Maliana is in the Bobonaro District of Timor-Leste.
The third-largest city in Timor-Leste, Maliana has the air of a dusty wild west town. There's not much in the town itself, but it is surrounded by interesting landscapes and can make a good stopover or base for day trips.
About 4.5 hours from Dili on the main highway heading west past Dili airport. Just remember to turn right at the Tibar T-junction to go through Liquica, Maubara, Batugade and Balibo. This is somewhat of a historic route, with possible stops at the prison ruins before Liquica, the fort at Maubara and the house at Balibo with an exhibition on the murdered Australian journalists, as well as another ruined fort. If you have time, go straight at the T-junction for a challenging, but scenic 8-hour trip through Gleno, Ermera and eventually to Maliana.
The highway runs north-south and intersects with Maliana's main street next to the sports field and gymnasium. This area is easy to walk around, but some hotels are on a hill that is accessed by a road turning right off the highway about 500 metres south past the intersection (opposite a cemetery).
The market on the main street is interesting to walk around but doesn't sell much except for fruit, vegetables and household products.
Marobo hot springs are about 1.5 hours from Maliana. Take the highway south and it winds into the mountains and along a windswept ridge where, on a good day, you can see the south coast in one direction and Ramelau in the other. A bit further along (keeping left at the fork - the right one goes to Bobonaro village) is a 3-way junction. The road on the left with an arch leads to Marobo. After the village itself, the road gets steep and rocky. First you come to the stone ruins of a Portuguese resort, which are good for exploring and for views down the valley. Further on, the road is blocked and the springs are a short walk beyond. There is a pool there but the water is seriously hot. Local families maintain it and charge a fee for usage or to have kids slather you with sulfuric mud.
You can then take the slow scenic route back to Dili via Ermera. Take the other road at the 3-way junction and look for the next major left fork - it's in the middle of a village and both forks are paved - the high road on the right goes to Zumalai and the low road on the left goes to Ermera. Take food as it may be hard to find restaurants.