Beautiful banners are coming to every article and you can help!
Check out our guidelines and learn how to create your own!

Musandam Peninsula

From Wikitravel
Earth : Asia : Middle East : Oman : Northern Oman : Musandam Peninsula
Jump to: navigation, search
Musandam Peninsula

Musandam Peninsula Banner.jpg

The Musandam Peninsula is in Northern Oman


Musandam is on the Strait of Hormuz, separated from the rest of Oman by the east coastline of the United Arab Emirates. It also includes the exclave Madha which is completely enclosed by the United Arab Emirates, inside of which is a truly tiny exclave called Nahwa that is part of Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates.

The mountains have housed extremely isolated communities for centuries and many coastal villages can only be reached by boat. The population of approximately 29,000 is concentrated in the capital Khasab in the north, and the small port town of Dibba on the east coast.

Traditionally, there has been a lot of smuggling of contraband by Iranians in and out of Musandam.

Get in[edit]

Road access is possible from Ras Al Khaymah on the West coast of the United Arab Emirates, Fujairah (Limted to GCC Nationals), and Dibba, Sharjah on the East Coast. For none GCC Nationals it isn't possible to get between these border crossings within Musandam itself by vehicle.

Oman Airlines has regular flights from Muscat to Khasab.

An entry visa is required if you are entering from the United Arab Emirates at Ras Al Khaymah. The emigration offices on both sides of the border are unorganized and slow. It can take up to 4 hours to get an exit and entry visa (during holiday season in United Arab Emirates). If you traveling by private vehicle, Omani insurance is a must.

If you are entering through Dibba on the East Coast, you cross a small border post situated along the coast. There is another border further inland which is only open to Omani residents/nationals. As this is more a checkpoint than an official border it is not possible to obtain an Omani visa here. However, if you are in the UAE on a UAE tourist visa (issued upon arrival or not), this will be valid to cross the border as long as it is valid for your entire duration of stay in Dibba. There is no fee to cross the border. For UAE nationals the crossing is also very straightforward. For those who have a UAE residency visa matters are a bit more complicated: you need to obtain a border permit for which you need a sponsor. If you book a stay with one of the hotels in Dibba, or a dhowcruise, your tour operator or hotel can arrange this for you. It just takes some time to arrange (give or take 2 days) so last-minute bookings can be difficult.

Get around[edit]

Tarmac roads allow easy access up the west coast to Khasab, and 2 separate tarmac road networks exist on the east coast, one connecting with the United Arab Emirates at Dibba, and one isolated at Lima. Tracks link up the 3 border points connecting to the United Arab Emirates. However a military base in Wadi Bih, in the centre of Musandam prevents none GCC nationals from passing in any direction. The base sits on a T-junction with routes going in each direction, to the 3 border points.

On the West Coast passports are stamped, however on the east coast they are not. Therefore if this Militry base is avoided, when travelling on foot in the mountains (challenging), then an exit stamp is either missing in your passport (Entering west coast; exiting east coast), or not given because of no entry stamp (Entering east coast; exiting west coast), and you will be turned around. To add to this, additional problems can occur if the West Coast route is crossed on a passport, with United Arab Emirate residential visa applications in process and they will be cancelled. Therefore the majority of the arid mountainous country can be visited from the Khasab side, but will involve a turning back. A smaller arid mountainous area, although more popular, is accessed from the east coast.

There are no fuel stations off the tarmac roads, therefore monitoring fuel levels, among other things, is vital.

There is a ferry from Khasab to Muscat (Oman) and another ferry service that links Khasab, Lima and Dibba, although the latter stop is temporarily suspended due to dredging works in the harbour of Dibba.


Barren mountains that rise up to 2,000 metres or 6,500 feet above sea level jut out like fingers into the sea, creating countless fjord-like inlets and yield spectacular views.

  • Mountains. Starting from the principal town of Khasab, a graded road straddles a ridge, high above valleys on either side. This is near Jabal Harim (Mt. Harim), the highest point in Musandam. It's used for military purposes, so the road doesn't go over the top, but veers off about 1/4 mile from the summit.
  • Seacoasts. Out on the water is where to get a closer look at the fjords of Musandam. Huge chunks of rocks towering over the serene waters and little villages that are only accessible by boat.One of the striking geological features of these mountains is all the twisting and turning they've gone through over the years. It is possible to catch many of these boat trips through agencies in Dubai. The drive from the UAE, especially after passing the Omani borders, is great, as it goes through breathtaking landscapes. Dhow cruises take you out to the Hormuz Strait.


Musandam offers both spectacular sea and mountain views.

Due to the sparse population of the Musandam Peninsula coast, wildlife is abundant in the waters along the coast. Scuba diving is one of the main and most popular tourist activities in this region, with a very competent dive center based at the Golden Tulip Hotel located immediately to the west of Khasab, as well as dive centers operating out of Dibba on the East Coast.

Although the mountains may seem quite barren, the real life of Musandam is underwater. Scuba diving in Musandam is some of the best of the area, and certainly better than from the UAE, although the UAE east coast also offers some nice dive sites. Most sites are along walls/slopes ranging from shallow depths to well over 40m. Due to their topography most sites are diveable for divers of all levels, but currents can sometimes be strong. Visibility is generally better than in the Persian Gulf, averaging around 10-12m but on a good day can be well over 20m. There is a huge diversity in marine life, from big pelagics such as the (rare) whale shark, devil- & eagle rays to the tiny things: seahorses, nudibranch and several species of shrimp can be found. On the reef it is very common to spot barracuda, lionfish, scorpionfish as well as many tropical reef fishes. Some of the top dive sites are Lima Rock, Octopus Rock, Ras Marovi, Temple Rock/Hard Rock Cafe, Umm al Fayyarin, and the islands at the northern tip of the peninsula, although these are for more advanced divers only.

Snorkelling can be good in the area as well and many dive operators happily take snorkellers on board.

  • Dolphin watching on a traditional Omani Dhow - This is a wonderful experience - the dolphins respond to the sound of the Dhow captains' whistles, and they come soaring along side the Dhow, putting on a show. They are incredibly agile and love to perform.
  • Sheesa Beach Travel & Tourism (Sheesa Beach Dive Center), Dibba port Musandam, Oman # 800, +968 2 683 6551, [1]. 8am-6pm. Biggest running Dhow cruise with 8 fleet and 6 speedboat. PADI Dive center that offer all padi courses with three dive insturctors and one Divemater. Other services; Day and overnight liveaboard dive safari (1-7 day). sharing/private day and overnight cruise, kayaking, Deep water soloing and camping. Dhow cruise/ scuba live-aboard exploring up to northern tip of Musandam Peninsula. (25.65035,56.26775) edit
  • Nomad Ocean Adventures, Dibba Ring Road, Dibba (next to Shell petrol station), 0096826836069, [2]. 9.30am-6.30pm. Speedboat divetrips along the coastline of Musandam. 5 star PADI IDC center that offers the full range of PADI dive courses from beginner to professional. Offers free nitrox and also cates to technical divers. Very professional center with a laidback guesthouse attached for overnight stays.  edit


With LuLu Hypermarket, a tourist's life in Khasab is very easy.

In Dibba on the East Coast there are not many options, apart from the two hotels in town. In the port there is a small cafetaria offering local food, and a supermarket to stock up on snacks and (non-alcoholic) drinks.


Stay safe[edit]

Get out[edit]

This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!



Destination Docents

In other languages