Novokuznetsk (Russian: Новокузне́цк nuh-vuh-kooz-NYETSK) is a big metallurgy and coal city in the south of Kemerovo Oblast. As the oldest city in the region by far (1617), Novokuznetsk has seen its fair share of different names. It was known simply as Kuznetsk (Blacksmith City) until the 1930s when massive coal deposits were found, sparking the industrialization of the city under the name Stalinsk. In the Khruschev era, the city was reborn as Novokuznetsk (New Kuznetsk). Novokuznetsk's age and proximity to the Kemerovo Oblast's beautiful southern region makes it the top destination in the region for tourism.
Trains arrive from Novosibirsk and Kemerovo, or, if arriving from the east, the more distant Taishet. Novokuznetsk also has an airport with flights arriving from Moscow. The Spichenkovo airport is quite small and situated between two sities - Novokuznetsk and Prokopjevsk. The distance from downtown Novokuznetsk is about 16 km. To get to the city, take bus number 160, it runs between the airport and the railway station. For the benefit of locals who want to get out of Siberia and hit the beaches, there are also flights in the summer to/from Russia's Black Sea Region: Sochi, Krasnodar, and Anapa.