Overtown is a historically African-American neighborhood located just north of downtown Miami and is considered part of Miami's Central District. It is also Miami’s poorest neighborhood. The majority of its residents (75%) are African-Americans, though the White and Hispanic population has been increasing. The town was formed because of Jim Crow laws restricting where African-Americans could live.
In its heyday, Overtown had several theatres, nightclubs, schools and other facilities that African-Americans could use without infringing on territory intended only for white people. Famous African-Americans such as Josephine Baker, Zora Neale Hurston and W.E.B. DuBois stayed in Overtown before desegregation in the American South.
When Jim Crow laws were overturned, several African-Americans moved out of Overtown and moved to other locales in Miami; this began Overtown's slow decline. Demolished buildings in the 1970s and incidents that disturbed the neighborhood in the 1980s made Overtown fall futher into disrepair. Today developers are trying to create new housing and businesses in the area to get middle-class residents to come to the area; this is called the Overtown Renaissance.
Overtown is accessible by Metrorail at the Overtown station from Downtown Miami, as well as the School Board station on the MetroMover.
There are many convienience stores throughout the area as well as some cheap clothing stores and food. However, they may be fake so watch out what you buy out there such as the purses and shoes
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Despite the Renaissance attempt to revive the community, there are still reports of homicide and sexual crimes in Overtown. Crime occurs like in any other place, but there is a lot of drug activity that goes on around here during the day and at night, and as the Miami Vice saying goes: "Where there's drugs, there's violence."