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Turkmenbashi

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Turkmenbashi, formerly known as Krasnovodsk, is in Balkan Province, Turkmenistan.

Understand[edit]

In 1717, Russian Prince Alexander Bekovich-Cherkassky landed and established a secret fortified settlement on this location, where the dry bed of a former mouth of the Amu-Darya River once emptied into the Caspian Sea. His intent was to march an army up this dry riverbed and conquer the Khanate of Khiva. The expedition failed, and the Russians abandoned the settlement for over 150 years.

In 1869, the Russians made a second and latest attempt. They named their fort Krasnovodsk (Красноводск), which is the Russian version of the original name, Kyzyl-Su (Red Water). Krasnovodsk was Imperial Russia's base of operations against Khiva and Bukhara, and the nomadic Turkmen tribes. It fell to the Red Army in February, 1920.

In 1993 Krasnovodsk was renamed "Turkmenbashi" Many would assume that the city was renamed on behalf of Niyazov's self proclaimed title "Turkmenbashi" meaning "The leader of Turkmens" yet the rationale behind renaming is to denote that Turkmenbashi is the place where Turkmens Spring. Turkmen meaning the Turkmen and bashi - the start, spring.

Niyazov's successor Gurbanguly Berdimuhammedow pledged to invest 1 billion dollars into the project slated to turn Türkmenbaşy into a major tourist resort "with dozens of hotels, spas, seaside restaurants and glimmering spaceship-like skyscrapers". erroneous

Get in[edit]

By plane[edit]

Turkmenbashi is connected by Turkmenistan Airlines flights to Ashgabat, capital of Turkmenistan.

By train[edit]

Turkmenbashi is the western extent of the Trans-Caspian Railway. Turkmendemiryollari (Turkmenistan Zeleznice) runs trains from Ashgabat to Turkmenbashi. Train 606 leaves Ashgabat at 8.10 pm daily, arriving at Turkmenbashi next morning at 9.15 am. Train 24 leaves Ashgabat at 8.40 pm every second day, arriving at Turkmenbashi next morning at 6.55 am.

By car[edit]

From Kazakhstan[edit]

It is a two hours' drive from Zhanaozen to the Turkmenistan border and another 40 minutes drive from the border on a dirt road to the city of Karabogas (formerly Bekdash) (approx. US$ 50 per car). From Karabogas there is a good road to Turkmenbashi with fine views on the Caspian Sea. About 60 km south of Karabogas the road crosses a bridge over the channel connecting the Caspian Sea with the inland gulf.

within Turkmenistan[edit]

Turkmenbashi is about 560 km from Ashgabat.

By bus[edit]

By boat[edit]

There are boats across the Caspian Sea to Baku, Azerbaijan. The journey takes 12 to 18 hours and a seat costs about 50 US$. There are several boats weekly, but there is no fixed timetable. Consider that ships might be delayed and that your visa could expire in this time. Bring along you own food and water. See warning on the Turkmenistan page!

Get around[edit]

The local bus station is at Balkan köcesi, about 500 meters west of the Museum of Regional History. Taxi drives within the town cost about 3000 M and 5000 M to Awaza (10 km north of Turkmenbashi).

See[edit][add listing]

  • Museum of Regional History, Rylov köcesi. Tue to Sun 9am to 6pm. exhibits of the nomadic life of the Turkmen people US$ 0.10.  edit
  • Russian Orthodox Church.  edit
  • Japanese Memorial, (near the airport). Memorial for thousands of Japanese prisoners of war who constructed roads and buildings here during the Second World War  edit

Do[edit][add listing]

  • swimming at Awaza, (8 km north of the city).  edit
  • Awaza Resort, Awaza (Awaza). Awaza is resort place which hosts tens of hotels and sea beaches. In the evenings laser shows are held to entertain the populations and guests.  edit


Learn[edit]

Work[edit]

Buy[edit][add listing]

  • Bagtygul Bazaar, Magtymguly sayoli. Buy caviar for US$ 22 per half kilo  edit


Eat[edit][add listing]

Budget[edit]

  • Deniz Patisserie Cafe, Azadi köcesi, 14254 or 25653. 8am to 10pm. Turkish cafe, about 1 km and a half from the Hotel Hazar US$ 1 to 2.  edit
  • Altyn Asir Kafe, Gahryman Atamurat Niyazov köcesi, 20752. 12am to 11 pm. Russian restaurant US$ 1 to 2.  edit
  • Altyn Balik Restaurant, Bahri-Hazar köcesi, 77405. 12am to 11 pm. US$ 1 to 2.  edit

Mid-range[edit]

Splurge[edit]

Drink[edit][add listing]

Sleep[edit][add listing]

Budget[edit]

Mid-range[edit]

  • Hotel Turkmenbashi, Hazar köcesi (2 km west of the railway station), 2130104 (fax: 21317). higher rates from Jun to Sep US$ 50-75.  edit

Splurge[edit]

  • Hotel Sedar, Awaza (10 km north of Turkmenbashi), 21581, 51225. one of the most beautiful hotels in Turkmenistan, higher rates from Jun to Sep dbl US$ 100.  edit

Contact[edit]

Turkenistan Airlines office, Rylov köcesi, near Hotel Hazar, phone 75474 or 75804.

Stay safe[edit]

Cope[edit]

Get out[edit]

By plane[edit]

Turkmenbashi is connected by Turkmenistan Airlines flights to Ashgabat, capital of Turkmenistan. The airport is 8 km out of town. Flights to Ashgabat and Dashoguz cost US$ 11 to 12.

By train[edit]

Turkmenbashi is the western extent of the Trans-Caspian Railway. Turkmendemiryollari (Turkmenistan Zeleznice) runs trains from Turkmenbashi to Ashgabat. Train 605 leaves Turkmenbashi at 4.05 pm daily, arriving in Ashgabat next morning at 5.50 am. Train 23 leaves Turkmenbashi at 7.30 pm every second day, arriving in Ashgabat next morning at 5.20 am. A seat (second class, kupe) costs US$ 1.20. Rail service information has phone 99462.

By car[edit]

To Khazakhstan[edit]

Go north from Turkmenbashi to Karabogas on a good road with fine views on the Caspian Sea. The last part is a 40 minutes drive from the border on a dirt road to the city of Karabogas (formerly Bekdash). From the Turkmenistan border it is a two hours' drive to Zhanaozen in Kazakhstan.

within Turkmenistan[edit]

Turkmenbashi is about 560 km from Ashgabat.

By bus[edit]

Shared taxis to Ashgabat and Balkanabat leave in front of the railway station, Atamurat Noyazov köcesi. The trip to Ashgabat takes 6 hours and costs about US$ 8 per seat or US$ 25 for the whole car.

Shared taxis go north to the Kazakhstan border. They stop at Zhanaozen (Novy Uzen). The trip takes 7 hours and costs approx. US$ 40 per car.

By boat[edit]

There are boats across the Caspian Sea to Baku, Azerbaijan. The journey takes 12 to 18 hours and a seat costs about 50 US$. There are several boats daily, but there is no fixed timetable. Consider that ships might be delayed and that your visa could expire in this time. Bring along your own food and water.

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