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Nepal Bhasa

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Nepal Bhasa (नेपाल भाषा, Nēpāl bhāṣā, also known as Newāh Bhāy) is one of the major languages of Nepal. It was Nepal's administrative and day-to-day language from the 14th to the late 18th centuries. Nepal Bhasa is spoken today as a mother tongue by the Newars, the indigenous inhabitants of Nepal Mandala, which consists of the Kathmandu Valley and surrounding regions.Outside Nepal, Nepal Bhasa is also spoken in India, particularly in Sikkim where it is one of the 11 official languages.Nepal Bhasa is classified as a Tibeto-Burman language, but it has been greatly influenced by Indo-Aryan languages.

Some common phrases and terms in Nepal Bhasa and Nepali[edit]

English Nepal Bhasa
Devanagari
Nepal Bhasa
Roman script
Khas Bhasa (Nepali)
Hello ज्वजलपा Jvajalapā! Namaste
What is your name? छिगु नां: छु खः ? Chigu nāṁḥ chu khaḥ? Tapa'ee'ko naam k' ho?
My name is ___ जिगु नां: ___ ख: Jigu nāṁ: ___ khaḥ. Mero naam ___ ho
New Year greetings न्हूदँया भिंतुना Nhūdaṁyā bhintunā Na'ya barsh'a ko'o shubkamana
Thank you शुभाय् Śubhāy Dhanyabad
Welcome लसकुस Lasakusa! Swagat chha
Yes खः Khaḥ Ho
No मखु Makhu Ho'eena
Okay ज्यु Jyu Thik chha
Not Okay मज्यु Majyu Thik chha'ee'na
Friend पासा Pāsā Saathi
Organization गुथि Guthi Sansthan
House छें Chēṁ Ghar
Human मनु Manu Manaw
Medicine वास: Vāsaḥ Owkhati/ Owsadhi
News बुखं Bukhaṁ Samachar
Dance प्याखं Pyākhaṁ Naach
Man मि:जं Miḥjaṁ Manchhe
Woman मि:शा Miḥśā Aa'ee'maa'ee
Gentleman भाजु Bhāju Mahodaya
Madam म्येजु Myēju Mahodaya
Young Man ल्याम: Lyāmaḥ Yuwa'a
Young Lady ल्यासी Lyāsī Yuwa'ati
Song म्ये Myē Geet
Stage दबली, दबू: Dabalī, dabūḥ munch
Palace लाय्‌कू Lāy‌kū Durbar
Office ज्यास: Jyāsaḥ Karyalaya
Shop पस: Pasah Pasal
Courtyard चूक Cūka Chowk
Brain न्ह्यपु Nhyapu Dimag
Heart नुगः Nugaḥ Mutu
Water लः, ना Laḥ, Nā Pani
Rain वा Warsha'aa
Wife's parents place Suhsuh Suhsurali
I don't understand Nepal Bhasa जित: नेपाल भाँः मवः Jitaḥ Nēpāl bhaah mawaḥ Ma'laee Nepal Bhasa aa'un'da'een'a
Earthquake Bho'khabo Bhukampa
Wall आंग Aanga Bhita
Cock गोङ्ङ Gongnga
Hen खा Khaa Kukhura
Mattress ला सा La sa
Pillow फोङ्ङा Fong nga
Broom तूफी Toofi
Hair साः Saaah Kapal
Turmeric ह लू Huhloo Besar
Ginger पाः लू Paah Loo
Fat ल्होङ Hlonga
Thin गाइसी Gaishi
Healthy-looking स्वे जिऊ Swe jiu
Not Healthy-looking स्वे मजिऊ Swe majiu
Agricultural Field बुँ Buu
Wind फे faye
Soil चाः Chaa
Sugary चाः कू Chaa Ku
Sweet(less Sugary) माः कू Maa Ku
Sour पङ् Pung
Bitter Khai खाई
Shoes लकाङ Lakang
Shirt नङ् Nung
Mud भेते Bheytay
Place for Cremation खोडे Khode
Bridge ताँ Taah
River खुसी Khusi
Rivulet/Stream ढचा Dhacha
Well तुन्छी Tunchhi ईऩार
Ground Floor छेली Cheeli
First Floor माताङ् Matang
Second Floor चुता Chuta
Attic Floor बैग Baiga
Roof कशी Kassi
Glass न्हेकङ् Nyekang
Toilet मः ला Ma Laa
Road लँा Laa
Hole ह्व/प्व Ho/Pyo
Ditch गः Ga
Grass घ्याँ Ghya
Scarecrow ख्याः Khyaa
Day न्हीछी nhichi
Night चःछी Chhachi
Month लःछी Lacchi
Year डाः छी Daachi
Three Month सो ला Swo laa
Six Month खु ला Khoo Laa
Spring बोङा Bongnga
More यक्को Yekko
Little न्यसुन Nesun
Not Enough म ग्गा Mugga

Relationship[edit]

English Devanagari Roman script Khas Bhasa (Nepali)
Mother मां Māṁ Aa'maa
Father अबु Abu Ba'aa
Grandmother अजी Ajī Ba'jya'ee
Grandfather अजा Ajā Baaj'ey
Brother (Elder) दाजु Dāju Dai
Brother (younger) किजा Kijā Bhai
Sister (elder) तता Tatā Didi
Sister (younger) कें Kēṁ Bahini
Uncle (Mother's brother) पाजु Pāju Mama
Uncle (Father's brother) त: बा / क: का Taḥbā (elder brother), Kaḥkā (younger brother) Thool-buwa (elder brother) / Kaka (younger brother)
Uncle (Father's sister's husband) पाजु Pāju Phoophajyu
Aunty (Father's sister) निनी Ninī Phoophoo
Aunty (Mother's sister) त:मा Taḥmā Thool-ama (elder sister)/Kanchhi amaa (younger sister)
Aunty (Father's elder brother's wife) त: मा Taḥmā Thooli-ama
Aunty (Father's younger brother's wife) मामा Mama Kaki
Aunty (Mother's brother's wife) मल्जु Malju Maijyu
Son काय: Kāyaḥ Chhora
Daughter मयाह: Mayāhaḥ Chhori
Nephew (Brother's son) कय:चा Kayaḥcā Bhatija
Niece (Brother's daughter) मयाह: चा Mayāhahcā Bhatiji
Nephew (Sister's son) भिन्चा Bhincā Bhanja
Niece (Sister's daughter) भिन्चा Bhincā Bhanji
Grandchild छ्ये Chyē Nati/Natini (male/female)
Daughter-in-law ब्हऔ Bḥa'au Buhari
Son-in-law जीलाजं Jīlājaṁ Jwaeen (nasalised 'n')
Father's in Law ससः बा Sasaḥ bā (Father) / Suh'suhmaa (Mother) Suhsurobaa (Father) / Saasoo (Mother)
Mother's in Law ससः मा Sasaḥma (Mother) Suhsura (Father) / Saasoo (Mother)

Cuisine[edit]

Common

English Devanagari Romanized
Cooked Rice जा: Jāh
Rice जाकि Jāki
Paddy वा Wa
Wheat छो Chho
Poha (Beaten Rice) वजी Vajī
Meat (Buff / Chicken / Lamb / Pork) ला: (मेइ ला / खाई ला / दुकुचिउ ला / फाई ला) Lāh (mei lah / khai lah/ dukuchiu lah / fai lah)
Dry Meat सुकुला: Sukulāh
Yogurt धौ Dhau

Special

Devanagari Roman Ingredient
य: मरी Yah Marī Rice Flour, Meat, Chaku (sweet) or Maa(pulses) or Muu(pulses)
चट्टाँ मरी chatanmari Rice Flour
त: खा Tah Khā Terrin of Buffalo meat
स:न्या: खूना Sahnyāh khūnā Terrin of buffalo meat and tiny fresh water fish
से ला: Sēlāh Buffalo lungs
छोय् ला: Chōy lāh Meat (mainly Buffalo, Duck), chiles, onion, oil
वारा व Vārā Wo Maa (pulses) or Muu (pulses)
सम:य बजी Samah ya bajī Bāra, (bolied) Egg*, fresh water fish, pulses, Beaten Rice, Fried Beaten Rice, Ginger etc.
थ्व: Thwoh Rice alcohol
सिसा पुसा Sisapussa Dessert
  • Duck egg for special occasion (rituals, sagun/sagā, birthday)

Animal names[edit]

English Devanagari Roman script Khas Bhasa (Nepali)
Black Ant(Bigger) ईमू/याङ् Īmū/Yang Kamila
Red Ant(Smaller) सापेङ् Sapeng Kamila
Lice सिः Si
Baby Lice सँा सिः Saa Si
Buffalo मे Mehn (nasalised "n") Rang'o/Bhaise
Bull Dohn (nasalised "n") Goru
Cat भौ Bhou Biralo
Cockroach Bili Sāngla
Cow Sahn (silent "n") Gai
Crow को Kag
Dog खिचा Khicā Kukur
Duck हें/ Hēṁ/Hyaa Hahns (slightly nasalised 'n')
Eagle Emaa Cheel
Earthworm Doobui Gadeaula
Snakes Ta:ha Sarpa
Elephant Kisi Hatti
Fish ङा Nyaa Machha
Hen/Chicken खा: Khāh Kukhura
Horse सल: salaah ghoda
Kite Bhutima Changaa
Monkey माक: Mākah Badar
Mouse छू: Chūh Musa
Owl Bhulukha Latokosero
Pigeon वखूँ Vakhūm Parewa
Pig फा Phā Sungur
Sparrow चकूचा Cakūh cha Bhangero (nasalised 'n')
Toad/Frog बय्याँ Bayyām̐ Bhyaguta
Tiger धुँ Dhuyu Bagh
Fox ध्व Dhwo
Mosquito पाँती Paati
Lizard म्हाल्िङचा Mhalingcha
House-fly भूजिङ Vuzing
Grasshopper बुँइचा Buicha
Goat डुगु Dugu
Sheep फै Fai
Rabbit खराचा Kharacha
Bee हँा Haa

Color[edit]

English Devanagari Roman script Khas Bhasa (Nepali)
White तूयु Tuyu Seto
Black हाकू Haku Kalo
Red ह्याँगू Hyau'n (nasalised 'n') Rato
Green वाङ्गू Wau'n (nasalised 'n') Hariyo
Blue Wo'chu'n (nasalised 'n') Nilo
Yellow म्हासू Mhasu'n (nasalised 'n') Pahelo
Brown सियू Siyugu (nasalised 'n') Khairo

Variants

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