The city of Novgorod The Great (Novgorod Veliky) is located between Moscow (530km) and Saint Petersburg (108 km). Its population is estimated at 230,000 people. Novgorod is inscribed on the World Heritage List.
Novgorod was first mentioned in manuscripts as early as 859. Together with Kiev, Novgorod was a very important cultural, social, and economical centre in Rus, and was the capital of one of the first European democracies, the Novgorod Republic.
The Novgorod-Na-Volhove train station is located 1.5km west of the city center, the river, and the Detinets (Kremlin).
Russian Railways operates trains between the Novgorod-Na-Volhove train station and Saint Petersburg's Moskovskiy Vokzal station (3 hours, early morning and late evening, ~400 руб) as well as Moscow's Leningradskii Vokzal station (8 hours, overnight, 800+ руб). The trains to/from Saint Petersburg are all seated and can be uncomfortable, although there is a lot of leg room. The overnight trains to/from Moscow feature soft berths and compartments for an additional charge.
All trains and elektrichkas make a brief stop in Chudovo, where you can get out of the train and use a very unpleasantly dirty bathroom.
Left luggage services are available at the Novgorod-Na-Volhove train station.
The bus station in Novgorod is located across the street from the train station.
Several buses run daily from Saint Petersburg's Main Bus Terminal to Novgorod (several daily, 4 hours, ~200 руб). Buses to Moscow operate only during the summer, but the trip is long and inconvenient. Buses also operate to Tver, Pskov, Riga, and other cities in the Novgorod region.
Novgorod has both bus and trolleybus systems. Running approximately every 5 minutes, buses and trolleybuses will get you to every part of the city. Bus & trolleybus route maps and timetables are available online in Russian.
Novgorod is a walking-friendly city, and if you like long walks, everything in the city is within walking distance. The advantage is also that you have a chance to see the beautiful architecture of the city.
Kremlin, (City Center). Novgorod's Kremlin, or Detinets, is free to visitors and includes many of the main places of interest in the city. Admission is free, and two gates (one from the footbridge on the river; the other by Sofiyskaya Square and the Lenin Statue) are open to pedestrians. A beach along the bank of the river can be accessed from a gate inside the Kremlin wall.edit
Monument of the Millennium of Russia, (In the Kremlin). This iron statue is in the park in the center of the Kremlin. It was created in 1862 and is ringed by an interesting panorama of famous individuals in Russian history up to that time. Russian Tsars and Patriarchs appear on one half of the panorama, and cultural figures on the other half.edit
St. Sophia Cathedral, (In the Kremlin). 10AM to 4PM daily. This eleventh-century cathedral is the centerpiece of Novgorod's religious buildings. The iconostasis and frescoes inside are especially interesting. On the north-west exterior of the cathedral, see the Magdeburg Doors, a bronze twelfth-century German creation with reliefs of biblical scenes and, allegedly, the doors' sculptors themselves in one of the scenes.500 руб. edit
Yaroslav's Court, (Across the river from the Kremlin). Across the footbridge from the Kremlin is the old commercial district, which is marked by a long arcade along the river bank. Within the commercial district are several churches, many of which are in typical Novgorod style: a square base topped by a dome. Some wooden houses in Yaroslav's Court also hold temporary museum exhibitions.edit
St. George Monastery
Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin
Church Simeona Bogopriimtsa
Saviour Church on Nereditsa
Church of Spasa-na-Iliene
Paraskeva Church at the Marketplace
St. Nicholas Cathedral
Cathedral of the Virgin of the Sign (Znamensky)
Church of Theodore Stratilates on the Brook
Monastery of The Virgin Nativity
Church of Peter and Paul
Church of St. Philip the Apostle and St. Nicholas
Demetrios Solunskiy Church
Church of Andrew Stratilat
St. Basil's Cathedral
Church of the Saint Great Martyr Fedor Stratilat on the Brook
Church of Saints Boris and Gleb
Church of the Assumption on the Volotovo Field
Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin at the Marketplace
Church of the Intercession
Holy Spirit Monastery
The Church of the Transfiguration
The Roman Catholic Church of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul
Some of the wooden buildings at the Vitoslavitsy Museum of Folk Wooden Architecture
Fine Arts Museum, Sophiyskaya Square 2 (Across from the Lenin Statue), ☎ +7 (816 2) 87 22 65. 10AM to 4PM except Monday and the first Thursday of the Month. A collection of Russian art, including Repin and other 19th and 20th Century artists.edit
Vitoslavitsy Museum of Folk Wooden Architecture, (Take bus #7 from the bus stop across the street from Sennaya Square and the tourist information office. The stop for the museum is about 20 minutes from the city center, and one stop after the Yurev Monastery. There is a large wooden hotel/restaurant on the left side of the road at the bus stop, but the entrance to the museum is on the right side of the road. To return to the city, board the #7 bus at the same bus stop where you got off; the bus makes a loop on the one-way road, and thus the same bus will bring you back to the city center). The museum is in the forest near the shore of Lake Ilmen. It is a collection of rural houses from around Novgorod region that were transported to the area in the 1960s to create this museum. Includes wooden churches, traditional houses, and even a windmill and blacksmith's shop. To get there, .110 руб for foreigners, 50 руб for Russians. edit
There are different activities and services available at the Volchov Most River Complex - you can rent a boat or catamaran, play badminton or Russian game "Gorodki" and even swim in a swimming pool. In winter you can try hockey or rent cross-country ski.
You can try water taxis or a boat trip. Novgorod from the river looks pretty amazing, especially Kremlin.
If you have a bit more time, you can go to Ilmen (a village just a few kilometres away from Novgorod) to the rope park. It consists of 2 routes (4 and 11 meteres high) of different complexity. A great activity for kids but not only:).
Souvenirs, particularly wooden handicrafts and birch-bark paintings, can be found at many locations, including the souvenir market on Sennaya Square (to one's right as one faces the Kremlin from Sofiyskaya Square and the Lenin Statue).
Cafe Charodeyka, Ul. Volosova 1 (Corner of Sofiyskaya Square across from the Fine Arts Museum), ☎ +7 (8162) 730-879 (email@example.com). A comfortable, trendy cafe with excellent food and coffee, a short walk outside the Kremlin walls For both salads and main courses, you choose your own ingredients and sauces from a list on the menu. English menu. Has a sidewalk cafe in the summer.edit
Sadko Hotel, Ul. Fedorovsky Ruchei (Across the river from the Kremlin, about a 30-40 minute walk from the train station), ☎ +7 (8162) 66-09-20 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: +7 (8162) 60-30-17), . Mid-range, clean, renovated 3-star hotel with restaurant.Single: 2,000-2,100 руб; Double: 2,800-3,000 руб, including breakfast.. edit
Volkhov Hotel, Ul. Predtechenskaya 24 (Between the train station and the Kremlin, about a 10-minute walk from each.), ☎ +7 (8162) 33-55-48 (email@example.com, fax: +7 (8162) 33-55-51), . checkin: 11:00; checkout: 12:00. Mid-range 3-star hotelSingle: 2,150 руб; Double: 3,100 руб, including breakfast. edit
Hotel Acron, Ul. Predtechenskaya 24 (Next to the Volkhov Hotel but with a separate entrance), ☎ +7 (8162) 73-69-08, 73-69-12 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: +7 (8162) 73-69-18), . One of the less expensive decent options in the city center.Single: 1,600 руб; Double: 2,200 руб. edit
Beresta Palace, Ul. Studentechskaya 2 (North of the city center on the east side of the river,), ☎ +7 (8162) 94-09-10 (email@example.com), . Novgorod's top class hotel, with the most amenities, a moderate distance from the city center.Singles: US$97; Doubles: US$109. edit
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