Help Wikitravel grow by contributing to an article! Learn how.

Mount Merapi

From Wikitravel
Indonesia : Java : Central Java : Mount Merapi
Jump to: navigation, search
Travel Warning WARNING: Mount Merapi is an active volcano. It started spewing ash in 2013 from September and on November 11th 2013, Mount Merapi spewed volcanic ash about 2,000 meters (6,500 feet) into the sky, causing ash to fall in several towns [Indonesia's Sinabung and Merapi Volcanoes Erupt]. Flight paths were re-routed. Travellers are advised not to go here till the volcanic activity subsides to normal levels.

In late October and throughout November 2010 a series of volcanic eruptions occured at Mount Merapi. In excess of 353 deaths were reported with many injured from severe burns and respiratory damage. In excess of 350,000 people living in the danger zone were evacuated and local authorities struggled under the burden of caring for the injured and displaced. Toward the end of November, with the eruptive activity stabilising and the likelihood of further explosive eruption diminishing many of those displaced by the eruptions began to return to their villages and homes. Previously, during the November eruptions Indonesian authorities declared a 20 kilometre exclusion zone around Mount Merapi.

By early December the eruptive activity of Merapi had subsided considerably and on 3 December the warning level was reduced from level 4 to level 3. A reduced exclusion zone radius of 2.5 km was announced at that time.

Further volcanic activity in the area including explosive eruptions, lava flows, lahars, hot ash, pyroclastic heat clouds and molten debris remains possible.

Mount Merapi

Mount Merapi (Gunung Merapi, 2911m) is a volcano in Central Java, looming over the cities of Yogyakarta and Solo (Surakarta).

Understand[edit]

Literally "Mountain of Fire", Mount Merapi is the most active volcano in all Indonesia — no mean feat — and it has erupted at least 68 times since 1548. The volcano is thought to be largely responsible for the downfall of the Hindu Mataram kingdom in 1006 and the desertion of the huge temple complex at nearby Prambanan. Recent eruptions include 1994 (64 killed), 2006 (no immediate deaths, but a prelude to an earthquake that killed over 5000) and 2010 (30 dead).

Anyone thinking of climbing the mountain must first check if it is safe to do so. While climbing the mountain with a qualified guide is recommended it is not necessary or mandatory, as the track to the summit is wide and clearly marked. But this is not the case at night. Many routes are invisible since visibility is low.

Get in[edit]

Selo is the last village on your way to Merapi. A taxi from Yogyakarta airport to Selo and back will cost you around Rp 1,000,000. Most of the drivers will happily to wait for you while you climb Merapi and will take you back to your hotel.

Selo has local guides who will take you to Merapi.

  • Guide Association, (Magic"), Merapi Guide Club. ☎
  • leader guide in Selo, can arrange sunrise trekking:

He is Suroto Sheby " Phone : +6285640657456 / +6287835090433, Email: surotosheby@ymail.com

  • Yogyakarta,. Transport and climb for Rp 300.000 per person for groups of two or three people.Keep in mind that most of the agents require minimum two people, so if you are a solo traveler then you may have to wait for a day or two. For Merapi Camping Trips you can arrange for $250 per person with facility transportation from hotel/airport yogyakarta, equipment gear tents, sleping bag, matras, water and meal, head lamp, profesional guide and porter.

Alternatively you can hire a scooter in Yogyakarta and ride out to the summit. Ride north out of Yojya on Jl. Magelang for 45 min. When you reach Mungkid turn right onto Jalan Bololali - Mungkad and head towards Ketep. At Ketep turn right and continue following the Jalan Bololali - Mungkad into Selo. From Selo ride up the steep road (on the right as you come into Selo) to the trail entrance where you can leave your scooter.

Korindo Network Travel and visit their website at: http://korindo-network.com

Various travel agents in Yogyakarta sell packages inclusive of transport to/fro, guide and breakfast for around 300.000. Visit Jalan Sosrowijayan and shop around.

Get around[edit]

There are a few ojeks (motorcycle taxis) offering informal transport around the area.

In the villages around the base of Merapi, almost any vehicle you see on the road is a potential lift (for cash), so don't be shy!

See & Do[edit]

Climbing Merapi[edit]

Do avoid the rainy season which spans Late October to Early April. The slopes become slippery and the high altitude, night climate and rain makes the hike unbearably cold, especially if you are waiting for the rain to pass at one of a handful of sheds on the route up. Waterproof winter wear is necessary if you intend to brave the rains in these months and especially at night. The rainy season also means cloudy days and reduces the prospects of viewing any sunrise. Do pack a set of dry clothes to change into, since you are bound to get wet, and good hiking shoes with sufficient friction to mitigate the wet roads. The trip to base camp by car can also get hazardous as fog builds up after a downpour and visibility degrades to less than 1m.

Trekking on and around Merapi is a popular activity (at least when the volcano isn't spewing out hot gas and ash). From Selo, the nearest village on the north slope, it is 3 hr hike to the summit for the fit and healthy. For others it will take 4+ hr to climb, and nearly the same time to get back down again.

Carry a small pack with some food, a good flash light, with spare batteries (available for purchase in Selo village), and at least 2 litres of water per person.

The track to the top is a reasonable grade and is mostly the mountain's natural water drains, a guide is recommended, can get muddy and slippery when it rains. Once through the tree line the track is less defined and the final climb to the summit (after the memorial plaque) is a very steep scramble over loose and broken rock. While not in itself dangerous, do take your time on the last section. There is a 200m section of ash which is the hardest once surpassed the rocky section to the summit is reasonably steep but is like any other for regular hikers.

Most climbers start at about 1AM to be sure of reaching the summit by sunrise at 5.30AM. Night climbing is wise in any case, as the upper reaches of the mountain are completely treeless and the sun can fry you to a crisp. The sunrise views across East Java are quite stunning.

view from Gunung Merapi

Alternative route to Mt. Merapi

There is an alternative route from Kinahrejo at the south side of the mountain. Starting from Yogyakarta one gets there by taking a public bus to Kaliurang (spelled on the bus as "X Urang") to the last stop. From there you can pay an ojek for an exorbitant 50.000 Rp. (7km) to Kinahrejo but hitching is more fun. There are several cheap places to stay there. The trail starts at the lava stream 200m east of the memorial museum. Follow the lava stream. Make sure you start early (< 7 0' clock) because there might be some officials that don't want you to go there. Walking up you might encounter some locals that will tell you not to use dirty language and ask for forgiveness if you pee. This to make sure you won't upset the volcano. After a few km, you arrive at a beautiful viewpoint of Mt Merapi. Fromt there follow the rocky river at your left. After a few hundered meter you will find a trail that successively leads to a portal, a place of offering and 2 weather stadions. Once the trees stop it is pretty straight forward but not easy. Mt. Merapi is basically a pile of rubble. 3 steps up, slide 1 down. Walking up should take about 5,5 hrs. walking down a bit less. Bring 3 liter of water.

Other[edit]

The less active should not feel left out as there are far less strenuous treks around the base of the mountain. Ask around in Selo.

Depending on the state of volcanic activity you may be able to witness molten lava flows way down the slopes of the mountain. Take local advice.

Buy[edit][add listing]

A signboard at the entrance of the Merapi Plateau reads: "Leave nothing but tracks, carry nothing but photographs"

Eat[edit][add listing]

Not many options to eat exist in or around Selo. Local food stalls offer basic tea and local food items. Plenty of such stalls can be found in Selo.

Drink[edit][add listing]

Nothing except the local stuff. Carry your own bottles.

Sleep[edit][add listing]

Camping[edit]

There are no explicit rules which prohibit camping on and around the mountain. You will need to bring in all your own equipment and you must keep yourself fully briefed with the latest safety reports. Also make sure you bring in enough water, as the springs and streams on the mountain are very sulphurous.

Pyroclastic flows on Merapi in 2007
  • Homestay, the only room close to the starting point. With clean rooms, Rp 100,000 including breakfast. Is the owner and is also the leader of guide at Selo. Can organise volcano and camping trips.

Stay safe[edit]

It is hard to think of many more dangerous volcanoes anywhere in the world. Always heed local advice from a guide, and it pays to check the bulletins at the Smithsonian Global Vulcansim Program [1]and the Indonesian Geological Survey (in Indonesian) [2].

Get out[edit]



This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!


Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages

other sites