Lower Manhattan is the home of the financial district of Manhattan, located at the southern tip of the island with the Hudson River on the west, the East River on the east, New York Harbor to the south, and Chambers Street on the north. It is one of the two largest business districts in New York City - the other being Midtown Manhattan - and is the historical core of the modern city; a fact reflected in the convoluted street pattern compared to the regular streets and avenues found uptown.
Lower Manhattan is home to some of New York's most famous and evocative landmarks: Wall Street, the Brooklyn Bridge, as well as the Statue of Liberty on Liberty Island and Ellis Island in the harbor, both accessed by ferry boat from the financial district.
Brooklyn Bridge and Lower Manhattan
Located at the southern tip of Manhattan, Lower Manhattan was the site of earliest European settlement in the New York area - the Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam. Established in 1625, the settlement became the capital of New Netherland, the colonial Dutch province which controlled the area along the Hudson River. In 1664, the British conquered New Netherland and New Amsterdam became "New York".
In the late 18th century, with the American Revolution brewing, New York became a major political center for the colonists. Protests against the Stamp Act led the so-called "Stamp Act Congress" to convene here and sign a Declaration of Rights and Grievances, asserting the concept of "no taxation with representation." British soldiers captured New York and maintained control of the city until the war ended, when George Washington triumphantly returned to Manhattan. He would return again in 1789 to take the oath of office and become the nation's first president, as New York briefly served as the first capital of the United States, where the Bill of Rights was drafted and ratified.
Shortly after the creation of the United States, Lower Manhattan started becoming an economic and financial center for the new nation. In 1792, a group of stock brokers signed the Buttonwood Agreement, which created the New York Stock Exchange, underneath a buttonwood tree at 68 Wall Street. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the corporate culture of the area fueled the construction of many skyscrapers in the district, and as the financial power of New York grew, so did its influence; as evidenced by the 1929 Wall Street Crash, which ushered in the Great Depression.
Through the 1940s and 50s, new economic growth on Manhattan was centered on Midtown. Wishing to concentrate new growth on Lower Manhattan, and coming in at the height of the urban renewal movement, local leaders destroyed most of the old structures to make way for the gleaming office towers of today's Lower Manhattan, not least of which was the World Trade Center, built in the 1970s, which defined the Lower Manhattan landscape until it was destroyed on September 11, 2001. Currently, a new World Trade Center is being constructed on the site alongside the new memorial to the September 11 victims.
Since the 2008 financial crisis, the demographic makeup of Lower Manhattan has been changing markedly as the dominant financial services sector has downsized. With many firms reducing their office footprint, or relocating to Midtown or New Jersey, this has encouraged media and technology companies to take up the slack in the area - symbolized most notably perhaps by publishing giant Conde Nast's relocation to the new World Trade Center. As a result many older office buildings have been converted to residential use, bringing the area's resident population to a level not seen for decades, with new restaurants, bars, stores and other facilities springing up to service the influx of new residents and workers. With these new developments, Lower Manhattan is beginning to lose its former reputation for being a strictly "9-to-5", "Monday-Friday" area of New York.
Lower Manhattan has an irregular street grid system, a throwback to the original Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam. This street pattern seems even more irregular when compared to the neat grid system seen just about everywhere else in Manhattan. Major avenues here run in a north-south direction - West St along the Hudson River, Church St and Broadway through the middle of the district, and Water St and South St (the former running beneath the elevated FDR Drive) along the East River. With the exception of these roads, almost every street in the financial district is very narrow and often clogged with traffic during the day. The blocks immediately surrounding the intersection of Wall and Broad Sts (where the stock exchange and Federal Hall are located) are blocked off to automobiles; only pedestrians may enter.
Most of the city's subway lines have stops in lower Manhattan - they converge at either the World Trade Center or the Fulton Center (both of which will be eventually linked together below ground), making it one of the best ways to get to the district. There are few express stations in the area, so most trains will stop at every station in this neighborhood. Though many city bus lines serve the area, traffic is often slow on the winding streets.
The 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 lines connect the district to Uptown and the Bronx, with the 2, 3 and 4 also running to Brooklyn under the East River (along with the 5 during rush hours). The A and C lines run Uptown and east out to Brooklyn, with the A continuing to the JFK Airport area. The E runs alongside the A and C lines to Midtown, where it breaks off and runs out to Queens. The R heads north to Midtown, Queens, and east to Brooklyn. Finally, the J and Z lines head northeast to Brooklyn and Queens, but be aware that Broad St and the J/Z section of Fulton St are closed on weekends.
Additionally, PATH subway trains connect the World Trade Center site to New Jersey. There are two lines: one to Newark and one to Hoboken, both stop in Jersey City, the latter returns north and back across the Hudson to Manhattan and terminates in the West Village. The PATH costs $1.75 per ride and accept MetroCard for payment.
There is a free circular bus around Lower Manhattan called the Downtown Connection .
The Staten Island Ferry  connects the South Ferry terminal, located at the southern tip of Manhattan, to the St. George Ferry Terminal on Staten Island. The ferry is absolutely free and is popular for tourists since the route offers excellent views of Lower Manhattan and the Statue of Liberty. The ferry runs 24 hours a day, usually running at 30 minute intervals, with more running during rush hours and fewer running at very late hours.
NY Waterway  operates ferry services from the World Financial Center ferry terminal and the Pier 11/Wall St. ferry terminal to several points in New Jersey along the Hudson River, including in Hoboken and Weehawken. Fares vary by route.
New York Water Taxi  operates ferry services from World Financial Center, Battery Park, Pier 11/Wall St. and the South Street Seaport to points in Midtown, Brooklyn, Queens, Yonkers, and Breezy Point. Their boats are painted to look like taxis and fares vary by route.
- Wall Street. The historic heart of the Financial District and the home of the New York Stock Exchange, Wall Street is a byword for American big business and stock trading (most New York financial firms are no longer headquartered on the street itself, but housed nearby in new offices). A narrow street running downhill from Broadway to the East River, Wall Street was named for the wall that was built here in 1652 to keep Manhattan's indigenous peoples out of the growing Dutch settlement. The wall was demolished by the British in 1699. By the late 18th century, traders and speculators would gather under a buttonwood tree at the foot of Wall Street to trade informally - this was the origin of the New York Stock Exchange that was established in 1817. edit
- New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), 18 Broad St (at Wall St), . A historic site, not least because of the Black Thursday crash of the Exchange on 24 October 1929 and the subsequent sell-off panic which started on Black Tuesday, 29 October 1929, precipitating the worldwide Great Depression of the early 1930s. The present Exchange building opened in 1903, recognized from the first as an example of masterful architecture, with the six massive Corinthian columns across its Broad Street facade imparting a feeling of substance and stability and, to many, seeming the very embodiment of America’s growth and prosperity. The building has been closed to the public since 9/11. edit
- 23 Wall Street, (at Broad St). Located across from the Stock Exchange is this imposing office building which was constructed in 1914 and served as the headquarters of JP Morgan. The Wall Street Bombing of 16 September 1920 damaged the building, with shrapnel blasting several holes in the limestone facade. The holes are still there for any to see. edit
- Trump Building, 40 Wall St. A very impressive skyscraper which was completed in 1930 and surpassed the height of the nearby Woolworth Building, making it the tallest building in the world until the Chrysler Building was completed just a month later (which in turn lost that title to the Empire State Building less than a year later). The building was purchased by Donald Trump in 1995, hence its current name. edit
George Washington's statue outside Federal Hall
- Federal Hall, 26 Wall St (opposite the NYSE), ☎ +1-212-825-6990, . M-F 9AM-5PM. On this site on 30 April 1789, George Washington stood on a balcony overlooking Wall St and was inaugurated as the first president of the United States. The old building on the site had been used as New York's city hall and had hosted some of the first congregations of the colonies in the lead-up to the American Revolution, such as the Stamp Act Congress. After the revolution the building, now Federal Hall, briefly housed Congress, the Supreme Court, and Executive Branch offices before the national capital moved to Philadelphia. The current building dates to 1842 and was used first as a Customs House, then later the U.S. Sub-Treasury (millions of dollars of gold and silver were kept in the basement vaults). Today the building is maintained by the National Park Service as a museum dedicated to the history of the site. Guided tours of the building are available, or you can just walk in and look up at the rotunda and view some of the artifacts, such as the bible Washington used in his inauguration ceremony. Free. edit
- World Trade Center, bounded by Vesey, Church, Liberty and West Sts. The site of the former Twin Towers, and one of the most emotionally charged 16 acres of real estate in both New York City, the United States and indeed the entire world - the World Trade Center site needs no introduction. Note that New Yorkers never refer to the WTC site as "Ground Zero", a term that is now officially obsolete now that the rebuilding process is on the way to completion, after many torturous years of financial, legal and political wrangling since the tragic events of 11 September 2001. As of early 2016, three of the five replacement office towers (1WTC, 4WTC and 7WTC) are open, 3WTC is currently under construction and is projected to be complete by late 2017, whilst 2WTC is stalled indefinitely awaiting funding. The 9/11 memorial (see below) opened on the 10th anniversary of the attacks. Eventually the site will also include a below grade shopping mall and a transporation hub. edit
- National September 11 Memorial & Museum, 180 Greenwich St (enter at the intersection of Greenwich St and Liberty, West Street and Liberty, or Fulton and West), (firstname.lastname@example.org), . Memorial Plaza is open 7:30am-9:00pm daily. The Museum is open daily: Sunday-Thursday 9:00am-8:00pm (last entry at 6:00pm) and Friday-Saturday 9:00am-9:00pm (last entry at 7:00pm). On the site of the former World Trade Center towers, the memorial consists of two enormous waterfalls and reflecting pools set within the footprints of the twin towers, lined with bronze panels with the names of the nearly 3,000 victims of that fateful day inscribed. The surrounding plaza holds a grove of trees. The museum, located underneath the memorial, opened in May 2014, and tells the story of that fateful day, and holds various artifacts from the original WTC buildings. The memorial plaza is now completely open to the public -, although not all approaches are open due to ongoing construction. The Memorial is free. Admission to the Museum is $24 for adults; $18 for seniors (age 65+), U.S. veterans, and U.S. college students; $15 for youth (age 7-17); children 6 and under are free. edit
- One World Trade Center (Freedom Tower), Vesey St (N side of the 9/11 memorial), . The spiritual successor to the Twin Towers has already staked its place on the Manhattan skyline, and opened to its first office tenants in November 2014. The building is still commonly nicknamed by locals and the media as the "Freedom Tower", despite the best attempts by officials to play this down. Its spire reaches 1,776 feet above sea level, making it the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere. The roof height stands at a symbolic 1368 feet, the same as the North Tower of the original World Trade Center. The public observatory - known as One World Observatory is located on the 100-102nd floors of the tower, and opened in May 2015. edit
- WTC Transportation Hub (Oculus), Church St (E side of the 9/11 memorial). Opened in March 2016 after much controversy over its massive delays and cost overruns, the WTC Transportation Hub is New York's newest public space. Primarily an interchange between the PATH system and the NYC Subway, the crowning element is the massive "Oculus", a huge elliptical indoor plaza crowned by Santiago Calatrava's huge skeletal roof - intended to resemble a bird's wings in flight. As of early 2016 the site is still very much a work in progress, but will eventually house the Westfield World Trade Center shopping mall. edit
- Trinity Church, (Broadway at Wall St), ☎ +1-212-602-0800, . M-F 7AM-6PM, Sa 8AM-4PM, Su 7AM-4PM. An Episcopalian (Anglican) church and parish was first established on this site in 1697 under charter by King William III. The present Neo-Gothic Revival church building (the third incarnation) dates from 1846 and remains a significant landmark within Downtown. The original burial ground at Trinity Church includes the graves and memorials of many historic figures, including Alexander Hamilton, William Bradford, Robert Fulton, and Albert Gallatin. Free. edit
- Bowling Green, (at Broadway and Morris). A small park at the foot of Broadway which is the oldest public park in the city and is the site of the Charging Bull sculpture created after the 1987 stock market crash. Bowling Green is also the origin point for the Broadway ticker-tape parades; if you walk up Broadway, you can view plaques in the sidewalk honoring the people or events celebrated in these parades. edit
- Battery Park. At the southern tip of Manhattan, Battery Park is a waterfront green space, named for the artillery batteries which were installed here to protect the settlement of New York when it was under Dutch, then British rule. In the lead-up to the War of 1812, Castle Clinton  was constructed as a fort to protect the city, and is now operated as a small museum. There are several memorials in the park, including The Sphere, a public art piece originally housed on the World Trade Center site which survived the events of September 11 and was moved to Battery Park. Ferries departing to the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island (see below) depart from here. Free. edit
- St Paul's Chapel, 209 Broadway (between Fulton and Vesey Sts), ☎ +1-212-233-4164, . M-Sa 10AM-6PM, Su 7AM-6PM. Built in 1776, the chapel is an active part of the Parish of Trinity Church and is Manhattan's oldest public building in continuous use. It is the only remaining colonial church in New York City and was George Washington's place of worship after he was inaugurated as president, but more recently the chapel became known for surviving the events of 9/11 without even a broken window - despite being located across the street from the World Trade Center - and its role as a place of refuge for the WTC recovery workers in the days that followed. Free. edit
- Woolworth Building, 233 Broadway (between Barclay St and Park Pl). One of the oldest and most famous of New York's skyscrapers (dubbed the "Cathedral of Commerce"), the neo-Gothic Woolworth Building was completed in 1913 and was the world's tallest building until 1930. The building has a beautiful ornate lobby, but it has been closed to the public since September 11. edit
- City Hall, . On a triangular city block between Broadway, Park Row and Chambers Street sits City Hall, a gorgeous gleaming white building completed in 1812 and still serves as the home of certain city government functions, such as the office of the mayor. The building itself is fenced off and only accessible by tour, but there is a lovely park surrounding the building, with plenty of shady trees and a pleasant fountain just to the south of the building. Just north of City Hall and on the same block is the Tweed Courthouse, a gorgeous government structure and the legacy of Tammany Hall boss William M. Tweed, who used the courthouse project to embezzle large sums of money from the city budget and was convicted in a courtroom in this building. edit
- City Hall Station. The original subway station, and quite a marvel to witness--the chandeliers and ornate tiling are a sharp contrast to the nearby Brooklyn Bridge-City Hall station. There's one catch, though: it's been closed since 1945. However, you can see it by staying on the downtown 6 train after its last stop Brooklyn Bridge-City Hall; it will turn around in the old station. This is the one place in the system where this is allowed, and the announcements reflect that. The Transit Museum (in Downtown Brooklyn) offers occasional tours as well, which allow you to actually walk around the station, but you must be a member and a US citizen, making this an impractical choice for many visitors. edit
- Manhattan Municipal Building, 1 Centre St (at Chambers St), . With New York City growing and not enough space in the City Hall building, this 40-story structure was built to meet the space demands of the city government. Completed in 1915, it is a massive and very grand building with the gilded statue of a woman standing atop the building's spire. edit
- Brooklyn Bridge, . From its intersection with Park Row (just east of City Hall) you can walk (takes about 20-30 min each way), bike, or drive across the historic and iconic bridge to Downtown Brooklyn. An elevated pedestrian walkway above the highway runs down the center of the bridge. The view from the bridge looking back towards Lower Manhattan is one of the most iconic images of New York throughout the world, and the bridge also affords good views of Midtown and the New York Harbor in the distance. No toll. edit
- Nelson A Rockefeller Park. Located on the southwestern shore of Lower Manhattan, it forms part of Battery Park City - a business and residential district which was created in the 1980s atop landfill dumped in the Hudson River when the foundations for the Twin Towers were originally excavated. The park offers stunning views of the New Jersey shore, and the riverfront promenades are a great place to go for a cycle or a jog, as well as in the evening for a stroll. Located in the park is the Irish Hunger Memorial, a tribute to the Irish immigrants who fled to the USA in the 1840s during the Irish Great Famine and the NYPD Memorial Wall which bears the names over 1300 New York City police officers who have been slain in the line of duty. Free. edit
- African Burial Ground National Monument, 290 Broadway, 1F (N of City Hall), ☎ +1-212-637-2019 (fax: +1-212-227-2026), . Visitor Center Tu-Sa 10AM-4PM except federal holidays, Memorial 9AM-5PM daily except federal holidays. For most of the 18th century, Africans in New York City were buried in a graveyard outside the city. The graveyard was eventually forgotten and was rediscovered in 1991. This museum and memorial site commemorate the estimated 15,000 Africans that were interred on the site of the memorial. Note that the museum is located inside of a Federal building so airport-style security should be expected. Free. edit
- Museum of American Finance, 48 Wall St, ☎ +1-212-908-4110 (fax: +1-212-908-4601), . Tu-Sa 10AM-4PM. A small museum dedicated to finance and the markets, with exhibits that change periodically. $8, $5 students/seniors, children 6 and under free. edit
- Museum of Jewish Heritage, 36 Battery Pl, ☎ +1-646-437-4200, . Su-Tu,Th 10AM-5:45PM, W 10AM-8PM, F 10AM-5PM. A memorial to the Holocaust. $12, $10 seniors, $7 students, children 12 and under free; free admission W 4PM-8PM. edit
- National Museum of the American Indian, One Bowling Green (adjacent to the NE cnr of Battery Park), ☎ +1-212-514-3700, . F-W 10AM–5PM, Th 10AM-8PM. Housed in the Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House, this Smithsonian museum is the New York branch of the National Museum of the American Indian (the other branches are in Washington, D.C. and Maryland). Free. edit
- New York City Police Museum, 100 Old Slip, ☎ +1-212-480-3100, . M-Sa 10AM-5PM. A museum dedicated to the history of the NYPD. $7, $5 seniors/students/children, children under 2 free. edit
- Skyscraper Museum, 39 Battery Pl, ☎ +1-212-968-1961, . W-Su noon-6PM. Exhibits on the history of highrise and skyscraper construction. $5, $2.50 students/seniors. edit
- South Street Seaport Museum, 12 Fulton St, ☎ +1-212-748-8600, . Jan-Mar F-M 10AM-5PM, Ships noon-4PM, Apr-Dec Tu-Su 10AM-6PM. A museum with exhibits on the historic Seaport area and a collection of ships at the South Street Seaport on the East River open for tours. $10, $8 students/seniors, $5 children, children under 5 free. edit
New York Harbor
Lower Manhattan is the primary gateway to three islands in New York Harbor: Liberty Island (home to the Statue of Liberty), Ellis Island, and Governors Island. Another ferry runs to Liberty and Ellis Islands from Liberty Park in Jersey City, but most tourists use the Manhattan ferries. These are some of the most popular destinations in New York City and access is available only by ferry boat.
If you're visiting New York on a budget or you don't want to wait for hours to get near the Statue of Liberty, you may want to consider taking the Staten Island Ferry , which is absolutely free and offers excellent views of the Statue of Liberty from its route to Staten Island from the South Ferry Terminal, just east of Battery Park.
- Governors Island, ferries depart from the Battery Maritime Building at 10 South St, ☎ +1-212-825-3045, . Open seasonally; W-Th guided tours take place at 10AM and 1PM, F ferries leave every hour 10AM-3PM, Sa Su ferries leave every hour 10AM-5PM, from Brooklyn ferries leave every 20 minutes. Governors Island has a long military history, home to headquarters and military posts of the United States Army from 1794 until 1966, then a complex for the U.S. Coast Guard before becoming a historic district open to tours. Free. edit
Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island
Ferries depart from Battery Park (New York) or Liberty State Park (New Jersey), ☎ +1-212-269-5755 (toll free: +1-866-782-8834), . 8:30AM-5:15PM (hours adjusted seasonally); if you leave after 2PM, you will only be able to visit either Liberty Island or Ellis Island. Ferry ride $12, $10 seniors (62+), $5 children (4-12). Crown Access $3 extra. Audio Tours $6 extra.
Ticket Options - Visitors to Liberty Island and Ellis Island have four Reserve Ticket options:
- 1) Reserve Ticket – includes ferry transportation; provides access to Liberty Island and Ellis Island, including the grounds of Liberty Island and the Ellis Island Immigration Museum. The Reserve Ticket allows you to save time when waiting for the ferry; instead of waiting on the longer line, the Reserve Ticket allows you to go through the priority entrance at the security check-in. The Reserve Ticket does not allow entry into the Statue of Liberty, the Statue of Liberty Museum (located in the pedestal), the Pedestal Observation Deck, or the Crown. The cost of the Reserve Ticket is the same as the Ferry ride; there is no additional cost for the Reserve Ticket.
- 2) Reserve with Pedestal/Museum Ticket (does not include Crown Access) – includes ferry transportation; in addition to the access that is provided with the Reserve Ticket, this ticket also allows access to go inside the pedestal; see the interior structure of the statue; take in sweeping 360-degree views from the Pedestal Observation Deck; and access Fort Wood (the 11-point star-shaped structure the statue stands upon). The Reserve with Pedestal/Museum Ticket does not include access to the Crown of the Statue of Liberty. This ticket has "Monument" printed on it (for Monument Access). Prior to entering the pedestal, there is a secondary security screening. The cost of the Reserve with Pedestal/Museum Ticket is the same as the Ferry ride; there is no additional cost for the Reserve with Pedestal/Museum Ticket. Tickets should be purchased days, weeks, or months in advance, depending on the time of year.
- 3) Reserve with Crown Ticket (includes Pedestal/Museum Access) – includes ferry transportation; in addition to the access that is provided with the Reserve with Pedestal/Museum Ticket, this ticket also allows access up to the Crown of the Statue of Liberty. Visitors to the crown will be required to go through a secondary security screening. The Reserve with Crown Ticket costs an additional $3. Reserve with Crown Tickets are very limited and should be obtained three or four months or longer (up to one year) in advance.
- 4) Flex Ticket is valid for a one-time use within a three day period. The Flex Ticket includes ferry transportation and provides the same access that is provided with the Reserve Ticket; the Flex Ticket does not allow entry into the Pedestal, Museum, or Crown. The Flex Ticket requires a specific start date for purchase. With the Flex Ticket you can arrive at any time of the day, but early arrival is suggested for the security check-in queue. The Flex Ticket does not allow priority entry at the security check-in (Reserved Ticket entrance). Pedestal/Museum Access or Crown Access may not be ordered online with the Flex Ticket.
Tickets can also be purchased through concierges at major hotels and at the ticketing windows in the Castle Clinton National Monument inside Battery Park, New York, or inside the Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal in Liberty State Park, Jersey City, New Jersey. Monument Access (for the Pedestal/Museum/Crown) may not be available if you purchase your tickets on the day of your visit.
Note: There is a separate Reserved Ticket entrance (at the security check-in) for the Reserve Ticket, Reserve with Pedestal/Museum Ticket, and Reserve with Crown Ticket. If you purchase one of these reserved tickets, then you can take advantage of this priority entry (Reserve Ticket entrance) and you could easily save an hour of waiting during busy times. The Flex Ticket does not allow priority entry at the Reserve Ticket entrance.
Statue Cruises is the only means of access to Liberty and Ellis Islands; the ferries depart from Battery Park at the southern tip of Manhattan or from Liberty State Park in Jersey City. Be prepared for airport like security screening with similar restrictions (no food or open liquids, no knives, etc.) before boarding the boat. One ticket is good for sailings to both islands and return to starting point. Tickets are limited in number and can be obtained on the day from the ferry company or in advance by calling the ticket office on the phone number above or online . If leaving from Manhattan, you may need to arrive at Battery Park 2 hours before your timed tour to allow for security screening and ferry travel, so it is best to arrive at Battery Park early in the morning.
The Statue of Liberty, or Liberty Enlightening the World, a gift from the people of France to celebrate the centennial of the United States, stands upon Liberty Island and is one of the most famous symbols of the nation. Upon departing the ferry, you can visit the Visitor Information Station, which has a schedule of the day's events. Visitors can also meet at the Liberty Island Flagpole (behind the statue) for a ranger-led tour of the island. If you have a reserved Pedestal/Museum ticket -- "Monument" must be printed on your ferry ticket, which requires a second security check -- you can visit the monument lobby, museum (where you'll see various exhibits on the statue, the old torch, and the famous "New Colossus" sonnet), and outside to the promenade and Fort Wood (the 11-point star-shaped structure the statue stands upon). The Pedestal/Museum Ticket includes a trip in the elevator to the pedestal observation deck (not up into the statue itself); visitors can look upward to view the interior of the statue (there are four marked viewing locations); and the pedestal observation deck provides a 360-degree view, which includes the New York City skyline. There are 24 steps between the top of the elevator and the pedestal observation deck; visitors must be able to walk up (and down) these steps to access the pedestal observation deck. Security checks are rigorous, so travel as light as possible. Backpacks and other large bags are not permitted on the tours but can be stored in lockers for a fee. On busy days there may be long waits. Signs on the island state that you should obtain Reserve Pedestal/Museum ("Monument Access") tickets 1 week in advance to guarantee that you will be able to enter the pedestal. Visitors with the Reserve with Crown ticket are allowed to climb up a circular staircase from the base of the statue to the crown, but tickets are very limited and should be reserved three or four months (up to one year) in advance . Visitors will enter the crown in groups of 10 under the direct supervision of a Park Service employee, with no more than 3 groups per hour. Children must be at least 4-feet tall, and must be able to walk up and down the stairs by themselves, and all ticket holders must show a photo ID to match the name on their tickets.
Ellis Island  is served by the same ferry as the Statue of Liberty. Ellis Island was home to the nation's primary federal immigration station, with over 12 million immigrant steamship passengers passing through from its opening in 1892 to its closing in 1954. Today, over 40 percent of America's population can trace their ancestry through Ellis Island. The island is home to the American Family Immigration History Center , which contains manifests of 25 million immigrants, passengers, and crew members who entered New York Harbor.
- Century 21, 22 Cortlandt St (right across Church St from the World Trade Center site), ☎ +1-212-227-9092, . M-W 7:45AM-9PM, Th F 9:45AM-9:30PM, Sa 10AM-9PM, Su 11AM-8PM. Sells remaindered designer clothes, often at deep discounts, and is popular with tourists and locals, alike. The store can be so crowded around Christmastime that it's a hellish experience, but it's civilized most other times of the year, especially during the day on weekdays. edit
- Brookfield Place (World Financial Center), (just west of the World Trade Center site), ☎ +1-212-417-7000, . Built in the late 1980s atop landfill from the construction of the Twin Towers some 20 years earlier the lower levels of the complex are open to the public. Shopping, dining, events and the Winter Garden all open to the public are well worth a visit. edit
- Fulton Center, (just east of the World Trade Center site), . Located at the Fulton Street subway interchange, and will eventually join with the reconstructed World Trade Center mall and Brookfield Place to form one contiguous below-grade shopping complex. edit
Broad Street has several chain eateries.
- Terry's, 41 River Terrace, ☎ +1-212-267-2816. Deli Popular with local students. edit
- Portobello Pizzeria Restaurant, 83 Murray St. M-F 10AM-9PM, Sa 10AM-8PM. Decent pizza, garlic knots, and rolls, but unfortunately, the once very-friendly service has taken a serious downturn. $5 a slice. edit
- Andaz Wall Street, A Hyatt Hotel (Andaz Wall Street, Financial District, New York City, United States), 75 Wall St (entrance on Water St), ☎ +1-212-590-1234 (email@example.com, fax: +1 212 590-1238), . checkin: 3PM; checkout: Noon. The only hotel on Wall Street featuring 253 rooms that begin at a very large 345 ft²/32 m². All rooms come with free internet, free minibar (except alcohol), free gym access and free light refreshments in the lobby. $250-350. edit
- Eurostars Wall Street (Eurostars Wall Street), 129 Front St (at Pine St), ☎ +1-212-742-0003 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: +1-212-742-0124), . A small boutique luxury hotel a block north of Wall Street. $230-400. edit
- Holiday Inn New York City-Wall Street, 51 Nassau Street, ☎ +1-212-227-3007, . Along with free Wi-Fi, on-site restaurant and bar plus exceptional customer service, our Wall Street hotel features an excellent location in downtown Manhattan. edit
- Millenium Hilton (Millenium Hilton, Financial District), 55 Church St (across the street from the WTC site), ☎ +1-212-693-2001 (fax: +1-212-571-2316). Business oriented hotel, one of the tallest hotels in all of New York at 55 stories. The rooms have amazing views of the city and of the 9/11 Memorial. $300-400. edit
- New York Marriott Downtown (New York Marriott Downtown), 85 West St, ☎ +1-212-385-4900 (fax: +1-212-227-8136). checkin: 4:00 PM; checkout: 12:00 PM. Good views and nice rooms. $300-450. edit
- 50 Bowery, 50 Bowery New York, NY 10013, ☎ 212-508-8000, . A Joie de Vivre boutique hotel in Chinatown, featuring a rooftop terrace lounge overlooking the Manhattan skyline. edit
- Smyth, 85 West Broadway, ☎ 212-587-7000, . Renovated luxury boutique hotel with on-site restaurant and bar. edit
- The Beekman, 123 Nassau Street, ☎ 212-233-2300, . Luxury hotel with on-site restaurant and bar. edit
Generally speaking, Lower Manhattan is one of the safest areas of New York City - thanks in part to its prestige status as an international business district and upmarket residential area. The World Trade Center area, for obvious reasons - enjoys a heavy police presence virtually all the time. Because Lower Manhattan is increasingly residential, more and more businesses open late at night therefore the streets are well trodden at most hours of the day. The eastern shore however, close to the Brooklyn Bridge, and underneath its approach viaducts can become rather unwelcoming in the hours of darkness and it is not wise to wander in these areas at night.
Lower crime does not however imply zero crime, and the same basic rules that would apply elsewhere in New York should be heeded.
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