Medellín is the second largest city in Colombia. It has over 3 million people and is the capital of the department of Antioquia. It's set in a valley running south to north just under one hour by plane from Bogotá. In 2013 Medellin was awarded the Innovative City of the Year by The Wall Street Journal, outranking rivals New York and Tel Aviv .
Let's just get it out of the way up front: throughout the 1980s and 1990s, Medellín was considered one of the most dangerous cities in the world for its size, and had a highly disproportional homicide and kidnapping rate. It was the home of the drug lord Pablo Escobar and the so-called Medellín Cartel, who virtually took over the city during that time. Since his demise in the mid-1990's, the cartel was disbanded and the city rebounded tremendously. In 1991 there were 6500 murders in the city, by 2009 the murder rate decreased to 2900 . The rate of murders per 100.000 people has dropped from 184 in 2002 to 38 in 2013. 
In April of 2014 the U.S. State Department issued a travel warning regarding Colombia: Tens of thousands of U.S. citizens safely visit Colombia each year for tourism, business, university studies, and volunteer work. Security in Colombia has improved significantly in recent years, including in tourist and business travel destinations such as Bogota and Cartagena, but violence linked to narco-trafficking continues to affect some rural areas and parts of large cities. .
It is safe to say that the city is better off today than 20 years ago. Paisas, the residents of Medellin, are proud of their city's progress, and are ready to move forward with vigor. Many parts of the city are very safe - especially el Poblado where you can walk day or night, including Calle 10.
Medellín is a vast city built north to south in the Aburrá valley and surrounded on either side by majestic mountain ranges. The wealthier classes live in the well-protected hillside neighborhood of El Poblado and Envigado (SouthEast) and Laureles (West and South of downtown). This is far removed from the action and commotion which are found in the city's center. There are the busy markets and a thriving street life that make up much of the city's charm. The city is home to a half-dozen universities, accounting for a vibrant cultural and nightlife scene fueled by thousands of young adults from all over the country. Medellín is also Colombia's second largest industrial center, and home to factories making everything from designer clothing to trucks. The city's northern hills are flooded with rural refugees from the ongoing civil war and their ingenuity in making a living is impressive. People sell anything from crayons to guinea pigs to garden earth in the bars in order to make a living.
As a relatively newer city, the architecture has a decidedly modernist appeal, which goes hand in hand with the progressiveness of its residents. Medellin also has the first (and only) Metro system in Colombia. And, for international travelers, Medellín is perhaps most famous for the Botero Museum, whose namesake is one of the most famous modern artist alive today. It is also known for its perfect climate, as witnessed by its nickname "city of the eternal spring". Enough to make your trip worthy.
Traveler be aware: The best advice is to use common sense. Remember, common sense is the least common of all senses. As modern and picturesque as it may seem, listen to advice from the locals as to neighborhoods to stay out of.
Medellín is surrounded by 8 smaller towns and together they form the Area Metropolitana with almost 3.5 million people. These other towns are: Bello, Itaguí, Sabaneta, La Estrella, Caldas, Copacabana, Girardota and Barbosa. The neighboring town of Envigado does not belong to this administrative association even though it is closer than many of the mentioned above. Medellín is a true conglomerate of towns and you will find it difficult to tell the borders between these municipalities.
Located east of Medellín is the valley of Rionegro  which is larger and higher in the mountains. This area holds some of the most important factories, recreational grounds and suburbs of the city, as well as the International Airport.
The weather in Medellín  is quite mild it well deserves its common motto of 'City of everlasting spring'. Average daily temperatures are 22ºC (71ºF) , range from 15 to 30 degrees Celsius (60º-85ºF). Humidity is comfortable in the 50%-70% range. Due to its proximity with the equator there is little variation with the seasons. Due to the altitude (1,500 Mts. or 5,000 feet above see level) and moderate overcast skies Medellin stays cool, with an occasional couple hours of strong sun light.
As Medellín is located in a tropical country, the absence of air conditioners in Medellin often takes foreign visitors by surprise. Air conditioning is used in downtown areas. Fresh air comes from the mountains surrounding Medellin on all sides, and provides Medellin with the perfect climate. At night time the temperature is usually in the 10-15ºC (50-60ºF) range, and depends mostly on if its raining or not. The majority of restaurants are in open air environment, without walls, because of the perfect climate.
There is a new weather info page from the city of Medellín at .
Spanish is the official language in Colombia. Few locals are bi-lingual - if they are, then English is usually their second language. In the more touristic areas you'll find signs written in both Spanish and English, but the difference between the languages isn't so pronounced that you'll be able to navigate far easier than in countries with a different script entirely. If you do get stuck, people are more than willing to try and help out.
Under-served kids in the city have assembled a wealth of new expressions that have fascinated scholars and artists. Many local movies like La Vendedora de Rosas depict this urban language called Parlache in its own idiom. Dialectologist have gather together a dictionary .
Panama City has 3 airports and there are non-stops flights to each of these airports from Medellín (Tocumen: COPA, Panama Pacifico International: Viva Colombia and Albrook: AirPanama).
Airlines serving this airport are: American Airlines , Avianca , COPA , LAN , Spirit Airlines , JetBlue , AeroMexico , Insel Air , AirPanama . VivaColombia  is the largest low-cost airline in Colombia and its hub is at this airport.
Iberia will start direct flights to Madrid on July 2015.
Delta Airlines  will start daily service from Atlanta on December 2015.
Domestic flights have frequent service to Bogota, Cali, Cartagena, Barranquilla, Bucaramanga, Cúcuta, San Andrés Islas, Santa Marta.
A taxi from Rionegro's International Airport to the city is COP $60.000 (July 2014) depending on where you are going. Heading to the center or to Poblado takes around 45 minutes. Sharing a cab is common, you pay COP 15.000 per person (Capacity of 4 passengers in a car, 8 in a mini-vanl), they will drop you off at San Diego near a large shopping mall.
Small buses are also available for around COP 6.000, the last stop is right by Metro Parque Barrio.
Official airport buses depart and arrive
to/from the airport behind the Hotel Nutibara (Cra. 50 & Ca. 53) approximately every 15 minutes until 9:00 p.m. for COP $8,600 (October 2014) per person. However, this area's safety is questionable after dark, especially for first time travelers. Take into account the journey takes a little more than 1 hour.
Avianca has VIP lounges in both the domestic and international areas. COPA has a new VIP lounge in the international gates.
There is a small local airport Olaya Herrera (IATA: EOH; ICAO: SKMD)  close to downtown and it is very convenient for regional and domestic travel, with non-stop flights to 23 destinations. This airport is only open during daylight hours (dawn to dusk or 6 AM to 6 PM).
Airlines: Aerolínea de Antioquia -ADA- , Satena , EasyFly . Also charter flights from Searca . The airline LAN  operated at this airport until February 2015. 
Medellín has two bus terminals (North and South) managed by the same company and share a single website . Both terminals have mid-size shopping malls in the premises. For a complete list of the cities check the webpage.
The North terminal is much larger and it is connected with Metro station Caribe and the rail system (Although passenger rail transport in Colombia is quite limited). It serves cities North and East of Medellín (Cartagena, Santa Marta and Bogotá included).
The South terminal is next door to the much smaller domestic airport (closest Metro station El Poblado but not within walking distance). Serves towns South (Armenia, Manizales, Pereira, Cali).
There are four roads leading to Medellín from all cardinal points. From Bogota you can take Autopista Medellín and head west 7-9 hours with beautiful scenery. From Pereira, Cali and the south take road 25 towards Medellín. If coming from the Atlantic coast (Cartagena, Barranquillia) take route 25 south to Medellín (aprox. 11 hours). Of note, there is no road connecting Panamá with Colombia.
Trains are scarce and unreliable in Colombia. It is not possible to arrive in Medellín by boat.
The Metro is elevated; stations are wide, clean and with a view
Most of the city of Medellín is built on a grid system. Carreras (streets) are abbreviated as Cr, Cra, K, kra or Crs and run parallel to the river from South to North.
The calles (also streets) cross the Carreras and run from East to West. Calles are abbreviated as C, Cll or Cl.
Avenidas, abbreviated as Av, are usually larger and main streets. The numerical system for the Avenidas is used but some have names that are more commonly used such as Avenida el Poblado or Avenida Oriental.
There are a few streets called Transversales which usually refer to wide Carreras atop the mountains in El Poblado neighborhood. The most famous are transversal Intermedia, Inferior and Superior. Along Laureles neighborhood you can also find Diagonales and Circulares.
Each address consists of a series of numbers, for example: Calle 50 # 65 - 8 which indicates that the building is on street 50 (Calle 50) 8 meters ahead from the intersection with street 65 (Carrera 65).
The most central point, Parque de Berrio, is located by convention on the crossroads of Calle 50 and Carrera 50.
- Line 1: Univ de Medellín - Av. Ferrocarril - Parque Aranjuez
- Line 2: Univ de Medellín - Av. Oriental- Parque Aranjuez
The Metrocable  is a sky train or cable car that has revolutionised transport in the city. The Metroplus system consists of long articulated buses powered with natural gas for a more environmentally friendly option. They run on exclusive roads and enclosed stations. A new Metroplús transfer station opened in October 2014, links both Metroplús Lines (1 and 2), with the Industriales Metrostation (Linea A).
Trains run from 4:30h to 23.00h on workdays and from 5:00h to 22:00h on Sundays and holidays. Single tickets as of Feb 2015 are COP 2000 (0.9 USD), including transfers between the Metro trains and MetroCable. If you need to change to Metroplus Line 1 and 2 you will need to pay again since there are turnstiles at the interchange or you may need to exit the station to get to the Metroplus/Metro.
Tourist for a few days buy the 'Viaje Univiaje o Eventual' tickets for COP 2,000 each. It may be worth getting a Civica transport card if you are staying for a long time. There are offices at the main Metro stations where you can present your passport and get a free Civica card with your name. With the card, a journey cost COP 1,750 and you also get free transfer between Metro & Metroplus.
A new electric trolley or tramway (Tranvía) and two Metrocable lines are under construction departing from downtown and heading east, expected for 2016.
The Metrocable to the ecopark Arví - Line L - costs an additional COP 4,600 for the 4.5 km trip up the mountains (The trip lasts 25 minutes). Transfer at the Santo Domingo station of the Metrocable K line.
Taxis are cheap and plentiful. All taxis have meters, make sure they use them (unless from the airport). The meters start at COP 2,700 and the minimun fare is COP 4,600. You can hail cabs anywhere and normally go without incident - consider making note of the licence plate if you feel it'll give you more confidence, because as gringos you can look like a target to some. As in most Latin American countries, their driving can be hair-raising, so hold on tight.
Recently, there has been quite an explosive "boom" for taxi mobile applications, such as tappsi, or easytaxi, available as both Android and iPhone apps, these are being widely used by local taxi drivers, with response times of sometimes less than two minutes. So if you're in a place with internet access and need a ride, this is safest option.
If you want to go around downtown or neighborhoods near the downtown area without using Taxis, try using the Circular Coonatra . There are various routes, marked on the front and back of the busses. These cost about COP 1,600 and require exact change.
TuriBus  is a modern hop on / hop off bus that goes around the city showing its parks, attractive neighborhoods, and historical areas; it costs COP 35,000 for 1 day, COP 56,000 for 2 days. While they do not guarantee this, many times their guides also speak English and are happy to translate for you. Routes start at 9AM, ends 6PM.
This unusual system allows underserved indwellers to climb up the mountains in the way to their homes, the escalators go up equivalent of a 28-story building. Opened in December 2011, rides are free. They are located in the west of the city - Comuna 13, San Javier- which can be a rough neighborhood. You can take the bus or walk 2km to get there (you may have to ask for directions since the walk is not straight forward). Go during the day to appreciate the graffitis by the escalators and in the Comuna.
Similar examples were only for tourist purposes, they are found in Bilbao near Portugalete, in the way down to the Vizcaya Bridge, and Monjuic Hill in Barcelona, Spain.
Renting a car in Medellin, Colombia can enhance your visit, so it´s definitely worth considering. Take a day trip to Santa Fe de Antioquia, Santa Helena, El Peñol or Llano Grande in Rionegro. Driving from Medellin allows for spectacular views as you climb up and out of the city into the surrounding mountains that lead to your day trip destination. Car rental in town or at the airport at Localiza or AVIS.
Biking is not easy in the city since many neighborhoods are in the hills. There is a small bike-route in the Laureles and Estadio areas. There are few areas designed to park bikes. On nights and weekends some major avenues are closed for the popular Ciclovia when you can safely ride a bike in the company of many other people exercising.
Walking is safe in some areas, not so in other parts of town. Read the 'stay safe' section for advise.
The International Flower and Orchid exhibit: every year in August at the Botanical Gardens
Pueblito Paisa is a reconstruction of a typical but tiny Antioquia village. It's located on top of el Cerro Nutibara and has a pleasant view over the city. It's within walking distance from the metrostation "Industriales," but as the walk to the top requires hiking uphill for a while, visitors might find that a taxi ride is a smart choice.
Los Alumbrados, the christmas lights decorating Medellin, make it the most beautiful Latin American city for the holidays. The lights stay put from the beginning of December to mid January. The most impressive parts are centered around the Rio Medellin at the 'puente de Guayaquil' and downtown. Large statues made of lights can be found throughout the city.
The Metropolitan Cathedral, which holds the record as one of the buildings in the world with the most bricks -over 1'1 million-, located along the Bolivar park in the city heart. Cra 48 calle 56. Metro station Prado..
Junin The Junin pedestrian street it's a cobbledstone street in downtown area from Coltejer building to Bolivar's park. Depicts the history of city with Astor tea salon and Versalles salon.
Botero sculptures outside of Museo de Antioquia and Palacio de la Cultura
Museo de Antioquia, Cra 52 #52-43, displays a collection of contemporary art including many pieces, paintings and sculptures of Fernando Botero, one of the most important sculptors in the world. The Plaza Botero holds several large sculptures just in front of the museum and is free of charge. Open: Mon - Fri 10 AM-5 PM and Sun - Holidays 10 AM-4 PM. Entrance is COP$10,000 (Nov 2012); students COP $4,000. Metro station Parque Berrío.
Museo Universidad de Antioquia represents the merge of six collections: Visual Arts, Natural Science, University History, Galileo Interactive Room, Human Being and Anthropology. The attraction for foreigners is the Anthropology Collection which has the largest number in the Colombia of pre-Columbian ceramic pieces, with near 20,000 objects. Located in Bloque 15 of the University's main campus. Free admission, closed Sundays. Calle 67 N° 53-108, phone +57 4 219 5180. Metro station Universidad.
Casa Museo Fernando González was local writer also known as The Philosopher from somewhere else or Otraparte which gives name to the home. A good opportunity to see an old traditional home with gardens, personal belongings and know more about his legacy. Monday-Friday 8 Am-8 PM, Sat-Sun 9-5 PM. Cra 43A # 27A Sur - 11 Avenida Fernando González (In the nearby town of Envigado), phone +57 4 276 1415 or 335 2501. Closest Metro station is Envigado then take a cab or bus, the walk is almost 2 km mostly uphill.
Museo Pedro Nel Gómez shows artwork by this local artist, Free Admission. phone +57 4 233 2633. Monday-Sat 9 AM - 5 PM. Sundays and Holidays 10 AM - 4 PM. Not near the Metro, closest stations are Prado or Hospital.
Museo Interactivo EPM a 'please touch museum', great for kids. Tuesday-Fri 8 AM- 5:30 PM, Sat - Sunday 11 AM- 5:30 PM. Closed Mondays (or Tuesdays after a holiday Monday). Cra 57 # 42-139, located on Parque de los Piés Descalzos and next door to the Plaza Mayor convention center. Phone + 57 4 380 6950. Metro station Alpujarra or Cisneros.
Museo Etnográfico Miguel Angel Builes A large display of everyday use articles crafted by natives from all over the country. Tools, textiles, bijouterie, pottery, little boats, small tents. Cra 81, No. 52B-120, Phone: 57-4 421 6259. The museum is off the beaten path, closest Metro station is Floresta but the walk is over 1 km.
The Museo de Arte Moderno de Medellin (MAMM) has now 2 sites. The original is a small building near Suramericana and Carlos E. Restrepo neighborhoods, hosting the traditional exhibits. The new space in Ciudad del Río is a large and old industrial warehouse. Great café and restaurant in the premises. Opened in October 2009 near Metrostation Industriales. Original site: Carlos E. Restrepo, Carrera 44 Nº 19A-100. Phone +574 444 2622. Ciudad del Río, Carrera 64B Nº 51 - 64, Ph +574 230 2622 
Museo Casa de la Memoria, Calle 51 # 36-66 Parque Bicentenario (behind Teatro Pablo Tobón Uribe), ☎ + 574 3834001, . M Noon-7 PM, T-F 9 AM-7 PM, S-S 10 AM- 4 PM. Medellin does not forget its troubled past. Opened in 2012, dedicated to the memory of the victims of the armed conflict in Colombia. The museum's motto is 'remembering for not repeating'. Cameras are allowed.Free. edit
During the 1980's there was a local law mandating every new building to invest 5% of the budget in a work of art displayed to the public, usually a sculpture. The legacy is around 300 monuments and sculptures scattered throughout the city and the nickname of City of Sculptures. There are 3 places with a higher concentration of sculptures: the above mentioned Plaza Botero, El Cerro Nutibara close to Pueblito Paisa and the gardens at Suramericana (Headquarters for the largest insurance company in the country).
After the wave of violence in the 1980's and 90's there was a resurgence in the field of education and the construction of modern libraries in poor neighborhoods became a top priority. A few of them are masterpieces of architecture and a couple of them are easy to visit: Biblioteca España is atop the mountain and looks like giant black rocks hanging in the hills: Go to Metrostation Acevedo then take Metrocable to Santo Domingo station . Another library, is close to Metrostation San Javier .
Modern structure for display of orchids at the Botanical Gardens
The Parque de los Deseos (Wishes' Park)  near Antioquia's University, has an Indian context, beautifully enmarqued with the recently renewed planetarium, and large display of science experiments. You can find free open air movies and discussions with film directors Saturdays at 7PM. Metro station Universidad.
The Plaza de Cisneros (o de la luz - Plaza of Light)  is in the heart of the city, it borders some beautiful buildings from the 20's, the EPM library, and a sector that was full of drugs and poverty many years ago, but is now a place to visit and have a great time. Metro station Alpujarra.
Also visit the Parque de los Pies Descalzos (Barefoot park)  for a Zen experience in the heart of town. Outdoor cafés, cultural activities. The grounds are open 24 hours. The Museum of Water is also at this park. Hours: Tuesday to Friday (8:30 AM - 5:30 PM), Saturday, Sundays and Holidays (10:30 AM - 6:30 PM), with the last tour 90 min beofre closing. Cost: COP 6.000. Closed on Mondays. Metro station: Alpujarra or Cisneros.
Plazuela de San Ignacio depicts Colonial and Republican style buildings. This little plaza witnessed in 1803 the birthplace of the largest university in town. The main lecture hall or Paraninfo de la Universidad de Antioquiais still in use and available for public view, even though the University moved 45 years ago to a big campus 2 km. north. Cra 44 at calle 48. Metro station: Parque Berrio. Walk uphill 6 block east.
Parque de Berrio is in the heart of town at the crossroads of Carrera 50 and Calle 50. Has the buildings of the Stock Exchange, Bank of the Republic, La Candelaria Church and the busiest metro station. It has the unofficial meetingplace for the locals -right at the sculpture of the 'Fat Woman' or 'La Gorda de Botero'. Connects directly to Plaza Botero and Plazulea Nutibara. Metro station Parque de Berrio.
The Parque Periodista is a small square right in the center of the city. It is where the 'bohemian' and 'alternative' people meet. The bars play music varying from reggae and old salsa to alternative rock. You will find most of the people hanging outdoors instead of inside the bars. Metro station Parque Berrio.
Parque San Antonio is a large, newer development right downtown. Hosts a handcraft bazaar and an infamous sculpture of a fat bird, bombed by criminals a couple of decades ago during the hard times of violence. By request of the artist the piece of art has not been repaired. Metro station San Antonio.
The Parque de Boston is an attractive area that leads down to the main promenade La Playa where people can be found gathering at night to see street acts.
Jardín Botánico (Botanical Gardens), Calle 73 # 51 -298 (Metro station Universidad), ☎ +574 444-5500, . Mid size gardens with a vast collection of orchids and many tropical flowers, plants and trees. The covered area for display of flowers is an architectural marvel. The annual orchid exhibit every August  is world class. Free except during the orchid exhibit. edit
Zoo (Zoologico Santa Fe), Ave Guayabal, . 9 AM-5 PM, everyday of the week. Around 1,000 animals are displayed here. COP 9,000 adults, 4,000 kids. edit
Parque Juanes de la Paz is of limited touristic attraction since it has mostly sport courts and is in an under served neighborhood. With the help of the world famous singer work began in 2006 on a recreational park for the rehabilitation of the handicapped. The 68,000 square meter facility cost was around COP$11 billion, financed in part by the government of Medellín, it was completed in 2008. . Metrostation Tricentenario.
The Arví park in the eastern slopes of the valley, close to a beautiful dam. This park promotes ecotourism and it has direct connection with the Metro through a Metrocable (opened March 2010). The several kilometer long ride goes up over the mountain and then over the tree tops into the park. 
Parque El Salado is in a beautiful natural setting on the mountain overlooking Envigado. There are good paths for walking. The main attraction is a short canopy tour/zip line with about five stops. (The complete is longer but the additional length is reserved for members). Take the Metro to Envigado and then take the connecting bus that goes to Parque El Salado. The bus ride itself is worth the trip as it winds its way through neighborhoods up the mountain with some great views along the way. 
Ferrocarril de Antioquia - Old train station is a fine building at the corner of City Hall and the Governor's Hall. Has a small exhibit area with free admission. Cra 52 # 43-31. Metro station Alpujarra. 
EPM building also called the Intelligent building for its computerized self control. An icon of contemporary architecture. Cra. 58 calle 42. Metro station Alpujarra.
Edificio Coltejer has been the symbol of the city for over 40 years, shaped as a threading needle for this textile company. Calle 52 cra 47 (Crossroads of La Playa Ave and Junín). Metro station Parque Berrio.
Suramericana, Estadio and Laureles neighborhoods surrounded by mountains
Prado neighborhood - formerly it was the wealthy neigbourhood of the city so many huge houses were built there. It still has some of these beautiful old houses, though it should be visited with caution as it's near the center of the city. Metro station Prado.
El Poblado neighborhood - this upscale part of town is built in steep hills and has many modern buildings which complement the nearby Andes forest. Most of the trendy bars, clubs, and restaurants of Medellín are located in this neighborhood. Safe to walk around at any time. Recommended. Take metro to Poblado station and walk East on Calle 10 for approximately 1km.
West of the Medellin river are the middle class neighborhoods of Laureles, Estadio and Suramericana which are modern. Carrera 70 in Suramericana is where many of the best Salsa clubs are, and represent an excellent way to take a break from the trendiness of Zona Rosa and see some real Colombian dancing. The line B of the Metro runs along 'Estadio' near all major stadiums and sport facilities.
In the morning take the metro to a downtown station, visit some churches - most are open early in the morning -, then head to the park outside Museo de Antioquia to see the sculptures, enter the museum at 10 AM and visit until lunchtime.
Have lunch either at the museum's restaurant or cafe, or take the metro to Metrostation Universidad, enter Jardin Botanico (Botanical Gardens) and eat there. Rest a little while strolling the gardens, then go across the street to Parque Explora or Parque de los Deseos. Before sunset take the metro to Acevedo station, hop on the Metrocable for spectacular views in the way up, and a city of lights upon your return. Take the metro back to any station near El Poblado, go shopping and then for dinner and a bar afterwards.
Metrocables There are two cable car extensions of the Metro: For the line K take the a metro train to Acevedo station and from there take the Metrocable up to Santo Domingo for a nice view over the city. The cablecar is included in your metroticket. Go during the day and walk around to see what working class people live like. The area at the top sees tourists so there are little stands set up and people selling empanadas and other things. You can stop at a little bar and have a beer. Don't stray too far or off the beaten path in this neighborhood, though. For those so inclined, there are young people that give tours waiting at the top wearing t-shirts that said "guia" (guide). Also recommended is taking the metrocable located at San Javier up to La Aurora (J line). Although there is nothing special to see or do at the top of the cable car route, the trip itself is longer and more interesting than the cable car that goes to Santo Domingo. Change to Parque Arvi from the Santo Domingo stop. It is WELL WORTH the trip. Beautiful views. With one ticket you can take both Metrocable, just stay in the cable car at the end or go out and do a U-turn.
Stroll along lively Carabobo street, Carrera 52  in the heart of downtown, recently converted to pedestrian-only. Safer during daytime. Metro stations Parque Berrio, San Antonio or Alpujarra. Along the street see Plaza Botero (read under Museums) and also:
Basílica de la Candelaria built in 1767, a National Monument. Cra. 49 # 50-85, just off Carabobo. 
Edificios Vásquez y Carré built at the turn of the XIX century by a French architect. Nowadays in public use, with stores, cafeterias, etc. Cra. 52 x calle 44. 
La Veracruz colonial church, built in 1682. Cra 51 # 52-58. 
Palacio Nacional Circa 1928, is now a large shopping mall. Styled with Romantic and Modern influence. Cra 52 # 48-45. 
Turibus is a good option to get a general overview of the city. You can take it to many of the main tourist attractions for 28,000 COP (45,000 COP for a 2-day ticket). The tour lasts four hours and allows 20-30 minutes per stop for sight-seeing and photos, with a hop-on/hop-off service. You can get onboard Turibus at 7 different locations, the main one at the south side of Parque Poblado. Spanish is the only advertised language, however many times at least one guide speaks English and is happy to translate .
Ciclovia and Encicla. Biking in Medellin is challenging but worth it! Each Sunday and some holidays from 7AM-2PM many streets are closed to motor vehicles to allow biking, walking and any other human- (or dog-) powered transport. It's a great way to see the city and connect with the people. There are stands for renting bikes along the road as well as fresh fruit, food, etc. Police man almost every intersection. Everyday, there are FREE bikes with helmets at stations throughout Medellin and Arvi Park. Be sure to bring ID (either a driver's license or passport).edit
zoOmiing is a great option if you are looking for private bilingual tours with a historical, cultural and environmental approach. They also offer day trips on the beautiful outskirts of Medellin
Free walking tours  which runs twice on weekdays.
Medellin has a very active cultural life. There are four major theatres in town: Metropolitan Theatre , Pablo Tobon Uribe , Teatro de la Universidad de Medellín  and Teatro EAFIT . They offer a variety of Music concerts, Opera, Theater, Ballet and other events with international and local performers.
There are several good quality contemporary and classic theater companies, such as Matacandelas, Hora 25, Pequeño Teatro, Oficina Central de los Sueños and Teatro Popular de Medellín. There is an annual Theater Festival held in the last week of August, organized by Medellín en Escena
The city sits to classical music orchestras: Orquesta Filarmónica de Medellín and Orquesta de EAFIT. 
The annual opera program is held in September, organized by Prolírica de Antioquia. 
Go to the movies: most movies are projected in their original language with Spanish subtitles. For independent flicks try the Centro Colombo-Americano with downtown and El Poblado locations.
Commercial movies are available at most shopping malls:
Cine Colombia , Royal Films  or Cinemark . Price is around 10,000 pesos (4-5 USD).
The Arepa : Medellin's English Magazine is a resource guide while in the city. They also have a weekly radio show talking about the events in the city.
Medellín is one of a few cities in the world to have all sport venues located at the same place. At Unidad Deportiva Atanasio Girardot you will find football, track & field, swimming, diving, baseball, volleyball, basketball, softball, tennis, velodrome, ping-pong, karts, boxing, hapkido, judo, karate do, gymnastics, taekwondo, weightlifting, chess, roller skating and many more stadiums in one convenient location. The Unidad Deportiva was renewed for the South American games held in March 2010. Metrostation Estadio.
Watch a football game at one of the two teams based in Medellin, Atlético Nacional  and Independiente Medellín . Attending a home game at the Atanasio Girardot Stadium is recommended for any football - soccer fans, or those wanting to experience the famed South American passion for futbol! Games generally take place on Wednesdays and either Saturday or Sunday. Tickets can be purchased at the stadium. Metro station Estadio.
The neighboring town of Envigado also has a professional football team . Metro station Envigado.
Try the Skateboarding track at Parque Ciudad del Rio. Opened July 2009, this colorful bowl-like ramps allow lots of fun for skaters and spectators. Metro station: Industriales.
Visit the city during the first days of August for the local festival "Feria de las flores" (Flowers festival). There are all kind of events during one week including the "Desfile de Silleteros" (Parade of flower carriers). July 31st - August 9th, 2015.
The freshwater Aquarium inside the Parque Explora opened in December 2008 and depicts a great variety of river and freshwater wildlife, abundant in Colombia. It is probably one of the largest aquariums  in Latin America and certainly one of few specialized in freshwater fauna. Metro station Universidad.
Planetario Municipal was renewed with new digital equipment. Reopened in June 2012. See the outer space at the Planetarium  for COP 12,000. Closed on Mondays. Cra 52 # 71 - 112 at Parque de los Deseos. Phone +57 4 5168300. Metro station Universidad.
Medellin has one of the most important Poetry Festivals in the world. Every year usually during the month of July, poets from all around the world (including Nobel Prices) come to this amazing event.
Do a Full moon night visit to an old Cemetery  (Cementerio de San Pedro) where former presidents and beautiful sculpted graveyards are found. Metro stations Hospital or Universidad.
The Convention Center Plaza Mayor is the main site for big events including the fashion and textile industry related annual shows Colombiamoda (July) and ColombiaTex (January 27 - 29th, 2015) .
The Fourth International Tango Festival will convene with world renown artists. Free admission to all events. Every year in June. 
Medellín houses many important universities and learning institutes. Most courses are in Spanish although with some exceptions, for example Universidad EAFIT offer a Masters in International Business which is taught in English. These days many students are required to learn a second language as part of their studies.
Universidad de Antioquia at Plazuela San Ignacio-Medellin
Universidad de Antioquia with over 200 years is the largest and more important academic institution in town nd the second one in the whole country. Its old campus downtown has beautiful republican architecture while the newer campus (1960's) i a great example of modern architecture .
Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana has 2 main campuses. Careers that are strong: Medicine, architecture, liberal arts and engineering .
EAFIT emphasis on business, information technology and engineering .
Toucan Spanish School are the the largest Spanish Language school in Medellin with 6 comfortable air conditioned classrooms and a large social area available for salsa classes and events. The classes are small and personal with a maximum of 7 students. In addition to Spanish classes there are also free daily activities such as tropical fruit tastings, salsa classes, city tours, volunteering and a conversation club. Free coffee & wifi is available all day. Toucan Spanish also have the largest Homestay program in Medellin. Classes start at 20,000 COP per hour.
Study Spanish COLOMBIA If you're thinking of taking a Spanish lessons in Medellin or any other city in Colombia then Study Spanish COLOMBIA provides a wealth of free information about learning Spanish as well essential information such as student visa requirements  and accommodation options.
Other smaller options:
Medellin Spanish School A small school based at the Black Sheep hostel, run by the owners wife who has considerable years experience teaching passing through tourists.
SpanisholaSpanishola are private Spanish courses to learn, refresh or improve your Spanish while in Medellín, with an experienced native teacher.
Private Spanish Classes Private Spanish classes with a native, experienced teacher. Professor comes highly recommended from former students. Classes start at COP 25.000 per hour. Contact email@example.com for more info.
El Ultimo Café (Milonga & Tango Dance Academy), Cra. 43 B # 11 -12 (Near parque el Poblado), ☎ +57 4 266 1860, . Scheduled events. A dance academy with good turnout. Call to book your place. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org$$. edit
Although Cali is the irrefutable Salsa learning capital of Colombia, you have a few options in Medellin. There are quite a few Salsa schools and academies around (usually offering a host of other dancing styles as well). There are also private teachers who give classes at your place.
Learn Colombian Salsa in Medellín - Santo Baile, Carrera 35 #7-24 (a studio located a few blocks up from Parque Lleras,in Provenza), ☎ +574 2665650, . Santo Baile is located at poblado Medellin, you can learn Colombian Salsa with famous instructors from Cali and national champions from Medellín, this is the best Salsa dance academy in the city, we have the best quality of classes and you don´t need prior experience to dance, you will learn a variety of rhythms like reggaton, merengue, bachata, learn salsa and expect to have a lot of fun and meet people. Learn to dance with the best instructors in Santo Baile. .$$$. edit
Juan Rico is a private Salsa dance teacher, with 17 years of experience. Other dance styles such as Bachata, tango and Merengue and more are also available. Lessons are affordable with discounts for bulk orders. Phone: (+57) 300 242 8341, (+57) 318 388 0808
Toucan Spanish School have their own Salsa teacher so if you're looking for private salsa lessons contact them for more information email@example.com
Colombia is famous for its coffee and Medellin is only a few hours from the coffee growing centers of Colombia. You can find coffee flavors of everything you can imagine, from ice-cream to arequipe (sweetened milk). The ‘Starbucks’ coffee culture is growing, with the most prominent brand being Juan Valdez coffee shops. The Juan Valdez chain is owned by the National Federation of Coffee Growers of Colombia, and sells a variety of Colombian coffees.
Aguardiente Antioqueño: Schnaps with a special flavor, much like black licorice.
Ron Medellin: The local Rum, excellent! The quality of this rum was elevated to the highest standards during 2009 and the 8 and 12-year bottles are great presents.
Despite the claim of being the textile capital of Colombia, Medellin is not a shopper’s paradise for clothes for North American tourists, but prices can be attractive to visitors from other latitudes. The main malls sell a limited variety of clothes, (especially men’s clothes), at only slightly discounted prices from the US, although there are always bargains to be found if you look hard enough. The style of clothes for women in Medellin is very revealing and sexy, so it perhaps more suited for gift buying than shopping for yourself. When planning your shopping for clothes bear in mind that the local weather is very mild, so the options for winter and summer clothes are limited. Near Parque Lleras you can find via Primavera, a little zone full of local young designer's shops with unique garments that you will surely won't see anywhere else.
On the first Saturday of the month there is the Mercado de San Alejo, an open market right on Parque de Bolívar, hours: 8.00 a.m. a 6.00 p.m. A large variety of local handcrafts sold primarily by the artisans themselves. Right in the middle of Parque Lleras from thursday to sunday you may as well find some handcraft being sold.
Centro Artesanal mi viejo Pueblo. Cr 49 # 53-30. Phone +574 513 7563
El Tesoro Parque Comercial, Cra. 25A # 1A Sur - 45 / Loma El Tesoro con Transversal Superior (Access only by taxi or private car), ☎ 5743211010, . 9 AM-11 PM. A large shopping mall located in an unusual location: in very steep mountain overriding a creek. Many upscale stores, technology shops and good restaurants. El Tesoro is bilingual; they have an Information Center where tourists can get any information in English, every day from 14:00 to 21:30. Furthermore, it is possible to access this service calling 321 10 10 ext 111-112. And just for tourists to go shopping without any problem, the mall made a brochure with all the terms and expressions they need, in English and Spanish. Ask for it at the information desks.edit
Oviedo centro comercial, Av El Poblado Cr 43 A # 6 S 15, ☎ +574 311 6116. Large shopping area with nearby hotels and restaurants. edit
San Diego centro comercial, Calle 33 No 43 16 (at the crossroad of Las Palmas, Avenida Oriental, Avenida San Diego and calle 33), ☎ + 574 262 0105, . The first shopping mall built in Colombia over 30 years ago is still a nice place to stroll, eat and of course shop. You will find good prices for top notch merchandise.edit
Outlet Mayorca is directly connected to a Metro station and also has a movieplex. . Metro Itagui.
Premium Plaza (Centro comercial), Avenida SanDiego x Calle 30, . Opened 2008. Houses an indoor gym.edit
Monterrey (Centro comercial), Avenida 62 (Carrera 48) x Calle 10. Only 2 blocks from Poblado metro station. This mall is the place to go for anything computer or cell phone related. Many small shops selling all manner of electronic equipment and accessories. There is also a 5-screen movie theatre in this mall as well as a salon offering excellent massages (store #126).edit
Santa Fe centro comercial, Cra 43 A # 7 sur - 170 (Av El Poblado & Loma los Balsos, 300 mts south of Oviedo), ☎ +57 4 460 0737 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . 10 AM - 9 PM, restaurants and Carrefour until 11 PM. The newest shopping mall in town opened May 2010, 5 levels of shopping, entertainment, food and more$$. edit
For leather goods for women visit Bon-Bonite with 10 locations in town. Features many handbags in leather and ethnic materials, as well as shoes and accesories. . Available In most shopping malls.
Underwear, for men and women, are plentiful and the variety is great. Women: Leonisa , Tania . Men: Unico , Punto Blanco , GEF. In all major shopping malls.
The local currency is the Colombian Peso (COP). Bank notes come in denominations from 1,000 to 50,000 pesos. Coins are available in 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1,000 pesos. It is strongly recommended to use the exact change on taxis, because the drivers rarely have the exact amount. US dollars and Euros are rarely used, except for tourist oriented stores.
Using Credit and Debit Cards is frequent in Colombia but not prevalent as in developed countries. Often times you will need a form of ID, like your passport or government ID to pay with a card. You sometimes may be able to use a copy of your passport, but not always. When paying with cards you will be asked for how many months you want to delay the payment ('cuantas cuotas' or how many months), your answer does not matter at all (just answer one for simplicity), this only applies to cards issued in Colombia, but the teller needs an answer to continue with the purchase.
ATM limits: ATMs strictly limit withdrawals on foreign and domestic cards. You may only be able to get out 1,2 million pesos (Around USD 500) per day (in 3 separate transactions) on Bancolombia ATMs, so plan to visit the ATM often or hunt around for a more relaxed limit. There are 2 major international banks with local offices, if by chance you hold a card of any of these banks your rates are usually lower (Citibank and BBVA) CitiBank ATMs withdrawals limit is 2 million pesos (800 USD) per transaction. The largest Colombian bank is Bancolombia with ATM's everywhere.
When withdrawing money from an ATM it is highly advisable to avoid any located on streets for safety purposes. It is recommended to withdraw from ATMs inside shopping centers. Be sure not to take a taxi straight after withdrawing, it is not unusual for people to be followed out and mugged soon after making a withdrawal. Keep an eye out to be sure you are not followed.
Colombian cuisine is varied and regional. The more typical dishes are referred to as comida criolla.
Some examples are: sancocho de gallina (chicken soup), carne en polvo (ground beef), arepas de choclo (fresh corn tortillas), empanadas (meat-filled fried turnovers), ají (hot sauce), ajiaco (Bogota's chicken and potato soup), bandeja paisa, natilla, buñuelos (fried cheese puffs), hojuelas (fried puff squares), rice with coconut, Antioquian beans, sobrebarriga (flank steak) mantecada (bun made with lard), papas chorreadas, pandeyuca (yucca bread) and carne desmechada (shredded meat).
A typical breakfast in Medellín consists of baked corn arepas (Flat unsweetened corn pancake) topped with butter and fresh white cheese, coffee or hot chocolate.
One treat that will leave anyone stuffed is the "Tipico Antioqueño"; arepa con queso (small flatbreads with cheese on top), beans, chicken, rice, fried eggs, chicharron (salted and fried unsmoked bacon) and patacon (deep-fried plantain pancakes). Topping that off with a Colombian beer and a cup of "chocolatte" (pronounced the Spanish way - it's milky, sweet hot chocolate) makes for an excellent meal. An excellent place to eat typical food is Hatoviejo.
There is a large variety of restaurants all throughout Medellin, especially concentrated around the ‘Zona Rosa’ which is in Poblado between Parque Poblado and Parque Lleras. You can find a fine display of places with whatever food you desire, with good quality for comparatively cheap prices compared to the US, although there is a shortage of authentic Greek, Indian and Thai restaurants. Sushi is increasingly popular and may be found at the larger malls or supermarkets that are more "international."
Colombia also has an incredible variety of tasty fruits. A few of these are: guanábana, lulo, zapote, mamoncillo, uchuva, pitaya, feijoa, granadilla, maracuyá, tomate de árbol, borojó, mamey and tamarindo. Ask for a "Salpicón": a mix of fruits marinaded on orange or watermelon juice.
Colombia is well known for its coffee, and Medellin is no exception. As with any large city, there are the usual chain restaurants, however the American "fast-food culture" has not made a huge splash in the country. Mc Donald's, Burger King, Domino's Pizza and most recently Hooters can be found there.
Explora Gourmet (Local dishes), Cra 51 #70a - 15 (between Universidad and Hospital stations), ☎ 233 0568 (email@example.com). Very local, inexpensive food with cheap, fresh regional Almuerzos. Dressed up as though it were a touristy trap, but this place is for the locals. Super friendly service as well.$. edit
HatoViejo (Local dishes), Calle 16 #28 - 60 Via Las Palmas (Across the street from Hotel Intercontinental), ☎ +57 4 268 6811. Great food for the last 30 years. Mostly meat, regional dishes. Decorated as an old farm. Also outdoor areas$$$. edit
Las Luisitas (Typical & Local), Carrera 37A No. 8A-50, ☎ +57 4 311 5615 and 312 6064. Simple and well done Colombian meals in this tiny place with lots of character. Prices used to be modest, now expensive.$$$. edit
La Provincia (Seafood & Italian), Calle 4 sur # 43 A - 179 (Near Oviedo shopping mall), ☎ +574 311 9630. Mon-Sat Noon-3 PM, 7PM - midnight. Really good food, well prepared and well served. Closed Sundays.$$$. edit
San Jorge de Manila (Grill & Seafood), Carrera 43 B # 12 - 101 (Calle de la Buena Mesa, near El Poblado), ☎ +574 312 3006, . Mon-Sat noon-3 PM, 7PM-Midnight. Lunch menu available at discounted price. Closed Sundays.$$$. edit
Al Patio (Mexican - Seafood), Carrera 38 # 19 - 2- 65 (Carretera Las Palmas), ☎ +574 2666 060. Noon to 4 AM. Restaurant and Bar. Overlooks town, great outdoors.$$. edit
Herbario (Steak & Seafood), Carrera 43 D # 10 -30 (Near el parque El Poblado), ☎ +574 311 2537, . Mon-Sat Noon-3 PM, 7 PM-11.30 PM. Short and Exquisite menu.$$$. edit
Mystique (By Juan Pablo Valencia), Cra. 33 # 7 - 55 (El Poblado - Provenza, not far from Parque Lleras), ☎ +574 311 8221, . Nicely prepared meals with option of 1 to 4 dishes in the Chef's Menu. Nouvelle Cuisine at its best. A short menu with the options changing every 2 months. Mobile: +574 311 8221$$$. edit
Casa Molina (Eclectic cuisine), Calle 11a # 43b- 41 (Barrio Manila, El Poblado), ☎ +57 4 266 1440, . By appointment only. Seafood and steaks.$$$. edit
LouCalen (Seafood & Steak), Calle 8 # 43 A 57 (One block south of Parque el Poblado), ☎ +57 4 312 7614, . Spacious and elegant.$$$. edit
El Cielo (Molecular cuisine), Cra 40 No. 10A - 22 (El Poblado), ☎ +57 4 268 3002. Noon- 3 PM, de 7-11 PM. Molecular cooking is a complex science, here you can sit down and enjoy it. Ignorance is bliss.$$$. edit
Anita's (Cafe), Calle 4 sur No. 43-A 97 (Near Oviedo shopping mall and McDonald's), ☎ +574 310 1770. Bfast-Lunch. Modern cafe with indoor and outdoor seating. Eggs any style, bacon or French toast. Sandwiches (ciabatta or baguette), salads (Caesar, tuna, Thai or Italian) as well as delicious coffee and fruit juices.$$. edit
Milagros (Mexican), Cra. 48 # 10 - 45 local 149 (Near Hotel Plaza Rosa), ☎ +57 4 311 4216. Authentic Mexican food. Basic wine list.$$. edit
Lucia (At the Charlee Hotel), Calle 9a No 37-16, Parque Lleras (Northeast corner of Parque Lleras), ☎ +57 4 4444 968, . Italian restaurant with nice crowd. Open terrace that overlooks the park.$$$. edit
La Fiambrería (Seasonal and Harvest), Cra 43 B # 8-52 (Parque el poblado, Southwest corner), ☎ +574 311 5927, . Lunch and Dinner. Nice lunch menu for under 10,000 COP. Try the meat in a Bailey's sauce.$$. edit
Bonuar (At the Museo de Arte Moderno), Carrera 44 Nº 19A-100 (Ciudad del Rio, on the side of the Museum). Great outdoors. Easy free parking$$. edit
Lion's Den Sports Pub (American), Car. 36 No. 10-49 (Three blocks from Parque Lleras. Go up Calle 10 and turn left on Car. 36, we are 5 buildings down on the left), ☎ + 574 311 6079 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . 5PM - midnight nightly. Watch NFL, college football, NBA, baseball, soccer and more international sports. Please call to see if we can get your game. Menu : Black bean nachos, chicken wings, burgers and sandwiches (grilled chicken, tuna salad, etc). Multiple plasma/LCD/wide screen TVs.$$. edit
El Café de Otraparte ((in Envigado)), Calle 27 Sur, 43A - 61, Envigado (adjacent to Casa Museo Otraparte, in Ave. El Poblado), ☎ +574 302 4218, . 3:00 p.m. - Midnight. Next door to the museum. Open-air and open-minded café. $$. edit
Versalles, Carrera 49 # 53-39 (Metrostations Parque Berrio or Prado), ☎ ''+57 4'' 511 9147. Restaurant along carrera Junin downtown has basic Argentinean fare at reasonable prices.edit
Moli (Vegetarian), Calle 54 # 47 - 105, local 132 (Centro comercial El Parque), ☎ +574 231 5675. Downtown location.edit
La Estancia, Carrera 49 # 54-15 (Parque Bolívar). Canteen like local restaurant serving simple local food. The set lunch consists of soup, meat, eggs, rice, juice, dessert, ... To much to finish it all! Vegetarian option available. almuerzo COP$ 3900. edit.
In situ restaurante (Jardín Botánico), Calle 73 # 51 D-14 (Metro Universidad), ☎ +574 233 2373 (email@example.com), . Reservations recommended. Nice restaurant located in the middle of the Botanical Gardens. The menu offers a combination of local food, some organic choices and all plates are well presented. Outside the restaurant there is a little garden with herbs and aromatic plants.$$. edit.
Restaurante Vegetariano, Carrera 51 D # 67-30, ☎ +574 583 8386. Daily menu, burgers.edit
Agua Clara (Typical), Carrera 49 No. 52-141, 2nd floor (Metro station Parque Berrio), ☎ + 57 4 231 6642. lunch. Regional food.$. edit
Lenteja Espress (vegetarian), Calle 53 # 42-17, ☎ +574 239 5230. Vegetarian burgers (Chickpeas and lentils), mexican vegan, lasagnas. Also features a Poblado location at Carrera 35 # 8A-75$. edit
QueAreParaEnamorarte, Partidas para El Retiro (Crossroads of Las Palmas and road leading to El Retiro, near the dam), ☎ +57 4 542 0011 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . At 40 km east of Medellín, great local food, old fashioned and homemade.$$. edit
J y C Delicias offers typical arepas with a variety of toppings, good for lunch or dinner. A few locations: in Laureles neighborhood Carrera 76 # 33 A-62, phone +57 4 250 4861. In El Poblado Calle 4 Sur # 43 A-8, phone +57 4 312 6656, AND El Tesoro Shopping mall. $$.
Mondongo's, Carrera 70 # circular 3 - 43 (Right hand side on avenida 70, 3 blocks from Universidad Bolivariana), ☎ +57 4 411 3434, . A famous and traditional local restaurant with tow locations in town, and one additional in Miami for the homesick. Offers a local soup made up with tripe. If not adventurous you can go for regular beans and other delicacies. Additional location in El Poblado Calle 10 # 38 -38, phone +57 4 312 2346.$$. edit
El Astor (Dessert house), Junín: Carrera 49 # 52-84 (1 block away from Edificio Coltejer), ☎ +574 511 9002, . 9 AM - 7 PM. Traditional cakes, pastries and desserts. Tea house. Metrostation Parque Berrio.$$. edit
Pasteleria Santa Elena, Parque el Poblado (Carrera 43 # 8 - 36), ☎ +574 325 6600 ext 107, . Great desserts, pastries and the locally famous 'Pastel de Gloria' filled with guava paste and arequipe. Also downtown at Ave. La Playa Carrera 45 # 50-64. Many locations throughout town.edit
Food and Deliveries (Online only - Deliveries only), Virtual, ☎ +574 448 4836, . 11 AM- 9 PM. Meat, fish, soups, rices. Nice trays, still hot when the meal arrives to your home/hotel. You can also order via Microsoft Messenger.$$. edit
Aguardiente - A popular alcoholic beverage in Colombia with sweet and licorice-flavored, made-up of sugarcane. The local brand is Aguardiente Antioqueño and it is usually drank straight followed by an ounce of water or slices of mango.
Ron - Rum is also popular with locals. The domestic brand is Ron Medellín Añejo aged either 3, 8, 12 or 30 years, typically served mixed with Club Soda, Coca-Cola or lemon juice .
Cerveza - Beer is available almost anywhere, the one most enjoyed by people is Pilsen a light golden in color, German Pilsener or Lager type of beer. Also admired by locals and foreigners is Club Colombia a finer premium beer, made-up of 100% malt . Other popular national beers include Aguila and Costena. A small company brews beer locally: Tres Cordilleras makes Wheat, American Pale and Amber Ales.
Refajo - A kind of cocktail made by mixing beer and the local soft drink Colombiana. It is refreshing and a little sweet.
Cocteles - Due to the great variety of tropical fruits and its juices your imagination will be boundless when creating Cocktails in Medellín. Start with Lulo juice with vodka, or try the many recipes with passion fruit (Spanish: Maracuyá).
Thursdays, Fridays and Saturdays are the main days to party in Medellín; the rest of the week the mainstream nightlife isn't really exciting. Bars close at 2AM, but you will find plenty of clubs that close at 4AM, and if you need to stay up later just look for the techno or electronica clubs.
Colombians love to cook out and party. Checkout some of the culture shots here : Colombian Festival Tour Photos 
There are a few districts for bars. Foreigners prefer Parque Lleras in El Poblado, safer, more upscale, nicer crowds. The middle class also mingle outside Museo de Arte Moderno, near Carlos E Restrepo neighborhood; and the so called Urban Tribes meet at Parque del Periodista (downtown). Other areas with bars are: Carrera 70 near Estadio, Carretera Las Palmas and Avenida 33 in Laureles.
The area around Parque Lleras, (la Zona Rosa), has a concentration of restaurants, bars and is great for people watching. It is active on most nights and a must visit for those looking for Colombian nightlife. The major restaurants on the corner, El Rojo and Basilica are great for food, drinks and people watching. Occasionally they have live music or big screens when important football matches are played.
Parque Lleras is interesting any night of the week although admitedly Thursday, Friday and Saturday are far more lively. There are places, mostly electronic music venues open till 6 or 7AM outside of the city limits as the laws forbid any bar to remain open after 3AM. People however gather around Parque Poblado until dawn drinking, smoking and chating. You can buy cigarettes, alcohol and anything else you could wish for from the street vendors until the last man standing.
A more upmarket experience can be had at La Strada just south of Parque Lleras on Aviendo El Poblado. The centre features numerous bars, restaurants and clubs. La Strada has become the weekend destination for the more affluent of Medellin's residents. Expect to pay more for drinks and food than in la Zona Rosa, bars close at 1AM.
Just outside of Medellin, there are some venues in the neighboring towns of Sabaneta, Envigado and Itagui. Sabaneta has not yet caught on with foreigners, making it the place to go if avoiding gringos is your thing.
Arte Vivo Mostly a local crowd. a great 80's and 90'live band (arguably the best in town) playing rock-pop greatest hits and local rock. Prices are affordable, with a nice upscale crowd, and beautifull women. Located in el Poblado across the Monterrey Shopping center (Calle 10 x Las Vegas).
Patrick's Irish Pub (Sports bar), Cra. 37A No. 8A-43 (Parque Lleras in Pablado), ☎ +57 4 311 5607, . Open all week Monday - Thursday 4:00 to 12:00, Friday 4:00 to 2:00 Sat/Sun 12:00 to 2:00. Best sports bar in town. NFL ticket, UFC, NCAA, Basketball, Baseball, Rugby. The food is really good here, they make a really good steak sandwich. Great service, beautiful waitresses, wide selection of whiskey. $. edit
"El Alamo" The cheapest bar in Parque Lleras, free rum for girls. They show American football games if you need your fix.
B-Lounge is an electronic disco with rich, beautiful women as is...
La Kasa which are both good on Thursday nights as it's Ladies Night.
Niagara (5 puertas), Cra 38 (2 blocks south of Parque Lleras, El Poblado), . Opens in the afternoon until 2 AM. Has been a classic for local crowds for over 30 yrs. Informal, beer, chat$$. edit
La Camerata has offered classic music to its costumers for over 25 years. Occasional live appearances. Calle 49 between carreras 64 y 65, near calle Colombia.
San Marcos bar and video has mostly gay clientele, located near Unicentro shopping mall Calle 34 # 66B - 53, Barrio Conquistadores. Phone +57 4 265 3666. 
Vinacure An incredibly trippy place - expensive to get in but definitely worth seeing once, entry is about US$4. The entire club is designed by a noted Colombian sculptor. Try to go when German, the owner, is about so you can check out The Naked Room, an interactive art exhibition that must be experienced (sometimes) naked. This is a very interesting, unusual and fun art-museum/bar. It's truly unique. To get there, take a taxi to the beginning of Caldas (carrera 50 No 100D Sur 07, Caldas). Or you can take a bus.
Casa Gardeliana (Tango bar), Carrera 45 # 76 - 50 (Manrique), ☎ +57 4 212 0968, . Since 1973, has been the meeting place for tango lovers. Live music, dance.edit
Salon Málaga (Tango and Bolero bar), Cra. 51 Bolívar # 45 + 80 (Between Amador & Maturín streets), ☎ +57 4 231 2658, . M-Sat 7 AM - 2 AM, Sundays/holidays 8 AM - Midnight. A classic bar right downtown. All social classes mingle here with nice music and local drinks. Dance. Only half a block away from the main Metrostation San Antonio (Lines A and B).$-$$. edit
Dulce Jesus Mio (Mi Pueblo), Calle 77S # 46B-90 Sabaneta (Next to Texaco gas station), ☎ +57 4 288 8176, . 4 PM- 1 AM. The whole place is a replica of a traditional 'paisa' town. The locals from the village will greet you and be your host, ask you to dance and party all together. Every midnight is new years' eve. Really fun.$$. edit
Bolero Bar, Cra. 67 B 51 A 98 Local 101 (Near Exit calle Colombia). Tangos, boleros. Ph +57 4 230 3259$. edit
Bermellón, Calle 23 Sur # 42B-107 Envigado, ☎ +57 4 331 7963. Tango, et al.edit
Most of the inexpensive hotels in Medellín are located in El Centro. It's a vibrant area during the daytime, but at night becomes a bit sketchy, be aware.
Hotel Conquistadores, Carrera 54 #49-31, ☎ +574 512 3232, . An affordable and safe hotel in the center of town. All the basic amenities, including broadcast TV, hot water, lockboxes. Restaurant on site. Extremely friendly and helpful staff. Recommended.36,000 COP for a single room. edit
Hotel Linton, Carrera 45 #47-58 (El Palo entre pichincha y Bomboná), ☎ +574 239 2647. All the basic amenities including cable TV, hot water, mini stereo system in rooms.20,000 COP for a single room. edit
Hotel Ayacucho Real, Calle 49 (Ayacucho) #48-15, ☎ +574 511 5904. All the basic amenities including cable TV, hot water, mini stereo system in rooms.28,000 COP for a single room. edit
Hotel San José, Calle 49 #45-12, second floor (Ayacucho por el Palo), ☎ +57 4 512 0066. Probably the cheapest decent hotel in town. Despite the price, it is clean and safe. Cable TV, hot water, laundry on site.16,000 COP for a single room. edit
Nutibara, Calle 52A # 50 - 46 Plazuela Nutibara (Downtown near Metrostation Parque Berrio), ☎ +57 4 511 5111, . The most traditional hotel in Medellín, now a tad rundown. Great architecture. Just across the street from Museo de Antioquia. Fax: +57 4 231 3713 from 110,000 COP. edit
These are middle-class, safe neighborhoods just west of the river (west of downtown) with many bars, restaurants, shops and clubs along Carrera 70.
Hotel Egina Medellin, Calle 47 #68A - 80, Medellin 54 Colombia, ☎ 5716371610, . 65 rooms, standard rooms, junior rooms and suites, all equipped with Air-conditioning, Mini-bar and Wi-Fi access. Facilities and services are Bar, Events room and Fitness room/gym.From COP 140,000.00. edit
Hotel Terranova 70, Carrera 70 #47-34 (Diagonally opposite Estadio metro station), ☎ +574 260 2282. The most inexpensive hotel in this desirable area. Clean, modern, nice rooms. Friendly staff.45,000 COP for a single room. edit
This is probably the most desirable neighborhood to stay in, however it is also the most expensive. The higher-end bars, restaurants, and clubs are all located in this area. High-end supermarkets (Carulla and Exito) are nearby, as well as shopping malls, open Wi-Fi networks, and a few Juan Valdez coffee shops.
Hotel Intercontinental, Calle 16 #28-51 (Variante Las Palmas, 2 km up from San Diego shopping mall), ☎ +574 319 4450, . checkin: 15.00; checkout: 13.00. A nice and traditional hotel in town, recently renewed. Suburban location. Large rooms, convention center.$$$. edit
Hotel San Fernando Plaza, Carrera 42 A # 1 - 15 (Ave. el Poblado), ☎ +574 444 5333, . Very fancy and elegant for the price, excellent service. Nice surroundings with many restaurants, gym, coffee house.$$$. edit
Poblado Plaza Hotel (Estelar), Carrera 43A No.4Sur-75, ☎ +574 268 5555, . Convenient locationg in the Golden Mile. Has a pleasant garden where meals can be taken. Free WiFi.$$$. edit
The Charlee (a Lifestyle Hotel), Calle 9A # 37-16 (Northeast corner of Parque Lleras), ☎ +574 4444 968, . Right on a corner of Parque Lleras it is a great place for crowd watching. The restaurant is located in a terrace outdoors, pricey but fun.$$$. edit
Hotel Plaza Rosa, Carrera 32D No. 09-17 El Poblado, ☎ +574 312 0005. email: email@example.com
Four Points by Sheraton, Carrera 43 C #6 Sur 100 (Near Oviedo shopping mall, Poblado neighborhood), ☎ +574 3218088, . checkin: 15.00; checkout: 15.00. $$. edit
Hotel Belfort (A Dann Carlton Hotel), Calle 17 # 40 B - 30 (Avenida el Poblado), . Nice swimming pool area.$$$. edit
Park 10 Hotel, Carrera 36B No. 11-12 El Poblado, ☎ +574 310 6060, . email: firstname.lastname@example.org$$$. edit
Milla de Oro (Estelar), Carrera 43 A No. 1A Sur 237 (Av. El Poblado, between the main plaza and Oviedo shopping mall), . Opened June 2009. Over 150 rooms. Toll free calling within Colombia 01 8000 97 8000$$$. edit
Hotel Portón de Medellín, Carrera 43A No 9 Sur 51 Av. El Poblado (Close to Oviedo mall), ☎ +574 313 2020, . Located in the area called “The Golden Mile”, an exclusive business, trade and entertainment center.90-180 USD. edit
Dann Carlton Hotel, Av. El poblado Cra. 43A # 7-50 (Close to Poblado main plaza), ☎ +574 444 5151, . $$$. edit
Medellin Royal (A Radisson hotel), Cra 42 No 5 Sur -130 El Poblado (Near Oviedo and Santa Fe shopping mall), ☎ +57 4 448 5700, . checkin: 15:00; checkout: 13:00. E-mail: email@example.com from 110 USD /night. edit
Hotel Casa-10, Calle 11 #43B-71 (A couple of blocks NW of Parque Poblado), ☎ 311 4882 or 582 5347. The most inexpensive hotel in this desirable area. Clean, and modern rooms, but musky. Newly opened in early May 2009. Friendly staff. Wider range of cable TV than most inexpensive hotels. Internet computers and WiFi included. Free parking.150,000 COP for a single room. edit
Novelty suites, Ave El Poblado Calle 4 sur #43 A 109 (Milla de Oro), ☎ +57 4 319 4000, . checkin: 15,00; checkout: 13,00. Comfortable and spacious suites in a modern building. Moderate prices.$$. edit
Holiday Inn Express (HIEX), CRA 43 A # 1 SUR - 150 Av El Poblado (Next to Oviedo shopping mall), ☎ +57 4 4440344, . checkin: 15.00; checkout: 13.00. Hotel Fax: +57-4-384554$$. edit
Medellin Executive Suites Hotel, Calle 11 A No. 31 A - 208 (Near Zona Rosa), ☎ + 57 311-582-6237, . An exclusive hotel with exemplary service, modern amenities, and idyllic surroundings. Located in one of the most beautiful areas of Medellin. Short walk to Parque Lleras. Wi-Fi, Pool and recreation deck available. A controversial owner and business man who is disliked by many in the expat community because he talks so much crap about everyone else in Medellin. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org$$$. edit
Hotel Santa Ana, Calle 15 sur No. 48 - 34 (Two blocks from Metrostation La Aguacatala), ☎ + 57 4 314 0707, . Santa Ana is not as nice as the other hotels in El Poblado, but its proximity to the Metro is a breakpoint for many tourists. There is no much to do in La Aguacatala. Breakfast included. 140.000. edit
Ibis, Calle 20 # 44 16 (Across the street from Museo de Arte Moderno), ☎ +574 5001000, . Inexpensive and basic. Parking and Wi-Fi included. Restaurant and bar in the hotel. There is a small food court across the street. Coffee and a good restaurant on the premises of the Museum of Modern Art. Great park behind the museum. The 'Industriales' metro station is 600 mts away, 'Poblado' station is 1 km away (do not walk at night).79.000 COP. edit
ART Hotel Medelin, Carrera 41 #9-31 (El Poblado), ☎ +57 4 369 7900. email: email@example.com$$$. edit
Las Rosas (Boutique hotel), Cra. 33 # 5 G - 73 (Barrio Provenza, near Parque Lleras), ☎ +57 4 4444 513, . checkin: 15,00; checkout: 13,00. Only 14 large rooms with good service. Spanish courses available. The hotel arranges great tours outside the city.$$$. edit
Hotel La Casa Medellin, (Los Balsos), ☎ +57 4 268 6010, . La Casa is a Boutique Hotel located in the most exclusive area of Medellin known as Los Balsos el Poblado. Walking distance to popular attractions such as Oviedo Shopping center and a 5 minute taxi drive to Medellin’s exciting Zona Rosa & Parque LLeras. U.S. Phone Number: 310-728-6301$$$. edit
DiezHotel, Calle 10 A Cra 34 (El Poblado), ☎ +57 4 312 0005, . Mobile + 57 300 216 3744. A boutique hotel with decor inspired in all Colombian regions.+300,000 COP. edit
Hotel Las Lomas (International Airport Hotel), Glorieta of the international airport (José María Córdova Km. 26), ☎ +574 536 0440, . checkin: 15.00; checkout: 13.00. Nice suburban hotel with beautiful grounds. Not noisy. Toll-Free from Colombia: 018000 940 440$$. edit
Antiguo Hostel, Cll 52A # 55 - 45, Placita Zea (Near Botero´s Plaza and Berrio´s main square, 4 blocks from Berrio subway station), ☎ +57 4 513 1630 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . checkin: 24; checkout: 12:00. free wifi, breakfeast not provided but complements for the breakfeast are provided, in a big luxury all equipment kitchen. Very central location, on taxis and buses routes..from 22.000 COP. edit
Blacksheep Hostel, Transversal 5A #45-133 (Patio Bonito), ☎ +574 311 1589 (email@example.com), . On-site Spanish lessons, BBQ every Sunday. Operated by a helpful Kiwi expat named Kelvin. Two meters long European sized beds, en-suite bathrooms, hot power showers, airy rooms, fully equipped kitchen, 5 computers with high speed internet access (2,000 COP/h), TV room + cable, free DVDs, hammocks. Dorm bed : 19,000 COP / Doubles from 40,000 COP. edit
Casa Kiwi Hostel, Cra 36 #7-10 (3 blocks above Parque Lleras in El Poblado), ☎ +574 268 2668 / 352 1109 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . Great foreign run backpacker hostel, with cheap dorm beds and private rooms, and a new addition with nicer private rooms and suites. High speed internet, free Wi-Fi, TV with Satellite. Terraces and patios, a fully equipped guest kitchen, laundry service, pool table, and lockers in the dorm rooms. Great atmosphere and good customer service and travel information. Avoid non-remodeled dorms.Dorm bed : 20,000 COP / Private room from 40.000 COP. edit
Hostal Poblado Park, Calle 8 # 43A - 90 (5 min from Estación Poblado), ☎ +574 581 7243, . guest kitchen, wifi, 24h reception and extremly nice and helpful owner. Cleanest dorm (and bathroom!) I've seen in ColombiaCOP$ 20.000. edit
GEO Hostel, Carrera 35 # 8-58, ☎ (0)4 3117150, . Brand new hostel with hotel-like amenities, bathrooms, furniture, etc. Dorms and private rooms with private and shared bathrooms. Jacuzzi and flat screen TV on the balcony. Great hot showers. Hotel-like experience. Breakfast and free Wi-Fi included. No soundproofing like most Colombian hostels, so sound carries. Bring ear plugs if a light sleeper. 20-min walk from Poblado metro station, but near all bars and restaurants. www.geohostel.comedit
Hostal Medellin, Calle 44B Nº69-13 (a six-minute walk from the metrostation Estadio, near 70 street.), ☎ +57 4 260 06 60 (email@example.com), . checkin: 11:00; checkout: 11:00. Dormitory and private rooms/ Free Coffee/ Laundry service/ Internet(256k)/ Cable TV/ DVD/ Book exchange/ Hot showers/ Cooking facilities/ Garden/ BBQ/ Hammocks/ Lockers/ Garage/ Games and billiard pool/ Tourist Information. Dorm Room : 22.000 COP / Private Room : from 30.000 COP(1person), from 50.000 COP(2persons). edit
Palm Tree Hostel, Cra 67 # 48D - 63, Suramericana (Near the city center, 3 blocks from Suramericana subway station), ☎ +57 4 444 7256 or 2606142 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . checkin: 24; checkout: 11:30. free wifi, breakfeast not provided but complement for the breakfeast is provided. Very central location, on subway and buses routes..from 25.000 COP. edit
Samán Hostel, Calle 10 N° 36-24, El Poblado, ☎ 310 221436/320 7662735 (email@example.com), . Run by an amazing guy named Alejandro who goes out of his way help you experience Medellin. Seriously plush and very clean for a hostel, and close to the more up-market bars around El Poblado. Internet, plush lounge, kitchen, free tea & coffee, laundry service. 20-min walk from Poblado metro stop, but near all the bars and restaurants. Dorm bed : 20,000 COP. edit
Sunshine Hostel, Calle 9 #43C-36 (Poblado), ☎ +574 582 0305 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . checkout: 13:00. Operated by two nice and helpful Israelis, it is on of the cheapest hostels in town. Two meters long European sized beds, hot power showers, fully equipped kitchen, computers with high speed internet access, free WIFI, three common areas (TV area, dinning room, chillout area with hammock), pin-pong table. Dorm bed : 17,000 COP / Doubles from 55,000 COP. edit
Casa Mayde, Calle 10 # 37-39 (Ten-minute walk from Poblado metro station), ☎ +57 4 312 0254 (email@example.com), . A Colombian run hostel in the safe and modern Parque Lleras neighborhood, for a maximum of 15 people. Hot showers in some rooms. Fully equipped self-catering kitchen. Two outdoor patios, slow internet connection, cable and laundry service. The owner, Mayde, and her staff are a rather eccentric bunch that drinks and smokes up every night, so only consider staying here if you are looking to stay up all night.Dorm bed : 15,000 COP / Private double room : 30,000 to 55,000 COP. edit
Hostal Tamarindo - Medellin (firstname.lastname@example.org), Calle 7 #35-36, El Poblado, ☎ +574 268 9828, 57 315 451 6268 (email@example.com), . checkin: 2PM; checkout: 11AM. At Tamarindo you will find a calm, warm and friendly atmosphere, great service, clean comfortable rooms, bathrooms and social areas, hot water all day, a fully equipped open kitchen, free linens and towels, lockers, DVD movies, no curfew, free Wi-Fi, internet service, laundry service, keyless entry and complete tourist information.Co-ed dorm : 18,000 COP / Female dorm : 22,000 COP / Private room from 55,000 COP. (N 06.20648°,W 75.56578°)edit
Lleras Park Hostel, Carrera 39 #8-72, El Poblado, ☎ +574 266 6291 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . checkin: Anytime; checkout: 2PM. Amenities include free towels, internet, lockers, coffee, cable TV, and 24/7 security. Roof top bar, meals for cheap, book exchange library, guided tours available.Dorms 20,000 COP, doubles from 60,000 COP. edit
Palm Tree Hostel, Cra 67 # 48D - 63 (Behind the ''Exito Colombia'' supermarket, 3 blocks away from the Suramericana Metro station), ☎ +57 4 444 7256 or 2606142 (email@example.com), . checkin: 24; checkout: 11:30. 24 hour staffed office, free breakfast, free internet & Wi-Fi, dormitories and private rooms, linen included, hot showers, laundry service, bar, book exchange, free bicycle, Cable TV with over 100 channels, DVD movies. Hammocks, fully equipped kitchen, free bag storage, free coffee & breakfast.Dorm bed : 25,000 COP. edit
Tiger Paw Hostel, Car 36 No. 10-49 (Across the street from Parque Lleras in Poblado), ☎ US 843-564-5585 and international +574 311 6079 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . Brand new hostel which is steps away from the main night-life in town. Extra large compartmentalized private bunk beds. US TV programming, DVD, laundry, bilingual staff, pool table, free internet, WiFi, XBOX-360, private lockers, 24 hour reception, events, tour information, kitchen, hot water. Owner is American with plenty of experience in Medellin. Sports Bar located in the hostel (see 'Eat' section).Dorm bed : 20,000 COP. edit
The Pit Stop (Hostel), Cra 43 e # 5 - 110 (Patio Bonito, in El Poblado), ☎ +574 352 1176, . Mobile 314 657 6390. email: email@example.com$. edit
The Wandering Paisa Hostel, Calle 44 A No. 68 A 76, Laureles, ☎ 0(34) 436-6759 or (cell) 320-749-2073 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . New hostel with comfortable Beds, included Linen, Nintendo Wii, Free wifi, Bar, Laundry Service, Hammocks, Sun Deck/Patio, Rooftop terrace, Library, 24 hour hot water, Bilingual staff, Lockers, Kitchen, Tour Information, 24 hour reception. (6.24981,-75.58729)edit
Waypoint Hostel, Cra 48b # 10 sur - 08 (La Aguacatala, in El Poblado, next to EAFIT University), ☎ +574 312 52 94 / Mobile 300 671 99 12 (email@example.com), . Clean sheets, pillows, blankets and towels. Cooking facilities, Hammocks, Hot water, Wi-Fi, Swimming pool.$. edit
The Apartment Medellin, Cra 34 # 8A - 54, ☎ US 646 727 7039 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . checkin: 4PM; checkout: 12PM. We bring you the best selection of furnished apartment rentals that are the ideal accommodation solution for short or extended stays, leisure holidays, vacation breaks, corporate rentals and relocations. Serving Medellin since 2006.edit
Oasis Collections, ☎ +1.631.731.1677 (email@example.com), . A portfolio of handpicked homes and apartments that include concierge service and full guest support. Recently awarded Top Villa Provider by Condé Nast Traveler.edit
Medellin Room Rentals, (firstname.lastname@example.org), . Offering rooms in shared apartments, Medellin Room Rentals is allowing savvy travelers to stay in the comfort of an apartment for the same price as a hostel. The clientele is typically other professional travelers and Spanish language school students usually staying longer than a week and want all the facilities of home without the massive price tag of renting a private apartment.edit
Clothing is usually casual but shorts or bermuda pants are unusual on weekdays. Only young locals will wear them on weekends. Sweaters and jackets are usually not necessary at daytime, occasionally needed at night.
Refrain from joking about drugs, kidnapping or bombings. Many residents of Medellin were personally affected by the violence of the past, and today they consider themselves very modern, forward looking and ready to move on. They do not find these things to be funny. In addition, the police take the security situation very seriously, and you may find yourself detained. Accordingly, there is no official tourism built around the history of Pablo Escobar, and many people do not like to discuss him, although several hostels offer a Pablo Escobar tour. You will receive a lot of puzzled stares if you start asking how to get to the house where he was killed, etc.
When on the Metrocable, remember that it is a functional part of the Metro system, and that many proud residents of the mountainside neighborhoods ride the system to and from work each day. Accordingly, refrain from gawking, commenting on or taking pictures of the neighborhoods below, especially if there are Colombians in your car.
Medellin is generally a safe city for tourism,depending on the part of town you visit and the hours (like most other cities) and is much safer than in previous years. It was reported than in 2009 the murder rate in Medellin was the lowest in 30 years , while murder rates have since doubled in 2010 in a new surge of violence. According to the US State Department, murders have involved tourists and U.S citizens, and there remains a risk of "terrorist" actions in the urban area.. Much of the violence is concentrated within the city's hillside slums and amongst known drug traffickers, although richer parts of town have also been aflicted by the latest surge in crime. The poorer neighborhoods in the north-east and north-west of the city should be avoided at both day and night to avoid trouble. Most of the downtown area (or centro) is best avoided at night. El Poblado and Laureles are safer at night, but still travelers should be careful no matter how affluent the neighborhood. Most travelers to Medellin will tell you that they never found themselves in any danger while there, as the city center and touristy neighborhoods and attractions are all heavily policed. Thus, the following advice should not deter your plans to travel there, and should be taken as advice. As in most major cities, staying safe comes down to common sense, and even the locals follow the following advice.
Don't travel alone after dark. Almost anyone who knows anyone who has gotten into trouble in Medellin will tell you that they were doing things that you shouldn't do in any city, i.e. walk around after dark alone, especially leaving clubs after having been drinking. If you must, travel with a few friends, and at night call a taxi instead of taking it off the curb.
Avoid straying off of the main areas outside of the Santo Domingo Metrocable station, especially after dark; basically, try to stay within sight of the station and library, and you will be fine. Avoid areas of downtown at night, such as the Parque San Antonio area (including outside of the Metro station), Parque Boliviar, and areas directly to the north of Parque Barrio, where there is a lot of prostitution and other shady dealings. During the day, these areas are all perfectly safe with the normal precautions.
As in most large cities, petty crime can be a problem; it is advisable to carry a color copy of your passport rather than the real thing, avoid carrying a wallet and to keep varying amounts of cash in several pockets, socks and bras. Only carry what you will need for the day, and always have enough hidden somewhere to get back to your hotel. However, at most tourist sites, the police have a very heavy presence, so you can feel safe taking pictures and walking around during the day. Avoid parks, muggers with knives wait for tourists in parks near hotels in the affluent areas of the city, such as El Poblado and Laureles, located west of downtown.
Avoid accepting drinks from strangers. One common organized scam reported recently involves girls being overly friendly to gringos at a club, buying them drinks and then asking to go home with them. The drinks end up being drugged, and the girls make off with money, credit cards and other valuables. Note that it is not very common for Medellin locals to go home with other locals to hook up; rather, cheap hotels are used. So one should be suspicious of overly friendly girls asking to come to your hotel or residence from a club.
Many people sometimes feel overwhelmed by all of the small-time vendors selling anything from fruit, ice cream, cigarettes, lottery tickets, cell phone chargers, trinkets, hats, etc. However, a simple "no, gracias" will deter them from bothering you.
As Colombia is still a country with a "macho" mindset, women might be the subject of lewd comments, cat-calling, or whistling. If you feel you have to challenge this remain polite as you do so - it may be a new experience for the man.
Do not, under any circumstances, make any jokes about the use of cocaine or bombs. The Colombian police take jokes as threats, and you may find yourself in a police station explaining yourself to unsympathetic police officers. Under normal circumstances, police officers are usually kind and helpful towards tourists.
The age of consent in Colombia is 14. The drinking age is 18. Minors are not allowed to be in possession of alcohol at any time, and they may not enter night clubs of any kind. If a minor is found to be in a night club, the entire club will be immediately closed for violating a national law. (Enforced more in nicer neighborhoods)
Always change your money at the airport or at a bank. Bancolombia is the largest national bank, is based in Medellín and has ATM's almost everywhere. "Street changers" offer tempting rates for your dollar, but be on guard. "Street Changers" palm several of the biggest bills for themselves. Do not flaunt large amounts of money around. ATM machines are your best bet for dealing with the complexities of various money changers.
When using an ATM machine (only delivers pesos) it is wise to use machines in a mall (Spanish: centro comercial), one of the large superstores (such as Exito or Carrefour) or grocery stores (such as Pomona or Carulla), then take your time walking around a bit. Don't rush out the door. If someone is watching people at the ATM, they will wait for you to leave, and possibly rob you on the street down the road. Using ATMs on the street is not advisable in Colombia.
The water in Medellín is potable and delicious. However, bottled water is always available everywhere for the extra-cautious.
Altitude is generally not a problem for foreigners since Medellín is approximately 1,500 mts (4,921 ft) above sea-level (about the same as Denver, USA or Davos, Switzerland). However, some who reside at or around sea-level may experience some minor effects their first night. If this is the case, it is advisable to drink plenty of water and avoid alcohol on the way there and on the first night.
You are at no risk of many tropical diseases like malaria, cholera, yellow fever, leishmaniasis or Chagas disease because of Medellin's altitude.
Oral 70: Carrera 70 N 45E- 13 Piso 2. Clean professional office. Located a few blocks south of Estadio station. Very reasonable rates (20,000 for half hour consult). Good english spoken and gaps filled care of google translate in the examination room.
International country codes: Colombia 57, City code Medellín 4. When calling a mobile from outside Colombia dial 57-3 (I.E.+57 311 xxx xx xx don't double the 3).
To make an international call from Colombia, dial the access code 005 (UNE), 007 (ETB) or 009 (Telefonica), followed by the country code, area code and party's number.
Many local phones are blocked for direct international calling, but calling through an operator will work many phones: Call 159 for the operator.
For all local phone calls you have to dial only 7 digits.
When calling from a local phone into a cell phone you have to dial '03' then the 10 digit mobile number.
When calling from a Mobile to a local phone: dial 03 + (city code) + 7 digit phone number.
Emergencies dial 123
Mobile services: There are several cellular phone companies in Colombia (claro, Movistar , TIGO , Uff! , UNE , ETB  and Avantel ). Calling mobile phones is more expensive than calling local numbers but not prohibitive. In crowded places is common to find people selling 'minutes' to make calls from their cell phones, usual range of prices from COP 100 to 200 per minute for domestic calls. All mobile numbers have 10 digits (The digit 3 is always first).
Regular mail in Colombia is quite dismal  as you can not attach the stamps yourself and always have to go to a post office. There are very few offices in each city, usually downtown.
With this background, private mail couriers have flourished with better service and more offices. There are close to 10 different companies, among the most popular are Coordinadora and TCC. Both have agreements with international delivery services and cover the world over.
El Colombiano is the second largest paper in the country with somewhat conservative views. Interestedly it has a few vignettes with the most important news in English - look for 'Antioquia Bilingue' .
There are plenty of good hospitals and clinics in Medellin. Many doctors will speak English because it is required as part of their training and many study overseas but unfortunately English is not widely spoken by nurses or other hospital staff. Most upscale hotels have medical services in house.
It is easy to be seen by a doctor at any Emergency Department. Some clinics will make you pay a deposit in advance. Paying patients are generally attended to quite quickly.
Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paul covers almost all specialties with emphasis in transplantation, trauma.
Clinica Cardiovascular is the local reference for cardiovascular medicine in adults and children.
Hospital Pablo Tobon Uribe a non for profit with excellent services.
Clinica Medellin with its main building downtown and a smaller branch in neighborhood El Poblado.
Clinica el Rosario has 2 sites, the one in El Poblado is modern, calm and oriented for international patients.
Oral Hygienist Gloria Pavas speaks enough English and provides expert dental care at Clinica Medellin/El Poblado
Guatape and La Piedra del Peñol: Guatape is located approximately 90 minutes outside of Medellin and is a popular recreational and ecotourism destination for many Colombians and foreign travelers. Half the fun of traveling to Guatape is driving through the Colombian countryside lined with beautiful rolling hills, small towns, farms and friendly people. Once you arrive in Guatape you will notice that the town borders a reservoir built for a hydroelectric dam. The lake covers thousands of acres and can be explored and enjoyed by renting a boat or taking one of the large party boats available on weekends. Guatape has new resort hotels, restaurants, homes, and recreational rentals (boats and water skis) bordering the lake. The huge Rock (La Piedra del Peñol a.k.a. Peñón de Guatape) that borders the lake is an unexplained geological phenomenon. With 2/3 of its height below ground, the exposed vertical face is over 200 m. high (660 ft) and visible from throughout the surrounding countryside. Anyone can scale the rock for a few thousand pesos via a staircase built into one side, the view is breathtaking. On the top of the rock, a restaurant offers outdoor tables overlooking views that stretch to the horizon in every direction. There are buses going about every hour from the Medellín North bus terminal. Pablo Escobar, the famous druglord, once called Guatape his home and built several big Casas on its lakeshores. His presence made Guatape a dangerous place for both foreign visitors and local Colombians. After his death Guatape transformed into a quiet town that's growing as a tourist destination. Escobar's main home is now a bombed out shell that is easily viewed from the lake.
Natural Reserve of Río Claro This private nature reserve began in 1970 with the intention of supporting the protection of tropical rainforests in the Canyon of Rio Claro, while developing ecotourism with recreational-educational programs. The lime-stone, marble deposits and the river bed are beyond amazing.  Accommodations with optional open to the forest cabins are available. Day tours from Medellin are also available with optional activities to choose from such as cave trekking, white water scenic rafting, kayaking and canopy adventures to name a few.
Alejandria, also known as the Pearl of Nare, is a pueblo of 4,000 people located 90 kilometers east of Medellin. Surrounded by basins, mountains, and the Nare River, Alejandria provides access to the Colombian countryside and authentic Colombian culture. The climate is warm and sunny with an average of 20 degrees C (68 degrees F). Activities include the natural pools Balneario Nudillales (free to the public), horseback riding, hiking trails, swimming at the base of several waterfalls, and tubing down the Nare River. For lodging, Golden Elephant Hostel is a modern, backpacker style hostel located at the base of the Nare River (www.goldenelephanthostel.com / +57 (4) 866 0160).
Extreme sports: Montevivo is a reservation in Santa Elena, 30 minutes up the hill from Medellín. It has 5 aerial ropeslides, one is around 400 mts long, among the largest in the world. You can canopy, trek, even sleep in the park. $$-$$$.  Phone: +574 538 0279. email: email@example.com
El Retiro & Oriente Antioqueño Antioquia's easter region offers a large variety of extreme sports such as climbing and rafting. A variety of small towns can give you a clear of idea of what the life on the country side is like: quite and nice. It is very common to rent a finca or hacienda on the weekends in this region  Phone:+57 310 424 6925
Santa Fe de Antioquia, a tropical town with beautiful colonial architecture. An annual film festival draws the national elite and cinema lovers to this charming spot. This cobblestoned street town founded in 1541 was the capital of the Antioquia Province until 1826 when it was ordained to Medellín.
Most of the coffee in the country grows in the Andes region southwest of Medellín and most of the traditions of the coffee growers are the same as in this city. Indeed, world famous Juan Valdez has lived in Medellín for over 3 decades. There are most of 20 small towns southwest of Medellín (Suroeste Antioqueño) where you can see Juan, mule Conchita and Grab Life by the Beans.
Jardín is a quaint little town that displays beautiful local architecture, 2.5 hour drive southwest of Medellín. The main plaza is lined with several outdoor cafes, a large stone built church dominates this plaza. Local fresh trout is easily available at many eateries in town and a couple of countryside restaurants. Probably Jardín's most spellbinding natural attraction is the Splendor Cave. LandVenture Travel offers day tours from Medellín to the Splendor Cave plus visiting sugar cane mills, coffee mills and other great attractions that Jardín has to offer.
In the very southern tip of the Antioquia Department there is a small country hotel overlooking the Cauca river. Terrific views of the canyon, ecological paths, swimming pool. Hotel Pipintá in La Pintada. A 2.5 hr. drive from Medellín.
Sabaneta, Colombia’s smallest municipality, with only 15 km², is located just 14 kilometers (8.1 miles) outside of the capital city of Medellín. Though small, this city has developed tremendously over the last decade and is now a beacon of progress in Colombia. Travel to Sabaneta to get away from the hustle and bustle of the city and venture outside of the typical ‘tourist’ destinations. While in Sabaneta, eat at one of the municipality’s many open-air cafes, visit its famous María Auxiliadora Sanctuary, and explore the La Romera Ecological Park.