The population of the city of Lankaran is 48,400. The population of the district was 196,156 by January 2004. Among them, 58,937 people live in the cities, 20,284 in the settlements and 116,935 in the villages. The density of population 127.5 person per 1 km2 is 40% more than republic level. The ratio of woman to men per 100 citizens is 49/51. The number of population increases by the natural growth. During the last years, the number of population has increased by 9.8 thousand person or 5.3%. The region is well endowed by labor resources. The number of working people is 82,339. It is 73.3% of the economical active parts of population. 3.2% of working people are busy in branches of industries and constructions, 73.8% in agriculture, and 23% in different fields of production and services. Except the local people, 519 refugees, and displaced people. Half of the population of Lankaran is comprised of ethnic Talish.
Lankaran is one of the oldest settlements in Azerbaijan. Facts confirmed by archeologists state that the area was inhabited from the Bronze Age. Because of the linkages between the East and the West such as the silk route, Lankaran continued to grow as a major stopover point for caravan routes. In 1742, the Talish Khanate moved its capital to Lankaran. From antiquity, people throughout Lankaran have been involved in animal husbandry, horticulture, aquaculture, and sericulture. Trades such as blacksmithing, coppersmithing, pottery, and weaving are key cultural traditions throughout Lankaran. Blacksmith, copper-smith, pottery and other trades were widely spread in Lankaran. Since the Khanate established its capitol in Lankaran, there was a great surge in trade relations between Iran, Turkey, Russia, China, India, Pakistan, and Central Asia. With the signing of the "Gulustan Treaty" in 1829 between Russia and Persia, Northern Azerbaijan was occupied by Russia. With the Russian occupation, people took the lead in the development of several new industries in Lankaran such as viniculture, ceramics, and brick making, and aided in creating trade ties between Lankaran and Russia. Through this exchange, Lankran strengthened its cultural roots, and its scientific, educational, health, and industrial bases.
Lankaran is in a very beautiful part of Azerbaijan. It lies in the South-East of the country. Lankaran is in one of the five natural geographical regions of Azerbaijan. The territory of Lankaran region borders on the Kur-Araz lowland in the North and the Caspian Sea in the South-East. It is surrounded by the Astara, Masalli and Lerik rayons. According to the relief, the territory consists mainly of plains and partly mountainous and it becomes narrow to the South. The highest point in Lankaran is 200 meters in the foothills and the lowest point in Lankaran is 28 meters below sea level by the Caspian coast. The distance between Lankaran and Baku is 268 km.
Lankaran has a borderline humid subtropical (Cfa) and Mediterranean climate (Csa), since only two summer months have less than
40 millimetres (1.6 in) of rainfall, preventing it from being classified as solely humid subtropical or Mediterranean. Lankaran
has cool, wet winters and very warm, partially dry/humid summers. The maximum annual precipitation of 1,600 to 1,800 mm, and is
the highest precipitation in Azerbaijan.
Winter - The winters are cool, but there is not very much precipitation from December to March
Spring - The spring in Lankaran is beautiful allowing people to take a long neglected walk along the seaside
Summer - The summer in Lankaran is hot, but it is quite beautiful during the morning and the evening
Fall - The fall stay quite warm during the day, but at night it gets a bit cool
Until the airport begins operating again, the fastest between Baku and Lankaran is by taxi - it takes about 3.5 hours. Going from Baku to Lankaran costs 10 AZN per seat (4 people). The “Lavangi” Avtovagzal (Auto Station) services the transport to/from Baku for taxis, buses, and marshrutka. The Lankaran Avtovagzal # is 0171-45928.
The train station is located in the city center. There is an electric and night train service that runs between Baku and Lankaran. The electric train ticket cost around 2.5 AZN and leaves Baku at 8:00AM and returns to Baku at 5:00PM. The night train costs between 3.20-5.40AZN and leaves Baku at 11:30PM and returns at 9:00PM.
Buses and marshrutkas depart from Baku's 20th January terminal every other hour starting at 8. Buses are a comfortable option, but take longer than taxis or marshrutkas. The trip from Baku to Lankaran will take about 5-6 hours via bus and it costs 5 AZN.
In Lankaran, buses leave about every hour from the “Lavangi” Avtovaqzal outside of the city center. The marshrutkas or minibuses usually departs every hour starting at 8 and cost 5 AZN. It takes 4-5 hours to get to Lankaran from Baku.
Taxis are quite convenient if you know where you want to go within the city. Addresses are quite useless, so it would be better to get a landmark that you know of and direct the taxi driver there. It costs 1 manat per ride in a taxi.
All Intra-City buses depart and return from the Big Bazaar in Lankaran city.
1 Dairavi Circle Route A: Big Bazaar, Tofig Ismayilov Street, Azriba district, Diagnostic Center, Lavangi Bus Station, Shahidlar Khiyabani Sh/Kh, Small Bazaar Mosque, Big Bazaar
2 Dairavi Circle Route B: Big Bazaar, Small Bazaar Mosque, Shahidlar Khiyabani Sh/Kh, Lavangi Bus Station, Tofig Ismayilov Street, Big Bazaar
3 and 4 Digah-Shilavar Route: Big Bazaar, School #5, Shilavar, Digah, Hanifa Abdullayev Street (Turkish Lyceum), Sattarkhan Street, Koroglu Street (near the Gala Hotel), Big Bazaar.
5 Lankaran-Microrayon Route A: Big Bazaar, H. Aslanov Street (near the Gala Hotel, in front of the Department Store), Heydar Aliyev Street, Shahidlar Khiyabani Sh/Kh, Tofig Ismayilov, Ali Mammadov Street, 2nd Microrayon Wedding Palace (Shadliq Evi), Z. Aliyeva Street, Heydar Aliyev Street, Mir Mustafakhan Street, Big Bazaar
6 Lankaran-Microrayon Route B: Big Bazaar, H. Aslanov Street, Heydar Aliyev Street, Z. Aliyeva, Ali Mammadov Street, 2nd Microrayon Wedding Palace (Shadliq Evi), Hanifa Abdullayev Street, Heydar Aliyev Street, Shahidlar Khiyabani Sh/Kh Circle, Heydar Aliyev Street, Mir Mustafakhan Street, Big Bazaar
In spite of the different tourist venues in Lankaran, English is not widely spoken so it would be wise to either bring an Azeri phrase book or brush up on your Russian/Azeri/Turkish before arriving. Talish is also widely spoken in Lankaran.
There are a few historical museums in Lankaran that are both culturally informative as well as historically significant.
There is a memorial house-museum for major-general Hazi Aslanov in the Lenkaran region that was constructed in 1969. There is also a monument constructed in the city center for General Aslanov in 1983.
There is a historical-local lore museum containing memorabilia of Mir Akhmed of Talysh Khan in his former apartment house built in 1913.
There is a very famous and historical in Lankaran where Joseph Stalin was kept for a period of time. The then M. Rasulzadeh, founder of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, helped Stalin escape through a secret underground tunnel to the famous Mayak Lighthouse (a central figure and source of pride within Lankaran) and then onto the Caspian Sea.
Tomb of Seyid Khalifa
The 19th century tomb of Seyid Khalifa is located in the village of Jil. Here exist tomb stones the height of which reaches 1m 40cm. The tomb stones are contrasted by engravings and a footprint. In the tomb can be seen the samples belonging to Islam and fire-worshipers. The tomb of Seyid Khalifa is guarded by state as a historical cultural monument.
House of Isa Khan
This was constructed in the early 20th century and the structure has notable architecture.
There is a Drama Theater in the city center. There are scheduled plays or other events that take place in the theater.
Azeri Toys (Weddings)
A must-see cultural experience is an Azeri wedding party held at one of a handful Shadlig Evi (Wedding Palaces). At the weddings, delicious food and drinks are abundant, national music and dancing are showcased, grand toasts are non-stop, and the video camera is always rolling. The weddings are invitiation-only, but ask any local person about upcoming 'toys' and you're bound to get an invite to one. Azeris are reknowned for their hospitality and you'll be welcomed with open arms.
East of Lankaran city is the hot springs (istisu) sanatorium that is situated in a natural area with oak and iron-wood trees and a small stream.
Hirkan National Park
The area of this national park is 15,000 hectares. It has 150 kinds of trees and bushes in the park area and 36 of them are endemic. The fauna in the national park is not so rich, but one can meet interesting rare species there. We can meet boars, wild boars, spot antlers, jackals, and Asian leopards in the park. As for birds, woodpeckers, Hirkan tits, and stone sparrows can be noted. Hirkan tits are endemic here. The woods in the territory of the park are two and three stories tall. There are mainly chestnut leaf oak, iron-wood, the Caucasus persimmon, false nut, and Lankaran acacia trees in the lower part of the park. The iron-wood tree (demir agaj) is unique in its density that it sinks in water. It is almost indestructible by pests and is only native to a narrowly restricted area in the Talish hills around Lankaran.
Just west of Artupa village in Astara is the southern part of Hirkan National Park. The road to the park runs along the Iran border where a long stretch of barbed wire fencing and a guarded iron bridge in Iran are plainly visible. The guard will sometimes wave back to gawking tourists. At the end of the road are natural hot springs that merge with the river. Here you can alternately dip in the hot springs and the cold river.
This area contains a water spring that burns constantly as if it were a gas lit flame. This is located just outside of Lankaran on the highway to Astara towards the beautiful range of mountains to the west (just before the Electric Station).
South of town, the beaches are cleaner and isolated. There is a beach access by the Kanarmesha area where there are some restaurants.
There is a football stadium outside the city center where professional football is played. The team owner is a wealthy Lankaran native. The team is the 2007 national champion.
Heydar Aliyev Park
At the city center is a sprawling park where the people congregrate. It's a great place to people-watch and here you can also see a museum, monuments, and water fountains with accompanying lights/music. Plans are ongoing to expand the park all the way to the sea.
Zirva Physical Fitness Center 80, Nizami Street
This is a new heath center located in a 10 minute walk from the town center. This center has a massage room, sauna, steam bath, weight lifting area, mini soccer, boxing, martial arts, swimming, barber shop, and entertainment area. Call 0171-4-53-53 for an appointment.
This lake is located southeast of the city of Lankaran. It is a wooded reservoir in the lower foothills, which is wonderful for a picnic lunch and a relaxing nature hike.
Aurora Tea Factory
Near Xanbulan Lake, tourists can go to one of Lankaran’s famous tea factories and sample the widely known tea in a rose garden of the Aurora Tea Factory. At this factory, people can also tour and see the tea-making process. Call 994 0171 570-72 for an appointment.
East of the city of Lankaran near a small hill by the Ballabur village is a place claimed to be the site of the ancient Bazz Castle. It was here, where the Khuramid chief, Babek, defended the castle against the Arab invasion. After the execution of Babek at the hands of the Arabs, the occupiers demolished the castle, but remnants of the castle can still be seen.
Gizil Agaj State National Reserve
The area of the State Reservation is 88,360 hectares. As a result of scientific research in this State Reservation 23 sorts of mammals, about 270 sorts of birds, 12 sorts of reptiles and 47 sorts of fish have been observed. Every year, a lot of birds come to Gizilagaj State Reservation to make nest from the East countries such as yellow and wild heron swans, flamingo, wild ducks beside it flamingo, river ducks, and swans are inhabited in this State Reservation. Fishes such as sazan, herring, seal, omul, grey mullet, pike, salmon and mammals such as swine, hares, jackals, foxes, badgers, beavers wild boars, and water squirrels can be found in this reserve.
Stroll through the interconnected outdoor and indoor bazaar for a shopping extravaganza of anything and everything. Exploring and discovering is half the fun!
Zanbil is a weaved basket that comes in different sizes. Large baskets are used in bazar shopping. Small baskets can be sometimes used as purses.
Talish Knitted Socks (Tohuma Jorab)
Talish women traditionally wear colorful clothes (red is a favorite) and Jorab knitted socks are worn in the cold season. Prices range from 1-6 AZN depending on length of the socks.
Lankaran Tea (Chay)
Lankaran is well-known throughout Azerbaijan for producing the best tea in the country. Lankaran Tea is a very popular gift purchase by visitors from Baku and other regions. Tea is sold in 100g and 0.5kg bags and prices range from 8-16 AZN per kilo.
Kalosh is a rubber boot that is used by the Talish people in the rainy season.
This is the best restaurant in Lankaran with great dishes such as Balig (Fish) Lavangi and Entrikot (Lamb Chops). Make sure to ask for prices before ordering to avoid being overcharged.
This restaurant is located south of the Heydar Aliyev Park just by the iron-bridge and the Lankaran river.
This is a newly-built restaurant that is shaped like a ship. It is in the outskirts of town by the sea and the Olympic Complex. Enjoy the view of the sea while you eat here.
This restaurant is next to the library and is very popular with the locals. There is no signage, so just ask the locals.
This is the newest restaurant in Lankaran. It has the normal Turkish fare at prices that are not too expensive. Tel: 044-271-06-44,055-711-71-41. Location: On Haydar Eliyev meydan terefi, near the Beynexalq Bank. 2-5 AZN.
Çay Xana often serve local piva (beer)- draft at 50 qapick /glass or bottles at 70 qapick / bottle or araq (vodka) at 2 AZN per bottle. These can be found in almost any area throughout Azerbaijan. Lankaran has its own brew of beer on tap, so it may be interesting to try something different. If you desire anything exotic (e.g. Tiquella, Gin, Rum), you have to go to a modern hotel or restaurant.
This is a nice play for males to drink tea, play dominoes, and catch up on the local gossip or talk about the best things to see in the area. This may be a great experience if you have language ability in Turkish, Russian, or Azerbaijani. Please look at the above mentioned cultural note under the “bars” subheading.
Gala Hotel, Phone (0171)-502-84 Fax (0171)-502-84. Mobile (050)-200-6061 E-Mail:Admin@abqala.com. The Gala Hotel is considered a 4-star hotel and offers western-standard accommodations. It has conference, business center, laundry service, restaurant, and bar facilities. A swimming pool is currently under construction. There are 56 rooms (single 40 AZN, double 50 AZN, twin 70 AZN, and lux 120 AZN) plus city tax of 1.10 AZN in this four story building. 40 AZN-120 AZN/night
Hotel Xazar, Phone Mob: (050)418-9012,(055)201-7133 Tel/fax: (0171)516-63 Email: Hotelxazar@yahoo.com. The Hotel Xazar enjoys a quiet but central location (next to Drama Theatre) affording the guests both tranquility and easy access to the bustling city of Lankaran. It has conference, internet kiosk, laundry service, restaurant, and bar facilities. Room options range from single to super lux and breakfast is included in the price. 31 AZN-104 AZN/night
Dalga Hotel, Phone (050)-524-5059/ (050)-340-9203. The Dalga Hotel is the least expensive hotel in Lankaran. There is satellite television located in the rooms and there is a restaurant in this hotel. There are 5 rooms in this hotel (economy 24 AZN, normal 36 AZN, deluxe 50 AZN).
Gizil Tac (Gizil Tajh), Land Line (0171)-516-64 Mobile: 050-671-1141. This is a 8 room hotel with satellite televisions in every room. With the less expensive rooms you must share toilets, but with the deluxe rooms there is a bathroom in the room. There is a café in this hotel but there is no menu so the tourist should order the entrée de-jour. 30 AZN-50 AZN/night
Lankaran Olympic Sports Complex, south of the city center. It has hotel, sports, and conference facilities. $45/night
The train station is located in the city center. There is an electric and night train service that runs between Baku and Lankaran. The electric train ticket cost around 2.5 AZN and leaves Lankaran at 5:00PM and arrives in Baku at 11:00PM. The night train costs between 3.20-5.40AZN and leaves Lankaran at 9:00PM and arrives in Baku at 6:30AM.
All village buses depart and return from the Big Bazaar in Lankaran city. Buses in the direction of Masalli pass through the Lavangi Bus Station. Bus fare will range from .10-.60 AZN depending on distance.
Villages in the direction of Astara
17 Lankaran-Ashagi Nuvadi
23 Lankaran-Bala Shuruk
28 Lankaran-Vel Siyavar
33 Lankaran-Siyavar Vel
Villages in the direction of Lerik
42 Lankaran-Isti su
47 Lankaran-20 km
Villages in the direction of Masalli
55 Lankaran-Jil Kharkhatan
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