Lincolnshire is one of the larger, eastern counties of the East Midlands region of central England, and the second largest county in England with an area of 2,687 square miles. It has a population of just over 1 million which is sparsely populated across the county in mostly small to medium sized towns, with larger populations concentrated in North Lincolnshire and in Lincoln.
City of Lincoln Cathedral City and county town for Lincolnshire. The historic uphill area is popular with tourists with the downhill area having seen many modern developments for retail, cultural and entertainment purposes.
Lincolnshire Countryside (Gainsborough, Horncastle, Market Rasen, Sleaford) Sparsely populated area of the county surrounding the city of Lincoln, referred to as the 'Lincolnshire Countryside' being hilly in parts. Lincolnshire's only race course is located at Market Rasen.
Lincolnshire Wolds (Alford, Caistor, Louth, Spilsby) A specially designated Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB), this area has a scenic landscape of gentle, rolling hills from which great views over the rest of the county and to sea are available. The area is known for its traditional market towns, with the largest being Louth which is referred to as the capital of the Wolds.
Lincolnshire Vales (Bourne, Grantham, Stamford) This area is best known for its impressive country homes and estates which are predominantly in and around the towns of Grantham and Stamford, the latter being a popular tourist destination in its own right due to its distinctive architecture and historic buildings.
Lincolnshire Coast (Cleethorpes, Ingoldmells, Mablethorpe, Skegness, Sutton on Sea) This area sees a significant increase in economic activity from April to September in the main summer season due to it having three popular seaside towns with a number of other seaside villages and beaches inbetween.
Lincolnshire Fens (Boston, Holbeach, Spalding, The Deepings) A completely flat landscape sewn together by large waterways and canals from the Wash which is an important area for wildlife. The fertile land in the area has led to a strong and influential agricultural industry with many types of fruit and vegetables being grown for national consumption, with a variety of flowers, commonly tulips, grown around the market town of Spalding which hosts an annual flower festival.
Lincoln is the only city located in the county. Its landscape is dominated by the cathedral and castle which can be seen standing prominently in the historic uphill area. The downhill area has grown rapidly and seen increasing commercial and cultural development centred from the Brayford Waterfront area and University.
The county is mostly low-lying with some areas of elevation in Western and central parts but predominantly in the Lincolnshire Wolds and in the South West. It is made up of 7 districts which form part of the East Midlands region and 2 unitary authorities which form part of the Yorkshire and Humber region.
Lincolnshire has a strong agricultural industry and background which makes a significant contribution to the UK as a whole, with a number of large supermarkets being supplied by farms in the county for fruit, vegetables, meat and dairy products. Other industries include tourism which is particularly strong on the coast, in Lincoln and historic towns such as Stamford. Northern Lincolnshire is on the Humber estuary and is home to heavy industries which are linked to the docks in the area, which also serve the fishing industry.
Historically, there are many sites in Lincolnshire that date from a range of periods with some such as Lincoln Cathedral dating back nearly 1,000 years. It is also able to boast a number of impressive stately homes and castles built by rich land owners and royalty. The county has religious importance as a result of Methodism having been founded at Epworth by John Wesley. More recently, there are many reminders of the important role Lincolnshire played during World War Two, at its height being home to over 40 RAF bases. It is home to the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight and has 2 of 17 remaining Lancaster Bombers, 1 of which is still airworthy, visitors will often notice untouched pillbox defences scattered in many parts of the county as relics to the county's influential past. Lincolnshire still has a number of large RAF bases and is home to the famous Red Arrows display team.
Shopping development have improved gradually over previous years with new centres in Boston, Gainsborough, Grimsby and Lincoln, as well as a popular outlet village near Spalding which is popular with visitors from further afield. The rural nature of the county has meant that many traditional market towns have remained with many characterful, independent shops.
Travelling to different parts of Lincolnshire one will notice a strong variance in the predominant accent and dialect of an area. Visitors will find residents of North and North East Lincolnshire to have an accent that is very similar to that in Yorkshire whilst those in the South of the county have an accent which has greater resemblance to that of East Anglia and Norfolk in particular.
There are two major routes which pass into Lincolnshire:
The M180 starts from the M18 passing south of Scunthorpe before downgrading to the A180 onwards to Grimsby. Leaving at Junction 4 for the A15 offers the best way of reaching and Lincoln from which the A158 provides a direct route to Skegness and the Lincolnshire Coast. The A16, reachable from the A180 is a scenic route that passes through the Lincolnshire Wolds past Louth before travelling south towards Boston.
The A1 enters in the southernmost part of the county briefly passing by the historic town of Stamford, before travelling north to Grantham. From the A1, the A52 and the A16 via Spalding provide access to Boston from which Skegness is best accessible. Also off the A1 is the A46 which is a direct stretch of dual carriageway into Lincoln.
North Lincolnshire can also be accessed by the Humber Bridge from the East Riding of Yorkshire which currently charges £2.70 for cars to cross.
Humberside  is a small airport located in North Lincolnshire and offers a limited number of connections, with the only domestic flights operating to Aberdeen. A wider range of services are available from the airports located a short distance from the county - Robin Hood Doncaster Sheffield and East Midlands.
The only practical way to get about Lincolnshire is by car, for most public transport has but intermittent service and restricted geographical coverage. Take note that many of the backroads are narrow and bent, and therefore rather dangerous to the unwary.
Many roads have been designated 'Red Routes' by the police, and are signposted along their length. These are roads which have a high accident/casualty rate, and warn motorists to be extra careful.
It might be recommendable for some visitors travelling to the county using other forms of transportation to hire a car upon arrival, this can be done at the following locations:
easyCar.com – Boston, Grantham, Grimsby, Lincoln, Scunthorpe and Humberside Airport
Enterprise - Boston, Grimsby and Lincoln
Europcar - Grimsby, Lincoln and Humberside Airport
Hertz – Grimsby and Lincoln
Ready Rent a Car – Grimsby, Lincoln and Scunthorpe
Travelling around Lincolnshire by train can be difficult as a number of towns lack direct connections between each other, one of the most prohibitive being the lack of a direct route from Skegness to Lincoln or Grimsby.
Of those that are available, from Skegness East Midlands Trains operates a service to Nottingham which stops notably at Boston, Sleaford and Grantham, from Sleaford onward travel to Lincoln is possible. Services in the north of the county connect Cleethorpes, Grimsby and Scunthorpe, whilst from Lincoln Central there is a direct service to Grimsby via Market Rasen.
The majority of major towns in Lincolnshire have one or a number of taxi ranks, but it is advised to book a journey in advance with one of the local taxi firms, some examples of which are listed below:
Woolsthorpe Manor near Grantham is famous being the birthplace of Sir Isaac Newton. Open Wednesday-Sunday from March to October.
Belton House near Grantham is a country-house estate that was built for Sir John Brownlow in the 17th century and is set in extensive parkland and gardens. The gardens are accessible throughout the year at varying opening times, whilst the house is open Wednesday-Sunday from March to October, with the basement accessible 7 days a week during this period.
Tattershall Castle in Tattershall (between Horncastle and Sleaford), is an early 15th century red brick-built castle by the then Lord Treasurer of England Ralph Cromwell. Is set in grounds which include original the original guardhouse, moats and the largest parish church in the country. Open every day except Wednesday from March-October, open at weekends in November and December.
Gunby Hall near Skegness is a large house dated from the early 18th century set in parkland with Victorian walled gardens. The Hall is open Wednesday and Sunday from the end of May to the end of October, with the gardens and tea rooms being open Wednesday-Sunday during this time.
Grantham House in Grantham is a large townhouse with walled gardens located by the riverside. The House is open in the afternoon on a Wednesday and Thursday during June with other opportunities to visit during the remainder of the period from April to October as advertised.
Priest's House near Stamford is a small 15th century building that is unmanned and open to the public primarily on Sundays in July and August but also by appointment at any time during the rest of the year.
There are a number of other impressive stately homes and castles in the county which are not operated by the National Trust:
Burghley House near Stamford is a grand 16th century property built for Sir William Cecil who was Lord High Treasurer to Queen Elizabeth I from 1558 to 1587, with the surrounding parkland being laid out by Capability Brown. It has over 100 rooms of varying types as well as numerous corridors, halls and service areas. The house is located in an estate which is over 9,000 acres in size and is host to the annual Burghley Horse Trials. It has been the site of some high profile filming for such as the Da Vinci Code and most notably the 2005 film adaptation of Pride and Prejudice. There are a number of places to eat and shop on site and extensive gardens. Open every day except Friday from March to October, with the park being open all year round.
Belvoir Castle is a castle near Grantham that has stunning views over the Vale of Belvoir, it is still the home of Duke and Duchess of Rutland and has been for around one thousand years. The house is located in landscaped grounds on an estate which is almost 15,000 acres in size. It contains a vast collection of impressive furniture and artistic features, and has its own spring gardens. The House is open on selected Sundays and Mondays between May and August.
Grimsthorpe Castle near Bourne is a 16th century country house set in 3,000 acres of lakes and woodlands laid out by Capability Brown. It is located on what was the southern edge of the great Lincolnshire forest with many ancient oaks recorded and remaining. The house contains many collections and paintings and is also a display of fine architecture that is also surrounded on three sides by picturesque gardens all of which are open to the public. The castle, park and gardens are open Sunday-Thurday from June to September.
Normanby Hall near Scunthorpe, is an English mansion built for Sir Robert Sheffield to replace a previous 17th century property. Samantha Cameron, the wife of the current British Prime Minister also grew up on this site more recently. The 350 acre estate is now in the care of North Lincolnshire Council and has become a country park which contains a number of lakes and gardens amongst other features. The Hall and museum are open every day from April to Septemeber, with the park being open throughout the year.
Alford Manor House in Alford was built in 1611 and is reputedly the largest thatched manor house in the country. Inside the house there are examples of Georgian and Victorian modifications as well as a collection of furniture. The House is open Tuesday-Friday and Sunday from July to September, and Tuesday, Friday and Sunday for the remainder of the year.
Lincoln Medieval Bishop's Palace in Lincoln is the site of a once important administrative centre for the largest diocese in Medieval England, being located in the shadow of Lincoln Cathedral. Open Thursday-Monday from April to October and weekends from November to March.
Thornton Abbey and Gatehouse near Ulceby off the A180, is the site of the ruins of a 12th century abbey as well as a fortified gatehouse which still remains. Open 7 days a week in July and August and at weekends during the remainder of the year.
Gainsborough Old Hall in Gainsborough is one of the best preserved medieval manor houses in England dating from the 15th century. Open 7 days a week from March to October, closing on a Sunday for the remainder of the year.
St Peter's Church in Barton-upon-Humber is a medieval church with impressive architectural features and great history with over 2,800 burials dating from Anglo-Saxon times. Also includes an interactive exhibition on medieval life. Open weekends April to September.
Sibsey Trader Mill near Boston is an impressive six-story working windmill built in the late 19th century, a tearoom on-site sells produce made from the mill. Open weekends March to October and also on Tuesdays from May, open Saturdays from November to February.
Bolingbroke Castle near Spilsby features the besieged remains of an 13th century castle which was the birthplace of King Henry IV in 1366. Free of Charge and accessible at any reasonable time.
Tattershall College in Tattershall is the remains of a former Grammar School for church choristers that was built by Lord Ralph Cromwell who was also responsible for nearby Tattershall Castle. Free of Charge and accessible at any reasonable time.
Gainsthorpe Medieval Village near Brigg is one of the best preserved deserted villages in the country, its outlines still being clearly visible. Free of Charge and accessible at any reasonable time.
Lincolnshire has a proud aviation history that can be understood by visiting at a number of visitor centres in the county:
Battle of Britain Memorial Flight Visitor Centre is located near the RAF base in the village of Coningsby near Spilsby. It is home of the famous display team which consists of the Avro Lancaster, Spitfire and Hurricane, as well as other aircraft. The Lancaster Bomber PA474 is one of only two remaining that are still airworthy. The visitor centre features an exhibition with details of the flight's history whilst guided tours of the hangar are also available, though it is worth noting that presence of particular aircraft cannot always be guaranteed due to display commitments. Open Monday-Friday throughout the year, usually closed on Bank Holidays.
Lincolnshire Aviation Heritage Centre is on the site of the former RAF East Kirkby near Spilsby. The award winning museum has exhibitions of aircraft and wartime vehicles as well as the opportunity to tour former control tower, hangar and other buildings. It is home to the no longer airworthy Lancaster Bomber NX611, more commonly known as "Just Jane" in which visitors are able to book to take taxy rides at selected times. Open throughout the year Monday-Saturday.
RAF Scampton Museum near Lincoln is famously the home of the 617 Squadron who went on to be known as the 'Dambusters' as a result of their exploits during the Second World War. It is also the present home of the famous RAF display team - the Red Arrows. There are over 400 aviation artefacts located in an original WWII hangar as well as a wartime photo gallery. Entry to the museum is free, though due to its location on an operational RAF base, visits must be pre-arranged with the Museum Curator which can be done via the website or by phone
Lincolnshire has an impressive number of well-preserved and working windmills that often still make and sell their own produce:
Alford Windmill in Alford is a five-sailed windmill built in 1837 which is often considered to be one of the finest working mills in England. Also has tea-rooms. Open Tuesday-Sunday from July to September, Open Tuesday and Friday-Sunday from April to June and October, Open Tuesday and at the weekend from November to March.
Heckington Windmill in the village of Heckington, near Sleaford is the only surviving eight sailed windmill in the country. It has a museum and tearooms, as well as a shop selling produce. Open 7 days a week from mid July to mid September, at weekends from mid September to the end of October as well as from Easter to mid July and on Sundays only from November to Easter.
Maud Foster Mill in Boston is a seven floor working windmill which is one of the tallest in Britain. It still produces flour, the process of which can be seen by visitors. Also has an on-site tea room. Open throughout the year, Tearooms – daily, Mill – Wednesday and at the weekend, as well as on Thursday and Friday in July and August.
Waltham Windmill is a five-sailed windmill in the village of Waltham near Grimsby. Visitors are able to tour the windmill, with there also being an on-site museum about rural life in Lincolnshire. Both are located on a site with shops and places to eat. Open weekends and Bank Holiday Mondays from Easter to the end of September and Tuesday to Sunday during local school holidays.
Ellis Windmill in Lincoln is located close to the Museum of Lincolnshire Life. It is a small tower mill that was built in 1798 and still produces flour. Entry is free at weekends from April to September and on Sunday only October to April.
Sibsey Trader Mill is an English Heritage property, see details above.
The windmills above are those with visitor facilities but there are over 130 former windmills in Lincolnshire that you may see on your travels with some having been converted to restaurants or accommodation with some standing derelict.
Mrs Smith's Cottage is a well preserved example of a simple brick built Victorian Lincolnshire Cottage located in the village of Navenby near Lincoln. It was owned by Mrs Smith who lived there until she was 102 and is special for the fact that she never allowed modern innovations except water and electricity to come into the cottage, instead using period washing and cleaning methods, whilst also maintaining traditional furniture. The cottage offers visitors a unique insight into how life was in a bygone area. Open mostly Friday-Sunday from March to September, Wednesday-Sunday in August and only Sunday in October and November.
Bateman's Brewery Visitor Centre in Wainfleet, near Skegness offers an insight into brewing from the local independent company Bateman's at their picturesque site on the River Steeping. Visitors are able to tour the brewhouse and view traditional equipment as well as an exhibition explaining and demonstrating the brewing process. Open Wednesday-Sunday from April to September.
The Lincolnshire Coast has many beaches located between Cleethorpes and Skegness. Many are secluded with no tourist facilities whilst others form part of nature reserves with some restrictions in place for this and also others which are owned by the Ministry of Defence.
Most tourists to the coast will seek to visit the four main beaches which have been designated 'Blue Flag' status for cleanliness and which also offer most facilities, these are located at Skegness, Cleethorpes, Mablethorpe and Sutton on Sea. 
Lincolnshire is known for having plentiful open space and this can be enjoyed further in one of many nature reserves. There are around 100 which are operated by the Lincolnshire Wildlife Trust  which offer scenic walks and great opportunities to observe wildlife. The four principal reserves which show the diversity of the nature in Lincolnshire and include visitor services are:
Gibraltar Point, near Skegness
Whisby Nature Park, near Lincoln
Far Ings, near Barton-upon-Humber
Snipe Dales, near Spilsby
Also operated by Lincolnshire Wildlife Trust and of note is Donna Nook Nature Reserve located on the coast between Mablethorpe and Grimsby. It is famed for having one of the largest and most accessible colonies of grey seals in the UK, a special wardening service is in operation during November and December to protect the seals and also to further explain the animals and the breeding process to visitors.
The vast reserve at Frieston Shore near Boston is operated by the RSPB  and offers an excellent opportunity to explore the Wash which is the most important estuary for wildlife in the country.
There are numerous markets that take place in towns throughout Lincolnshire on a weekly basis throughout the year, selling locally grown produce including fruit and vegetables as well as meat and poultry produce. Some of the largest and most popular markets are found in the towns in the Lincolnshire Wolds such as Louth, Spilsby and Horncastle whilst elsewhere Boston, Grantham and Spalding are popular destinations.
The largest selection of Antiques shops and dealers are located in Horncastle and Stamford but the those with a significant interest should visit the Antiques Centre set on an old airfield at Hemswell Cliff, near Gainsborough which has over 300 dealers selling thousands of items. 
One of the most popular places for people to stay whilst visiting Lincolnshire is in one of the many caravan and camp sites which can be found in every area of the county. This form of accommodation is particularly popular on the Lincolnshire Coast with hundreds of great sites to choose from.
Visiting families may choose to stay in one of the county's holiday parks which have more facilities, services and entertainment a cater for a wide range of budgets. Some of the larger holiday parks are listed below:
Butlin's in Ingoldmells, near Skegness mainly consists of budget and premium self-catering rooms and apartments. There is a wide range of family entertainment as well as swimming pools and sporting activities, and is in a good location by the beach and with transport links into Skegness.
Haven Golden Sands in Mablethorpe offers self-catering accommodation in varying sizes and quality of caravans, which have received a multi-million pound investment for the 2011 season. It has a number of sports and leisure activities as well as indoor and outdoor pools and has good children's facilities and entertainment.
Haven Thorpe Park in Cleethorpes offers similar facilities and accommodation to Golden Sands but also offers holiday lodges. The park has recently received and is currently benefiting from new investment in the pool complex, accommodation and into a new food court.
Park Resorts Southview near Skegness offers a wide variety of accommodation types which include lodges, caravans, chalets and apartments whilst also having a hotel. On Site there is a swimming pool, golf course and a number of restaurants and entertainment. Also open to tourers.
Park Resorts Sunnydale between Cleethorpes and Mablethorpe is located close to the beach and consists largely of static caravans. There is a good choice of entertainment and restaurants, a swimming pool and also a stocked fishing pond. Also open to tourers.
Richmond Holiday Centre in Skegness is a caravan park which has a leisure complex with pool, spa and sauna as well as amusement arcades and sports facilities. It also has a good selection of places to eat as well as some shops. Also open to tourers.
Rest of Lincolnshire
Tattershall Lakes is a large holiday park in Tattershall. It has a total of 180 acres worth of lakes and has offers watersports activities, it also has a new pool development, evening entertainment, golf course and spa amongst other facilities. Its accommodation consists of caravans and lodges at budget and luxury levels. It also has a unique type of accommodation in a 'Canvas Village' whereby guest sleep under canvas but with lighting, cooking facilities and furnishings.
Bainland Holiday Park in Woodhall Spa is Lincolnshire's only five star rated park, offering accommodation in lodges and chalets. The site has sports facilities, entertainment, places to eat and a golf course. Also open to tourers.
Kenwick Park near Louth is a large estate that includes a golf club, swimming pool and health and beauty centre. The accommodation is at the more expensive end of the spectrum either in the hotel or in luxury lodges.
Grange Park in Messingham, near Scunthorpe offers accommodation in lodges which benefit from sports facilities as well as a restaurant and bar.
There is a large range of independent hotels and B&Bs in most areas of the county for a wide range of budgets. Many of these, especially guest houses are occasionally able to offer accommodation without having to book beforehand.
For those wanting to stay in hotels operated by well-known brands there are a number who have properties across the county that are available at affordable prices. The locations where the main hotel chains are in operation include:
Holiday Inn – Lincoln (also has a Holiday Inn Express)
Upon dialling 999 you will likely be first met by a first responder service called LIVES (Lincolnshire Integrated Voluntary Emergency Service)  which operate in all areas of the county and often take on great importance due to the remoteness and rural nature of many places. They are usually able to make those in need more comfortable and provide assistance until the East Midlands Ambulance Service arrives.
The following hospitals have 24 hour major Accident and Emergency departments:
Pilgrim Hospital, Boston. Tel: (01205) 364801
Lincoln County Hospital, Lincoln. Tel: (01522) 512512
Diana, Princess of Wales Hospital, Grimsby. Tel: (01472) 874111
Scunthorpe General Hospital, Scunthorpe. Tel: (01724) 282282
The following hospitals have 24 hour minor Accident and Emergency departments:
Grantham & District Hospital, Grantham. Tel: (01476) 565232
Skegness & District Hospital, Skegness. Tel: (01754) 762401
County Hospital, Louth. Tel: (01507) 600100
The following hospitals do not have 24 hour Accident and Emergency departments and can only deal with the most minor injuries:
John Coupland Hospital, Gainsborough. Tel: (01427) 816500
New Johnson Community Hospital, Spalding. Tel: (01775) 652000
Stamford and Rutland Hospital, Stamford. Tel: (01780) 764 151
The following emergency services are also in operation in the county (all contact numbers are for non-emergencies only, otherwise dial 999):
All crimes and other incidents are dealt with by the Lincolnshire Police Force. Tel: 0300 111 0300
Fires, serious road traffic accidents and serious incidents are dealt with by Lincolnshire Fire and Rescue. Tel: (01522) 582222
Coastguard stations are located at Skegness, Chapel St. Leonards, Mablethorpe, Donna Nook and Cleethorpes. Tel: 023 8032 9486
There are three lifeboat stations in Lincolnshire operated by the RNLI :