Neuss was founded around 16 B.C. as Castra Novaesium by the Romans, and is one of three cities, that claim to be the oldest city in germany. In 1474-1475 Charles the Bold(Duke of Burgundy) sieged the city unsuccessfully for nearly a year, which is considered to be the turning point of Burgundian history, that inevitably lead to the downfall of Burgundy as a free Duchy. As a reward, Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III lend the city numerous rights. For instance, Neuss was the first city that was granted the right to implement the Emperors Crown in its coat of arms, and was also the only city ever to be declared as a member of the Hanseatic League by the Emperor. Due to a number of wars in the 16th and 17th century, Neuss lost its position as an important trading hub entirely. Only decades before the start of Industiralisation, the city began to recover with the rise of Napoleon, who planned to build the so called Grand Canal du Nord(german:Nordkanal) from Neuss to Antwerp. Though the canal was never completed in its full extend, Neuss had a locational advantage at the beginning of Industrialisation as coal could now easily be shipped in. Also, the achievements of the French Revolution were introduced as Neuss became part of France untill 1815. During the following Prussian rule, the city was allowed to keep the french civil rights till 1890, which made it to one of the few german cities, in which such rights existed in that time.
Today, Neuss is a growing city of 152 000 inhabitants known for its habour and its history, as well as its citizens' marksmen's festival.
From Düsseldorf Airport use line S11 from Terminal E in direction Bergisch Gladbach. After crossing the Rhine river, 6 stations in Neuss will be served, including central station. From Cologne/Bonn Airport get to the Cologne central station. From here, the lines S11 in direction Düsseldorf Airport, and RE7 in direction Krefeld will serve Stations in Neuss. From Dortmund Airport use line RE7 in direction Krefeld or RE13 in direction Venlo.
Neuss central station is connected to the cities of Cologne, Düsseldorf, Dortmund, Münster, Wuppertal, Mönchengladbach, Aachen, Krefeld, Hagen, Hamm, Leverkusen, Solingen, Bergisch Gladbach and Venlo. Coming from the Netherlands, it is possible to reach Neuss from Venlo by using line RE13 in direction Hamm. Coming from Belgium or France, use the THA connection to Aachen, and from there RE4 in direction Dortmund.
Autobahn connections are E31(in Germany named A57, from Rotterdam by Nimwegen to Neuss further to Ludwigshafen by Cologne and Koblenz), A46 (coming from the Netherlands as N297) and B1 (from Aachen to Neuss further to Poland by Düsseldorf, Dortmund, Paderborn, Braunschweig, Magdeburg, Potsdam and Berlin).
On some routes, getting around by foot or bike is the fastest way, since the street network is usually working to capacity, and there are many shortcuts through renaturated areas, not supporting cars. The street network is supported by a number of navigational systems. If you plan a trip, you should watch out for the street names "Berghäuschensweg", "Jülicher Straße", and "Willy-Brandt-Ring" as these are the streets with miles of rush-hour traffic jam. The cities public transportation system consists of 8 components with 43 lines in total: regional rail(4 lines), suburban rail(3 lines), light-rail(1 line), tram(1 line),express bus(1 line), city bus(12 lines), night bus(6 lines), regional bus(15 lines). The system is lightly interconnected with its neighbouring towns Kaarst, Meerbusch, Düsseldorf, Dormagen, Grevenbroich, and Korschenbroich. Regional rail, express bus, night bus and regional bus, usually serve hourly, while suburban rail, light-rail, tram, city bus serve more frequently. Lines that serve on same routes are coordinated to densify frequency. Interchange points are Viersener Straße in the North of the City, Central Station, Zolltor/Landestheater(most bus lines are connected here), Stadthalle(connection to tram), and Norf station in the South of Neuss.