Maastricht is the southernmost city in the Netherlands, and is the capital of the province of Limburg. Situated on the Maas river, within walking distance of Belgium and cycling distance of Germany, it claims to be the oldest city in the Netherlands (a claim it shares with Nijmegen). A great place to spend some time, it contains some magnificent buildings and culture, taking the form of plenty of old houses and buildings, lovely cathedrals and a spectacularly cobblestoned town centre. The city is also well known for its fine cuisine, excellent shops and multicultural atmosphere.
Maastricht is an especially popular tourist destination in the Netherlands because of its historical old center and broad shopping possibilities. The city is home to approximately 120,000 people. The University of Maastricht attracts many national and foreign students to the city. Geographically, the city is split in half by a major river (the Maas), with the majority of commercial activity being concentrated on the Western bank of the river, and the train station and the Bonnefanten Museum on the Eastern side.
The VVV  is a branch office of the Dutch national tourist agency. The office offers maps, souvenirs, and local, regional, and national travel suggestions. They can be located in Maastricht at Kleine Staat 1, in the city center.
For information about all (cultural) events in Maastricht, try to find a copy of the Week in Week uit. They are distributed all around the city. Also visit Crossroads, a webzine in English for expatriates in Maastricht.
Maybe even more than in other parts of the Netherlands, people know how to speak foreign languages. So don't worry if you don't speak Dutch, many Maastrichtenaars are happy to converse with you in English, German or even French.
Germanwings has daily operations between Maastricht and Berlin-Schönefeld in Germany.
Other airports in the Netherlands include:
Amsterdam - Schiphol Airport  is the biggest airport for the Netherlands, and is the entry point for most air-borne travellers. Schiphol is approximately 3 hours from Maastricht by train.
Eindhoven - Eindhoven Airport  is about an hour and a half from Maastricht, and mainly serves discount and charter airlines.
Rotterdam - Rotterdam Airport  is another Dutch airport, located about 2.5 hours from Maastricht.
Due to Maastricht's proximity to the Belgian border, some visitors prefer to use Belgian airports:
Brussels - Brussels Airport , another Belgian airport, is the second largest airport (after Schiphol) within 2 hours distance of Maastricht, and is another decent option for arriving by plane. A journey to Brussels is slightly under 2 hours by train, which to some people makes the airport a more attractive option than Schiphol.
Charleroi - Brussels South Charleroi Airport  is Brussels' second major airport, also within train distance to Maastricht, and mainly caters to discount airlines (notably Ryanair).
Liege Bierset - Liege Airport  is located in Belgium, about a half hour from Maastricht.
The nearby airports in Germany offer many connections to chose from as well:
Maastricht is well served by train, with train stations (Maastricht, near the centre of the city, and Maastricht Randwyck, in the south). There are two trains departing from Maastricht Station to the northern destinations every hour. Some popular destinations include:
There is an extensive rail system in the Netherlands. Travelling by train is generally a good experience in the Netherlands, although Dutch people will often complain that the trains are late and full. National train services are run by Nederlandse Spoorwegen (NS) , and an elaborate timetable system including price information is available on their website. Prices for trips are determined by distance, with longer distances costing less per km than shorter ones. Tickets can be bought at the ticket office in the train station's main hall, but you can save yourself an extra service fee by buying your train ticket from a yellow-and-blue electronic ticketing machine (note that some machines only accept European pin passes/debit cards and only older machines accept coins). Wherever you plan to buy your ticket, make sure you buy it before boarding the train, as it is not possible to buy a ticket on-board and you'll risk a € 35,- fine (in addition to the ticket price). Tickets can be bought as either one way tickets, or as a same-day or same weekend return. If you plan to return in the course of a couple of days, you should simply buy two separate one way tickets.
Visitors who intend to travel a lot by train in the Netherlands may consider purchasing a Voordeelurenabonnement (Off Peak Discount Pass), which will set you back €55,- but entitles you and three fellow passengers to reduced-fare tickets (40% off the price). Reduced-fare tickets can be bought from the same ticket-vending machines. The card can be purchased from any NS Ticketing Office, although an address, phone number, and passport photo is required (you are initially issued a temporary paper card, which will be replaced by a plastic card about 3 months later).
An hourly service connects Maastricht with Liege, Belgium. Although the direct, high-speed connection no longer exists directly between Maastricht and Brussels, Belgium, you can catch an express train in Liege and take it to Brussels. From there you can switch trains to Paris and London. Check out the Maastricht-Brussels Express website for more information on connecting to Brussels.
Alternatively, Eurostar can include travel to/from any Dutch station.
For further information on international train journeys, check timetables and train fares at the Belgian Railways, the French Railways, or Die Bahn (German Railways)  websites.
Bus 50 from Aachen serves Maastricht on an half-hourly basis all days. Generally, travellers pay €5,50 for a one-way ticket (Veolia Combikaart Zuid-Limburg). An all-day ticket that allows travel on South Limburg bus routes, including those to local cities such as Heerlen, is now €7.00. Travel time is approximately one hour from Aachen. See Veolia Transport for timetables (Regio: Limburg). 
Eurolines Netherlands has a bus stop at the Central train station in Maastricht. In Liege is the Belgian Eurolines stop, which serves different routes to the Maastricht stop.
Semi tours travels on Tuesday ("Utorak") to/from Bosnia via Belgium, passing Maastricht, to Amsterdam. Return trip around €150, reservation by phone at the Belgian office. Bus stops at the central station.
Travelling by Car can be painful in Maastricht, largely due to the fact that most of the city centre is pedestrian-only, and also due to the horrendous parking rates. It is often easier to park your car outside the town centre and either walk or bus into the city.
The city has a bus system called the Stadsbus ("City Bus") that travels over most of the city and to surrounding areas. Tickets can be bought on the bus, or you can buy an 'OV chip card'. It is a magnetic card which you can recharge with chosen amount of money (minimum € 5). This card costs € 7.50 and can be bought at the train station, also at the vending machine at the station or in the Veolia Transport service point (Veolia is Maastricht's bus transport company). When you enter the bus, you have to put the card close to the yellow card reader which will 'log you in' at the beginning stop. When you go out from the bus, you have to do it again to 'check out'. The amount of money for the trip wll be taken from your card. It is much cheaper than buying a ticket from the bus driver.
'Strippenkaart' is no longer valid in Maastricht.
This is by far the most attractive option as it allows travellers to see the beautiful winding streets in the centre of the city, as well as experience the cultural melting pot that Maastricht's location allows. A particularly nice walk outside of the centre is along the river, from St Servaas Brug (The Stone Bridge near the entrance to the city) down to the JFK Bridge (near the bottom), which goes through Maastricht's largest park. Visitors can then cross the JFK bridge and go to Maastricht's modern art museum - the Bonnefanten (see below).
Maastricht Running Tours offers guided city jogging tours in Maastricht or their green surroundings. During tours you get to see more and you do your work out at the same time. The Higlight tours is about 6km (1,5 hours). During several stops on the tour you get to hear the interesting stories behind the most interesting sights of the old historical center. The pace is very easy and adapted to the group.
There are thousands of bicycles in Maastricht, often the young gents giving their girlfriends a lift on the parcel carrier at the back, with the girls sitting "side saddle". A charming sight, and you can join in the bicycle culture very easily, there are several bicycle hire shops in Maastricht. At around €10 per day (2006 prices) you can explore the flat country of South Limburg. Dutch traffic law is heavily biased towards the cyclist, so you might find cars slowing down to let you pass when they are pulling in to a side street which you are about to cross - no sane car driver is going to cut you off since in the case of an accident the cyclist is always presumed innocent unless grossly negligent. Also while there are many one-way streets in Maastricht, almost all (if not all) of them have a cycle lane going the other way up the street. Very handy. I would dispute the previous reviewer's assertion that foot is the most attractive option, for me it has to be the bicycle.
Maastricht-Biking offers 2 hour guided city tours off the beaten track.
Perhaps one of the best (free) sights of Maastricht is simply to admire the two town squares in the centre of the city; The Vrijthof, which features the massive St Servaas Church and St Jan's Cathedral; and The Markt, which features the Town Hall (Stadhuis) and on Wednesdays and Fridays, markets.
The Vrijthof regularly hosts large festivals at various times throughout the year, including autumn and winter festivals. The Carnival before Lent is an amazing occasion where (it seems) the whole city dresses up in costume and parties until the early hours. It really has to be seen to be believed, this is a North European Mardi Gras, hence colder and darker than its American cousin.
Bonnefantenmuseum, Avenue Céramique 250, ☎ +31 (43) 329 01 90 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: +31 (43) 329 01 99), . Tue-Sun: 11.00 am - 5.00 pm; Mon: closed, except on public holidays. The museum is the foremost museum of Old Masters and contemporary art in the province of Limburg. The contemporary art collection contains works by an international group of artists, including Sol LeWitt. In addition to contemporary paintings, the collection also includes projections and gallery-sized installations. The collection of Old Masters emphasises on 16th and 17th century Flemish paintings, including major works by Peter Paul Rubens, Anthony van Dyck and Jacob Jordaens. In addition, the collection comprises magnificent medieval sculptures by Jan van Steffenswert, early Italian paintings and a presentation of Maastricht silver.Adult: €7.50; child 13-18: €3.50; child under 13: free entry. edit
Centre Céramique, Avenue Céramique 50, ☎ +31 (43) 350 56 00 (email@example.com, fax: +31 (43) 350 55 99). Tue and Thu: 10.30 am - 8.30 pm; Wed, Fri, Sun: 10.30 am - 5.00 pm. edit
Derlon Museum Cellar, Plankstraat 21, ☎ +31 (43) 325 21 21. Sun: 12.00 am - 4.00 pm. The museum is not wheelchair accessible. Before the restoration of the Derlon Hotel started, Maastricht's city archeologists undertook an extensive survey of the site. The Roman finds, from the 2nd, 3rd and 4th century, are considered so important that it was decided to conserve them and exhibit these to interested parties. The following can be seen in the cellar of Derlon Hotel: part of a 2nd and 3rd century square, a 3rd century well, part of a pre- Roman cobblestone road and sections of a wall and a gate dating from the 4th century.Free entry. edit
Natuurhistorisch Museum, De Bosquetplein 7, ☎ +31 (43) 350 54 90 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: +31 (43) 350 54 75), . Mon-Fri: 10.00 am - 5.00 pm; Sat-Sun: 2.00 pm - 5.00 pm. The museum outlines the natural history of southern Limburg. Modern displays offer an insight into both the recent and distant past. Among the museum's highlights are the remains of enormous Mosasauriers and Giant Turtles found in marlstone at the St Pietersberg caverns. Fossils of all shapes and sizes show how South Limburg has changed in the course of the last 300 million years. Adult: €4.50; child 4-11: €3.00; child under 4: free entry. edit
Spaans Gouvernement, Vrijthof 18, ☎ +31 (43) 321 13 27 (email@example.com), . Wed-Sun: 1.00 pm - 5.00 pm. The museum contains period rooms with mainly 17th and 18th century furnishings, including furniture, silver, porcelain and pottery, glassware and paintings. Two of the rooms have been decorated in the mid-18th century Liège-Maastricht Regence Style. Adult: €3.00 (exposition: €4.00); child under 16: free entry. edit
Saint Pietersberg Caves (Grotten Sint-Pietersberg), Buitengoed Slavante, Slavante 1, ☎ +31 (43) 325 21 21, . Local marlstone mine with over 20,000 passages dug out over centuries, used as shelter during sieges and bombings. Tours essential; check website for details (English and Dutch times differ). Boats runs from the city centre with commentary pointing out interesting landmarks along the way.edit
Kazematten, Tongerseplein, ☎ +31 (43) 325 21 21, . A network of bunkers on the west side of Maastricht from which soldiers fired at invaders; again, tours are essential.edit
'Regular' shopping centre, known for its exclusivity.
In the Netherlands, the policy regarding soft drugs (such as weed, hash and magic mushrooms) is lenient. Therefore, there are several coffee- and headshops where you can buy these products. It is tolerated to buy up to 5 grams of marijuana. Make sure you bring your identification card or drivers license with you, because the shops are very strict about age and they will check it no matter how old you look. You have to be at least 18 years old to enter a coffee- or headshop.
The coffeeshops in Maastricht have a lot (2.2 million annually!) of foreign customers, so they are able to understand Dutch, English, French and German. The Mississippi boat is the most popular with coffeeshop visitors from abroad. It is a coffee shop built in a large boat which lays in the Maas river and is certainly worth visiting. However it is regarded as having overpriced products and lower quality by locals and connoisseurs. Recommended are; Black Widow, a small coffeeshop located outside of the city center but having reasonable prices and good quality, Easy Going for its centrality and Heaven 69 for the open roof diner. Club 69, just around the corner of the Cool Running, is the oldest, smallest but most laid back one in town. For tourists other than Dutch, German or Belgian, there is a coffeeshop at Koestraat near the Beluga restaurant that is outside of the "union" and will serve you.
Visit the Uitbalie  in the Theater on the Vrijthof for (last minute) tickets to almost any cultural event. Pick up a Week in/Week uit with its weekly English agenda published by MaastrichtNet , or see what students are upto on wikimaas.org.
Find out more about life in Maastricht through Crossroads , a webzine for expatriates in Maastricht published by the European Journalism Centre .
Visit the European Fine Art Fair (TEFAF)  This art fair is among the world's leading art fairs. Buyers from all over the world come and visit this fair.
In Autumn 2007 a collective made an English Map of Maastricht, the Ekoplan, listing as much fair trade, organic (dutch: 'eko'), second hand and vegetarian initiatives in Maastricht they could find. The map is distributed on strategic spots in town (eg. Stayokay hostel), and available on-line 
Eating out in Maastricht is seldom cheap, with most restaurants catering more to a posh older crowd rather than the student population. On weekdays, good and relatively low-priced sandwiches can be found at Deli Belge and Somethin' Good, both on Tongersestraat, close to the Economics and Law faculties of the Universiteit Maastricht.
Eetcafé De Preuverij, Kakeberg 6, ☎ +31 (43) 325 09 03, . Mon-Fri: 10.00 am - 10.00 pm; Sat-Sun: 12.00 am-10.00 pm. If you are really hungry, but don't want luxury food then visit this place. Try the Vesserslatien sandwich (cock-and-bull story sandwich). At night it is a popular drinking venue with students of Maastricht University.Three-course meal: €12.50. edit
Sour Meat (Zuurvlees in Dutch or Zoer vleis in the local dialect)
Maastricht has many bars, restaurants, pubs and dance clubs, located on Vrijthof and Market Squares, and in the centre of downtown it's nearly impossible to walk around and not see anything to do.
Maastricht is great for a night out (Maastricht is home to both a University & Institute). therefore, lots of students, also lots of foreign companies are based here so a mixture of international pubs & clubs can be found here.
Be sure to check out these places to go drink and have a good time: The Highlander, Falstaff, Twee Heeren, Metamorfoos, C'est La Vie, Take5, De Allabonneur, and especially the make!-bar. They all are very welcoming and have great music to dance to.
Maastricht is known for its yearly "Carnival," a tradition celebrated in many towns in the south of the Netherlands.
Take One, Rechtstraat 28, ☎ +31 (43) 321 64 23, . Th-M 4PM-2AM. Stocks over 150 Belgian and Dutch beers; owner Peet can find something to suit every taste (if you can brave his sense of humour). Small, atmospheric and sometimes lively bar - peanut shells on the floor please!edit
Cafe 't Pothuiske (Pothuiske), Het Bat 1 Maastricht, 6211 (Just east of the main square, near the River Maas), ☎ +31 (0)433 21 60 02, . Great place to grab a beer. Their weekly specials often have some pretty rare Belgian and Dutch brews. The outdoor seating's atmosphere is great and allows a view of the River Maas.edit
Stayokay Maastricht, Maasboulevard 101, ☎ +31 (43) 750 17 90 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: +31 (43) 350 01 47), . This hostel opened its doors on 5 April 2007 and offers 38 rooms. It has a deck looking over the Maas river and is a delightful place to have a beer in the evening. The hostel is clean, but as with many chain hostels, it does not have a kitchen and may lack atmosphere for those looking to meet other travellers. Prices start at €21 (breakfast included) for an overnight stay in a dormitory. edit
Botel Maastricht, Maasboulevard 95, ☎ +31 (0)43 321 90 23 (fax: +31 (0)43 325 79 98), . checkin: before 19:00. This hostel is located on a boat on the river Maas, next to the city center. Breakfast is optional during weekdays and obligatory on weekends.20-33 € per person, depending on room size and breakfast inclusion. (50,8453834,5,6970482)edit
Hip Hotel St. Martenslane Maastricht, St. Maartenslaan 1-7, ☎ +31 (43) 321 11 11 (email@example.com, fax: +31 43 310 07 12), . Hip Hotel St. Martenslane Maastricht is the most affordable trendy Bed & Breakfast boutique hotel in the Maastricht city centre.edit
Townhouse Designhotel Maastricht, St. Maartenslaan 5, ☎ +31 (43) 321 11 11 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: +31 43 310 07 12), . Townhouse Designhotel Maastricht is a new and innovative hotel concept located in Maastricht city centre.edit
Bastion Deluxe Hotel Maastricht, Boschstraat 27, ☎ +31 (43) 321 22 22 (fax: +31 (43) 321 34 32), . Bastion Deluxe Hotel Maastricht is part of a Dutch chain of four star hotels at sub-four star prices. If you are used to the full four star service this will be a disappointment, but it is only a five minute walk into the city center of Maastricht and provides free wireless internet service.edit
Hotel MABI, Kleine Gracht 24, ☎ +31 (43) 351 44 44 (email@example.com, fax: +31 (43) 351 44 55), . The Hotel MABI, just off the market place, must be owned by a group of dentists. Little jars of sweets are everywhere in the public spaces.edit
NH Hotel Maastricht, Forum 110, ☎ +31 (43) 383 82 81 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: +31 (43) 361 58 62), . The NH Hotel Maastricht is about a 25 minutes walk from the city center, but very convenient if you are attending a conference or fair in the Maastricht Exhibition & Congress Centre  next door. The hotel is comfortable enough, however, only the "deluxe" rooms really come up to the standards of other NH hotels. The standard rooms look tired by comparison, and some of them are quite noisy.edit
Hotel De Pauwenhof, Boschstraat 70, ☎ +31 (43) 350 33 33 (email@example.com, fax: +31 (43) 350 33 39), . De Pauwenhof is a small hotel with a family run feel. It has recently been refurbished with air conditioning in all 15 rooms. There is no restaurant in the evening, but with all the eateries in central Maastricht within a few minutes walk, who really cares?edit
Design Hotel Eden, Stationsstraat 40, ☎ +31 (43) 328 25 25 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: +31 (43) 328 25 26), . If you're bored of identi-kit hotel rooms then Design Hotel Eden will be a breath of fresh air. All the rooms are comfortably furnished in a variety of modern styles. You'll appreciate a philosophy that doesn't put a desk in your room so you can relax properly; and with the centre of Maastricht less than 5 minutes walk away that's easy to do.edit
Short Stay Apartments Jules & You, Bouillonstraat 12, ☎ +31 621 502 463 (email@example.com), . Jules & You can offer you a variety of well furnished and equipped self catering apartments in the center of Maastricht. All apartments have a living room, a kitchen and a private bathroom. They all come with wireless Internet and cable TV. Number of bedrooms varies between 1 and 4. Prices vary between € 25 and € 50 p.p.p.n. all-in. Ideal for families and (small) groups. A Jules and You apartment really is the ultimate basis from where of to experience exciting Maastricht. edit
Crowne Plaza Maastricht, Ruiterij 1, ☎ +31 (43) 350 91 91 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: +31 (43) 350 91 92), . Crowne Plaza Maastricht is quietly situated in the city center on the river Maas.edit
Hotel Derlon, Onze Lieve Vrouweplein 6, ☎ +31 (43) 321 67 70 (email@example.com, fax: +31 (43) 325 19 33), . Ideally located on the most beautiful square of the city.edit
Kruisherenhotel, Kruisherengang 19 - 23, ☎ +31 (43) 329 20 20 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: +31 (43) 329 30 30), . checkin: 11/07/2013; checkout: 13/07/2013. A beautifully renovated gothic monastery in the center of Maastricht, complete with a church, is a rather spectacular stage for an unusally stylish hotel.(2,)edit
The terraced Chateau Neercanne located just before the Belgian border
World War II Netherlands American Cemetery and Memorial: take the N278 9.5 kilometers (6 miles) east of Maastricht. The cemetery is located just west of the village of Margraten. Open daily except for December 25 and January 1; 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. The cemetery is the final resting place for 8,301 American military dead. A monument is inscribed with the names of 1,723 Americans whose remains were never found or identified. The site contains a chapel and museum with three engraved operations maps describing the European Campaign.
Caves in the Sint Pietersberg: Although the limestome caves are actually mines, it is nice to take a guided tour through the belly of the berg. In the Second World War, the Dutch stored their national arts collections in a vault in the hill, and a lot of engravings - some more old than the other - are to be admired. Entrances lie at several places on the mountain, and are well within walking distance of the town center. Plan in advance to make sure you can get in.
Fort Eben-Emael: A Belgian WW2 fort no longer in use, but open to the public on certain weekends. Very close to Maastricht, just south across the Belgian border.
Valkenburg aan de Geul: This historic town was beseiged many times and many traces remain to be seen, including Valkenburg castle. Along with tours of the old mines there is also a popular spa and a casino.
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!