including a simple meal. The trip takes 10-14 hours depending on how busy the border crossing at Tambo Quemado is. Don't bring any food across the border as there is X-ray searches at Chungara on the Chilean side.
Take one of the trains of Empressa Feroviaria Andina to Uyuni to see the world's largest salt flats. The ride brings some interesting views of a lake and altiplano.