Nakhchivan is separated from the rest of Azerbaijan by Armenia, with which Azerbaijan is still at war. The region is not a major tourist destination.
The best way to get to Nakhchivan is to fly from Baku to Nakhchivan Airport, just outside the exclave's capital (airport code: NAJ), Azal operates a shuttle service, heavily subsidized by the Azeri government. Flights depart from Baku's Terminal 2 (the old terminal), which is adjacent to the new international terminal. Flights take around 1 hour, and operate between 3-6 daily flights, depending on demand. Both Baku Terminal 2, and Nakhchivan Airport are small and uninteresting. Don't arrive too early, as you will get bored waiting. Check in closes 40 minutes before departure.
From Nakhchivan you can also fly to Moscow weekly on UT Air, and to Istanbul thrice weekly on Turkish Airlines.
There is sometimes a control check on arrival. If you are foreign you may be asked of the purpose of your visit. Keep in mind that this is a very controlled state, journalists and those representing NGOs are not welcome with open arms.
Airfare prices are different for foreigners than those for Azeris. Flights can't be purchased on Azerbaijan Airlines' site. They are purchased at travel agents only.
The main AZAL office in Baku is at SW Travel AZAL Office, 84 Nizami Street. They accept credit cards, and staff speak good English. Take a number when you go in, and you will be seen in order of arrival.
There are buses and taxis to the city, which is only 3km away. A taxi ride from the airport to Nakhchivan city centre is around AZN 5.
The nearest airport with connections to Ankara is at Erzurum (ERZ), 250 kilometres west of Nakhchivan.
If you are travelling by land, you can also cross to and from Iran at the Julfa border point, the city on the other side is Jolfa (The other Azeri-Iranian border crossing is between Astara and .... Astara!). There are trains to Tabriz.
Local cabs can be hired on arrival but will likely inflate prices. If you are headed to Nakchivan, having a local receive you will smooth over any unplanned border hassles. Taxi rates are linked to fuel costs. In Nakchivan its about .75 USD/liter.
The exclave has a short border with Turkey in Sədərək which allows an easy link to the city of Iğdır. There are buses per day starting from or passing through Iğdır bus station (120 min pure driving time). Border is opened 24 hours for crossing. However, border guards are very corrupt – and even corruption aside, the extensive security, customs and immigration checks on both sides are likely to last two hours or more.
The best way to get around is by cab. There is a fixed price system when you travel within the city. It costs 1-2 USD to travel between any two points withing the city. If you want to travel outside of the city, you have to bargain with the cab drivers. The highest price you will be charged (traveling from Sederek to Ordubad) is no more than $50.
Momune khatun (in the city), Qizlar Bulagi (near momune khatun), Asebi keif (sacrificial grounds, believed to be holy by locals),
qutab,dolma(naxcivanski dolma),bozartma,xash and many more....
Vine growing in Nakhchivan is an ancient tradition, in the Araz valley and foothills. Very hot summers and long warm autumn make it possible to grow such highly saccharine grapes as bayan-shiraz, tebrizi, shirazi. Wines such as "Nakhchivan" "Shahbuz", "Abrakunis", "Aznaburk" are of reasonable quality and very popular.
Being an important trade center, with manifold connections to Iran and Turkey, Nakhichevan city is after Baku the most cosmopolitan city in Azerbaijan, and this is reflected also in the availability of accommodation.
Beware of officials when taking photographs. Rumor has it, even taking pictures in the direction of the Armenian border could get your camera confiscated. Bus station where you can sleep is also opened 24 hours