Ladino ( Djudezmo or Judeo-Espanyol) is a Jewish language spoken by the Sephardic Jews.
It is also spoken by the minor Jewish communities in
Turkey, Israel, Netherlands, Greece and the United States. For the most of its speakers, today, Ladino is the second language.
A Western Romance language, Ladino is closely related to and mutually intelligible with
Spanish. However, there are many loan words from Hebrew, Portuguese, Arabic, and Turkish.
[ edit] Pronunciation Guide
Ladino spelling, as Spanish does, has the pleasant characteristic of being very phonetic, with only a few clearly-defined exceptions. This means that if you know how to pronounce the letters of a word, it's relatively easy to sound out the word itself.
[ edit] Vowels
a like 'a' in "father".
e like 'e' in "met", although often taught as 'a' in "spain".
i like 'ee' in "see".
o like 'o' in "score", especially when stressed.
u like 'oo' in "hoop".
y like 'ee' in "see". Very rarely used at the middle or ending of words.
[ edit] Consonants
b like 'b' in "bed"
c 'c' is solely used in combination as 'ch'.
ch like 'ch' in "touch": muncho
d like 'd' in "dog"
dj like 'j' in John. Djudezmo
f like 'f' in "fine": faro
g like 'g' in "good": ganyar
h like 'h' in "hit": haham
j like 's' in the "pleasure": judyo
k like 'k' in "kid": kilo
l like 'l' in "love": malo
m like 'm' in "mother": mano
n like 'n' in "nice": noche, ancla
p like 'p' in "pig": Pesah
r is pronunced as 'r' in Spanish: persona
s like 'ss' in "hiss": sopa
sh like 'sh' in "shining": yanashear
t like 't' in "top": Tora
v like 'v' in "valid": bever
y like 'y' in "yes": yuvyar.
z like 'z' in "zoo"
[ edit] Accents and stress
[ edit] Phrase list
[ edit] Basics
Hello/Hi Shalom ( Shah-lom)
How are you? ( informal) Ke haber? ( KEH HA-bear)
How are you? ( formal) Komo estash? ( KOH-mo ehs-TASH?)
Very well, thank you Muy byen, grasyas. ( MOOEY BYEHN, GRAH-syahs)
What is your name? ( informal) Komo te yamas? ( KOH-moh TEH YAH-mahs?)
What is your name? ( formal) Komo vos yamash? ( KOH-moh VOS YAH-mash)
Who are you? ( informal) Ken [eres/sos]? ( KEN EH-rehs?)
My name is ______ Me yamo ______ ( MEH YAH-moh _____ )
I am ______ Yo so ______ ( YO SO ______)
Nice to meet you Enkantado/a ( ehn-kahn-TAH-doh/ ehn-kahn-TAH-dah)
It's a pleasure to meet you Muncho plazer. ( MOON-choh plah-zehr)
Please Por favor ( POHR fah-vOHR)
Thank you Grasyas ( GRAH-syahs)
You're welcome De nada ( DEH NAH-dhah)
Yes Si ( SEE)
No No ( NOH)
Excuse me! ( begging pardon) [Pardon/Perdon]! ( pahr-DOHN/per-DOHN)
I'm sorry Lo syento ( LOH SYEHN-toh)
Goodbye Adyo ( ah-DYOH)
I can't speak Ladino (well) No (f)avlo (byen) ladino. ( NOH (F)AV-loh (BYEHN) la-dee-noh)
Do you speak English? (informal) (F)Avlas inglez? ( (F)AH-vlahs een-GLEHZ?)
Do you speak English? (formal) (F)Avlates inglez? ( (F)AH-blah-tes oos-TEHD een-GLEHZ?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? Ay alguno ke (f)avla inglez? ( I AHL-goo-noh KEH (F)AH-Vlah een-GLEHZ?)
Help! Ayuda! ( ah-YOO-dah!)
Good morning Buenos diyas ( BWEH-nohs DEE-ahs)
Good afternoon / Good evening Buenas tardes ( BWEH-nahs TAR-dehs)
Good evening / Good night Buenas noches ( BWEH-nahss NOH-chehss)
I don't understand No entyendo ( NOH ehn-TYEHN-doh)
Where is the toilet? Ande esta el banyo? ( AHN-deh ehss-TAH EHL BAH-nyoh?)
[ edit] Problems
Leave me alone. Deshame en paz. ( DEH-shah-meh ehn PAHS)
Don't touch me! No me tokes! ( noh meh TOH-kehs!)
Police! Polis! ( poh-lees!)
[ edit] Numbers
½ - medio
0 - zero
1 - uno
2 - dos
3 - trez
4 - kuatro
5 - sinko
6 - sesh
7 - syete
8 - ocho
9 - mueve
10 - dyez