Korčula is also the name of the eastern-most town on the island. Another town is Vela Luka, 43km in the west, from where many ferries go. There are many small villages, including Blato, Smokvica, Cara, Pupnat, Zrnovo, Lumbarda and Racisce all worth visiting if you have more time to spend.
Korčula is the most populated island on Croatian Adriatic coast. It has very good facilities for cycling with lots of small tracks with spectacular view. Cycling on Korcula is developing fast since the island has a very mild winter therefore all seasons are ideal for cycling.
Croat is the local language, but English is spoken at most restaurants, internet cafes, tourist information centers and travel agencies. Italian is also widely understood, especially amongst the elderly.
By water taxi
If arriving on Orebić you can get your self a ride on one of the water taxis, or order a speed taxi boat that will get you across the canal in under 7 minutes (Water express - water taxi service)098 757043
Korčula town has no public transportation. The town is small enough to walk everywhere. The layout of the town is quite simple, with a single avenue as the spine bisecting the village with roads branching from this central avenue toward the sea. A pedestrian avenue circles the village as well.
Bike rentals are available.
If visiting coastal villages its best done with a water-taxi since Korcula has a big archipelago with many small islands well worth seeing (Water-express water taxi service 098 757043)
There are a bevy of activities to engage in Korcula. If you are the relaxed traveler looking for a quiet getaway, it's possible to soak up the sun on some of Croatia's most beautiful beaches.
It is important to recognize that Croatia's beaches are quite rocky, so it is imperative to wear the correct footwear. If you plan to swim, wear shoes or swim fins in the water--there are many sea urchins! The beaches on Korcula offer gorgeous views of the karstic coastal ranges. One can see the nearby coastal village of Orebic as well.
Rent a kayak (200 kn per day for a double from Kantun tours.)
Rent a snorkel, mask, and swim fins from Kantun tours (25 kn/day or 110 kn/week) and go snorkeling around the island. Or, rent the kayak and snorkel set and go paddle to some of the islands around Korčula and snorkel there! Recommended is the southeast coast of Badija island--there is a nice small beach for your kayak and some lovely snorkeling.
Rent a bicyle (9-12 Euro/day) and ride around the island.
Korkyra Baroque Festival
The Korkyra Baroque Festival  is a new annual international event, which will be launched from 7th to 16th September 2012. The festival will showcase a selection of the world's leading ensembles and soloists specialized in Baroque music, including the Academy of Ancient Music (Great Britain), Laurence Cummings (Great Britain), Le Parlament de Musique (France), Currende & Eric Van Nevel (Belgium), La Venexiana (Italy), Red Priest (Great Britain), The Croatian Baroque Ensemble (Croatia) along with others.
Twelve concerts will be held over ten days along with a series of supporting events focusing on Baroque music. Along with the festival's high artistic credentials the event will also promote the richness of Korčula's cultural monuments and the whole town as a unique architectural treasure.
For the Active Traveler
Korcula offers a few activities for those seeking a bit more action. In addition to two nightclubs, tourists can take part in the old island tradition of the Sword Dance, where actors stage a historical battle with eloquent choreography. Tourists can also visit what the town claims is the birthplace of famed explorer Marco Polo (although "Marco Polo's House" was built at least a century after he died!). Additionally, local shops offer bike rentals if you choose to explore the island proper.
There are plenty of restaurants on the island, ranging from traditional Adriatic fare to Italian influences.
Don't leave Korčula without trying local dishes such as brodet (fish stew), pašticada (Dalmatian stewed beef), zrnovski makaruni (beef with thin, long pieces of pasta) and pogačice (deep-fried dough).
Local desserts include klašun and cukarin (cookies).
Local wines include grk (a dry white wine from Lumbarda, a village 7km from Korčula Town) and pošip (a dry white wine from Smokvica and Cara).
Korčula Old Town
Rest of Korčula island
This area of Croatia has an extensive system of private accommodations where visitors can rent a room ("Sobe") or an entire apartment ("Apartman") from a local host. Some of these accommodations can be arranged ahead of time via booking sites on the internet, but most are arranged in person upon arrival. Locals often greet visitors arriving on the ferries or busses and offer rooms. (These rooms may be more expensive than those arranged elsewhere.) You can look for blue signs indicating "Apartman" or "Sobe" and knock on the door, or you can ask a waiter, a shopkeeper, or a local sitting outside if they can recommend somewhere to stay. They may offer you one of their own rooms or call a friend, neighbour, or relative to make a referral.
The potential host will want to know how many people are in your party and how many nights you would like to stay. Some haggling is common, but unless the rental is far away, you should look at the room before arranging a price. Locals take pride in the spaces that they rent and many rely on rentals for their income, so touring a room and then declining may create some disappointment. If you decline, it may be seen as a tactic to barter for an even lower price, or it may indicate that you find their rental unattractive.
Rentals typically include sheets and towels and do not include breakfast. It is normal to be asked to hand over your passport upon arrival. Hosts are required to use your passport register your presence with the local police, and they should return your documents within a few minutes.
Hostels and Hotels
Be very cautious about renting boats if you would like to spend time travelling between the small islands around the coast. Some of these boats are not well maintained and if you have little experience, you could easily suffer an engine failure. In this case you will need to be rescued by the company and this may take a long time, wasting your time and potentially putting you in danger as you drift! At least one of these companies (Korkyra Info) will not refund you fully in the case that this happens, despite the fact that this is a relatively common occurrence.