Mayaguana (pronounced May-guana) is the most southeasterly, least developed, and most unspoiled of the Bahamas' inhabited islands. For an interactive map of the island, additional pictures, and an informative pdf guide see the Mayaguana Island Developer website.
The island is largely undeveloped.
Make sure to bring plenty of cash and sunscreen, and be ready for an adventure away from the resorts and tourists that characterize many of the other more well known Bahamian islands. This is a cash economy. There are no banks or ATMs on the island and credit cards are only accepted at Shorty's hotel in Pirates Well. The few "convenience" stores on the island offer only a limited (and expensive!) selection of goods; as a general rule it is best not to plan on buying additional supplies on the island.
English is the rule but for a little fun ask the locals to teach you some of the local dialect, which they often speak when talking amongst each other.
Bahamas Air flies to the island from Nassau twice per week on Wednesday and Saturday.
Charter a ride or take the mail boat if you want to save some cash and are up for a little extra adventure.
Although much of the island remains untouched and lacks roads, many hiking, diving, and fishing destinations are too spread out to reach on foot. Car rentals are an informal affair as the locals simply rent out their private vehicles. The first gas station on the island is currently under construction (January, 2009) so you will need to drive into Pirates Well and fill up from one of two large tanks. Note that gas prices on the island often lag well behind prices in Nassau and the US and are additionally inflated by the transport costs to the island; be prepared (as in bring enough cash) for gas guzzling vehicles and prices approaching $6/gallon.
If you are a little more flexible with your time, are interested in meeting more of the friendly locals, and cringe at spending $75/day plus gas on a car rental that sits in the sun all day after the 15min ride to your fishing/swimming/diving destination, you can arrange rides with the locals. For $20-40/day (depending upon your generosity) they will gladly drop you off and pick you up (or at least get someone else to) at an arranged time later in the day.
Mayaguana is a seafood paradise. Many types of tropical fish are caught fresh daily by the locals. Fresh conch and lobster from the reef also also make a welcome addition to the rice, beans, and chicken that form a large part of the local diet.
Although the island farms are not producing to the extent of the past, the land is extremely fertile and locals grow limited amounts of their own watermelon, sweet potatoes, peanuts, corn, and peas as well as an assortment of other fresh fruit and vegetables.
The Mayaguana developer pdf guide requested through their website mentions several sleeping alternatives including the option of renting a room in an islander's house. If you are interested in meeting and living with the locals (highly recommended!), you will get the experience if you decide to stay anywhere other than the Baycaner with its semblance of a "resort" type atmosphere - and even at the Baycaner you can obviously arrange opportunities to immerse yourself in the local community.
With its tiny population, everyone on the island knows everyone else and the entire island behaves as one large extended family, visitors included. The people of the Mayaguana family are some of the friendliest you will ever find. Doors are rarely if ever locked, and concern about safety will become an idea you only vaguely remember from home.