Kurdish phrasebook

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Kurdish (Kurdî) is the language of the Kurdish people who live in the region known as Kurdistan that is divided between four countries – Turkey, Iraq, Iran and Syria. Kurdish is an Indo-European language. This phrase book is for the Kurmanji dialect which covers most of Bhadinan area of Iraqi Kurdistan and Kurdistan of southern Turkey.

(Sub dialect of Northern Kurdish will be added regarding the Kurdish people living in Central Anatolia. The dialect has been influenced a lot by the Turkish language, thus making it a sub dialect of Kurmanji. These people are located outside the Kurdistan region of Turkey.)

Pronunciation guide[edit]

Vowels[edit]

a , e , ê , i , î , o , u , û , w , y

Consonants[edit]

b , c , ç , d , f , g , h , j , k , l , m , n , p , q , r , s , ş , t , v , x , z

Common diphthongs[edit]

Phrase list (Northern Kurdish)[edit]

Basics[edit]

Hello! 
Merheba! / Silav!
Hello! (formal) 
Rojbaş!
How are you? 
Tu çawa yî? / Tu çawa nî? (singular)
How are you? 
Hûn çawa ne? / Hûn çawa nin? (plural)
Fine, thank you. 
Ez baş im, sipas.
What is your name? 
Navê te çi ye?
My name is Robert. 
Navê min Robert e.
Nice to meet you. 
Serçavan. / Bi nasîna te kêfxweş im. (singular) / Bi nasîna we kêfxweş im. (plural)
Please. 
Bê zehmet / Zehmet ne bê / Bi xêra te bê
Thank you! 
Sipas! / Spas!
Thank you very much 
Gelek sipas! / Zor sipas!
You're welcome. 
Fermo. / Serçavan.
Yes. 
Belê. / Erê.
No. 
Na.
Excuse me (getting attention
Af bike
Excuse me (begging pardon
Bê zehmet
I'm sorry 
Bibûre (bim bexşe)
Goodbye 
Be xêr çî / Bi xatirê te / Oxir be
Do you speak Kurdish? 
Tu Kurdî dizanî? (informal)
Who speaks English here? 
Kî bi Îngilîzî dizane li vir?
Help! 
Hawar! / Firyam kewin! / Yarmetî!
Look out! 
Agahdar be!
Good morning! 
Beyanîbaş! / Rojbaş!
Good evening! 
Êvarbaş!
Good night! 
Şevxweş! / Şev şad / Şevbaş!
I don't understand you. 
Ez te fehm nakim.
Did you understand? 
Te fehm kir? / Tu têgihiştî?
I didn't understand. 
Min fehm nekir. / Ez tênegihiştim.
Where is the toilet? 
Hemam li ku ye? / Hemam le kiwê ye?
Right now. 
Êsta. / Nuha. / Niha.
I Love you. 
Ez te hez dikim. (In Northern Kurdish) / Min tom xoş dewêt. (Southern Kurdish)
Do you have ... ? 
... te heye? (singular, one) / ... te hene? (singular, more) / ... we heye? (plural, one) / ... we hene? (plural, more)
I am hungry. 
Ez birçî me.
I am a foreigner. 
Ez xerîb im.

Please notice: In kurdish language, pronouncation of "x" is not like in english. It sounds like "r" in german. Simply a thick "h" which comes from deep throat.

Problems[edit]

Numbers[edit]

-1 - dibin sifirin de yek

0 - sifir

½ - nîv

1 - yek

2 - du (formal) / didu (informal)

2½ - du û nîv (formal) / didu û nîv (informal)

3 - sê (formal) / sisê (informal)

4 - çar

5 - pênc

6 - şeş

7 - heft

8 - heşt / heyşt

9 - neh

10 - deh

11 - yazdeh (formal) / dewyek (informal)

12 - dûwazdeh (formal) / dewdu (informal) / dewdidu (informal)

13 - sêzdeh (formal) / dewsê (informal) / dewsisê (informal)

14 - çardeh (formal) / dewçar (informal)

15 - panzdeh (formal) / dewpênc (informal)

16 - şazdeh (formal) / dewşeş (informal)

17 - hevdeh (formal) / dewheft (informal)

18 - hejdeh (formal) / heyjdeh (formal) / dewheşt (informal) / dewheyşt (informal)

19 - nozdeh (formal) / dewneh (informal)

20 - bîst

21 - bîst û yek

30 - sîh / sih / sihi

40 - çel / çil

50 - pênçî

60 - şêst

70 - heftê

80 - heştê / heyştê

90 - nod

100 - sed

126 - sed û bîst û şeş

200 - du sed (formal) / du sud (informal)

274 - du sed û heftê û çar (formal) / du sud û heftê û çar (informal)

300 - sê sed

395 - sê sed û nod û pênc

400 - çar sed

500 - pênc sed

600 - şeş sed

700 - heft sed

748 - heft sed û çil û heşt (çel, heyşt)

800 - heşt sed / heyşt sed

900 - neh sed

999 - neh sed û nod û neh

1000 - hezar

1500 - hezar û pênc sed

2000 - du hezar

20000 - bîst hezar

500000 - pênc sed hezar

1000000 - yek mîlyon

1923842 (just for fun) - yek mîlyon û neh sed û bîst û sê hezar û heyşt sed û çel û du

Time[edit]

Clock time[edit]

Duration[edit]

_____ minute(s) 
_____ deqe/Xulek
_____ hour(s) 
_____ sahat/dem
_____ day(s) 
_____ roj
_____ week(s) 
_____ hafta/Hewtu
_____ month(s) 
_____ mang
_____ year(s) 
_____ sal

Days[edit]

Monday - Duşembi

Tuesday - Sêşembi

Wednesday - Çarşembi

Thursday - Pêncşembi

Friday - Eyînî

Saturday - Şembi

Sunday - Yekşembi

Months[edit]

January - Rêbendan

February - Reşemî

March - Adar

April - Avrêl

May - Gulan

June - Pûşper

July - Tîrmeh

August - Gelawêj

September - Rezber

October - Kewçêr

Novembre - Sermawez

December - Berfanbar

Writing time and date[edit]

Colors[edit]

Red 
Sor
Yellow 
Zar
Green 
Kesk
Black 
Reş
White 
Spî
Blue 
Şîn

Transportation[edit]

Neql/guhastin

Bus and train[edit]

Bus : Pass Train : Kitar / Shamenafer

Directions[edit]

Right: Rast Left: çep Turn: bsurewe Go Straight: Rast bro Street: Şeqam Lane: Kolan Neighborhood: Gerek City : Şahar Market : Bazar

Taxi[edit]

Taksî

Lodging[edit]

Money[edit]

Para / Dinar / Diraf

Eating[edit]

Xwarin

Bars[edit]

What do you want to drink? 
Tu çi dixwazê vexê?
I want to drink a cup of tea 
Ez dixwazim qedehik çay vexim.

Shopping[edit]

Bazar kirîn

Driving[edit]

Harjortin/le xurin

Authority[edit]

This phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has an introduction and a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!


Phrase list (Central Kurdish)[edit]

Basics[edit]

Hello 
Sław
Hello (formal) 
How are you? 
Çon'î? / Baş'î? / Xas'î? (singular)
How are you? 
Çon'in? / Baş'in? / Xas'in? (plural)
Fine, thank you. 
Baş'im, sipas
What is your name? 
Naw-î to çî'ye?
My name is Robert 
Naw-î min Robert'e
Nice to meet you. 
Xoş hał'im be nasîn'it
Please. 
Bê zehmet / Zehmet nebê
Thank you. 
Sipas / Spas
Thank you very much 
Zor sipas
You're welcome. 
Fermû
Don't mention it. 
Şayenî nî'ye
Yes 
Erê
Yes (formal)
Bełê
No 
Na / Ne
Excuse me (getting attention
Excuse me (begging pardon
Bê zehmet
I'm sorry 
Bibûre / Bimbexşe / Boxşî
Goodbye 
Xwa hafîz / Xwa't legeł
Do you speak Kurdish? 
To Kurdî dezanî? (informal)
Who speaks English here? 
Kê Îngilîzî dezanêt le êra?
Help! 
Hawar! / Firyam kewin! / Yarmetî!
Look out! 
Agadar be!
Good morning 
Roj baş / Beyanî't baş
Good evening 
Evare baş
Good night 
Şew xoş / Şew şad
I don't understand you 
Min le to tê nageyem
Did you understand? 
Tê geyişt'î? (informal)
I didn't understand 
Tê negeyam
Where is the toilet? 
Hemam le kwê'ye?
Right now. 
Êsta
I Love you 
Min tom xoş dewêt
Do you have .... ? 
....'it heye?
I am hungry. 
Min birsî'me.
I am a foreigner. 
Min ğerîbe'm.

Please notice: In kurdish language, pronouncation of "x" is not like in english. It sounds like "r" in german. Simply a thick "h" which comes from deep throat.

Problems[edit]

Numbers[edit]

-1 -

0 - sifir

½ - nim

1 - yek

2 - du

2½ - du'w nîm

3 - sê

4 - çwar

5 - penc

6 - şeş

7 - hewt / heft

8 - heşt

9 - no

10 - de

11 - yanze

12 - diwanze

13 - siyanze

14 - çwarde

15 - panze

16 - şanze

17 - hevde

18 - hejde

19 - nozde

20 - bist

50 - penca

60 - şast

90 - newed

100 - sed

200 - dused

300 - sêsed

400 - çwarsed

500 - pencsed

600 - şeşsed

700 - hewtsed / heftsed

800 - heştsed

900 - nosed

1000 - hezar

2000 - du hezar

Time[edit]

Clock time[edit]

Duration[edit]

_____ minute(s) 
_____ deqe
_____ hour(s) 
_____ seat
_____ day(s) 
_____ roj
_____ week(s) 
_____ hefte
_____ month(s) 
_____ mang
_____ year(s) 
_____ sał

Days[edit]

Monday - Duşeme

Tuesday - Sêşeme

Wednesday - Çwarşeme

Thursday - Pêncşeme

Friday - Heynî

Saturday - Şeme

Sunday - Yekşeme

Months[edit]

January - Rêbendan

February - Reşemî

March - Adar

April - Avrêl

May - Gulan

June - Pûşper

July - Tîrmeh

August - Gelawêj

September - Rezber

October - Kewçêr

Novembre - Sermawez

December - Berfanbar

Writing time and date[edit]

Colors[edit]

Red 
Sûr
Yellow 
Zerd
Green 
Sewz
Black 
Reş / Siya
White 
Spî / Çermû
Blue 
Şîn / Kewe

Transportation[edit]

Bus and train[edit]

Bus : Pas Train : Qetar / Şemendefer

Directions[edit]

Right: Rast Left: Çep Turn: Pêç bide / La bide Go Straight: Rasa birro Street: Şeqam Lane: Kolan Neighborhood: Gerek City : Şar Market : Bazar

Taxi[edit]

Taksî

Lodging[edit]

Money[edit]

Pare / Dinar

Eating[edit]

Xwardin

Bars[edit]

What do you want to drink? 
I want to drink a cup of tea 

Shopping[edit]

Driving[edit]

Lêxurrîn

Authority[edit]

This phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has an introduction and a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!


Phrase list (Northern Kurdish of Central Anatolia)[edit]

Basics[edit]

Hello! 
Merheba!
How are you? 
Tu çir dikî? (singular, often ends with "Tu rind î?" meaning "Are you good?")
How are you? 
'Ûn çir dikine? (plural, often ends with "'Ûnê rind in?" meaning "Are you good?")
Fine, thank you. 
Sa'ol, ez rind im. ("sa'ol" means "thank you" - from the Turkish word "sağol". "Sa'ol!" can also mean "Fine, thank you.", but then it must end with one asking if the other one is fine as well - "Sa'ol! Tu jî rind î?")
What is your name? 
Navê te çi '?
My name is Robert. 
Navê min Robert e.
Please. 
Xwedêkkî.
Thank you! 
Sa'ol! / Teşekkur dikim! / Spas! ("teşekkur" means "thanks" - from Turkish "Teşekkür ederim!" meaning "Thank you!")
Thank you very much! 
Çok sa'ol! / Çok teşekkur dikim! ("çok" means "very / much" - from the Turkish word "çok")
Yes. 
Erê. / Belê. / Er'erê. ("belê" is uncommonly used)
No. 
Na. / Nana. / (also by making a quick clicking sound once or twice by sucking the upper front teeth using the tongue)
Goodbye! 
De p' xatirê te! (When leaving) / De oldi! (<- both ->) / De oxir be! (when staying) (singular, mostly used with "de", can be used without. "Oldi!" is a very common way to say "Goodbye!" - Not sure of the word's origin, perhaps the Turkish word "Oldu!" meaning "Okay!" or something - like agreeing on something)
Goodbye! 
De p' xatirê we! (when leaving) / De oldi! (<- both ->) / De oxir bin! (when staying) (plural)
Do you speak Kurdish? 
Tu Kurmancî dizanî? / Tu Kurmancî den' dikî?
Who speaks English here? 
Kî lê vêderê Îngîlîzce dizane? ("-ce" ending from Turkish "İngilizce" (same pronunciation))
Good evening! 
Îvarbaş! / Şevbaş!
Good night! 
Şevxweş! / Şevbaş! / Şewbaş! (Reply "Ê te j' xwuş e!" literally means "Yours is also nice!")
I don't understand you. 
Ez te anlemîş nakim. / Ez te fam nakim. ("anlemîş" means "understanding" - from the Turkish verb "anlamak", which means "to understand")
Where is the toilet? 
Towalet li ku '?
Right now. 
Naha.
I love you. 
Ez te hez dikim. / Ez yarê te me. / Ez qurbana te me. ("Ez qurbana te me" literally means "I am your sacrifice.")
Do you have ... ? 
... te heye? (singular, one) / ... te hene? (singular, more) / ... we heye? (plural, one) / ... we hene? (plural, more)
I am hungry. 
Ez birçî me.
I am a foreigner. 
Ez yabanci yim. ("Yabanci yim." means "I am a foreigner / stranger." - from Turkish "Yabancıyım." (same pronunciation))

Please notice: In Kurdish language, pronunciation of "x" is not like in English. It sounds like "r" in German. Simply a thick "h" which comes from deep throat.

(Work in progress by Hakim Sahin)
This phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has an introduction and a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!