The Musandam Peninsula is in Northern Oman
Musandam is on the Strait of Hormuz, separated from the rest of Oman by the east coastline of the United Arab Emirates. It also includes the exclave Madha which is completely enclosed by the United Arab Emirates, inside of which is a truly tiny exclave called Nahwa that is part of Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates.
The mountains have housed extremely isolated communities for centuries and many coastal villages can only be reached by boat. The population of approximately 29,000 is concentrated in the capital Khasab in the north, and the small port town of Dibba on the east coast.
Traditionally, there has been a lot of smuggling of contraband by Iranians in and out of Musandam.
Road access is possible from Ras Al Khaymah on the West coast of the United Arab Emirates, Fujairah (Limted to GCC Nationals), and Dibba, Sharjah on the East Coast. For none GCC Nationals it isn't possible to get between these border crossings within Musandam itself by vehicle.
An entry visa is required if you are entering from the United Arab Emirates at Ras Al Khaymah. The emigration offices on both sides of the border are unorganized and slow. It can take up to 4 hours to get an exit and entry visa (during holiday season in United Arab Emirates). If you traveling by private vehicle, Omani insurance is a must.
Tarmac roads allow easy access up the west coast to Khasab, and 2 separate tarmac road networks exist on the east coast, one connecting with the United Arab Emirates at Dibba, and one isolated at Lima. Tracks link up the 3 border points connecting to the United Arab Emirates. However a military base in Wadi Bih, in the centre of Musandam prevents none GCC nationals from passing in any direction. The base sits on a T-junction with routes going in each direction, to the 3 border points.
On the West Coast passports are stamped, however on the east coast they are not. Therefore if this Militry base is avoided, when travelling on foot in the mountains (challenging), then an exit stamp is either missing in your passport (Entering west coast; exiting east coast), or not given because of no entry stamp (Entering east coast; exiting west coast), and you will be turned around. To add to this, additional problems can occur if the West Coast route is crossed on a passport, with United Arab Emirate residential visa applications in process and they will be cancelled. Therefore the majority of the arid mountainous country can be visited from the Khasab side, but will involve a turning back. A smaller arid mountainous area, although more popular, is accessed from the east coast.
There are no fuel stations off the tarmac roads, therefore monitoring fuel levels, among other things, is vital.
Barren mountains that rise up to 2,000 metres or 6,500 feet above sea level jut out like fingers into the sea, creating countless fjord-like inlets and yield spectacular views.
Musandam offers both spectacular sea and mountain views.
Due to the sparse population of the Musandam Peninsula coast, wildlife is abundant in the waters along the coast. Scuba diving is one of the main and most popular tourist activities in this region, with a very competent dive center based at the Golden Tulip Hotel located immediately to the west of Khasab.
With LuLu Hypermarket, a tourist's life in Khasab is very easy.