Khakassia (Russian: Хака́сия khuh-KAHS-ee-yuh) is a region in Western Siberia, which borders Altai Republic to the southwest, Kemerovo Oblast to the west, Krasnoyarsk Krai to the north and east and Tuva to the southeast.
Khakassia is named for the Khakass people, close relatives of the Kyrgyz, who comprise only about 10% of the population. Khakassia is often called Siberia's Archaeological Mecca for its enormous quantity of important archaeological sites. Khakassia is full of monuments to the cultural history bestowed upon the region by the people who have inhabited and traversed its steppes for 30,000 years. Travelers may take interest in the many kurgans (burial mounds), sacred sites, rock drawings, stone obelisks, ruined cities, ruins of forts (as old as 3,000 years), and near ubiquitous menhirs.
Everyone understands Russian; while the Khakass minority speaks Khakas, a Turkic language, they are nearly all bilingual.