León is named after León, Spain. After independence, the elites of León and Granada struggled over which city would be the capital. León was dominated by the liberals and Granada by the conservatives. The fighting ended when Managua became the capital.
After Granada, which is better preserved, León has the best colonial architecture in Nicaragua. It is a university town that stubbornly remains somewhat pro-Sandinista. During the 1979 revolution, the Sandinistas took over León in violent street by street fighting. Somoza then had the city bombed, an unforgivable move considering he was bombing his own people. The National Guard took León back over, again in street by street fighting, but this time less intense since the Sandinistas melted away. Finally, the Sandinistas took León back over and held it until the Somoza government fell. You can still see bullet marks on some buildings. Also, there is a shell of a church on the road out of town that was destroyed during the bombing. Across the street from this church is the Museo de las Mytos y Leyendas Tradiciones (Museum of Myths and Legends), which prominently displays a statute of a Sandinista guerrilla holding a handmade bomb. Some sarcastically call it the Museo de las Traiciones (Museum of the Treasons) as a reference to how the Sandinista rank and file has been cheated by Daniel Ortega and the rest of the Sandinista elite.
León used to be the hub of cotton growing but that has declined. The economy is relatively depressed. Tourists are typically not a large, visible presence in León, though it is popular among backpackers and as of late, tour groups. (In comparison to Granada, there are fewer tourists) León still is a university town, filled with students. Backpackers, volunteers and other extranjeros usually meld with local students.
León has more colonial churches and cathedrals per capita than any other place in Nicaragua. If you are still on the church tour, there are thirteen to check out in town.
Just about anyone in Managua can tell you how. The Carretera Vieja to León (old road to León) is in the worst shape it has been, ever. It is littered with potholes and takes a round about way to Leon. The Carretera Nueva is in great shape I hear). It's about 90 kilometers from Managua to León, about a 90 minute trip depending on how fast you drive. Stop for quesillo and tiste in Nagarote or La Paz Centro, the two towns the Carretera Nueva goes through on the way. You will find the turnoff to the Carretera Nueva a León at KM 6 1/2 on the Carretera Sur.
If you are coming from the north (Esteli) on the carretera norte, take the turn north of Matagalpa, at San Isidro I think, and save yourself the trouble of going through Managua. This highway was just recently repaired and is in great shape. It takes about 2 hours by bus to get to Leon from Esteli or Matagalpa.
The chicken bus terminal is located about 1.5km northeast of the Parque Central, on 6 Calle Norte. It is a 15-20 minute walk or C$20 (sometimes shared) taxi from most of the hostels and budget hotels. You can also take one of the trucks waiting in front of the terminal - which serve as local buses (C$3.5) - to the center.
From Managua : Take the vans leaving from Mercado Israel Lewites or the microbuses (camionetas) leaving from UCA (Universidad Centro Americana). The vans from Mercado Israel Lewites are fiteen-passenger vans that are fairly crowded, but not excessively uncomfortable, particularly when one sits next to a window. Buses run regularly, leaving from the Mercado every 15-20 minutes. Buses leave from La UCA beginning at 4:30am until approx. 9pm. They leave whenever they are full, usually every 15 minutes. The bus from either terminal costs C$ 46. If you take the bus, make sure to get an expreso - otherwise the bus makes stops to pick up passengers on the side of the road along the way. The microbuses cost about 51C.
From Esteli : There are normally about 3 to 4 buses they call expresso buses that shuttle direct between the two cities. (5:20, 12:45 - but not everyday 2:15, 3:10-the 3:10 does not leave on Sundays) If you miss the bus you've got to change in San Isidro on the Panamerican Hwy. There are also some microbuses that shuttle between the cities. The cost is around 70C. Please note schedules and prices change frequently.
From Matagalpa : There are 2 direct busses running daily, otherwise take a bus to San Isidro and transfer to Leon.
Direct transportation is also available directly from the Managua airport via private van service.
The city is very walkable if you can stand the heat. You do not really need a car once there, unlike Managua. The locals get around by bicycle and walking, and if you need to get across town you can take a taxi. However, to go to the places outside the city, such as the beach, a car is convenient.
Ruletos (trucks) serve as local buses (C$ 4 per ride). Taxis are C$ 20 per person anywhere in the city before 7pm, C$30 after 7pm.
A mournful lion guards the tomb of Nicaragua's most beloved poet, Ruben Dario.
León Cathedral - this is the biggest cathedral in Central America. The story goes that the construction plans sent back to Spain for approval showed smaller dimensions, because they were afraid the Church wouldn't approve such a large cathedral, although this story has been debunked. The cathedral is also the final resting place of Ruben Dario, as well as many other notable Nicaraguans. You can pay a small fee to climb the stairs up to the roof, where you can get a nice view of all of León's churches and the surrounding volcanoes, and you can go into the cellars beneath the cathedral. On the roof you can see close up the giant sculptures holding up the cathedral bells, just don't ring them.
Iglesia de San Juan Bautista de Subtiava - one of the oldest colonial churches in Leon, the church has served a traditionally indigenous community. The rustic wood interior is a pleasant deviance from the often ornate styles that are more typical of the period.
Fundacion Ortiz - is an artistic treasure trove. It has a collection of European masters and a stunning collection of Latin American art.
Centro de Arte Fundación Ortiz Gurdián, (3 blocks west of the cathedral on the avenue), . This privately supported centre is perhaps the finest art museum in Nicaragua. Showcases both international and Central American artists of various periods and media. Admission proceeds go the Breast Cancer Programme for Low Income Women. C$20 general, C$10 student (with ID). edit
There are murals all over the city. One of the more unsettling commemorates a massacre of protesting local students by the militia.
SONATI is an environmental-education non-profit organization, which also offers volcano treks to the nearby Maribios volcanic chain (incl. treks to Telica, Momotombo, San Cristobal, Cerro Negro, Cosiguina, Las Pilas/El Hoyo volcanoes [and others, depending on demand]). They also offer volcano boarding trips to Cerro Negro and mangrove forest swimming/kayaking tours, and in around September to February turtle nesting/hatching trips as well as bike tours to lesser known parts of the city. All profits from tours go to environmental projects.
SONATI also organizes several environmental education activities every week catered to local Nicaraguan children, and travelles are invited to join the activities for free. They are located 3 blocks north, 1/2 block east of the cathedral. There are several volunteer positions available if you're keen on spending some time in Leon. Located one block north of Recolecion church and half a block east.
Pacific beaches - Within 20-30 minutes by taxi are some of Nicaragua's lightly trod beaches. Las Peñitas is convenient but known for its surfing and mellow vibe. Poneloya is also a close beach. Taxis should run about 150-200 Cordobas per person but the bus station in Leon also has hourly buses. Ask in the surf shop opposite Bigfoot Hostel about their twice daily shuttles (a truck converted to carry passengers) to Las Peñitas - C$52 return. Remember: Strong currents off sections of Nicaragua's Pacific coast have resulted in a number of drownings. Powerful waves have also caused broken bones, and stingray injuries are not uncommon at popular beaches. Warning signs are not posted, and lifeguards and rescue equipment are not readily available.
Definitely make time to "volcano board" down Cerro Negro. Support Quetzaltrekkers , a volunteer organization where all profits go to streetkids; be prepared to leave at 8AM and return at 2:30pm. They also offer many other hikes. Tierra Tours, located 1.5 blocks N of La Merced is a great alternative (US$28). Fun guides and a/c transport!
Also, a must do is Hervidores San Jacinto. Catch a C$12 bus at the terminal or take a taxi, round trip for C$300. Entrance is C$20 and you'll be hooked up with one of the local kids/guides. Be careful to pay attention where they walk, as you will be walking just above thermal activity. As I read somewhere, "It's like a mini Yellowstone, without the fences."
Quetzaltrekkers - Leon, NicaraguaQuetzaltrekkers offers non-profit volcano treks. New office location 1/2 blocks west of the Mercantíl (next to the restaurant La Mexicana). Quetzaltrekkers offers adventurous hikes through the volcanoes in the surrounding areas of Leon, Nicaragua and then donates all profits to locally-run projects working with disadvantaged youth.
La Isla Foundation is a non-profit organization supporting sugarcane workers and their communities affected by chronic kidney disease, which is abundant in this region. It offers Spanish, yoga, and salsa classes. The funds from the classes are used to help fund their projects in the communities they support. Address: from the main Cathedral 3 blocks north, and 10 meters east, phone: 505-2315-1261, hours: Mon-Fri 9 am - 5pm.
Poneloya and Las Peñitas beaches. Be careful once there though, not of the people, who are just as friendly as in León, but of the surf. The waves are large and quite fun, but watch out for the currents. The surf claims a victim or two every year, including the young and fit. The beaches are less than 20 kilometers away. In Poneloya there are accommodations from hotel Lacayo, old and historic, all wood structure, to Hotel Poneloya, recently refurbished rooms w/ a/c across the street. For an off the beaten path experience try Surfing Turtle Lodge in Poneloya, across the "bocana" (river mouth) in Isla Los Brasiles. Besides hanging out at the beach, there's a billiard hall popular with locals (though at night it gets a little rowdy as locals get drunk on Lijon (cheap sugar cane liquor), and rustic restaurants past the billiard hall. There is also a Catholic Church in Poneloya. Buses depart from "El Mercadito de Subtiava" to Poneloya on the outskirts of town (by Subtiava), they are quite affordable. Splurging on a taxi is also an option (C$150 to $C250 depending). In Las Peñitas Try the Hotel Suyapa Beach (885-8345). Rooms are a bit more expensive but well worth it if you have the money (still less than $60). They have a pool and a popular beachside restaurant. Las Peñitas is a well known tourist destination with a lot of options for hostels.
Catch a baseball game if you are there during the season. The Leónes won the championship in 2004 and are perpetual contenders. For fifty cordobas you can sit right behind home plate, or pay less for 3rd base side where the lively crowd sits with the unofficial band. Order some vigoron, get a Victoria and enjoy. If Chinandega is visiting, it can get quite rowdy and tickets sell out. The stadium is in the northern part of the city.
Museo Ruben Dario. Pick up some of his poetry (Azul is a good beginning). There is an art museum that has a good collection, including contemporary art. It occupies two houses. The main part on a southeast corner of the street that runs from Parque Ruben Dario to the Cathedral (Avenida Central).
El Fortin For the best view over the city and the volcanoes, go to this old Somoza stronghold southwest of León, best reached from Subtiava. It's a 20 minute walk, ask locals for directions but becareful as muggings have been reported.
NicAsi Tours. At Asi tours you can do social cultural activities, for example the cooking workshop, which proceeds from buying the ingredients at the local market to creating your own tortillas at the local tortilleria and then going to a local household to cook your Nicaraguan dish. Other tours include a history tour, cowboy for a day and other workshops. Animal lovers may want to avoid this company as they also promote rooster fights.edit
There are free-of-charge volunteer opportunities with Quetzaltrekkers  an organisation raising money for street kids by offering hikes to volcanoes around León. You can volunteer as a hiking guide for a minimum of three months.
Sonati also offers volunteer positions such as environmental education, art, teaching English, reception, and guiding treks and tours. They are sometimes able to provide free room for some volunteers.
Las Tias - the supported organization - also takes volunteers, taking care of the streetkids, with a two months minimum.
Ask around at the cafe run by "Edad de Oro", whether this organisation got some (volunteer) work for you - they're pretty cool too.
Some people find work at the Big Foot Hostel, and for long-term visitors (6 month or so) it's sometimes possible to teach English. The university is a good contact.
Sonflora  (Tiempo para ser niño) is an educational children's project in poneloya, just a little outside of leon. You can volunteer for a minimum stay of one month (rather more) and support the children in doing their homework and participate in all kinds of activities like sports, games, playing, arts etc. Basic spanish required.
Definitely have to go to the oldest restaurant in town, located in the heart of Leon, in the opposite corner of the Basilica Cathedral called "El Sesteo", it has diverse menu from typical local food and beverages to fast food. Definitely worth trying.
Great food at the local market, behind the main cathedral. Large food court with all sorts of great beans and eggs and rice and fried cheese and cheese-stuffed platanos and thick tortillas. Great for breakfast, you can fill up for a dollar or two. You can also buy fresh-made juices, and gaze in awe at the giant blocks of fried cheese.
On the street behind the market is Buen Gusto, where you should grab some Pollo Vino on the cheap.
A few blocks south of the Parque de los Poetas is Buena Cuchara, where the food is delicious-- 25 cordobas for a full lunch, including either fish or chicken (both delicious).
On the boulevard out of town toward Chinandega, across from the main police station, there's a green house with a porch. This 'Pelo de chancho', where you get the best Mondongo soup in León, but you have to get there early for lunch or they might run out.
Located two houses from the Nord West corner of the Central Park in front of the big Enitel building is Café La Rosita that offers an excellent environment (beautifully restored colonial house with large central patio), premium Nicaraguan coffees, a short but complete menu of panini sandwiches, salads, desserts, and even ice-cold beers.And free wireless internet access.
Cafetin Don Jacks, (turn left out of Via Via and take next left. Don Jack's is at the end of the road on the left - same street as Pan y Paz on the other side). opens at 4pm. Best Burgers in Leon..They have an extensive local and international menu. The coconut curry is excellent. All the food is cooked from scratch. 80s music and a pool tableedit
Pure Earth Cafe, (Adjacent to BigFoot Hostel). This place serves vegetarian options at about C$65 a plate for lunch and $80 for dinner. Juices are C$35 but are fresh and tasty. Offer: spicy bean burger on bagel, roasted mushrooms and red peppers on bagel, panini with delicious fillings, and sometimes some baked goodies.edit
Cocin Arte, (North side of El Laborio church). A great vegetarian restaurant. Most vegetarians would not mind setting up camp at this restaurant during their stay in Leon while there are also a couple dishes offered for carnivores. Take about 4 dollar for a meal and a drink. The service tends to be slow but the food is worth the wait. They also sell organic chocolates and coffee.edit
Los Pescaditos, (In Subtiava). Worth the cab ride (less than 10 minutes from Cathedral).edit
ViaVia. 8am - 9.30pm. . International and local food. 25C$ - 145C$. edit
Montezerino is on the bypass near the Managua intersection. They serve a good fillet mignon or churrasco for under $10 US. The restaurant serves as a night club at night. It is open on the sides and large.
Manhattan Restaurant has fresh hand-rolled tuna and salmon sushi. It's across the street from Hotel La Perla.
Don Senor's has a restaurant downstairs to eat, drink and watch tv. Upstairs is a club that charges a 30 cordoba cover.
Dilectus is fancier and larger then the other discos. Its on the edge of town and requires a taxi to get there and back. The cover is about c$50.
Salon Estrella is about 20 cordobas to get in, has slot machines in front, a small dance floor in the back, loud music and usually gets pretty full.
La Calabiza at night.
ViaVia has live music every Friday.
El Divino Castigo (3 blocks north of parque central) got live music every Tuesday. La Esquina del Movimiento (one block east of the above) got Spanish alternative movies almost every Thursday, and often live music on Saturdays.
Cappuccino, espresso, granita etc.: Café La Rosita, located on Calle Real in front of Enitel, diagonal from the NW corner of Central Park.
GO BAR, León Nicaragua. Parque de los poetas 2 cuadras al norte, 25 varas al este., ☎ 2311 1400. Go Bar is an alternative place where diversity is the main ingredient. Here you can express yourself freely in a comfortable environment created just for fun. You will find a wide variety of domestic and imported drinks and some dishes to try. http://www.gobar.webs.comedit
Meson Real, Parque Ruben Dario 220 vrs al Norte. Seafood tapas restaurant wi meat as well. The quality of the food is excellent.edit
La Olla Quemada, Parque de los poetas, 4 calles abajo, . 4 - 12 pm. The hot bar in Leon. It's a great place to enjoy live music (every Wednesday, Friday and Saturday) in an alternative and friendly location with patio. Every Thursday salsa night and a good mix of locals and travellers all week. Reasonably priced food and drinks.edit
Casa Vieja is rumored to be the cheapest accommodation in town 65C in dorm, populated by street vendors and down-to-the-ground travelers.
Lazy Bones, firstname.lastname@example.org (Two and a half blocks north of Parque Ruben Dario), ☎ (00 505)-23113472, . checkout: 11 AM. Opened in December 2006. Clean with real beds and pillows. Included in the price are : internet access, coffee and tea, pool table and a swimming pool for hotel guests only. Check out the mural. No kitchen access. Dorms US$8, privates w/o bath US$20, private w/bath US$30. edit
Sonati, (From NE corner of Cathedral, 3 blocks Northward and ½ block eastward), ☎ 505-2311-4251, . New hostel, opened in 2009, in the center of Leon where you can experience the sound of nature, relaxing in one of the hammocks in the garden where beautiful hummingbirds come to feed. Friendly, peaceful and clean hostel, a perfect place to enjoy the old colonial city of Leon and meet like minded travellers. Big kitchen, new mattresses, free wi-fi, free use of computer, free coffee. SONATI is a not-for-profit organization with a social and environmental vision which carries out several educational activities. Promoting long-term self-sustainable environmental-educative activities is the most important mission. The hostel is the financial base to achieve this goal, along with some of the volcano treks and other outdoor activities on offer. Some travellers say it was a bit dirty. (2013) Dorms from $5, privates from $10. edit
La Tortuga Booluda, (from the SW corner of the central park, 3.5 blocks west), ☎ 311-4653 (email@example.com), . AC optional, free Internet and Wifi, free pancake breakfast, free coffee, book exchange, bike rentals.Dorm: US$7, private: US$12, with private bath: US$20. edit
Big Foot Hostel, (1 block east of the cathedral, then 1 and a half blocks north), ☎ +50589178832, . checkout: 11AM. Kitchen, DVD system, modest swimming pool, bar, and pool table, all set in a garden courtyard. Towels are not available. The kitchen is well-equipped except for good cutting knives, forks or bowls. 5 dorms with 8 beds each with large lockers for each & 5 private rooms. A note for budget travelers: staff on duty to enforce the strict no-outside-alcohol policy and it may get a bit noisy at night. They have a small hostel in Las Peñitas at the beach about 20 min from Leon where you can surf, play pool or chill by the swimming pool. Daily shuttles back and forth from the hostel in Leon, monday beach parties! Also arranges volcano boarding everyday to Cerro Negro Volcano. They haveDorms US$6, privates US$22-29. edit
ViaVia, (1 block east of the cathedral, then 1 and a half blocks north), ☎ 2311 6142 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . checkout: 11am. Has a popular restaurant/cafe. In the back there is a brand new hotel with 2 dorm-rooms and 6 well-kept private rooms with private bathroom. ViaVia's Bert Teuwen will respond to emails saying "We do NOT charge extra for towels" (Oct 20, 2011), which is another way of saying they DON'T provide towels at all for free or otherwise. ViaVia emails also claim discounts for staying three nights or nothing, which is untrue. Staff at the location speaks little or no English.Dorms US$6 , privates US$18. edit
Hostel D´Oviedo is located in the heart of Leon and is more like a bed and breakfast than a hostel. A lovely Nicaraguan couples have converted their home into a hostel. The prices vary depending upon the room. Matrimonial suite with private bathroom, fan and cable: 20 dollars per night. Dorm room with separate bathroom and fan: $8 dollars per person. Matrimonial suite with a single bed for a child, fan, tv, separate bathroom: $18 dollars per night. Breakfast and internet are included. Guests are also allowed to use their kitchen. Directions: Go to park central in the center of the city next to the main cathedral. Find Theatre Gonzalez and walk south 2.5 blocks. It’s very close to Hostel Clinica. As well, the owners have 2 sons who are dentists. If you need any cheap work done on your teeth ask the owner. Prices for the rooms and for dental work are negotiable. Phone: 2311 3766
Nicaragua Surf CabinAseradorres, Chinandega region (45 mins drive north of Leon, 2 hours by bus)), . Great little rustic cabin on 2 acre plot near some awesome surfing beaches. Two free bikes to use. Inexpensive meals organized by friendly local neighbors. Practice your Spanish. Kick back and relax in this super tranquilo setting.$8-$12 (total price for cabin).
Los Balcones, located on the corner down the street from the Supermercado La Union. A high level hotel (at least by Nicaraguan standards). It has A/C, real mattresses, nice views, hot water, and great service. Room: $US50 per night. Friendly English speaking staff.
Hotel Leon Del Sol, De La Recoleccion 2 Cuadra al Este, 3 Era Avendia, ☎ 505-2311-0350, . Boutique hotel offering newly renovated rooms, complimentary breakfast, internet access, cable t.v. air conditioning and hot water. Hotel offers 24 hour on-site security. Rates range from $35-$55 per day. Single, double and triple occupancy available.edit
León is - by Central American standards - a safe and comfortable town. In the city center, there are some areas which are not safe to walk alone as a female at night. There are, however, some things to keep in mind:
Make sure that you clearly negotiate the price before entering the taxi. It is also important to clarify if the price is per group or per person. And specify that the price is in cordobas- they might try to make you pay in dollars.
The farther you travel from the city center, the poorer the neighborhoods become. Once you leave the city, however, you will come upon small campesino villages. The majority of these villagers are friendly.
Groups of beggars, mostly children, congregate around popular tourist spots. Some may follow you around and some may even become verbally hostile. This behavior is usually a scare tactic.
There are "expresso" chicken buses to Managua leaving the terminal on 6 Calle Norte every hour on the hour from 5am-12pm, and another two services at 2pm and 4pm - C$45, about 2hours. There are also "expresso" services from here to Esteli and Chinandega, and ordinary services to many other locations in northwestern Nicaragua.
Daily shuttles are run to Managua (airport or bus station, US$15), Granada (US$15) and San Juan del Sur (US$25), ask at any hostel, travel agent or hotel. They leave Leon at 9am and are generally the same shuttle, so if you are travelling to San Juan expect to make lots of stops along the way - ordinary public buses will get you there almost as fast and a fraction of the price.
There are also shuttles available to La Ceiba in Honduras (for Utila, US$65, 14hours), and to the El Salvadorian beaches of El Cuco and El Tunco (and also San Salvador - about US$45-50).