Established in 1913, Mount Robson Provincial Park is the second provincial protected area in the province. The Texqakallt First Nations called the peak Yuh-hai-has-kun, "The Mountain of the Spiral Road" owing to the mountain's ringed appearance. Mount Robson was first climbed to the summit in 1913, which with 3000m of pure ascent, is an impressive feat. Roy Fredrick Hargreaves settled in the area in the late 1800's and built some cabins near the foot of the mountain. During his settlement he developed the berg lake trail.
As you might expect, the park's landscape is quite mountainous, although there are some low flat marshlands around Moose Lake. The portion of the park most seen by travellers follows a long narrow valley from Tete Jaune Cache up to the headwaters of the Fraser River and beyond to Jasper. You will likely not recognize the Fraser River if your first impression is of the large, slow, lumbering waterway that flows into the Strait of Georgia in Vancouver. In this area the Fraser is a fast moving glacier fed river in its infancy, just beginning its 1400 km (870 mi) journey which drains 220,000 square kilometers of British Columbia.
A brief survey of mammals native to this area include grizzly and black bears, caribou, wolverines, mule deer, whitetail deer, moose, elk, wolf, and coyote. There are also over 182 species of bird and waterfowl, 4 amphibians and one reptile native to the area.
Berg Lake is an azure jewel tucked snuggly to the base of Mount Robson. It is named for the huge chunks of ice that break off (calve) from the Berg Glacier that flows directly into the lake. If you are truly brave, feel free to take a dip in the most refreshing water you can imagine. Berg Lake is a 21km hike from the trailhead.
Mount Robson Provincial Park offers everything from short day hikes to week long backcountry expeditions that meet up with Jasper National Parks trail system.
Robson Meadows and Robson River campsites have several short trails suitable for day hiking.
Kinney Lake Trail is a 4.5km (one way) hike that departs from the Berg Lake Trailhead.
Berg Lake Trail gains 800m in 23 kilometers, and is the entryway to several other trails at or near Berg Lake. You must register at the information center if you plan to camp along this trail, or further backcountry. There are seven separate sites with tent pads along this trail. Bicycles are not allowed past Kinney Lake at the 7km mark. There are many waterfalls along this trail along the Robson River.
Hargreaves Lake Route is a half day hike that climbs from Marmot campsite (along Berg Lake Trail) to Hargreaves Lake and glacier. After the viewpoint this trail intersects with the Toboggan Falls trail and becomes Mumm Basin Route, which is another steep alpine trail which heads to Robson Pass. It is a half day return to Berg Lake.
Toboggan Falls Route is a two hour return route that climbs to Toboggan Falls and alpine meadows. If you continue on for 45 minutes past the falls you will find some caves.
Snowbird Pass Route is a full day hike from Berg Lake past the impressive Robson Glacier and the backside of Mount Robson. This trail is closed in May and June so as not to disturb the caribou calving that takes place in this area.
Moose River Route should only be attempted by experienced, well-equipped backcountry hikers. This is a several day hike that crosses Robson Pass into Jasper National Park before cutting back across Moose Pass. It is 66km from Berg Lake Trailhead to Highway 16 at Moose River.
Yellowhead Mountain Trail. The trailhead is 52.8 km east of the Mount Robson Park Visitor Centre at Yellowhead Mountain. This trail gains 800m in elevation in only 8km, so should only be attempted by those in good physical condition. Culminates in subalpine meadows with astounding views of the mountains and lakes of the park. There are no facilities along this trail, and it is recommended for day hikes only.
Mount Fitzwilliam Trail trailhead is located 54km east of the visitor centre. This trail which heads south from Highway 16 travels 13.5km up and around Mount Fitzwilliam to a sub alpine lake.
Mount Robson is 3954m. Only experienced professional climbers should attempt this climb. Because if its size, Robson must be climbed over the course of several days. Weather is a major factor on Mount Robson turning many a climber back.
There are opportunities for fishing at Moose Lake and Yellowhead Lake. There is seasonal flyfishing along the Fraser and Moose rivers. Species include Dolly Varden, Lake Trout, Rainbow Trout, Kokanee and Whitefish. A fishing license is required and is available at the Visitor Centre.
The wildlife in this park can be hazardous, especially if with their young. Do not approach bears, moose or caribou. Many of the trails travel through extreme terrain so utmost care should be taken when hiking alongside cliffs and over wet rocks. It is recommended to boil all water, and it is illegal (and dangerous) to pick and eat mushrooms and berries in this park. When hiking in the backcountry you should always register your itinerary with park staff, and carry adequate supplies including first-aid gear.