WARNING The regions of North & South Kivu have been in a state of conflict since the early 1990s. The days of the notoriously bloody violence that occurred during the First and Second Congo Wars (during which 5 million died in fighting or through resulting disease/famine) officially ended with a peace treaty in 2003. However, low-level violence spurred by several warlords/factions has occurred ever since (despite several peace accords) and this region is home to the largest UN peacekeeping mission in the world. Hundreds of thousands live in refugee camps near Goma. In April 2012, a new faction of Congolese army mutineers was formed—"M23"—under the leadership of Gen.Ntaganda (wanted by the ICC for war crimes) and has captured/attacked many towns in the region, where they are accused of killing civilians and raping women. In mid-July 2012, they threatened to invade Goma to protect the Tutsi population there from "harassment", the UN peacekeeping mission quickly responded that they would reposition 19,000 peacekeepers to protect Goma & nearby refugee camps. How serious the threat of fighting in Goma is remains to be seen. (As of 12 July 2012, ) Travel to the region should only be done by people on official business whose employer/sponsor/organization is keenly aware of the dangers. The only exception is the cities of Goma & Bukavu and Virunga National Park, all on the Rwandan border (if above threat is just hot air...pay close attention to the latest news).